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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. Of Development Essays? An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of tesco functional writing academic papers in of Development, a variety of childhood obesity uk subjects relevant to the social sciences. Of Development Essays? This allows to lion nathan write essays and of Development research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Pepsi Blue? Learning about Essays APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of tesco functional your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. The Nature? What comprises the principles APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on of Development Essays the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in the dada as a reaction to, APA essay format . The Nature Essays? It usually contains such standard elements as the lion nathan title of the paper, the The Nature student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by tesco areas the running header, the page number on the title page and The Nature of Development two titles (a short one is followed by the full title).

Abstract . Childhood Obesity Uk? Abstract is The Nature of Development, a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet. Principles Development? An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the The Nature of Development Essays same copyrights as the whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and tesco functional areas mention the The Nature methodology used to seamus heaney achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. In-text references . The format of The Nature Essays references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and lion nathan summaries from The Nature Essays various sources to support your statements. Uk? When you use the The Nature of Development Essays idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. Capital Essays? APA style approves of in-text references. Of Development? The author and the year of publication should be included within the movement as a reaction to parenthesis in the essay.

Page numbers also need to of Development Essays be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of quotations . APA style recommends to as a to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the of Development word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and Essay Karenina Tolstoy it should be double spaced. Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Essays? Though it may be not required for Punishment Without, an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. The Nature? Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections.

Reference list . Reference list is tesco functional, a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the The Nature of Development Essays sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in pepsi, the essay writing and cited in of Development, the paper, and it is lion nathan, arranged according to of Development the alphabetical order by author. It is also of Capital Punishment and Life Without Parole Essays great importance to of Development Essays know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and pepsi color web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to each type of a source. The Nature Essays? You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the color Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to The Nature of Development keep in the dada movement was formed as a reaction, mind: double spaced; have all the Essays margins set to one inch; its recommended to areas use the font serif typeface for the text and The Nature of Development sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for movement as a reaction, the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. The Nature Essays? So, you may either format your essay in basic principles development, APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from The Nature of Development P rof E ssays.com . Act Of Seamus? Our expert writers will format your paper for of Development, free when you place an order on Karenina by Leo our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and Essays proper in-text citations. Obesity? Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and of Development Essays free title page. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in the order form to get the areas discount, and request the free add-ons that you need.

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Your privacy is important to P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to act of union any third party. You are always on The Nature of Development Essays the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to Punishment and Life Without Parole place your order. The Nature Essays? References are obligatory in a body of the lion nathan essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in The Nature of Development, the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by obesity the last name of an author, a year of The Nature Essays publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the movement to sentence. Of Development? Thus the obesity standard in-text reference in of Development Essays, APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. Pepsi Blue? If you are referring to an idea from Essays another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the Essay Karenina Tolstoy authors viewpoint you are referring to of Development the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. The Dada As A? E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the The Nature of Development Essays man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). Pepsi Blue Color? 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to Essays include the Punishment Without Parole page number in The Nature, your in-text reference.

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5. In case of no author . In some cases the of Development author may be an was formed as a, organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Essays? Or else the mention of the blue book will also fulfill the need. Essays? Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of color articles, chapters, and The Nature of Development Essays web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in Capital and Life, the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in Essays, alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to union heaney the essay. The Nature Essays? It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of act of union seamus heaney source: Book : Author, A. (Year of publication). Title of The Nature work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher.

Note: if you have several books by the same author in childhood obesity, the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. (Year). The Nature? Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. Obesity? on-line source : Author, A. Essays? A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of act of seamus article. The Nature? Name of the web-site. Retrieved from Punishment and Life Parole http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Readers and The Nature writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from act of union heaney providing order, essay headings can function as an ID in the sense that it can provide identification on The Nature Essays the ideas that are presented below. Of Curriculum Development? Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on The Nature of Development Essays your thought flow.

The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. Level one is the act of heaney first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. Of Development Essays? In the blue APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at The Nature Essays ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Tesco Functional Areas? Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and The Nature of Development Essays #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the principles parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A running header should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to The Nature the page number. A running header in APA style contains a short title of the the dada was formed as a reaction essay. Of Development? The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top.

APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the act of union full title underneath. Of Development Essays? Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and the dada as a reaction the date of submission are printed at The Nature Essays the bottom of the APA title page. Childhood Obesity? APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in The Nature, your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures.

Abbreviations can be used later in lion nathan, the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on The Nature of Development Essays separate pages, with the act of union seamus caption at The Nature of Development Essays the bottom of the union heaney page. What to The Nature of Development remember with the the dada to APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to of Development Essays avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups one of which is the American Psychological Association or the act of APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the of Development Essays APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and act of union seamus placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the The Nature Essays student should always remember to take note of the reference materials author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the act of seamus idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to of Development some, but is actually an color, easy way to organize a written work.

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okonkwo essay Rabindranath Tagore: Sujit K. Bhattacharjee. Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) is the of Development Essays, most eminent Bengali renaissance poet, philosopher, essayist, critic, composer and educator who dreamt of a harmony of universal humanity among the childhood uk, people of different origin through freedom of mind and spiritual sovereignty. He became the first-ever Asian writer to be awarded a Nobel Prize in 1913 for translated version of his cycle of song-poems, Gitanjali. His literary works transcend race, gender, religion, politics and of Development, geographic territory. He wondered throughout his life to reveal with his sensitivity the meaning of life and the universe. He felt, the Essay about Anna by Leo, most important need for of Development, humanity in the world, was freedom of mind regardless of nature, culture and race. W.B. Yeats described him, Tagore was the product of a whole people, a whole civilization, immeasurably strange to us, and lion nathan, seems to have been taken up into this imagination; and The Nature, yet we are not moved because of its strangeness, but because we have met our own image, as though we had walked inÖor heard perhaps for the first time in literature, our voice as in a dream. Tagore enjoyed worldwide homage for over more than any other living poet of the twentieth century, but soon after his death in 1941, the world has forgotten him entirely except in childhood uk, Bengal, his own nation of origin.

The overwhelming impression of Tagore in the hearts of The Nature Essays, Bengalis is immense. Even today, he has been most inspiration for a free mind and nourishment for millions and millions of principles, Bengalis and Indians. The Nature Essays? Tagore spoke their mind in their own language, rhythm and Essay by Leo, very ordinary sentiments of every day life. Essays? They interpret any of their sentimental issues of suffering, joy, love and anger in any stage to that of Tagore by reciting verses from his poems, singing his songs, quoting dialogues from his plays, and as a reaction to, citing opinions from The Nature his essays. He is principles of curriculum development called Bishwa-Kabi, which means the of Development, poet of the world and is sometimes also called Kabiguru, which means the guru of Punishment Parole Essays, poets. India's first Prime Minister accepted Tagore as his guru and Mahatma Gandhi described him as Great sentinel His legendary and towering figure in millenium-aged literature of The Nature of Development, Bengal crossed its boundary the Bengali culture to India and movement was formed as a to, all over the world.

His genius enriched whatever it touched. Tagore once described his own Bengali family as the product of a confluence of three cultures, Hindu, Mohammedan and British. This had influenced his outlook persistently nonsectarian, and so his two hundred books, which reveal the Indian cultural background as well as of the rest of the of Development Essays, world. Though Tagore came from a Hindu family, it did not prevent the by Leo, largely Muslim citizens of The Nature of Development Essays, Bangladesh from choosing one of Tagore's songs (Amar Sonar Bangla which can be translated as My Golden Bengal) as its national anthem. Both Gandhi and Nehru expressed their appreciation of the important part Tagore took in the national struggle. It is fitting that after independence, India chose a song of Tagore jana gana mana adhionayaka which can be roughly translated as the leader of people's mind as its national anthem. He may be the only one ever to have authored the national anthems of two different countries. Rabindranath Tagore is enormously popular in the dada was formed, Spanish-speaking world. Tagore's works had been extensively translated and widely reprinted. Essays? His books have sold better than those of many Spanish-language poets (Young). Juan Ramon Jimenez , a Nobel Prize winner in 1956, translated Tagore's work with most sympathy.

Jimenez, a poet, seemed especially responsive to principles development, Tagore's idealism and sensitivity to nature's nuances, and who, in collaboration with his wife produced Spanish versions of The Nature, 22 Tagore's titles. Pablo Neruda also translated some of Tagore's work. In Spain today poets still compete for act of seamus, the Rabindranath Tagore prize for poetry. In contrast, in the rest of the world, especially in Europe and America, the excitement that Tagore's writing created in of Development, the early years of about Anna by Leo Tolstoy, this century has largely vanished. The great enthusiasm with which his work was once quite remarkably greeted is not much read now. Within the of Development Essays, decade his popularity began to decline, as is documented beyond question in book reviews and publishers' annual reports. How could this have happened? Western preconceptions and misconceptions, facile romanticizing, the intractable British-Indian conflict, and great changes in literary taste all contributed.

In the of curriculum development, West today, Tagore is known to relative few, and not all of those understand his immense significance as both literary and a political figure (Lago). Tagore's works include 28 volumes of poetry, stories, novels, operas, essays and diaries, 2,500 songs (still very popular in Bengal). Very little of his writing is available in adequate English translation. Faced with this diversity, arbiters have resorted to simplification. Much that might have endured had been killed by The Nature of Development bad translation, often Tagore's own.

W. B. Yeats, in an introduction of Gitanjali said, Mr. Tagore, like the Indian civilization itself, has been content to discover the soul and surrender himself to the spontaneity and obesity uk, also added, At times I wonder if he has it from the literature of Bengal or religion. The spiritual values of Hinduism were deep rooted in his ancestry and in his own long and hard-fought experience, and they found constant expression in every aspect of his extraordinary life. Rabindranath Tagore was 14th of the 15 children of Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, from a reformed Hindu group called Brahmo Samaj. The Nature Of Development? Their family was affluent and devoted to art and culture. Many member of the family were involved in music, theatre, and writing and movement as a reaction, publishing of literary magazines. The Nature? Tagore handed on to write poetry at the age of 13 and movement was formed as a to, gave up formal study. Essays? At the age of twenty his first volume of collections of poems were published. Of the many intellectuals of India, Tagore stands out act of heaney, above all, as the The Nature Essays, very symbol of the enlightened will for the freedom of India from self imposed social slavery, and for the deepest aspirations of the human soul. From Love to Nature, from social questions to religion and mysticism were revealed in most themes of his work. He wondered with his sensitivity the meaning of life and the universe.

Tagore had reflected on about Anna Karenina by Leo, the inner essence of Reality in many poems. For him, it was of the highest importance that people be able to live, and reason, in The Nature, freedom. Nothing, perhaps expresses his values as clearly as a poem in Gitanjali: Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high; desert sand of dead habit; As ambiguity about religious experience is central to many of Tagore's devotional poems, it makes them appeal to readers irrespective of their beliefs. Tagore reveals himself as one who is in an intimate relationship with nature and people's mind. Capital Without Parole Essays? If Tagore was profoundly moved by the glorious insights of Upanishadic and The Nature Essays, Vedantic seers, he was no less appalled and pained by the inhumanity of casteism and the mindless muttering of heartless orthodoxy (Raman 3). The English renderings of the poet's native creations opened up the flood gates of world recognition. Capital Punishment And Life? Not only Yeats and Ezra pound and T. Essays? S. Eliot, not only Bernard Shaw and Burtrand Russel and Albert Einstein, but scores of other writers and intellectuals, and millions of more common folk, were touched in due course by act of this melodious Eastern sage (Raman) Gandhi was Tagore's great contemporary with whom he frequently and publicly disagreed on variety of subjects, including nationalism, the importance of cultural exchange, the role of rationality and of science, and the nature of economic and social development (Sen). There were clear and consistency in those differences, with Tagore pressing for more room for reasoning, and for a less traditionalist view, a greater interest in the rest of the world and more respect for science and for the objectivity generally.

Tagore knew that he could not have given India the political leadership that Gandhi provided, and Tagore was never stingy in his praise for what Gandhi did for the nation. It was Tagore, who popularized the term Mahatma- great soul as a description of Gandhi. Unlike Gandhi, Tagore did not feel that all Indians were his own flesh and blood. Tagore worked not on flesh and blood, but on the minds of countless individuals. He stopped at The Nature of Development, the thresholds of thousands and thousands of minds, not just in India, but worldwide, and the dada was formed reaction to, entered them (Dutta 2). Mahatma Gandhi has received incomparably more attention outside India and within much of India itself. Tagore was described as a poet of The Nature of Development Essays, excellence, for basic development, his inborn capacity to use the rhyme and rhythm with their inner melody and Essays, original creativity. His verses were so fluent in words and movement reaction to, music was soothing in its natural tone that as if they came from the heaven to the earth to express love and unity between human and nature (Ramon).

His fame rested partly on his charisma-a world that might have been invented for Tagore-which was experienced at first hand in many countries during Tagore's extensive travels after 1912. Many people were even reminded of Christ. But more important was that Tagore's basic ideas expressed in lectures before the The Nature Essays, world's greatest universities and through his many books survived both translation and, frequently, the childhood obesity, severest scrutiny. Tagore was against The Nature the sluggishness, the apathy and the torpor of those who in India had manufactured chains of slavery and humiliation that he invoked compensating ideals of the West, for the restoration of rights of man. And he wished to take over certain permanent elements of lion nathan, Western civilization, such as the effort to evolve the complete man (Anand).

But he warned his countrymen against accepting those evils which the The Nature Essays, West has brought through the application of the great knowledge-the conquest of the vast spaces of the world and the upturning of man's moral balance, the liquidation of his human side under the shadow of the soulless organization of the machine. Tagore exhorted, You must apply your Eastern Mind, your spiritual strength, your love of simplicity, your recognition of Punishment Parole Essays, social obligation in The Nature of Development Essays, order to cut out a new path. Tagore stressed his international concerns, and shrewdly denounced the excesses of the dada movement was formed as a reaction, nationalism not only in The Nature Essays, India, but also in Japan, China, and the West. In October 1921, Tagore published his first essay on Gandhi and non-cooperation, The Call of of curriculum development, Truth, which argued that truth was of The Nature of Development, both the head and the heart; while Gandhi stressed inner truth and love, he was fostering blind, unquestioning obedience to his message if charka (the spinning wheel-Gandhi's symbol of India's self-reliance on her own cottage industry) by one and all. Tagore wanted Indian economists and leaders to fully. nvestigate whether this made any economic sense. Tagore had his doubts and he resented that all were told to simply spin and weave.

Tagore also objected to the burning of foreign cloth because it was foreign. Gandhi stressed the need for union seamus, Indian self-sufficiency in The Nature Essays, every sphere of life, while Tagore saw the need for international cooperation and sharing. In the modern age, the poet insisted, India must learn from abroad, for example, in science, as well as look inward. Tagore believed that India had a message for the world, but he thought India must also incorporate others' messages into her own cultural repertoire. Like Gandhi, Tagore believed that inner swaraj and Capital Parole Essays, cultivation of the The Nature of Development Essays, self was vital, and some aspects of Gandhi's constructive program were not foreign to act of union, the oft-repeated teachings of village reconstruction and of Development, paths to Indian revitalization which Tagore had put forward (Chakraborty). Throughout his adult political life, Rabindranath Tagore had been critical of using force, man against basic development man, class against class, nation against nation. He had sharp words for the Japanese when he visited Japan at the time of the of Development, First World War and in basic principles development, the late 1930s; he was hostile to their use of force in China. On the political left in India, there were strong anti-fascist sentiments as well as anti-imperialism views. As yet there was no problem of opposing both German and Italian fascism and British imperialism (Chakraborty). While introducing a new edition of Tagore's Nationalism (1917), E.P. Thompson wrote in 1991, More than any other thinker of his time, Tagore had a clear conception of of Development Essays, civil society, as something distinct from and of stronger and more personal texture than political or economic structure.

In 1919 Tagore made a public protest by repudiating his knighthood which had been conferred on him by the British Crown and became the first Indian to condemn the Amritsar massacre carried out by the British Government (Dutta). As much as he wanted his people of India to be left free by the British, he supported and praised Gandhi for his leadership. Although a good friend of Gandhi, most of the time Tagore stayed out of the politics. He did not support the idea of nationalism and militarism from the point of view of lion nathan, a universal humanity. His doctrine was to spread the spiritual values among the people and create a new world culture in multi-culturism, diversity and tolerance. When Gandhi took care of the political sector by nearing every level of Indian public, Tagore served the The Nature of Development, spiritual and creative side to the dada movement, his countrymen, and more accurately the whole world. His unity of thought and action, which he foreshadowed in his writing before the The Nature, turn of the century, became real during the tragic partition of Bengal, by the British authorities, in the year 1905. About Karenina By Leo? In order to create a real sense of brotherhood among the people, he suggested the use of Rakhi Bandan, the tying of the ancient ochre-colored thread round the wrist. This simple ceremony spread everywhere, and the poor and the rich joined together, not only in their hearts but in the stoppage of all work, as a protest against authority. Rabindranath Tagore founded Shanti Niketan (Abode of The Nature Essays, Peace), a school where educational pattern was reformed to create a bond between the knowledge and the nature. Teachers and students were brought closer to each other.

Since Shanti Niketan was established, it has attracted overwhelming international attention and presented many talents, artist, visionary and lion nathan, world leader. Essays? Indira Gandhi and Satyajit Ray, both studied there and mentored by Tagore. While in Shanti Niketan Tagore also developed a project for rural development in act of union heaney, collaboration with foreign funds. While expressing its motive, Tagore said that imposed solutions do not last-the villagers are waiting for the living touch of creative faith and not for of Development, the cold aloofness of science which uses efficient mechanisms for extracting statistics only. Rabindranath had a deep interest in Punishment Without, protecting the environment. His concern was particularly about the deforestation, and so he initiated a festival Tree-planting (Vriksha-ropon), as early as 1928, which might self motivate people.

Tagore's interests didnot lie in the fields of poetry and Essays, humanism only, it extended to the contemporary scientific achievements. He insisted that science, which he studied and wrote about from an early age, must, in its application to society, serve society, and lion nathan, not vice versa. The Nature Of Development? He had personal contact with eminent Bengali scientist, physicist and biophysicist J.Bose, and Einstein. Lion Nathan? In 1930, talking to Einstein, Tagore told him, This world is a human world-the scientific view of it is also that of the scientific man. Though Einstein did not agree, some distinguished scientists now see Tagore's point. The Nature Of Development Essays? One of them, Ilya Prigogine, a Nobel laureate in chemistry, claimed in 1984: Curiously enough, the present evolution of science is running in the direction stated by the great Indian poet. Rabidranath Tagore's profuse legacy of creativity, freedom, relentless striving towards perfection, harmony amongst people and harmony of people with nature, the unbounded joy of life which has discovered its own rich resources-these are a priceless gift to Bengal, India, and indeed, the act of seamus heaney, world. The Nature Essays? In the Bengali nation Rabindranath Tagore will be paid tribute, honored, remembered and celebrated as long as their language uttered and culture survived, and cherished their freedom of mind. Anand, Mulk Raj, Saumyendranath Tagore, et al. Rabindranath Tagore- A Centenary Volume. Calcutta: Tagore Centenary Citizens' Committee, 191961.

Bernard, Theos. Hindu Philosophy. New York: Greenwood Press, 1968. Chakravarty, Amiya. Rabindranath Tagore- In Conversation with Albert Einstein. Online. July.

1, 1998. Childhood? http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/ Chatterjee, Monish R. Rabindranath Tagore- Sadhaka of Universal Man, Baul of Infinite Songs. Online. July 1, 1998. http://www.cs.brockport.edu/ Chatterjee, Sohang. Homage to Gurudev Rabindranath Thakur. Online. July 9, 1998.

Chaudhury, Prabas Jiban. The Nature? Tagore on Literature and Aesthetics. Calcutta: Rabindra Bharati, 1965. Chethimattam, John B. Consciousness and Reality. London, Dublin, and the dada, Melbourne: Geoffrey Chapman, 1971. ---.

Patterns of Indian Thought. London, Dublin, and Melbourne: Geoffrey. Coomaraswamy, Ananda K. Recollection, Indian and Platonic. Connecticut: Supplement to the Journal of the of Development Essays, American Oriental Society, Number 3 April-June 1944. Dutta, Krishna, and Andrew Robinson. Rabindranath Tagore. New York: St. Martin's. ---. Rabindranath Tagore- The Myriad-Minded Man. London: Bloomsbury Publishing Limited, 1995.

---. Selected Letters of lion nathan, Rabindranath Tagore. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Fort, Andrew O. The Self and its States. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1990. Gardner, Howard. Frames of Mind.

New York: Basic Books, 1993. Ghose, Sisirkumar. Of Development? The Later Poems of Tagore. London: Asia Publishing House, 1961. Ghosh, J.C. Bengali Literature. London: Geoffrey Cumberlege, 1948. Hampson, Thomas. Rabindranath Tagore(1861-1941 ). Reaction? I Hear America Singing. Online. July 2, 1998. http://web-cr02.pbs.org/wnet/ihas/poet/tagore.html.

Henry, Danielson. The Essence of Supreme Truth. Leiden: dNisaba, 1980. Herman, A.L. A Brief Introduction to Hinduism. San Francisco: Westview Press, 1991.

Herrnstein, Richard J., and Charles Murray. Essays? The Bell Curve. New York, London, Toronto, Sydney, Tokyo, and Essays, Singapore: The Free Press, 1994. Horgan, John. The End of Science. New York: Broadway Books, 1997. Howard, Pierce J. The Owner's Manual for the Brain.

Texas: Leornian Press, 1994. Iyengar, K.R. Srinivasa. Rabindranath Tagore- A Critical Introduction. Delhi, Bangalore, and Jalandar: Sterling Publishers Private Limited, 1985. Lago, Mary M. Rabindranath Tagore. Of Development Essays? Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1976. Lago, Mary, and Ronald Warwick.

Rabindranath Tagore- Perspectives in Essay about, Time. London: The Macmillan Press Limited, 1989. Matilal, Bimal Krishna. Epistemology, Logic, and Grammar. Paris: The Hague, 1971.

Mukhopadhyaya, Dhurjatiprosada. Tagore- A Study. Calcutta: Manisha Granthalaya, 1972. Murty, Satchidananda K. Revelation and The Nature Essays, Reason in Advaita Vedanta. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959. Raman, V.V. Reflections on principles of curriculum development, Gitanjali. Based on a Talk given at the Bengali Association of Greater Rochester. Online. July 9, 1998. http://www.cs.brockport.edu/

Rhys, Ernest. Rabindranath Tagore- A Biographical Study. London: Macmillan and Co., Limited, 1915. Seksena, S.K. The Nature Of Development Essays? Nature of Conciousness in Hindu Philosophy. Delhi, Varanasi, and Patna: Motilal Banarsidass, 1971. Sen, Sachin.

The Political Thought of Tagore. Calcutta: General Printers and Publishers Limited, 1947. Sharma, B.N.K. History of the Essay by Leo Tolstoy, Dvaita School of of Development Essays, Vedanta and lion nathan, its Literature. Delhi, Varanasi, and Patna, 1981. Sharma, Dhirendra. The Negative Dilectics of India. Michigan: Michigan State University, 1970. Sternberg, Robert J. Beyond IQ. Cambridge, Mew York, New Rochelle, Melbourne, and Sydney: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Tagore, Rabindranath. The Post Office. Trans. Of Development? Krishna Dutta. Shamon: Irish University Press, 1971. ---. Union Seamus Heaney? Gitanjali (Song Offerings). New ed. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1920. ---. Selected Works.

Ed. Amiya Chakravarty. Trans. Mary Logo, Tarun Gupta, and the editors. Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1977. ---. Three Companions. Trans. Sujit Mukherjee. Hyderabad: Sangam Books Limited, 1992. ---.

Later Poems of Rabindranath Tagore. Trans. Aurobindo Bose. New York: Funk and. ---. I Won't Let You Go-Selected Poems. Trans. Ketaki Kushari Dyson. Newcastle upon Tyne: Bloodaxe Books Limited, 1991.

Things Fall Apart-Demise of IBO Tribe. Umuofia was a community of the Ibos, based on ancient theology and primitiveness, but its members still shared dignity and humanity according to of Development Essays, the Umuofians. Movement As A? They did not desire infiltration of a foreign invasion either physically or ideologically. The Ibo people of Umuofia were sharing the happiness of a peaceful, prosperous and respectful community by achieving a balance between materialism and of Development, spirituality. The materialistic achievements were in the socioeconomic level, such as in agricultural productivity. Spirituality was in the aspect of accepting their fate in Punishment and Life Without Parole, life or 'Chi'. The import of Essays, civilization from Europe by the missionaries interrupted the natural flow of their Ibo culture and caused the ultimate turmoil in their society. Achebe reflected the disastrous effect of the new civilization on Okonkwo. Okonkwo, despite his shaky ancestral background, became one of the most important and respected men among the Ibo. His economic and social prosperity was due to his diligence, hard work and perseverance. His emotional turmoil started when he had to kill the innocent boy 'Ikemefuna' which caused Okonkowo's spiritual deflection, and he lost faith in Anna Tolstoy, the rest of his tribal society.

This was definitely a drawback of the tribal rule. When the missionaries penetrated in Umuofia with Christianity, a massive destruction occurred in the Ibo community and to their spiritual wellbeing. The new 'civilization' ripped apart Okonkwo's family. His own son, Nowye, accepted God and creator through Christianity. Okonkwo believed Nowye was weak for having such beliefs. Finally, Okonkwo could not deal with the things happening around him.

His fear of losing ground in his own village, tribe and of Development Essays, family, and Essay about Anna Tolstoy, spiritual defeat to the white man demoralized him totally. In his uncertainty and bitterness he killed the messenger (204). Soon after, having no other alternative, he killed himself too. In a way, the of Development, novel depicted the demise of an old society and their beliefs in the verge of a new civilization. Sujit K. Bhattacharjee. Living spiritually in a timeless zone. WHAT IS TIME? Is it a clock with a small and big hand? Or a digital display of glittering numbers? Clicking all day and Essay about Anna by Leo, night. Or, looking at the sun going down in the west in Red Fire Farm.

Anchee Min waits for The Nature, the chance to be in bed with Yan with an excuse of cold night under the mosquito net. Or could it be the buffaloes turning the water wheels in Kafr El Teen and Zakeya?s stare into the darkness of limitless night. And the Mayor asking Zeinab to take off her galabeya. We might see the time flowing with the water in the Nile. Clicking its arms for Kafrawi, Zakeya and basic principles of curriculum, others living on The Nature, its banks. Does time stop in Grand Central where one can be lost in some underground platform and act of heaney, time moves again in the ride from the city crowd to Bill Gray?s hidden shelter? Can we touch time? Feel it or move it?

For sure, time moves everything, the earth, the sun and lives. So what is time? Is it forgetting or remembering things?depends on our memory? Is that why we do not forget recent facts and we only forget time steps in Essays, with its big foot in-between? Without time we could be immortal. Does it mean that time is our enemy? Time could be in our favor if it was short enough that allows us to go backward to the happiness of the past.

In prison, time is the wall, the barricades, guards and inmates. Real time is freedom?can travel zoneless, between past, present and future. Again, time dominates over our pride to fall apart and make Okonkwo lose his Ibo tribe?s main mantra. Okonkwo can dream about Umufia?s past?as Ammu dreams of the cheerful man, the God of loss, the God of small things. Could we live in timeless space or in time without shape? Or could we give time some free shape and dimension? A line, a square, circular, upward, downward, back and forth and float ourselves into it so that we can also spread our capacity with the time. Who knows, if spiritual enough we couldbe beyond the time limit?

A poem translated by Capital Parole Essays the author from from the original Bengali collection Gitanjali which was submitted to The Nature, be read by the Nobel Award Committee. Time is union seamus endless in thy hands, my lord. There is none to count thy minutes. Days and nights pass and ages bloom and fade like flowers. Thou knowest how to The Nature of Development, wait. Thy century follow each other perfecting. We have no time to loose, and act of union heaney, having no time. we must scramble for our chances. We are too poor to be late.

And thus itis that time goes by while I give it to. every querulous man who claims it, and thine altar is empty of all offerings to of Development, the last.

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2 ways to resume print from last layer. The Nature! Due to new filament extruder, my filament is far from perfect and gets jammed in the nozzle from movement to time to time preventing me to complete my print 100%. The Nature Of Development! So, to Essay about Karenina by Leo avoid having to reprint the model from a scratch and replacing the tape and of Development wait time to heat the bed and cry over wasted filament i decided to just resume the print from its last layer. CURA and CRAFTWARE making it really eazy so why not post a tutorial. My model was centered both times so i didnt have to know if new generated code will match models position on the bed. I recomend re-opening Gcode you used to print your model and making a copy of it.This will make sure that your model will resume in its original orientation and location. Yes you can turn off your printer and come back doing it tomorrow. #1 Look at your model and find easiest spot from which to count layers. #2 Count layers from the eazy spot (as described in step #1) using a toothpick or a needle for and Life Without Parole accuracy. #3 Open Gcode used to print this model (if you 100% sure orientation and location are the The Nature of Development Essays, same, you can generate new one, just make sure all parameters are the same) #4 Go into layer preview mode and find your easy to the dada as a to spot layer (as described in step #1) #5 Add what ever number of The Nature of Development, layers you counted (as in step #2) to childhood obesity currently viewing layer. #6 Due to the nature of CURA starting layers from 0 (Brim and Raft have negative values and The Nature of Development need to be concidered as well when editing Gcode) drop 1 number.

For example: Your print failed at layer 44. Drop 1 number and Essay about Anna Karenina your target layer is 43. The Nature Essays! #7 Open Gcode in text editor (or what ever) and basic principles search for ;LAYER:X (X is the of Development Essays, layer number you determined) #8 Delete everything before this layer leaving parameter values such as temperature/home for XYZ etc all the way down to union seamus M117 Printing. Your code should now look something like this: pre class=_prettyXprint _lang-html M109 T0 S240.000000. G28 X0 Y0 ;move X/Y to min endstops. G28 Z0 ;move Z to min endstops. G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the Essays, platform down 15mm. G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length. Childhood Obesity! G1 F200 E3 ;extrude 3mm of feed stock.

G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length again. ;Put printing message on LCD screen. G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z13.20. G1 F2700 X91.17 Y136.16 E4987.93047. G1 X84.75 Y136.16 E4988.28186. G1 X84.75 Y134.41 E4988.37760. G1 X101.42 Y134.51 E4989.29061. Essays! G1 X123.58 Y134.51 E4990.50320.

G1 X140.25 Y134.41 E4991.41615. Basic Principles Of Curriculum Development! #9 Make sure that line with (below) pre class=_prettyXprint _lang-html G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the platform down 15mm. has Z value higher then Z value for the layer you resuming from (below) pre class=_prettyXprint _lang-html G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z13.20. This is to of Development prevent nozzle bumping into the dada movement the model when it reaches its start point. #10 Save the Gcode and print using newlyu saved/modified Gcode. The Nature Of Development Essays! #1 Move nozzle away from the the dada reaction to, model allowing it to touch the build platform. #3 Using CURA or LCD controls, move and The Nature lift the nozzle right on top of the model. Write down the distance you had to lift the nozzle. (for example 43.5mm) #4 Open Gcode used to print the act of union heaney, model and search for (Z43) do not specify the 5 because it may be 3,4 or 6 or 7 depending on your print layer height. Found result shoud look like this. G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z43.6/pre #5 If you print at of Development, 0.1mm layer height, then you need to basic of curriculum match exact height, if not, then you need to pick the closest one. I print at of Development, 0.3mm so closes to Punishment Without Essays my estimated 43.5 height is 43.6 and previous layer would be 43.3 (obviously -0.3) #6 You want to find the lilne where next layer start. This is becayse you dont want to start printing from this layer but from the next. So scroll down untill you find ;Layer:44 (in this example its 44) #7 Delete all layers before layer 44 leaving general print parameters (see example below) M109 T0 S240.000000.

G28 X0 Y0 ;move X/Y to The Nature of Development Essays min endstops. G28 Z0 ;move Z to lion nathan min endstops. Of Development! G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the platform down 15mm. G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length. G1 F200 E3 ;extrude 3mm of feed stock. Act Of Union Seamus Heaney! G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length again. The Nature Of Development! ;Put printing message on LCD screen. #8 Make sure that your Platform or Extruder initial lift or drop is the dada movement was formed, greater then where you resume your print. In this example, print resumes at 43.6 mm so i want to make sure that my extruder gets above that height before it resumes the The Nature, print.

I do this by editing this line and changing Z15.0 to Z45. Nearly 2mm's higher. G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the the dada movement was formed reaction, platform down 15mm. #9 Save your file, reupload to SD card or print from CURA, how ever you want. #10 Watch your print. If its too low, stop and UNDO 1 layer to make it start higher, otherwise delete another layer. Posts: 10133 Location: Boston, United States Printers: Ultimaker 2, Ultimaker Original, Ultimaker 2 Extended, Ultimaker 2 Go, Ultimaker 3. One problem with this: ;Put printing message on LCD screen. The Nature Of Development Essays! G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z13.20. G1 F2700 X91.17 Y136.16 E4987.93047. The red part above will have the extruder try to rotate 4.9 Meters of basic of curriculum, filament! So you should add a. just before this to tell the extruder that you are already at this position. I like your method #1.

I have only tried method #2. Of Development Essays! I never tried counting layers from about Karenina by Leo a known layer! smart! Yes you can turn off your printer and come back doing it tomorrow. Of Development! Well on the Ultimaker2 if your bed is lion nathan, not at room temperature then you must leave the printer on and keep the bed at the same temperature. But yes, I've done this.

Gone to Essays bed and continued the act of, print the The Nature of Development Essays, next day. So if your bed is at about Tolstoy, 60C you MUST KEEP THE BED AT 60C UNTIL THE PRINT IS DONE. If not it will very likely pop off the The Nature Essays, bed when it gets cold. Here's my version of the same thing: read all gr5 posts here: post #9 here has specific code change example for um2 (ultigcode): The red part above will have the extruder try to rotate 4.9 Meters of filament! So you should add a. Lion Nathan! just before this to tell the extruder that you are already at this position. Most likely the prevent lengthy extrusion protection is kicking in, preventing problems in this case. But I wouldn't relay on that and it would be better to add the G92. I update my program to allow users to The Nature Essays select starting and about Anna Karenina ending layers (as range) to be removed from the code and saved as new file (preserving original code unchanged in Essays, case of need make changes) It also has height search function to find what layer has given height.

Newest version is here. Principles Development! Hope you guys find it usefull. I'd also suggest slowing the printer down when it resumes, to The Nature of Development make it more likely that the basic development, first new layer will adhere to the existing part. After the first few layers are down, it should be okay to turn the speed back up. And is there any way to compensate if the new layers are shifted out of The Nature of Development Essays, position when the childhood uk, print resumes? I was having a nice and successful 40 hour print: . Of Development Essays! up until this thing (I think it's a piece of fur from the cat) managed to make it all the way to the nozzle and then decide that it wasn't going to go any further: I managed to track down the right layer to resume from and edit the Gcode, but the new layers are all shifted back a few mm from where they should be: Is there some way to correct that sort of thing when editing the Gcode? Slowing down print ? I print large objects with cooling fan on.

By the time 1/4 of the layer is printed, rest is already cold. Dont think it matters. Obesity! Layers shift because end stops were not triggered same as when print started. I had it happen to me few times. I forced the Essays, bed/extruder to move to where i need. I was off by the dada movement as a, very little. Just push the bed/extruder one belt tooth over of Development Essays, one way or another, thats your best bet. Otherwise you need to tweak your endstops. If you were printing angels, print would not get ruined.

Try printing something less satanic :mrgreen: I've already got success in restarting a printing job using method #2, however, I was just wondering why Cura does not log in a file the layers that were successfully completed. It would make our lives much easier when restarting a jog. Just open the log, check the last layer was printed, cut the portion of the original g-code file, reload and start the printing job again. What no log is lion nathan, created by Cura while printing? (or if it's created. where it is?) Posts: 1332 Location: Montreal, Canada Printers: Ultimaker 2. It doesnt know the layer was properly printed. The human eye tell that its good or not but not the of Development Essays, machine. In addition, cura is not even in act of heaney, the equation when printing from the sd card.

In the of Development Essays, coming version(s) extra info will be displayed on the UM2 print progress so you will be able to of curriculum see what layer you are printing. What might be nice to have is instead of Print Finished a menu that says Troubleshoot Print or something that has some options like.. resume from layer, move to layer, set extent (set extent being setting the position of the head by The Nature, finding the furthers point in one of two directions and using the wheel to position X and lion nathan Y over that point, to avoid layer shifts when starting over) It's great we'll be able to The Nature of Development Essays see the layer as it prints, but for me and other posts I've seen these problem occur when we walk away on very long running prints. Posts: 139 Location: Haren, Netherlands Printers: Ultimaker 2. Thanks, all my printing isues with warping were solved, and then the f. filaments tangles on the wheel. This thread solved the problem. Childhood! Great job. Posts: 1 Location: United States. If you were printing angels, print would not get ruined. Try printing something less satanic :mrgreen: A human skull is satan? You must be Catholic. Trying to The Nature of Development Essays resume a print in such a way just saved me hours.

Has anyone tried to build this functionality into a cura 2 postprocessing plugin, yet? Posts: 1 Location: United Kingdom. Has anyone done this with Cura 2? I have a large print which ran out of filament overnight. I've worked out I want to restart on layer 510. Here's the start of the original file. I tried editing that like so ( changing the starting Z to be 20 mm above the print ) but it looked as though it was about to crash before I switched off the seamus heaney, power!

Posts: 1 Location: United States. I have a problem that I believe is caused by my Z offset. I have it set very high to compensate for an auto bed leveling sensor. (2.25 mm) and when I factor it into the equation and start at a layer plus the distance of my offset it is much too high but if I don't factor it in, it crashed into the print. I used a layer height of .2mm and when I don't factor in the offset I start at layer 26, and when I do, I start at layer 36.

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Leadership Styles And Productivity. There have been as many definitions of Leadership as many have tried to define it. The sheer complexity of the concept can be understood by the magnitude of the number of research articles available on the internet today. There has been none universally accepted definition however though there are a few definitions which are most sought after. According to Bass (1990), 'Leadership is an interaction between two or more members of of Development Essays, a group that often involves as structuring or restructuring of the situation and the perceptions and expectations of the lion nathan, members. Leadership occurs when one group member modifies the motivation or competencies of the other in the group. Any member of the group can exhibit some amount of leadership (pp. 19-20)'.

Pfinffner and Preshtus define leadership as 'a kind of moral spirit and of Development responsibility in the leader, which is led to unifying the efforts of the employees in order to lion nathan achieve goals which exceed personal interests' (Hamadat, 2006: 16). Leadership can be explained as the ability of an individual to have power that focuses on how to establish directions by adapting forces (Go et al., 1996). From an organisational perspective, Schermerhorn (1999) believed that leading is a process used to The Nature Essays motivate and to influence others to work hard in order to realize and support organisational goals, while Hersey et al. (2001) believed that leadership influences individuals' behaviour based on both individuals' and organisational goals. Robbins (2001) defined leadership as the ability of an individual to influence the behaviour of a group to achieve organisational goals. Most, if not all definitions are circumferenced around two aspects of Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy, Leadership, one being the traits that the leaders elicit and other happens to be the organisational or group goals as the situation may be which clearly exemplifies the fact that leadership has a significant influence on the results achieved by the group or the The Nature, organisation.

However, it is important to understand that situations and contexts vary in varied organisations and one kind of leadership may not work effectively in all the situations. Hence, it is important for organisations and the Leaders themselves to understand the expectations of the subordinates and then try to accommodate the same in their style of Leadership. Before we delve deeper into lion nathan, the relationship of Subordinate Performance and Leadership Styles, it is important to understand the different kinds of The Nature, Leadership styles. One of the early work done by Kurt Lewin in 1939 along with a group of reaction to, researchers identified three types of Leadership Styles ' Authoritarian, Democratic and of Development Essays Laissez 'fair. Most of the researches have been focussed of the first two styles since the third style is considered as lack of any specific leadership style which plays a dominant part only union when the subordinates are motivated and knowledgeable at the given tasks.

With the context in place of an Indian manufacturing company where the of Development Essays, workmen are more or less at the mercy of their supervisors in decision making the seamus, study takes only the former styles of leadership to assess the relationship of productivity and leadership style. 2.1.1 Authoritarian or Autocratic Leadership. There has been lot of Essays, discussion about Hitler regarding their leading style which necessarily involved a lot of Tolstoy, close supervision, maintaining legitimate power (Hughes, Ginnett, and Curphy). Hitler projected a personalized charismatic leadership, a style that is 'exploitative, non-egalitarian, and self-aggrandizing' (Choi). The Nature. He was extremely focused on lion nathan, his personal control, insisting that the 'ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward' (BBC). The Nature Of Development. Hitler was known for heavily critiquing those who reported to him and became angry and basic of curriculum development frustrated with mistakes. He did not trust others, particularly the generals who reported to Essays him during the Second World War. Without establishing a two-way relationship, Hitler could not, and would not, rely on the opinions of uk, others, resorting to his instincts and opinions (Geoffrey).

This kind of leadership falls well within the boundaries of Authoritarian Leadership. Autocratic leadership has four major characteristics: ' The leader makes all important decisions. ' The leader is primarily concerned with task accomplishment and not the subordinates satisfaction or well being. ' The leader maintains a considerable social distance from the subordinates. ' The leader employs punishment as a means of motivation rather than rewards. Looking at the psychological perspectives of the above mentioned style of leadership tests reveal that Autocratic Leaders score high on Abasement, Aggression and Achievement. However they score low on Intraception, Nurturance and Social Values. With respect to the organisational perspective, it is imperative to understand that there is The Nature Essays, no certain answer to which leadership style will produce the best results in an organisation.

It largely depends on the organisational culture and the kind of basic development, task at hand for of Development the leader. Basic Of Curriculum. For example, in a war, the The Nature Essays, leaders are required to make quick decisions and don't have all the Essay Anna, time for a democratic process, which puts forward the of Development, argument that has been made above. Principles Of Curriculum. Autocratic leadership can bring about exceptional results by The Nature more accurate decision making when the leader has good subject expertise and can improve the productivity, however only when the leader is around. It is also suitable in basic of curriculum, situations where the workforce is new and untrained or where economies of scale is being tried to be achieved which leaves little time for a democratic process to Essays be followed in principles development, decision making. This style of Essays, leadership though most common has started to Essay about Karenina by Leo lose its shine in the present context over the democratic form of leadership. However, many still have bat in favour of this kind of leadership citing that it is the context which determines which kind of leadership will be effective and not the absolute style per se. 2.1.2 Democratic Leadership. Kurt Lewin and his colleagues presented what has become the classic formulation of The Nature, democratic leadership (Lewin Lippitt, 1938; Lewin, Lippitt, White, 1939; White Lippitt, 1960).

They distinguished democratic leadership from autocratic and laissez-faire styles, arguing that democratic leaders relied upon group decision making, active member involvement, honest praise and criticism, and lion nathan a degree of comradeship. By contrast, leaders using the other styles were either domineering or uninvolved. Unfortunately. Lewin and his colleagues never developed the definition beyond this rough sketch, leading some critics to find undemocratic implications in their ostensibly democratic model of leadership. Despite this lack of The Nature Essays, conceptual precision, Lewin and others have identified the about Karenina by Leo, central element of the term: democratic leadership is behaviour that influences people in The Nature of Development, a manner consistent with and/or conducive to basic democratic principles and processes, such as self-determination, inclusiveness, equal participation, and deliberation (Dahl, 1989; Fishkin, 1991). Democratic leadership has three major characteristics: ' Distributing responsibility within the act of union, subordinates ' According to Krech et al. (1962) 'The democratic leader seeks to evoke maximum involvement and the participation of every member in the group activities and in the determination of objectives. In organisational settings it is imperative for leaders to delegate tasks and decision making within their subordinates since it helps in building a pool of future leaders for the organisation. Nagel (1987), argues that to avoid the free riding issues, democratic leader should not only ask subordinates to take on responsibility, rather be demanding in reminding them of their collective responsibilities.

' Empowering the members ' Democratic leadership can augment members' skills by setting high but reasonable standards and asking members to challenge themselves (Tead, 1935). Members' abilities may develop through taking on The Nature of Development, new responsibilities, but leaders can also play a direct role by offering instruction or suggestions, particularly when asked to do so (Busch, 1934; Lewin et al., 1939). Good leaders can expand their ranks by childhood obesity becoming 'role models' to of Development Essays change novices from 'followers' to leaders (Baker, 1982, p. 325). This has particularly significant implication since shortage of talent pool is an important concern for organisations in uk, the today's era. The organisations are looking at drawing leaders from the available talent pool from within the organisation first and then resorting to lateral hire. The organisation which has leaders who in turn can create leaders are thriving in of Development Essays, the cut throat competition and narrowed margins. ' Aiding the subordinates in their deliberations ' Its' not enough for a leader to only delegate and empower subordinates but has to take the relationship to of curriculum the next level through appropriate deliberation methodology. Democratic leaders must distribute responsibility appropriately and empower other group members, but they must devote the bulk of their time and energy to ensuring productive and democratic decision making.

Democratic leadership aids the deliberative process through constructive participation, facilitation, and the maintenance of healthy relationships and a positive emotional setting. Having talked about the facets of democratic leadership, it has be borne in mind that the style of leadership cannot by any means be categorized as the The Nature of Development Essays, better of the two leadership styles i.e. Autocratic and Democratic. Though the positives are there with democratic leadership, still previous writings on democracy and democratic leadership suggest that people often reject this form of leadership for at least four reasons. First, some people oppose a democratic leadership structure because it directly threatens their undemocratic authority. Moving toward democracy would strip them of some of their status, power, and, in the dada movement, some cases, wealth (Slater Bennis, 1990). The Nature Of Development Essays. Second, some people have authoritarian values and are not easily swayed from a strong belief in the justness and efficiency of powerful, directive authorities (Bell, 1950; Lassey 1971; Tead, 1935).

Third, most people have, to some degree, an unconscious or conscious desire for a hero, a charismatic figure capable of solving our problems and sweeping away our confusion (Abse Jessner, 1962; Smith, 1926). Finally, some reject the notion of democratic leadership for the opposite reason, having no faith whatsoever in leaders of any kind and no belief in their necessity (Nagel, 1987; Tead, 1935) However, Lippitt (1983) identifies a number of promising trends in the 1970s and early 1980s that are probably still present today: expectations of shared power and responsibility are increasing; there is a greater degree of collaboration and communication; and Capital and Life Parole Essays people have an increasing awareness of the The Nature, need for organizational openness and childhood uk flexibility. The Nature. With the seamus heaney, baby boomers towards the end of the tenure and entrance of Gen Y, who thrive in responsibilities and accountabilities, into the workforce democratic leadership could be more widespread than what the present situation unveils. Thus it is clearly evident from the above discussion that there is contextual effect to which kind of leadership style will suit a given situation and will be effective. It depends on many factors all of which hasn't been unearthed yet, however a few common factors affecting leadership effectiveness are the organisational culture, the time frame available for decision making for the leader, the task itself, the Essays, capabilities of the subordinates and of course not to miss out the country in which the organisation operates. The study will now aim to understand Global and Indian manufacturing outlook which significantly is a reason for organisations employing productivity up scaling drives and at arriving at a definition of Productivity.

With so much available on the term today with each organisation defining productivity in its own way it becomes really important to Essay have a clear understanding of the definition and factors involved in the term 'Productivity'. 2.2 Manufacturing Outlook ' Global and Indian context. The global manufacturing sector has undergone a boisterous decade: large developing economies leaped into the first tier of of Development Essays, manufacturing nations, a severe recession choked off demand, and manufacturing employment fell at an accelerated rate in advanced economies. Still, manufacturing remains critically important to both the developing and the advanced world. In the former, it continues to provide a pathway from subsistence agriculture to principles development rising incomes and living standards. In the latter, it remains a vital source of innovation and competitiveness, making outsized contributions to research and development, exports, and productivity growth. But the manufacturing sector has changed'bringing both opportunities and challenges'and neither business leaders nor policy makers can rely on old responses in the new manufacturing environment. Amidst the volatility and uncertainty in the manufacturing sector, its role in the world economy has continued to Essays progress. According to a research by Mc Kinsey and Co., the next decade and half will see the entry of approximately 1.8 billion consumers which will lead to worldwide consumption of close to $ 64 trillion.

Developed economies will remain major consumers, however the share of lion nathan, developing economies will rise which will enhance the living standards of the residents. The GDP share of manufacturing in the Indian economy is The Nature of Development Essays, poised to grow from seamus heaney 16% to 25% by 2022 according to India's national manufacturing policy release. Globally the manufacturing output is growing at about 2.7% annually in developed economies in contrast to 7.4% in the developed economies (2002-2007). When economies industrialize, manufacturing employment and output both rise rapidly, but once manufacturing's share of GDP peaks at 20 to Essays 35 percent of GDP, it falls in an inverted U pattern, along with its share of employment. The reason is that as wages rise, consumers have more money to spend on services, and that sector's growth accelerates, making it more important than manufacturing as a source of growth and employment. The focus then shifts from mere output to the efficiency, utilization of resources and cost aspect of production which the impacts the hiring plans for the industry as well.

For example manufacturing share of movement was formed, US employment declined from The Nature 25% in 1950 to about 9% in 2008. The figure below depicts how the share of movement was formed reaction, manufacturing follows the inverted U shape as the The Nature, economy matures. However, the situation in developing economies is far from the the dada movement reaction, above mentioned point and The Nature can be safely assumed that the outlook of basic, manufacturing looks positive in a global context with the developing economies leading the way. In FY13, India's manufacturing sector grew slower than the rest of the economy, with GDP growth itself having slowed down. Concerns regarding the stability of some of the Eurozone economies, sluggish growth in the US and the slowdown in of Development Essays, key emerging economies have affected the Indian manufacturing sector's view of the global economy. Uk. The manufacturing sector has been moving at Essays, a slower pace than the overall economy for some time now. As a result, the sector's contribution to GDP has declined marginally from 16.1 to 15.2% in principles development, the five years till March 2013. Growth rate in manufacturing reduced from 9.7% in The Nature, 2010-11 to 2.7% in 2011-12 and 1% in 2012-13. In FY13, only 3.3% of the country's growth was generated by manufacturing as opposed to act of seamus 83% contributed by services, according to The Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. A research conducted by The Nature Essays PWC indicates that the India, China and the other developing economies will fare better than the rest of the world in regards to the growth of manufacturing industry.

However, there will be concerns arising out of lack of domestic demand, increasing pricing pressure, interest rates and achieving cost efficiency primarily because of increase in wages. The global economic slowdown, slow growth rates except a few Asian countries and the persistent Euro Zone instability has continued to bother the manufacturing companies' across the childhood obesity, globe. The outlook for the manufacturing companies has not been great in the last half a decade and the volatility that the past has witnessed is there to stay. The Nature. Along with that the increase in competition and consequently its impact on pricing strategies of the organisations have put even more pressure on the manufacturing companies to focus a lot on the output vis ' a ' vis costs. With the enhancement in technology and development e ' commerce becoming more and of Development more prevalent the and Life, customers have a wider range of The Nature Essays, options to choose from and with this competitive pricing becomes even more important to capture and sustain customer base.

Mobile phone industry is a perfect example of the same. Act Of Union. With the foray of The Nature, low cost manufacturers like Micromax and Karbonn in the mobile industry, the pressure on bigger players like Samsung, Sony, Nokia etc. to was formed as a to remain competitive with their pricing grows. No player in the industry can boast of of Development Essays, being the monopolistic company like Nokia once had in the mobile phone industry. The above discussion unveils a harsh reality for manufacturing companies across the childhood, globe i.e. to monitor their costs and improve their output for the similar costs that they did earlier. Achieving better capacity utilization will also be at the back of the mind of the The Nature Essays, manufacturing community. The culmination of cost efficiency, capacity utilization, improving output at the same input resources and various other parameters including financial aspects collectively give rise to the term called 'Productivity' which the study tries to define in the manufacturing setup in the Indian context. Productivity has normally been defined as the union heaney, ratio of output available at disposal of the organisation to The Nature the input resources that is and Life Without Parole, expended. Productivity is the of Development, relationship between the quantity of output and the quantity of development, input used to generate that output.

It is of Development Essays, basically a measure of the effectiveness and the dada as a reaction to efficiency of your organisation in of Development Essays, generating output with the principles of curriculum development, resources available. Productivity = Output / Input. As it is evident that there are two variable involved in the determination of The Nature Essays, productivity. Output can be measured in either physical quantity like number of units produced or in Essay about by Leo, financial value like revenue, value added etc. The input can be measured in human resources (number of The Nature Essays, hours worked, number of lion nathan, labour engaged or the labour cost) or capital deployed to achieve the output. Various Metrics that are used to measure productivity at the organisational are profitability, value added, revenue generated, return on capital employed (ROI / ROCE), organisational growth rate etc. The measures can be single factor or multifactor basis the need of the The Nature, organisation and the industry it operates in. At the operational level the commonly used metrics of productivity measurement are labour productivity, capacity utilisation etc. In manufacturing companies across the globe the concept of OEE (overall equipment efficiency) / OLE (overall line efficiency) has been commonly used apart from the former productivity measures.

In fact, the entire operations can be broken down into basic development, smaller elements like production, purchase, maintenance and allied and their productivity is being measured on Essays, an individual basis e.g. delivery lead time, production compliance, maintenance cost etc. This gives the organisation required control over the processes and more specifically the operations managers to have a closer look at childhood uk, the gaps in the system and take short interval controls. For the purpose of the study two productivity measures were analysed, one being OEE (overall equipment efficiency) and of Development Essays the other being Labour Productivity. 2.3.1 OEE (Overall equipment efficiency) Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is a way to monitor and improve the efficiency of about Karenina by Leo, a manufacturing process. Developed in the mid 1990's, OEE has become an The Nature Essays, accepted management tool to measure and evaluate plant floor productivity. Capital Punishment And Life Without Parole Essays. The analysis of OEE starts with Plant Operating Time, a measure of the time available for equipment operation. For a plant which is in continuous operation will thus have at least 720 hours for operation in a month under the premise that the month consists of 30 days. For e.g.

Steel making, glass making are continuous processes since the Essays, furnace cannot be shut down for any reason whatsoever as it will take long hours to reach the temperature that is required for the processing. Obesity. However the same is The Nature of Development Essays, not true for many other industry like automotive, textile and many others which can have a break in the operations. From the Plant Operating Time, downtime which are planned by the unit (Planned Shutdown) is deducted to arrive at Planned Production time. Planned Shutdown can be taken due to various reasons ' lack of demand of the product, strike, lockout and many others. Planned Production time is basic principles, where OEE initiates since the other mentioned items are majorly out Essays of the control of the unit manager. From the Planned Production time three losses inherent in any product manufacturing are reduced to arrive at the Fully Productive Time where value is added during the process in a manufacturing operation. The three losses are Down Time Loss, Speed Loss and Quality Loss which are categorized as Availability, Performance and Quality. Graphically OEE can be represented as (Illustrative): Fig 3.

The table below shows the three losses and their definitions. The productive time shown above is the final output that organisations want and try to increase the same through various productivity improvement methods. Availability It is the ratio of Operating Time to lion nathan Planned Production Time (Operating Time is Planned Production Time less Down Time Loss) Performance It is the ratio of Net Operating Time to Operating Time (Net Operating Time is Operating Time less Speed Loss). It is also calculated as the ratio of Actual Production to Plant Production Capacity. Quality It is the ratio of Fully Productive Time to Net Operating Time (Fully Productive Time is Net Operating Time less Quality Loss). The Nature. This is also calculated as the Essay about Karenina Tolstoy, ratio Quality Production to Total Production. OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality. For example, if all three contributing factors are 90.0%, the OEE would be 72.9% where as if all the factors are at 80%, the OEE would be 51.2%. This illustration clearly shows that in individual parameters, plant may be performing well (80% is considered a good number) while when combined together in the form of OEE, the Essays, performance would be considered gloomy. Worldwide studies indicate that the average OEE rate in manufacturing plants is 60% while in world class manufacturing plants Availability factor is 90%, Performance is 95% and Quality is 99.9% thus making OEE to close to 85%.

OEE is an effective tool to benchmark, analyse, and the dada movement improve the production process. The OEE tool gives the managers the ability to measure machines for productivity improvements. OEE not only measures these inefficiencies but also groups them into categories which helps managers in analysing the machine and The Nature of Development Essays get a clear picture of the entire manufacturing process. A truly comprehensive OEE solution provides machine operators and obesity production managers with continual line notification and control so that actions can be taken to prevent events that can result in downtime, slower cycle speeds, and poor product quality. It's a complete manager's tool to assess and of Development Essays reassess the manufacturing processes or parts of it and take corrective actions in order to improve productivity and help the act of, organisation remain sustainable in Essays, the ever increasing competitive environment. 2.3.2 Labour Productivity. It is one of the popularly used metric for assessing the the dada movement reaction to, productivity of a plant in a manufacturing company. Technically, it is calculated as the ratio of Production in units to the number of labour deployed for the achievement of the output.

There are a few variants of the same as well where the numerator remains the same however the denominator may vary as number of labour, total hours deployed by labour or the cost of wages of the labour engaged in the manufacturing process. As a formula, Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Labour deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Man-hours deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Wages for the number of of Development, labour deployed for the same output. With different versions available at perusal, different companies use any or a combination of labour productivity metrics to assess their plant performance. While any one of the productivity measures should suffice the understanding of plants performance, still organisations are carefully choosing a set of principles of curriculum, indicators of productivity to assess their performance vis-??-vis competition. One of the reason can be that having multiple measures allows the managers to have an of Development, eye on the detailed performance of subsystems of the entire system and plan accordingly.

Having defined all the elements of the relationship which the study aims at establishing, it becomes imperative to the dada was formed as a reaction to look at what the earlier researches have established between the illustrated variables. 2.4 Productivity and Leadership style. The supervisor behaviour (leadership style) is one of the key factors which impacts the The Nature of Development Essays, performance of the lion nathan, frontline employees in the organisation. Quite some research has been done on The Nature Essays, the performance and leadership and lion nathan the inter-linkages between the The Nature of Development, two. Lion Nathan. Numerous studies have demonstrated that such effective leadership behaviour is associated with the The Nature of Development, quality of work of subordinates in service organizations (Bettencourt Brown, 1997; Deluga, 1994; Pillai, Schriesheim, Williams, 1999; Podsakoffet al., 1990; Schaubroeck Fink, 1998).

Leaders who develop a good relationship with their subordinates will in turn influence the basic principles, level of discretionary behaviour of these subordinates (e.g. Of Development Essays. Settoon, Bennett, Liden, 1996). In a field experiment, Lam and Schaubroeck (2000) found that using credible and influential people as service quality leaders could enhance the positive attitudes of bank tellers towards service quality initiatives, which result in a more favourable customer rating of service. MacKenzie, Podsakoff, and Rich (2001) found that transformational leaders could alter the service behaviour of frontline salespeople. Not only does effective leadership behaviour affect individual service quality, it also enhances team service quality.

However, specific relationship between productivity measures of workmen and supervisor's leadership in the Indian manufacturing context with the the dada movement was formed as a to, blue ' collar workmen hasn't received the requisite attention of the academicia which this study is The Nature Essays, trying to act of union seamus heaney aim at. Sauer (2011) confirms the importance of leadership and its effect on the performance of employees. Sauer's study explained the The Nature, importance of leadership behaviour and how the leader's performance style will affect the organization. Danish et al. (2011) discussed the lion nathan, effect of leadership and a manager's style, showing that these had a significant effect on The Nature of Development Essays, the administration and its effectiveness. According to a research done of 511 frontline service providers in 6 service organisations by Harry et al., the leadership style of the supervisor plays a dominant role in seamus, producing better service quality, which is the output in The Nature, this case, when the act of union seamus, work environment and The Nature of Development Essays organisation culture are not conducive for better efficiency. The leadership style used for the study were task oriented, people oriented and ethically oriented. However, in organisations where the work culture is lion nathan, good, leadership fails to make an The Nature, impact. An alternate viewpoint can be that leadership plays a key role in creating the kind of environment where performance can be better (Dickson, Smith, Grojean, Ehrhart, 2001; Koeneet al., 2002; Litwin Stringer, 1968).

Hence, the frontline employees may not be able to Without Parole Essays gauge the importance of leadership. The situation was worse when both work culture and supervisor leadership were lacking which is a clear indication that each factor present in a positive way nullifies the negative effect of the other factor. In short, the study aims to The Nature examine the relative contribution of service climate and effective leadership behaviour to employee service quality, and uk the interaction effect of The Nature of Development, these two independent variables on basic of curriculum development, the service quality. Johannes et al., in their study of The Nature Essays, 161 pairs of supervisor-subordinate pair in 24 companies of Germany revealed that transformational leadership related more strongly and Essay Anna by Leo Tolstoy positively to innovation for subordinates low in organization-based self-esteem. The Nature Essays. When subordinates were low in self-presentation propensity, active-corrective transactional leadership was negatively, and transformational leadership was positively associated with task performance.

This research again testifies the fact that leadership is a significantly affecting variable in subordinate's performance. Union Seamus. This research also has interpretation on psychological aspects of the subordinates' i.e. self-esteem and self-presentation. It also testifies the fact that different demographics of The Nature of Development Essays, employees may want different kind of leadership to be effective and efficient in their task performance. This adds another dimension to the leadership performance relationship. A study conducted by Heba et al. among 320 heads of basic principles, instructional departments from randomly selected schools show that the principals' leadership style has a significant impact on the teacher's motivation to achieve the desired task goals. Transformational leadership exhibited a positive correlation with the teacher's achievement motivation which is connected to performance excellence. Another research in the same area by Onne Janssen illustrates that when supervisors are perceived to be supportive of risk taking fosters innovation and the supervisors who are perceived as not supportive hinder the employees from carrying out innovative work in their task area or otherwise. The survey of 170 employees in of Development, a Dutch company reveals that when employees perceive that their supervisors respond to employee innovation in union seamus heaney, a supportive and respectful manner, they feel stimulated to use their influence to persuade their subordinates and other actors to Essays support the development and realization of their new ideas. LMX (Leader Member Exchange) embodies the relationship between a leader (Supervisor) and follower (Subordinate) and was initially conceptualized by Graen and and Life Essays colleagues (Dansereauetal.1973, Graen 1976, Graen and Essays Cashman, 1975). According to LMX theory the leader ' follower relation falls on a continuum where one of the ends is developed relationship i.e. Punishment And Life Without Parole. high involvement and on the other end is exchange ' based relationship which has low involvement. The managers should be able to understand these aspects of leadership since they have a significant impact on Essays, the employee behaviours and consequently productivity and performance.

However, Hofstede showed that high involvement / low involvement is also a characteristic of culture of the country which he defined as power distance. A research on principles development, 577 employees in 3 wood manufacturing companies in Pennsylvania illustrates that employees who are led by supportive leader display better organisational commitment, job satisfaction and have higher performance that the peers who have no supportive leader. Also, the intention to quit the organisation was far lesser which has cost and productivity implications in the longer run as well. Another study on the same lines was done by The Nature of Development Essays Shahabuddin et al. on 80 employees working with IT in real estate and lion nathan housing development industry in Bangladesh. The study reveals that leadership indeed has a role to play in The Nature, job satisfaction of the employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and performance on the job. It was found that supervisors who engaged in positive motivational behaviours tend to heaney have more satisfied subordinates and better performance from their group members. Through their education, training, and experience, managers develop their personal leadership style (Hersey et al., 2001).

This leadership style is a fundamental concern of managers and researchers (Wood, 1994) due to its effect on subordinates deliver more productive work when the leader have specific leadership styles (Mullins, 1998). If managers adopt their subordinates' preferred style giving employees the respect and of Development fair treatment they deserve, then this is seen to lead to job satisfaction, which in Essay Karenina by Leo, will affect the functioning of the organisation (Spector, 1997). Satisfied employees are absent less, show less job stress, stay at work longer, and make positive contributions to their organisations (Griffin, 2002). Furthermore, Yousef (2000) showed that leadership behaviour was positively related to job satisfaction and therefore managers needed to adopt appropriate leadership behaviour in order to improve it. Leadership style affects a range of factors such as job satisfaction, performance, turnover intention, and stress (Chen and Silverthorne, 2005) and so contribute to organisational success (Rad and Essays Yarmohammadian, 2006). A study of Without Essays, 220 Jonardian resort hotel employees consisting of 110 subordinates and 110 managers could not refute the The Nature of Development Essays, possibility of a relationship between job satisfaction and leadership style of Capital and Life Parole Essays, managers.

However, job satisfaction was found to be a function of demographical factors as well. The study also revealed that democratic leadership was most prevalent which again has been reinforced by another study conducted on 300 employees across manufacturing and service organisations in The Nature Essays, the public and private setup. This study shows that participatory and altruistic management style were the most desirable among various management styles. Few key findings of the exploratory study are: ' Management styles vary from culture to culture and within the specific culture from industry to industry. ' Participative management style is difficult to practice as sharing of power is lion nathan, not easy for managers. ' Excessive altruism in business organizations may negatively affect organizational effectiveness. ' A strong positive relationship between the management styles and the effectiveness of of Development Essays, human resources in movement as a, terms of The Nature, their 'Productivity' and 'Adaptability' The various researches studies in varied industries and countries show a definite correlation between leadership and performance and/ or job satisfaction; many a times mediated by other factors like organisational culture, work environment etc. The correlation holds true for most of the industries and work settings whether it be a service industry or a manufacturing industry, same with public and private sectors as well.

However, the studies need to be furthered for the blue collar employees who have a major role to play in the manufacturing setups since they are the ones responsible for generating the primary product of the company. Their motivation, needs and job satisfaction needs to basic of curriculum development be taken care of their supervisors if they have to extract the maximum productivity out of them. The productivity and leadership relation is also affected by the country's culture wherein different countries respond differently to leadership styles. Meade (1967) noticed that morale, productivity and of Development quality of product were superior in the groups which had authoritarian leadership, these results being opposite from those reported by Lippitt and White (1943) and Lippitt (1940) who used a similar sample of boys in an American setting. This can be the output of the about Karenina Tolstoy, kind of culture the sample was exposed to in their upbringing. While American children learn democratic practices at an early age, Indian are subjected to hierarchy and The Nature of Development Essays authority right from the beginning of their life and hence they get used to it as they grow. Another study by act of union seamus heaney Meade (1967) established that Chinese college students demonstrated more group cohesion in decision making in of Development, presence of union, authoritarian leadership than they did to democratic leadership, while Chinese ' American demonstrated a balanced result to of Development both authoritarian and democratic leadership. The studies in general have shown positive results in lion nathan, presence of leadership which has a human element imbibed in it rather to task orientation. Hence, participative, transformational and democratic leadership emerge to be favoured for job satisfaction and The Nature engagement of employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and better performance.

A study by Robert et al. discloses negative effects of close and punitive supervision style. The study of 24 groups of 4 females each in the age group 17-19 under controlled environment reveals substantial increase in aggressive feelings toward the supervisor and in indirect aggression toward the supervisor through lowered productivity, an insignificant increase in verbal aggression toward the supervisor, and childhood obesity uk an increase of borderline significance in aggressive feelings toward co-workers in case of close supervision. When subjected to punitive supervision the test group displayed significant increase in indirect aggression through lowered productivity and in verbal aggression. This kind of situation won't be favourable for of Development the business when every organisation is vying for enhanced productivity and cohesiveness in group activities within and outside of the organisation. The study having established the fact that there is a relationship between leadership style and productivity of employees, aims to find out the most appropriate style of leadership for higher productivity of Essay Anna, workmen in a manufacturing industry. It feels that democratic leadership style would fare better than authoritarian style since everyone would want to have a say in the decision making process which consequently affects them in one way or the other.

As many manufacturing organisations these days are practicing TPM, Lean, Quality Circles, 5S and Six Sigma concepts to Essays improve productivity all of which in some way or the other lead to added responsibilities for the workmen and more say in the technical decision making of the plant. Organisations have realised that for growth to be sustainable it has to be collaborative effort of each small unit in the organisation and not just top down approach. However, with the education level, skill sets and imbibed Indian culture which is predominantly authoritarian it remains to be seen if democratic leadership is correct approach for the workmen and not authoritarian/ autocratic leadership and Essay Karenina vice versa. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to of Development Essays help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Leadership Styles And Productivity . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/business/leadership-styles-productivity.php [04-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Union Heaney. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time.

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Corsica Travel #038; Tourism Information Essay Sample. Corsica is one of Frances 26 regions, located in the Mediterranean Sea, south of France, west of Italy and north of Sardinia. The island populates 302,000 people over an area of 8,680km2; Housing a wide range of The Nature of Development both natural and built attractions; as well as an array of facilities. The beaches surrounding Corsica are one of the most important of the natural attractions on the island, with fine and coarse sand beaches as well as pebbled beaches being situated around the coastline, consequent to Corsicas landscape there are many coves that can only be reached by foot or by lion nathan boat. Les Calanques de Piana are red granite cliffs, worn by wind and of Development Essays, water on the shore, creating pieces of art in their own right, attracting worldwide visitors to photograph the 300 meter wonders.

Parc Naturel is as a situated in the heart of the island is The Nature Essays a 3,300 square kilometre park, holding hundreds of walking and hiking trails and is also home to the main mountain peaks in Corsica overlooking glacial lakes. Capital Punishment Without Parole! One trail, and of Development Essays, the most famous that is walked by the dada movement was formed reaction worldwide hikers is the GR20 trail which spans over 210km and takes up to 2 weeks to walk in full, however there are many different trails catering for all different requirements of distance and terrain. The Gorges de Spelunca, stretch between the eastern and western villages of Evisa and Ota in the west of the The Nature Essays, island. The canyon is deeply cut into the granite if central corse and act of union seamus heaney, is around 2km in length. The Tra Mare e Monti trail allows the canyon to be accessible by hikers, with most walking to the summit and then returning by taxi, however this is optional and can be walked both ways. Another summit that travellers may wish to The Nature of Development Essays, visit is Cinto Massif which is the highest mountain on the island; the mountain elevates 2,706m above sea level making it one of the lion nathan, most prominent peaks throughout Europe. There are also many more natural attractions accessible by visitors of Corsica during their stays on the island. Filitosa is a key landmark in Corsica and of Development Essays, is evidence of man in early Europe civilisation, the statues standing at Filitosa date back to 6600 BC and the prehistoric site also holds granite statures or armed men from the era. Circular structures from the seafarers invasion in 110 BC can also be seen.

There are many museums located in Ajaccio, Corsicas capital. The recommended museums to principles development, visit by travel agents and prior visitors include the Fesch museum and the National Museum of Bonaparte House, which holds works from the The Nature of Development Essays, Neapolitan and Roman Baroque eras in particular over 1,000 artworks from the Cardinal Feschs home that were donated after his death in Punishment Parole Rome in 1839. The Bonaparte museum requires a fee between 4.50 to 7 likewise with the Fesch museum which charges a fee of 5 to 8 dependant on the season. Essays! The Trinighellu is the local name for the railway system running through Corsica and spans over the whole area of the island giving passengers a unique view of the Karenina by Leo, mountains, forests and coastal areas and also passes through the Vecchio viaduct engineered by the creator of the Eiffel Tower, Gustave Eiffel. Roman Aleria holds relics dating back from the roman period, which are currently stored and The Nature of Development Essays, presented to Capital, the public in the Jerome Carcopino Museum which is located in the Martro Fort monument. Corsica holds many facilities for the convenience of its native residents as well as holiday makers travelling to the island, all of Essays which can be sub-categorised into accommodation, sports facilities, public transport, shopping and tourist information. Accommodation offered in Corsica is of all different styles and boards suiting the needs of a wide variety of holiday makers.

Types of about Tolstoy accommodations available are hotels, holiday homes, guest houses, gites, mountain refuges and The Nature of Development Essays, more ranging from a two star rating to a five star rating on different board basis either half board, all inclusive or self catering. One example of an basic principles of curriculum, accommodation is a stay a three star hotel located in The Nature of Development Porto-Vecchio, suitable for accommodating either a couple or a family on a bed and breakfast board basis; however for the board basis and was formed as a to, period of stay the hotel is relatively expensive, like most in the area. In contrast to this, more affordable accommodation suited better to travelling students, bikers, backpackers and hikers is available, such as the hostel Hotel E Catarelle, located 7km into the vast mountain ranges, 600 meters above sea level, the The Nature Essays, hostel charges only ?35 per night inclusive of bed, linen and showering facilities, and optional extras such as a bar and restaurant. Corsica offers a vast number of outdoor sporting activities. There is one eighteen hole golf course situated on the island near Bonifacio, Sperone golf course is one of the most recognised courses in principles of curriculum the whole of France. Of Development! There are also a number of smaller courses around the island. Santa Monza, Corse du sud and Sardinia offer excellent grounds for Punishment and Life Parole Essays wind surfing with many establishments offering the activity to tourists, the same locations also offer the facilities for both islanders and travellers to The Nature, partake in kite surfing. Fishing in lion nathan Corsica is extremely popular with fishing excursions on boats being offered as well as on-shore and river fishing. The G20 walking establishment also offer marked walks from the The Nature, Corte to the peaks of Bavella, similarly many cycling trails and routes are also available for Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy exploration however there are also areas like Ospedale suitable for family cycle journeys. Sailing in Corsica attracts worldwide sailors, with docking being arranged for clients with their own boats and boats available for hire either just for a day or for a week as a means of accommodation.

Rope courses are also available to participate in at The Nature of Development Essays Ospedale among pine trees overlooking the reservoir; participants can partake in Capital and Life Parole climbing, zip-lining, tree and The Nature, rock climbing suitable for the whole family. Other activities available are canyonning, scuba diving, jet skiing and water skiing. The Corsican people are generally a nation of drivers and so the public transport standard is not of the standard tourists would hope or expect of the island. However trains, buses and taxis are available for use. The Trinicellu train service runs between Calvi and and Life Without Essays, Bastia via Ponte Leccia. The journey takes approximately fifty minutes; however the train only runs around five journeys per day all year round apart from summer where the train covers all small beaches and the two resorts on the line ten times per day. A family of The Nature sixs fare costs approximately 7.50, making it an affordable way to travel. Lion Nathan! Buses are geared toward local islanders rather than tourists and so generally follow school and collage routes rather than one which would visit tourist destinations or places of interest. There are however some independent bus companies which run small direct routes to and from Calvi, Bastia, Porto and Bonifacio.

Taxis are available for The Nature of Development Essays use in towns and large villages on the island; tourist offices can give the names of the local company and will often offer to book for you. Tourists can find information readily from the official Corsica tourist website prior to their visit, with information on access, discovery of the island, transport, accommodation, activities and principles development, much more being available at http://www.visit-corsica.com/en. 32 tourist offices and tourist information services are located in The Nature of Development Essays many locations on the island, for public use to aid tourists whilst staying on the island. One example of a tourist office is the Centru Di Corsica which offers services such as information on available accommodation, which is suitable for backpackers, as well as booking for additional services and aid with late minute booking. Holiday makers staying in self-catering accommodation will need to Essay Anna Karenina by Leo, visit the markets and The Nature of Development, shops to collect groceries, the was formed as a to, island holds many smaller specialist shops and markets stocking local specialities, which are also available at epiceries, boulangeries and of Development, charcuteries the larger towns have a choice of supermarkets. Markets in Corsica make a lively entrance in the main towns offering tourists to sample and purchase local products such as cheeses, honeys, seafood and chestnut based products. Lion Nathan! Souvenirs are available from The Nature commercialised gift shops in the main resorts however typically Corsican products can be purchased from handicraft shops and craftsmens workshops, products that can be brought are pottery, stoneware, woven baskets and blown glass. Seamus Heaney! Lile Rousse is The Nature a local market selling food products which takes place every morning from 7am to 12pm. There are also similar daily markets in Propriano, Ajaccio and Bastia. Corsica is located in the Western Mediterranean in the Tyrrhenian Sea; the island is 160km south west of the French Riviera, 82km west of the Tuscany coast.

The island is accessible by air or by sea. Corsica is not available for act of union seamus heaney direct flights unless departing from France often which the airports that only supply this service are that in Marseille, Nice, Lyon and The Nature Essays, Paris; with the childhood, operators being Air France and CCM Airlines. When departing from destinations outside of France, indirect flights will be required into France and then on of Development Essays to Corsica. Ferries are available from both Italy and France with the as a, fastest travel times being around 3 hours from Livorno in Italy to The Nature, Bastia and from Nice in Capital and Life Without Parole France to Calvi. Once in Corsica there is Essays a 232km railway system linking allowing holiday makers to travel around the island with ease. Corsicas currency is the euro and generally the cost of living is similar to the UK.

Branded items such as coca cola are more expensive but eating out is a cheaper option than here in England. In Corsica you can usually find a 2 to 3 course meal for around 20 Euros (?15). Principles Of Curriculum! Accommodation in Corsica ranges from ?53 ?591per night dependant on the type and superiority of the accommodation. Generally the Corsican climate consists of hot, dry summers and Essays, damp winters, however due to its island location the weather can undergo substantial changes as a result of worldly weather changes, though the weather in towns and costal resorts tends to be consistent. Capital Essays! The island is also extremely mountainous and so the temperature reduces considerably as altitude increases and usually has a cold windy climate similar to Essays, that of northern Europe. During the summer period storms are common in Corsica, the summers are usually extremely dry though with a high risk of wild fires, precautions should be taken by tourists to prevent any event of a fire. During the winter months it is common for the climate to be damp but it is unlikely that cold weather will ensue.

The climate can be somewhat windy, due to westerly winds from the Mediterranean, hot northerly winds from the Sahara western winds from Italy and easterly winds from neighbouring European countries such as France. Punishment Without Essays! Corsica is suitable to visit all year round, however winters may be too damp and The Nature of Development, the summers may be too hot for those not wishing to spend their time on the coast. Corsican nightlife is fairly low key and sophisticated with the main focus being around dining in one of the many cafes, bars and restaurants. For those wishing to dine out there are many restaurants serving fresh locally produced foods, with seafood and meat being the staple of the dishes being served with salads, vegetables and cheese products. Food prices vary dependent on the area and stature of the restaurant, with costs varying from anything from 7 to 24 for a main course. Chez Tao has a more lively night scene, as it is established as a cabaret venue and by Leo, piano bar, there are also some open air nightclubs within the area catering for younger visitors. Bastia and The Nature of Development Essays, Porto Vecchio both attracts many students within the summer months, with many nightclubs being open.

Ajaccio also hosts a casino for over 18s only and is open between the childhood uk, hours of 1pm and The Nature of Development, 4pm. Additionally each village and town within Corsica holds a festival celebrating a local craft, historical event or religious date. These include eating, drinking, markets, music dancing and fireworks and usually take place within the summer months. Due to the small number of tourists the island attracts, the landscape is relatively unspoilt, with the island being unpolluted and still holding its natural beauty, the island also holds a blue flag for the dada as a reaction to its beaches. Hotels in Corsica are also known for their cleanliness with many being awarded 4 to 5 star ratings (out of 5) in the category. Crime level/Safety Aspects. The large separatist movement brought much violence to the island of Corsica, however during recent years this violence has calmed down.

Although within the last decade Corsica saw a surge in of Development mafia-related political killings. This violence has had little effect on tourists and usually does not affect holidays to the island, travellers should still be aware of the battle against the separatist movement and the effects this may or may not have on their stay. Corsicas concerns for holiday makers is similar to lion nathan, that of most holiday destinations in that they attract thieves native to of Development Essays, the island and so give the warning to vacationers to not leave valuables visible if renting a car and to Essay about Anna Karenina, store valuable belongings in hotel safes, also when walking at night to not travel alone and to stick to well-lit streets, roads and beached areas avoiding dark alleyways. Image and Reputation. Corsicas portrays the image of a historical, picturesque landscape. The island is relatively unspoilt and undiscovered with minimal tourists visiting due to the islands strong political nationalism and local mafia groups.

The island is reputable for its unspoilt stretches of sand and rocky coastlines, attracting the adventurous tourist looking for a holiday full of culture, adventure and relaxation. Is this the The Nature Essays, perfect essay for Essay about Tolstoy you? Save time and order Corsica Travel #038; Tourism Information. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Corsica Travel #038; Tourism Information. The Public Sector The public sector consists of regulatory bodies, conservation groups and public sector organisation which are funded by The Nature of Development local, regional and central government, . A good example of Global Tourism Negative Impacts Of Tourism. Tourism can generate large amount of revenues and provide job opportunities globally.

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