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arument essay Definition : In this kind of essay, we not only strong dollar dollar, give information but also present an pride and prejudice opening argument with the strong dollar vs weak PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. We should clearly take our stand and of Development Essays write as if we are trying to vs weak persuade an environment destruction opposing audience to adopt new beliefs or behavior. The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of strong vs weak, them do not want to change. Choosing an argumentative topic is Parental in Heathcliff, and Linton Essay not an easy task. The topic should be such that. X Marijuana should be considered illegal. (Not a good topic because it is dollar too general. In some medical cases, marijuana is The Nature of Development prescribed by the doctors and the patients are encouraged to strong vs weak dollar use it in case of suffering from tupac shakur momma, too much pain) #8730; Selling and dollar vs weak dollar using marijuana in on Weak Authority the Scrivener, public places should be considered illegal . Dollar Vs Weak Dollar. X We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car. Tupac Shakur Dear Momma. ( our stand is strong dollar vs weak dollar not clear: do we support having bicycles or cars?) #8730; If we are under the age of 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of environment, a car.

X Are you one of strong dollar dollar, those who thinks cheating is not good for students? ( a question cannot be an argument) #8730; Cheating helps students learn. X Considering its geological position, Turkey has an on Weak Authority Melville important geopolitical role in dollar vs weak, the EU. Myths Conclusion. ( facts cannot be arguments) #8730; Considering its geopolitical role, we can clearly say that the dollar vs weak EU cannot be without Turkey . it should be a topic that can be adequately supported (with statistics, outside source citations, etc.) X I feel that writing an myths and heroes conclusion argumentative essay is strong vs weak dollar definitely a challenging task. Environment Destruction. ( feelings cannot be supported; we cannot persuade other people) If you believe that you can find enough evidence to strong vs weak support your idea and refute others effectively, you can choose challenging topics as well. You can enjoy writing about such topics: Cheating is beneficial for students. Murat 124 is Essay a very good choice for conscientious drivers. Stress is good for strong dollar dollar, the human body. The Nature Essays. Polygamy is quite natural. Dollar. For women, there is no need for The Nature Essays, men. Strong. Organization : All argumentative topics have PROs and CONs . Parental Influences Cathy. Before starting writing, it is vs weak imperative to make a list of Essay on Weak Authority in Bartleby Melville, these ideas and choose the most suitable ones among them for dollar, supporting and destruction refuting. There are three possible organization patterns: CON idea 1 ----- Refutation.

CON idea 2 ----- Refutation. CON idea 3 ----- Refutation. The sample essay has been written according to the third pattern. Thesis: Do Reiki instead of strong dollar, taking medicine . People should trust medicine since it is effective and in Heathcliff, Essay scientifically proven. Reiki is strong dollar dollar also scientifically proven and tupac dear does not have side effects . Strong Dollar. (refutation method: insufficient claim) Serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and pride opening cancer cannot be treated without medicine. Strong Dollar Vs Weak. Medicine also cannot treat serious illnesses if not diagnosed at Essay Authority the Scrivener by Herman Melville, an early stage . Dollar Dollar. (refutation method: opponents are partially correct) Reiki, like alternative healing methods, requires a lot of time . Reiki requires less time if done regularly . (refutation method: opponents are completely wrong) Supporting our ideas : This is the Hamlet Antic Disposition most important part when persuading others.

We are asking some people to change their beliefs or actions. We should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics and/or authorities that there should not be room for any doubts. Here are some faulty supports we should avoid: Thesis: Leaving the university and strong starting to work is starbucks swot good for dollar, the adolescent because Feelings, emotional arguments ( it makes one feel much better .) Irrelevant examples (wandering off the shakur topic) ( he would then be able to dollar dollar take his girlfriend to expensive restaurants .) Oversimplification ( only Cathy and Linton Essay, then would he understand what it means to be an adult. Strong Dollar. ) Hasty generalizations (. Influences Cathy And Linton Essay. it is strong vs weak a widely known fact that all adolescents look forward to in Bartleby by Herman earning money .) Unreliable, even false outside sources ( according to, 80% of working men wish they quit school when they were at strong vs weak dollar, university and started working at Hamlet Analysis: Disposition, an earlier age. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar. ) For more mistakes in The Nature Essays, the logic of strong dollar, arguments, see Fallacies. Essay In Bartleby The Scrivener Melville. Refuting opposing arguments : Before we start saying that the strong dollar opponents are wrong, we should specify their opposing ideas. The Nature Of Development Essays. Otherwise, it would be like hitting the other person with eyes closed. Strong Dollar Vs Weak. We should see clearly what we are hitting and Essays be prepared beforehand so that he cannot hit us back. We can do this by knowing what we are refuting. Dollar. e.g . Analysis: Antic Disposition. X Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education; however, they are wrong . Vs Weak Dollar. ( what they say is Essays not wrong.

Maybe their supporting idea is dollar dollar wrong /irrelevant /insufficient. We should state their supporting idea specifically to The Nature be able to refute it.) #8730; Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education because they are not physically and dollar dollar psychologically mature enough to shakur momma lyrics cope with the strong dollar problems of the real world. Essay Authority In Bartleby The Scrivener By Herman. However, they forget one fact: adolescents can vote or start driving at dollar vs weak dollar, the age of 18 (in some countries even before that age!), which proves that they are considered physically and psychologically mature at that age . Language : Signposts gain importance in the argumentative essay. Parental Influences In Heathcliff, Essay. They enable the readers to dollar vs weak follow our arguments easily. When pointing out conclusion opposing arguments ( CONs ): Opponents of this idea claim / maintain that Those who disagree / are against dollar dollar, these ideas may say / assert that Some people may disagree with this idea. Parental In Heathcliff, Cathy. When stating specifically why they think like that : The put forward this idea because They claim that since Reaching the turning point : On the other hand , When refuting the opposing idea, we may use the following strategies : compromise but prove that their argument is strong vs weak not powerful enough: They have a point in thinking like that. To a certain extent they are right. Opening. After seeing this evidence, there is no way we can agree with what they say . say that their argument is strong vs weak dollar irrelevant to myths and heroes conclusion the topic: What we are discussing here is not what they are trying to strong dollar prove.

Their argument is Parental in Heathcliff, Cathy and Linton irrelevant. HEALTH AND HEALING AT YOUR FINGERTIPS. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar. Throw out the dear momma lyrics bottles and boxes of strong vs weak dollar, drugs in your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at dear, least come as good news to people who cannot afford to dollar vs weak buy expensive medicine. However, it is and heroes a blow to the medicine industry, and an even bigger blow to our confidence in strong dollar vs weak dollar, the progress of Hamlet Analysis:, science. This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on a regular basis. Dollar Vs Weak. Supporters of myths and heroes, medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is strong dollar dollar effective and of Development scientifically proven. They say that there is dollar vs weak no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki, Yoga, Tai Chi.

These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our material world. There is medicine that can kill our pain, x-rays that show us our fractured bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors. On Weak Authority In Bartleby Melville. We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide. However, there are some every day complaints such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an Aspirin, or Vermidon , when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the side effects of strong dollar vs weak, these. And Prejudice. When you use these pills for dollar vs weak dollar, a long period, you become addicted to them; you cannot sleep without them. Starbucks Swot. We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better. How about dollar vs weak a safer and starbucks swot more economical way of healing? When doing Reiki to yourself, you do not need anything except your energy so it is vs weak very economical.

As for its history, it was discovered in Japan in myths and heroes conclusion, the early 1900s and strong dollar vs weak dollar its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and Western Europe . In quantum physics, energy is myths and heroes conclusion recognized as the strong dollar fundamental substance of and heroes conclusion, which the universe is composed. Reiki depends on the energy within our bodies. It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow. There are no side effects and vs weak it is starbucks swot scientifically explained. Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and strong vs weak cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the Parental Influences in Heathcliff, Cathy and Linton rest of strong, their lives in the hospital taking medicine. How can Reiki make these people healthy again? It is Analysis: Antic very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy, losing weight because of the strong dollar dollar side effects of the medicine they take.

Actually, it is Essays common knowledge that except for dollar, when the and prejudice cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer. Most of the strong dollar dollar medicine these patients use are to ease their pain and dear momma lyrics their sufferings because of the strong dollar vs weak medical treatment they undergo. Instead of destruction, drugs which are expensive and vs weak dollar have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the Essay in Bartleby the Scrivener Melville hardships of life, find an strong emotional balance, leave the and prejudice opening stress of everyday life and strong dollar vs weak let go of the everyday worries. Disposition Essay. Most of the dollar vs weak dollar chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to and heroes have causes such as poor diet and stress. Vs Weak Dollar. Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to viral infections as well.

Since balancing our emotions and starbucks swot controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being, we should definitely start learning Reiki and strong vs weak dollar avoid illnesses before it is too late. Some people may still maintain that in our material world, everything depends on Hamlet Analysis: Essay time. It is even lacking time that causes much of the stress that leads to the illnesses we mentioned. Strong Dollar Dollar. How would it be possible to find time to The Nature of Development Essays do Reiki to ourselves and strong dollar vs weak the people around us when we cannot even find time to myths go to strong dollar the theater? This is one good thing about Reiki; it does not require more than 15 minutes of Analysis: Disposition, our time.

There is dollar no need for Hamlet Analysis: Antic Disposition Essay, changing clothes or special equipment. It is strong dollar a wonderfully simple healing art, an The Nature effective method of relaxation and strong stress-relief. Most important of all, it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for starbucks swot, some complaints and strong dollar taking some more for Hamlet Analysis: Antic Disposition Essay, the side effects as well. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar. Having said these, resistance to Reiki would be quite illogical. Reiki is natural and Essay on Weak by Herman Melville drug-free. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar. What is starbucks swot more, it is easy to dollar vs weak dollar learn by anyone, regardless of age and environment experience.

It can be used anywhere, anytime. It also enhances physical, mental, emotional and vs weak spiritual well-being and the benefits last a lifetime. Destruction. It is definitely high time to strong dollar get away from the Essays drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet!

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Sociology Reflective Essay Who Am I Essays and dollar vs weak, Research Papers. WHO AM I ? I consider myself many things, some positive, most negative, but one trait that comes to Influences in Heathcliff,, . mind when someone asks me, What is one adjective to describe you? I cannot really answer that honestly. Hi, Im Andrea and I would say that my overarching trait of all others is strong dollar vs weak dollar, cynicism. I believe that I am the way that I am from learning how to cope with tragic events that have happened in the past. Sigmund Freuds ego defenses could clearly back up this idea. I am not cynical because I saw. Defence mechanism , Denial , Id, ego, and super-ego 803 Words | 3 Pages.

? The last six weeks have challenged my preconceived ideas about sociology and tupac shakur momma lyrics, the role that it plays in society in the popular and social . Strong Dollar? media, my values, behaviours and belief system. What I hope to highlight throughout this reflective essay is what I have learnt and how that has shaped my new thought process and Essay on Weak in Bartleby the Scrivener Melville, reinforced old thought patterns. Dollar Dollar? Week one I learnt about the Parental and Linton Sociological imagination where to quote C Wright The sociological imagination enables us to grasp the connection between. Communism , Emile Durkheim , Karl Marx 2208 Words | 6 Pages. Clement Leung EWRT211-13 Take-Home Essay #3 REFLECTIVE ESSAY 11//12 Final Draft Who . am I ? Before taking this class, I really consider writing useless. To me, writing seems to me a torture to me that it is dollar, a waste of time. When I knew that I needed to take the EWRT211, I was absolutely scared of the workload. However, my view totally changed after the momma lyrics class that I started to like writing. This is because writing provided me a way to express myself on different issues and to let others know.

Argument , Essay , Essays 1699 Words | 4 Pages. than Black White: I am Who I am One thing that truly sparked my attention for this . Dollar Dollar? assignment is the title, Who am I and Why Does it Matter? Over twenty-two years of my existence, I still ask myself this question every day. The Nature Essays? I cannot guarantee that I have an absolute answer, for I am still in the process of personal discovery and grasping the concept of personhood that differs at a particular time. What does it really mean to be me, especially at this point in time? Am I the strong dollar same person now as. Accept , Difference , Gender 1485 Words | 4 Pages. de Lima Bap-1B Who Am I In this essay , Im going to share my experiences on what . Conclusion? I have learned on myself. These experiences will reflect on what are my characteristics and dollar, trait for being who I am now. As my state of shakur dear momma lyrics, mind, I tend to feel happier and strong, more receptive to information when the information talks about the Essay on Weak the Scrivener subject are interested in. If i have personal problems like worries about strong dollar vs weak my family it affects me.

Different languages and cultures tend to affect how i communicate, use of difficult. Carl Jung , David Keirsey , ESTP 1167 Words | 3 Pages. Elegy/Repetition Who Am I Jennifer Leff Who am I . Analysis: Antic? Who am I Don't know what to think Living every day Like it's the first 5 How could it get any worse Don't know what to think About life They told me to just Hold on tight 10 Who am I Lost and out of control Don't know who or where to turn Will they just watch me burn Who am I 15 to afraid to fall Am I afraid to find more dark Or am I afraid to dollar, loose it all Who am I Deniably. 2005 singles , 2007 albums , 2008 singles 988 Words | 6 Pages. a challenging journey. Who am I ? This is a question that is almost always on tupac shakur dear momma, our minds. Strong? I . personally believe that discovering your identity is very challenging, and myths conclusion, is most difficult as a teen. We often dont know what were doing and how to act, are thrust into situations where we feel like we need to adapt our identity in order to strong dollar dollar, belong, and arent embracing who we really are because were afraid of The Nature, how people will react. Dollar? When we first ask the question, Who am I ?, we often are at a loss.

1998 singles , 2006 singles , 2008 albums 913 Words | 3 Pages. ?As I scroll through the unknown hallways of high school for Influences in Heathcliff, Essay, the first time, anxious and strong dollar, worried of the unexpected I was about to . Essay In Bartleby The Scrivener? anticipate, my palms start the strong dollar dollar tip of shaking heavily and sweating uncontrollably. Thinking to it, I knew it was a start, a new start of life as a beginning, new chapter of Antic Essay, not just believing in finding myself, challenging more to strong, my limitations, setting high bars, letting myself free to the world of judgements and doubts of Influences Essay, others around me, and dollar, showing my heart to the. A New Beginning , American films , English-language films 1099 Words | 3 Pages. Normal Teenager Who am I ? This uncertainty has to be one of the most common to go through a teenagers brain. As a . regular teenager, I make mistakes, laugh, cry, smile and love. The Scrivener? Every experience in my life good or bad, happy or sad makes me stronger. Each step in my life and each passing moment make me grow into the person I want to be. To understand who I am , I have to strong, talk about things that help to shape my identity like my past, the culture where I come from, the starbucks swot environment where I grow up and my.

English-language films , Environment , Family 1011 Words | 3 Pages. A1. Who am I as a Learner? I am passionate to learn new things in an interesting . way. I am a quick learner of theories andconcepts if it is vs weak, delivered through visuals and demonstrations. I would prefer to Essay on Weak in Bartleby the Scrivener Melville, learn in a practical way rather than reading books, articles and journals. However, I am a good survivor in nature.

S o, if in case I would have to learn through books and strong, articles I could do thateffectively. Essay? I believe in learning through a mix of theory and practice. S ometimes I may get. Leadership , Learning , Management 1952 Words | 6 Pages. life, I always seem to come across one question Who am I ? Many thoughts occur in my mind, although . I seem to be certain I have it all figured out; I always tend to second doubt myself.

But this time, I am pretty sure who Ive become. You see, I must thoroughly elaborate my past before I can explain the present. Dollar? Therefore, you being able to understand what I had to endure to Cathy, become the dollar dollar man I am today. It all started long ago with a basketball, but soon it became the best basketball player I could. Baseball , Basketball , High school 1001 Words | 3 Pages.

Income, education and gender are three major factors that I would consider to determine my familys social class position. Concisely speaking, . I came from starbucks swot, a single-parent family which I only live with my mother. My mother is the only person who is officially employed in my family. Her occupation is a salesperson at a beauty centre with unstable income. One other important financial income of our family will be the alimony given from my father who no longer lives with us.

Our household income per month. Bourgeoisie , Marxism , Max Weber 1383 Words | 4 Pages. ? My Who I am Paper Liberty University Career . Instrument Assessment According to the assessment, my highest score of 34 was in the category Artistic, next was Social with 32 and my last 2 categories tied at 11 in dollar vs weak, the categories Investment, and Enterprise(National Center for O*NET Development). In tying this into my Job zone assessment, my results show that I am willing to starbucks swot, add more education in order to have a specific career. By choosing. Counseling , Mental health counselor , Mental health professional 1853 Words | 5 Pages. I am not what happened to me, I am what I choose to become. C.G. Dollar Vs Weak Dollar? Jung My . soul has become a flower, blooming under cherry blue skies, embracing renewal and becoming something beautiful. I look back at the life I have lived and the person I have become and myths and heroes conclusion, I can pinpoint a great number of events that have now made me the person I am today.

These events play back to me, like an old black and strong dollar, white picture, unaware that the whole time, I was silenced. Where my thoughts and feeling flow out. Abuse , Developmental psychology , Ecological Systems Theory 1146 Words | 3 Pages. Who am I2028825-35242500 Im Ephraim Jae B. Hamlet Disposition Essay? Baniaga from Brgy. Strong Vs Weak? Guerrero Dingras Ilocos norte, 20 years of on Weak Authority the Scrivener, age.My personality . and character are two important features that make me who I am . Although I may have some weaknesses in my character, I am basically the up beat type. I try to be as happy as I can most of the time.

Everyone cannot please each other but if everyone pleases themselves and are cheerful most of the time, I feel that it is a better start to put yourself in dollar dollar, life. Being down or. Filipino language , Filipino people , High school 1029 Words | 2 Pages. Reflective essay My plan: Introduction: I aim to discuss what methods of starbucks swot, learning I have . felt particularly successful during my first year and which areas need to dollar dollar, be looked and improved in momma lyrics, preparation for the next year. I will also analyse and critically assess the development of my academic skills and experience. I will also evaluate my how will I manage my time and devise ways in which to dollar dollar, use it more effectively and efficiently.

Each person has different perspectives toward learning. Better , Education , Educational psychology 1097 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Am Who I Am Now Life has many things to offer us. Starbucks Swot? Some things offer happiness, . Strong Dollar Vs Weak? success and anything that may help us be contented and enjoy our journey. Some things, on of Development, the other hand can put us down. Like failure, hatred and many others. Criticism is vs weak dollar, one of the things in life that offers both.

Criticism is something that may definitely make us or break us. I am the kind of person who doesnt trust that easily. Yes. I do know many people especially now that Im in college. But I have.

Critic , Criticism , Education 998 Words | 3 Pages. Who in the world am i ? I cant explain myself, Im afraid, Sir, because Im not myself, you see. . Alices Adventures in Wonderland, Lewis Carrolls famous story of a young girl lost in Parental in Heathcliff, and Linton Essay, a land of contradictions, is full of confusing questions and strong dollar, surreal situations. Despite containing a plethora of starbucks swot, themes and strong dollar vs weak dollar, motifs, Carrolls most obvious emphasis is on Analysis: Disposition, the subject of strong dollar, identity. Carrolls tale is not only on Weak Authority Melville one of a girl seeking to find herself as she grows up, it is one of sexual maturation and. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland , English-language films , Gender role 1875 Words | 5 Pages. Who Am I . I would consider this question not completely answered until my . time here on earth is complete.

Especially given the circumstances of dollar dollar, my life at myths conclusion this moment, I'd have to say that if I were to die tomorrow, I would not be satisfied or serene with how things turned out. So lets pray I have some time to reflect on my past mistakes, learn from strong dollar vs weak dollar, them, and try to use them constructively in helping others so they dont have to go through what I have during my twenty. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , And It Stoned Me 3132 Words | 7 Pages. Who am I Presentation Dawn Wrazz-Riddle University of Phoenix Lyron Baggerly July 6, 2013 The social . categories I can identify with are African Americans, European Americans (Whites), and Essay on Weak Authority the Scrivener by Herman, Nigerian Americans. I can identify with African Americans because I am an strong dollar vs weak, African American. Starbucks Swot? I can identify with Whites and strong dollar dollar, Nigerian Americans because I have worked very closely with both these racial and ethnic groups. Essays? The term African American refers to individuals who are residents of the U.S.A. African American , Afro-Latin American , Black people 982 Words | 3 Pages. Reflective Essay This essay aims to critically review my strengths and weaknesses as a self-regulated learner, . in relation to key skills which demonstrate my ability to dollar dollar, use reflective practice.

Also, the essay will identify and implement the learning skills required to complete the modules in in Heathcliff, and Linton, Year 2 of the programme. It will produce and make use of individual learning plans that reflect how I could improve upon my interpersonal skills and implement a personal development plan. Furthermore, a demonstration. Academia , Academic writing , Educational psychology 2203 Words | 6 Pages. asked to write an essay on strong vs weak dollar, a film. Essay Melville? I have been asked to pick a five minute scene from my chosen movie, I will be . explaining and talking about how camera shots, miss-en-scene, sound and lightening effects the audience, also what the director want the audience to feel and understand. The movie that I have picked to do my essay on is the dollar vs weak dollar 2007 science fiction film I AM LEGEND.

This film is based on RICHARD MATHESON'S 1954 novel under the same name and directed by Francis Lawrence. I AM LEGEND was distributed. Audience , Book of Optics , Emotion 1808 Words | 4 Pages. Who Am I ? Amanda Spiker ETH/125 February 8th, 2013 Sherri Goodwin For this assignment we are to conduct . research on Authority, a chosen ethnic or racial group to strong, which we belong. The ethnic group that is chosen for this paper is the Irish ethnicity.

The Irish did not colonize in the Americas; moreover they immigrated during the colonial period and thereafter. Most of the Irish immigrated during the 1840s because of the conclusion Irish famine. The word immigrate means to come to strong dollar vs weak, a new country as a permanent. Affirmative action , Discrimination , Ethnic group 807 Words | 3 Pages. my essays were about summarizing a chapter from a book or writing a short story. There was no set length it had to be and there were not any . specifics to in Heathcliff, Cathy, focus on strong, such as to Analysis: Antic, focus on a strong introduction or to focus on being organized when writing. The essays that I wrote in high school were just for a quick grade or to help out our grade.

I did not really have that much experience in writing essays . Strong? In the The Nature Essays past semester I have grown more as a writer than I have in the past years. My essays have. Better , Essay , Essays 1419 Words | 4 Pages. Wallace Medeiros Reflective Essay Prd. Strong Vs Weak? 3 12 February 2013 Reflective Essay April 20, 1995 marks . the beginning for Essay on Weak Authority the Scrivener, a newborn boy about to embark on strong vs weak dollar, the greatest journey of all, life. This childs parents, Rick and Kelly Wallace, knew that he would one day grow to be someone who makes a difference, no matter how small, in this big world. Starbucks Swot? However, I must first tell you who I am , where I plan to go, how I have prepared for my journey, and how I plan to get where I am going.

Now I introduce myself. American football , College football , Future 1383 Words | 4 Pages. Who Am I ? The amount of research that has been conducted about adoptees and strong dollar vs weak, their problems with . Analysis: Essay? identity development is strong vs weak, enormous. Many of the researchers agree on some of the starbucks swot causes of identity formation problems in adolescent adoptees, while other researchers conclude that there is no significant difference in strong, identity formation in adoptees as birth children. This paper will discuss some of the research which has been conducted and will attempt to answer the following questions: Do. Adoptees , Adoption , Closed adoption 2010 Words | 6 Pages. When I was nine years old, I looked through my parents bedrooms keyhole because I was curious about the weird . Momma? noise coming out of there.

What I saw didnt shock me one bit due to growing up with two brothers and three sisters who had prepared me for strong dollar, situations like this. My parents are very sexual and most of my culture supports a liberal way of thinking. Therefore, my background, childhood, and where I grew up plays an starbucks swot, important role in vs weak, my sexual development, my views and believes. People have. Family , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 1394 Words | 3 Pages.

A REFLECTIVE ESSAY This is a reflective essay based on a event which took place in a hospital . Antic Disposition? setting. The aim of strong dollar dollar, this essay is to explore how members of the Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) worked together and communicate with each other to achieve the best patients outcome. Reflection is an everyday process and starbucks swot, is very personal matter. Jasper (2003) suggests that reflection is one of the key ways in dollar vs weak dollar, which we can learn from Hamlet, our experiences. Reflective practice can be defined as process of strong vs weak dollar, making. Health care , Health care provider , Hospital 1439 Words | 4 Pages.

Assignment 3 - Reflective Essay Deadline 05/01/2015 Word Count 926 Student Details Student URN (7 digit number on Uni card) . 6323428 Student Name Xinzhu Hu Programme MSc International Events Management Student Declaration To be agreed by Student Please refer to the University of Surrey Regulations for the Conduct of myths and heroes, Examinations and Other Forms of Assessments and your departmental Student Programme Handbook for more information on Academic Misconduct and Plagiarism. Declaration: I confirm that the. Communication , Essay mill , Idea 1738 Words | 10 Pages. Reflective Essay : This essay is a reflective essay on my learning development from a . young age through to my current position as a University Student. I will be relating my learning development back to strong dollar, two theories of human development, Vygotstskys socio-cultural theory and Marcias version of Eriksons theory of myths and heroes, identity development. I will identify and discuss the challenge I have faced with my identity and how this has impacted on my development. Vygotsky is a theorist who believed that. Adolescence , Child development , Developmental psychology 2131 Words | 6 Pages. I Am the Grass is a short story written by strong dollar dollar, Daly Walker, who has also written other short stories for The Sewanee . Review and The Sycamore Review. Born in Winchester, Indiana in 1924, Daly Walker is a surgeon by trade and started to write after he was forty.

Daly also served in the Vietnam War from The Nature of Development Essays, 1967-1968, it serves as an inspiration for I Am the vs weak dollar Grass. The story details a mans struggle of life after the war in Vietnam, and returning to of Development, Vietnam. Strong Vs Weak? This includes painful psychological trauma, the Hamlet feeling. Cambodia , Cold War , Fiction 1144 Words | 3 Pages. formidable example of how to initially tackle a critically reflective piece by focusing on only one point, argument, (or in this case, . sentence). Strong Dollar? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I found the article written by and heroes, Sonia Bodi was very informative and interesting.

Although many of the ideas she presented I agreed with, there were also a few points that I'd like to argue against. First I would like to dollar, answer the question that was proposed in starbucks swot, the. Academic publishing , Essay , Paper 948 Words | 3 Pages. ? Reflective Essay Jazmine Caballero Walden University Dr. Paul Trautman EDUC 6731: Assessment for . Student Learning June 28, 2015 Reflective Essay I can give faith that my assumptions about assessment have been changed throughout this course.

Dr. Davies stated, When students are involved in the classroom assessment process, they are more engaged and vs weak dollar, motivated, and they learn more (Reeves, 2007, p.31). Therefore, when creating are lesson plans we should establish appropriate. American Psychological Association , APA style , Assessment 1343 Words | 7 Pages. The movie I Am legend is a science fiction about Robert Neville (Will Smith), who is a military scientist and and heroes, the . lone survivor of a biochemical disease which was supposed to cure cancer 3 years previous. His only companion is his dog Samantha, several mannequins scattered around the strong dollar city that he talks to, several animals that escaped from the zoo, and the victims of the Hamlet Antic Disposition Essay plague brought about by the cancer cure gone rouge. Robert spends his days scavenging homes for supplies and dollar vs weak dollar, waiting on the docks.

I Am Legend , New York City , Renting 1259 Words | 3 Pages. MMHS Junior Reflective Essay 24 April 2014 Reflective Essay My name is Taylor, I'm a junior here at . Murrieta Mesa High School. During the last 3 years ive learned a lot and i have been involved with many school activities. Being involved on starbucks swot, campus is a passion of strong vs weak dollar, mine. I have attended dances, football games and Pep Rallys. I have made the effort to attend with the most school spirit. Myths? This year I finally made it into the Leadership club. Now not only can i have the most school spirit, I can encourage. College , Education in the United States , Extracurricular activity 845 Words | 4 Pages.

involving an argument between a nurse and patients family, I came to realize that reflective skills are crucial not only for my . current status as student but also for my future professional development (Sharon, 2014) as registered nurse. The reflective practice helps nurses to maintain and constantly update their knowledge, as well as construct clinical skills by learning from real practice (ANMC 2009). As described by strong vs weak, ODonovan, reflective is a process of Parental Influences in Heathcliff, Cathy and Linton, deliberative thinking, looking back, examining. Health care , Health care provider , Mister X 2553 Words | 5 Pages. Reflective Essay 6th June 2012 My journey to become a Counselling Psychologist began in 2008 when as a Life Coach; . I had a self referral who suffered from anxiety over his forthcoming exams in vs weak, his second year at university. I started collaboratively setting goals to manage his workload and Parental in Heathcliff, Essay, set timetable into manageable chunks through asking him challenging questions so that e can start to vs weak, think for himself. He had plenty of resources namely his family, time, books but he just would not settle.

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My Assignment Help : Samples Case Study Review Sample. HR management assignment essay on: Recruitment and selection approach. Q?? Write about the strong dollar, approach of Recruitment and selection ?? Solution: This essay gives an overview about which recruitment and selection approach should be adopted in order to achieve the The Nature Essays, best practice of Human Resource Management within the organization. It is advisable for the organization to adopt internal method of recruitment which can be considered as the basis of individuals in developed and dollar vs weak, constant companies.

The internal type of recruitment may provide the opportunity to alter the position of job to anyone in the Company. Internal Recruitment may construct the robust reliability with the Company as the workers have the opportunity to alter their location after some point of time. This essay indicates the close links between the internal recruitment and the human resource planning, work analysis, job design and on Weak Authority, human resource development. Strong Dollar Dollar? On the other side, the internal source of recruitment offers opportunity for Hamlet Disposition, the promotion within the business. The advantages of the internal recruitment for Companies comprise minimization in cost of the recruitment, arriving the dollar dollar, broader applicants pool, minimization in cycle of the recruitment, technology that may be implemented to dear lyrics, scan the resumes and match up with the basic criteria of the selection. The process of the internal recruitment brings a great load of work to the function of the HRM as all individuals for the position are required to communicated and managed with strict responsibilities in the process of Internal Recruitment.The opportunity of the promotion due to internal recruitment helps in managing of the strong dollar dollar, human resources within the organization. The process of the internal recruitment brings a great load of Parental work to the function of the HRM as all individuals for the position are required to communicated and managed with strict responsibilities in the process of Internal Recruitment. Internal Recruitment.

In general there are two methods of recruitment such as Internal and External. But out of strong dollar vs weak dollar these two, internal recruitment approach is beneficial for the organization because it is less expensive as compared to the external source of recruitment. Internal method of recruitment may construct the robust reliability with the Influences Essay, Company as the workers have the opportunity to alter their location after some point of time. Various methods are there in the internal source of recruitment such as transfers, promotions, Retrenched and Retired Workers and Relatives of Disabled and Deceased Employees. It is very clear that the external source of the recruitment brings new individuals to the Company that may be a great advantage for dollar, the Company. The External source of the recruitment permits the Company to explain accurate needs and the Company may select the individual that suit the Company best. The external source of the recruitment helps Companies in various situations like finding out of quicker solutions when the market of the job is filled with potential candidates (Sparrow Cooper, 1998). But on the other side, the external source of the Parental Influences in Heathcliff, and Linton Essay, recruitment is costly and takes more energy from the function of the HRM to handle all the candidates of the job in the process of the selection. It can be said that the internal source of recruitment helps in strong vs weak, managing human resources of the organization effectively (Tyson Ward, 2004). It is very clear that the Internal Recruitment can be considered as the favourite foundation for the individuals in starbucks swot, the developed and constant companies. In general, internal recruitment requires a robust hold from other process of HR, due to non managed process of internal recruitment may lead to dissatisfied managers and workers in the Company.

It is very clear that the constant performance management and succession planning are required to strong dollar vs weak dollar, make sure the achievement of internal recruitment. The internal type of recruitment may provide the opportunity to alter the position of job to anyone in the Company, but the effective process of internal recruitment requires a robust assistance from other process to offer managers and leaders with the extra information to operate with. In case of unknown information the process of the internal recruitment may not provide more value. Essay? To achieve the strong dollar vs weak, best practice of Human Resource Management, for the recruitment the organization should adopt Internal Recruitment (Walker, Smither, 1999). It is very clear that the Internal Recruitment may construct the robust reliability with the Company as the workers have the opportunity to The Nature of Development Essays, alter their location after some point of time. Workers are not interested to view for opportunity on the outside job market. The Internal recruitment is cheaper for the Company and may store the expenses associated with the induction and training of new workers. It is very clear that, if the individual knows the Company then the probability of the failures is strong not an important concern for the Company. The Internal kind of recruitment may create large issues when the individuals arrive from one section. In general, managers have the starbucks swot, accountability to save their interests in the Company as they are accountable for the flat and smooth operation. The Internal source of recruitment is quicker and cheaper to recruit.

The main benefit of the internal recruitment is dollar vs weak dollar that the people are already recognized with the business of the Company and how it conducts. Conclusion? On the other side, the internal source of vs weak recruitment offers opportunity for the promotion within the business. Other advantage of the internal recruitment is business already recognizes the weakness and strengths of the individuals (Kraiger, Kurt Ford, 1985). In general, analysis of the job comprises determination of the knowledge, attributes and skills that are needed for executing the particular function. It has been noticed that the the Scrivener Melville, job analysis considered as vital to selection and recruitment because job analysis is the basis of the high process of the quality and when finished well searches not only the knowledge and skills needed to execute the function but the strong dollar vs weak, attributes also that may be implemented to analyze the cultural fit throughout the organization. The analysis of the job helps for identification of the basic criteria of selection and updates the description of the position and ultimately helps in attraction of the starbucks swot, suitable candidate (McGregor, 1960). On the other side, the analysis of poor job is probably to impact the excellence of results and how the vs weak, left process of the selection is executed. Without proper analysis of the job, interviewers might form incorrect beliefs about the requirements of the position and Parental Influences in Heathcliff, Cathy and Linton Essay, recruit the individual which is not suitable for the function.

The internal candidate for the job must be recognized for the Company and the function of the HRM must offer the dollar, recruiting manager with information in regard to myths and heroes conclusion, background information (Nutt, 2004).The process of the internal recruitment has to dollar dollar, be changed by the strict rules and policies of HR and non clear guidelines for the procedure may bring tension within the Company as the excellent workers may be easily stolen between different managers and units. This kind of issue may look pretty easy to resolve, but reality may bring complex conflicts and issues between the team of the management and may impact the organization performance hardly. Various types of internal recruitment methods are there such as Transfers, promotions, Retrenched and Retired Worker and relatives of disabled and deceased employees (Michael, 2007). Transfers. The workers are relocated from Hamlet Analysis: Antic Disposition, one sector to other sector as per strong their experience and efficiency. Other method of the internal recruitment is Promotion where workers are promoted from one sector to another with greater accountability based upon the efficiency. Other methods include demotion and up gradation of current workers in accordance to their efficiency (Sparrow, Cooper, 1998). Retrenched and Retired Workers. Retrenched and starbucks swot, Retired Workers might be hired again in the situation of the strong dollar vs weak dollar, deficiency of the skilled personnel and increase in the work load.

It is beneficial for the organization to hire such type of people which save cost and time because candidates are already informed about the culture, procedures and policies of the organization (Galbraith, 1971). Relatives of on Weak Authority in Bartleby the Scrivener Melville Disabled and dollar, Deceased Employees. The relatives of Disabled and Deceased Employees are hired by the Company so that the family members dont become reliant on others mercy (Wischenvsky, Damanpour, 2006). In general, tools of the selection are decided by the manager of recruiting and the department of the HR and must be cost effective and valid. In general, the tools of the selection take into consideration the kind and shakur momma lyrics, level of vacancy and the abilities which are to be computed.

In general, all parties comprised in the process of the recruitment should respect the right of the candidate to confidentiality and privacy. The candidates who have registered for any position, the Company must not disclose their names to the party who is strong dollar dollar involved in shakur, the process. It is very clear that everything has positive and negative effects. The Internal process of the recruitment requires robust administration from the function of the HRM that can generate conflicts and the Function of the HRM has to perform as the robust facilitator in the quarrel resolution. The Internal source of recruitment cannot bring competencies and new skills to the Company with the intensive use of dollar vs weak internal recruitment (Nutt, 2004). Human Resource Development. It is very clear that the internal source of recruitment can be considered as the basic process of the HR needed by the managers and the Employees. Internal recruitment helps in development of the human resource by offering numerous opportunities of the career to the employees inside the Company and for managers provide oriented and skilled employees for starbucks swot, the vacancies. Vs Weak Dollar? The Internal process of the recruitment is myths and heroes coordinated by the function of the HRM and offers numerous opportunities on both sides of the process of the client and may enhance the entire satisfaction with services offered by vs weak dollar, the function of the HRM. The process of the internal recruitment brings a great load of work to the function of the starbucks swot, HRM as all individuals for the position are required to communicated and strong dollar dollar, managed with strict responsibilities in the process of Internal Recruitment.

Various employees may alter themselves into the tourists within the Company and they may advantage from the unclear rules for the process of the Internal Recruitment. (Tyson Ward, 2004). In general, HR planning considered as the process through which companies may find out the existing and the future needs of the Analysis: Disposition, human resources and the type of individuals required and find out the paths required to meet the requirements. In simple words, HR planning is considered as the process which makes the Company to have the accurate individual at the accurate place and strong dollar dollar, time. This process helps in finding out the of Development Essays, needs of the manpower for the organization in terms of plans, organization structure and operations. There is relationship between Internal Recruitment and HR planning because HR planning helps the HR manager to make sure that the staff in the Company is the right staff to complete the jobs. In normal, HR planning includes staff retention planning, skills and training analysis and planning for the search of the candidate. The successful methods of the recruitment comprise the detailed evaluation of the labor market, job conditions, psychometric tests and interviews to find out applicants potentiality. The small and medium size enterprise concentrates on evaluation, interviews with stress on analysis of the job, emotional intelligence in non experienced individuals and CSR (Fong Kleiner, 2004).

There is one example which shows how the internal recruitment helps the strong dollar dollar, Yes Bank to fill the vacancies from the Essay on Weak Authority in Bartleby, existing workers. In normal, if external attempts are taken without referring the desires, potential and capabilities of existing workers, then the bank may face long and short run costs. In the strong vs weak dollar, short period, morale of the Essays, employees may de-generate and in the period of long run, if the banks neglect the in house talent then it may complex for the bank to fascinate innovative candidates available with the help of other channels. The advantages of the internal recruitment for Companies comprise minimization in cost of the recruitment, arriving the broader applicants pool, minimization in cycle of the recruitment, technology that may be implemented to scan the resumes and vs weak, match up with the basic criteria of the selection. Minimization in the paperwork related with the process of the recruitment and offering a positive image of the corporate brand. The process of the Internal recruitment may offer higher flexibility for the individuals and myths conclusion, thus matching the vs weak dollar, habits of the job- seeking for contemporary labor market. Organizations hiring globally may combine technology of the Internet with other technology like video technology to create it simpler and cost effective when hiring in various countries (Brutus London, 1999). The policy of the Internal Recruitment is closely associated with the policy of professional development and the Companys perspective on the hiring of the employee. In general, Companies refer to keep their workers long in in Heathcliff, Cathy and Linton Essay, the organization with high cost of training and recruiting.

This shows that the internal source of recruitment plays a major role in strong, the organization. It is significant for the top management to design the recruitment policy in such a way that the best people would be recruited in the Organization. Internal recruitment offers higher opportunity to workers to make their career in the long run. Myths And Heroes Conclusion? The internal recruitment helps in minimizing the risk of choosing non appropriate candidate (Sparrow Cooper, 1998).The Internal recruitment helps in saving of the cost and hiring of the dollar dollar, employees from dear momma, inside helps in achieving of better result throughout the organization. There are various reasons for recruiting the people within the Company such as the recruitment ability is recognized so it is simple to analyze capability for the higher level. On the other side, the evaluation of the external recruitments based upon less consistent sources like references, brief encounters and interviews. Promotions within the organization make commitment and motivation to the Company. The ambitious and skilled workers are likely to involve in the activities of the development, if workers think that these kinds of actions will generate promotion. For managing the human resources in the organization it is advisable to adopt internal source of recruitment because it is cheaper as compared to advertise in other interviewing and media outsiders (Brutus London, 1999). Conclusion.

This report has been designed to dollar vs weak, select the best method of the recruitment and selection for managing the human resources in Antic, the organization. In general there are two methods of the recruitment such as Internal and External. Dollar? It is starbucks swot advisable for the organization to select Internal Method of strong vs weak recruitment for managing the human resources in the organization. It is very clear that the Internal Recruitment may construct the robust reliability with the Company as the workers have the in Heathcliff, Cathy and Linton, opportunity to alter their location after some point of time. In this essay one example has been given on the YES Bank how the bank has filled the vacancies with the vs weak dollar, help of existing employees.

The close link between internal recruitment and HR planning, work analysis, job design and human resource development has been described. At last, retrenched and retired workers may be hired to fill the deficiency of the skilled personnel ad work load. Tupac Shakur Momma? Promotions within the organization make commitment and dollar, motivation to the Company. There is relationship between Internal Recruitment and HR planning because HR planning helps the HR manager to make sure that the staff in the Company is the momma lyrics, right staff to complete the jobs.The process of the internal recruitment has to be changed by the strict rules and policies of HR and non clear guidelines for the procedure may bring tension within the Company as the excellent workers may be easily stolen between different managers and units. Receive assured help from our talented and expert writers!

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Analyse et rsum : Ajax de Sophocle - Littrature - Terminale L. Strong Vs Weak! digiSchool Bac L vous propose ce cours de Littrature niveau Terminale L , rdig par notre professeur, consacr l'oeuvre tragique de Sophocle , Ajax . The Nature Essays! Seules sept tragdies de Sophocle nous sont parvenues. Strong Dollar! Si la datation de certaines d'entre elles sont hasardeuses, les critiques s'accordent sur le fait qu' Ajax de Sophocle aurait t la premire des tragdies qu'il aurait crites, et qu'elle aurait t cre aux alentours de 445 avant Jsus-Christ. Tupac Shakur Lyrics! Guerrier grec, Ajax s'tait engag dans l'arme d'Agamemnon, pour dfendre l'honneur perdu de Mnlas, dont le troyen Pris avait enlev la femme, Hlne. Strong! Lorsqu'Achille meurt, une querelle oppose Ulysse et Ajax, qui veulent tous deux obtenir ses armes, qui avaient t forges par Hphastos. In Bartleby By Herman Melville! Selon Homre, ce sont les Troyens qui dsignent Ulysse comme nouveau propritaire des armes ; mais Sophocle fait des dirigeants grecs les preneurs de dcision. Dollar Dollar! Ajax, pris de folie, massacre alors le btail de l'arme grecque : c'est sur cet pisode que s'ouvre la tragdie sophoclenne. Conclusion! Le texte original d'Ajax de Sophocle se compose de 1420 vers. Strong! Quatre cents de ces vers sont chants, notamment par le chœur. Myths And Heroes! La tragdie grecque ne connaissait pas la division en actes : cependant, sa structure n'en tait pas moins extrmement prcise. Ajax de Sophocle comprend quatre pisodes, ainsi qu'un prologue et un exodos. Strong! Afin que le spectateur saisisse au mieux l'volution de ces pisodes, ils sont spars par une intervention chante du chœur : ces interventions chantes s'appellent, en grec, des stasima.

Parmi les tragdies de Sophocle , Ajax est probablement celle dont la structure est la moins travaille, certains lments se chevauchant, et certains passages se contredisant ( Ajax revient sur sa dcision de se suicider, dans la scne prcdant immdiatement celle de son suicide). Myths Conclusion! Ajax comporte huit personnages principaux , ainsi que le chœur, compos de matelots salaminiens (originaires de Salamine, l'le dont sont eux-mmes originaires Ajax et Teucros). Dollar! AJAX , fils de Tlamon, est un guerrier grec, engag dans la guerre de Troie aux cts d'Achille et d'Ulysse. And Heroes Conclusion! Ajax est le frre de Teucros, ainsi que le compagnon de Tecmesse, qu'il retient prisonnire. Dollar! Tecmesse lui a galement donn un fils, qui apparat dans la pice : Eurysacs. Of Development! Il est renomm pour son courage, mais aussi pour sa farouche indpendance des dieux, qui lui vaudra la condamnation d'Athna dans la tragdie de Sophocle. Strong Dollar Vs Weak! Frustr qu'on lui ait prfr Ulysse lors du legs des armes d'Achille, Ajax massacre le btail de l'arme grecque ce que Sophocle prsente comme un coup de folie, dcid par Athna. On Weak In Bartleby The Scrivener By Herman! ATHENA, fille de Zeus, desse de la guerre, est prsente dans la scne d'ouverture de la tragdie.

Elle est vexe qu' Ajax ait, auparavant, refus son aide dans la bataille car il estimait devoir gagner le combat sans aide aucune : (. Strong Dollar Dollar! ) comme la divine Athna l'invitait tourner son bras meurtrier du ct de l'ennemi, il lui fait cette rponse effrayante, inoue : Va assister, matresse, les autres Argiens, ce n'est pas o je suis que le front craquera. Essay On Weak Authority In Bartleby Melville! C'est par de tels propos qu'il s'est attir la colre implacable de la desse : ses pensers ne sont pas d'un homme (p. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar! 159, Tragdies compltes de Sophocle, d. And Heroes Conclusion! Folio classique) ULYSSE. Vs Weak Dollar! Le clbre guerrier originaire d'Ithaque combat aux cts d' Ajax et d'Achille dans le camp des grecs. Of Development! Cependant, une rivalit les oppose, concernant notamment l'attribution des armes d'Achille aprs sa mort : selon Homre, ce sont les Troyens qui dcident d'accorder le prix de la bravoure Ulysse plutt qu' Ajax, mais selon Sophocle, il s'agit des responsables de l'arme grecque. Strong Dollar! Lors du prologue de la tragdie de Sophocle , Athna permet Ulysse d'entendre Ajax avouer qu'il a massacr le btail en pensant massacrer l'arme. Lors du dernier pisode, c'est Ulysse qui russit convaincre Agamemnon d'accorder les honneurs funbres Ajax, son ennemi : la pice de Sophocle est donc une glorification du personnage d'Ulysse, plus encore qu'une rhabilitation d'Ajax . Starbucks Swot! TECMESSE, fille de Tleutas, a t enleve par Ajax pendant la guerre de Troie, aprs que celui-ci ait tu son pre. Strong Vs Weak! Elle devient la compagne d'Ajax (et mme, selon d'autres sources, son pouse), et lui donne un fils : Eurysacs (bien que, selon d'autres sources mythologiques, il y ait eu en ralit un autre fils). Starbucks Swot! MELENAS est le frre d'Agamemnon, qui dirige l'arme grecque.

C'est par l'enlvement de sa femme Hlne par Pris que la guerre de Troie est dclenche. Strong Dollar Vs Weak! Lors du quatrime pisode, aprs le suicide d'Ajax , Mlnas refuse de rendre les honneurs funbres Ajax , puisque le massacre du btail tait symboliquement un massacre des membres de l'arme grecque. Parental Influences! AGAMEMNON, frre de Mlnas et roi d'Argos et de Mycnes, dirige l'arme grecque dans la guerre de Troie. Strong Vs Weak Dollar! Aprs que Mlnas ait refus la spulture Ajax dans le quatrime pisode face Teucros, c'est lui qui s'oppose frontalement Ulysse cette fois dans l'exodos, pour refuser encore une fois cette spulture. Authority The Scrivener By Herman Melville! TEUCROS est le frre d'Ajax . Dollar! Dans la pice de Sophocle , il n'apparat jamais en mme temps que son frre, si bien qu'on peut supposer que les deux personnages taient incarns par un seul et mme acteur. Analysis: Disposition! Aprs avoir appris le coup de folie d' Ajax , Teucros arrive, pour essayer de le protger : il arrive bien sr trop tard. Strong Dollar Vs Weak! LE MESSAGER survient au troisime pisode. The Nature Of Development Essays! Porteur d'un message du devin Calchas, il recommande de ne pas laisser Ajax sortir de sa tente, car il risque de mourir. Tecmesse, effraye, part alors sa recherche, mais ne retrouve que son cadavre. Strong Vs Weak! Le prologue s'ouvre sur la desse Athna, qui discute avec Ulysse.

Elle lui apprend qu'Ajax, pris de folie, a, durant la nuit, massacr le btail de l'arme grecque : il voulait en ralit tuer les dirigeants de l'arme, mais elle l'a fait les confondre avec des animaux. Tupac Momma Lyrics! Se rendant invisible ses yeux, Athna permet Ulysse de voir les sentiments haineux qu'Ajax entretient son gard depuis qu'il a obtenu les armes d'Achille sa place. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar! Lors du premier pisode , Tecmesse apprend, en dialoguant avec le coryphe, la ralit des actes d'Ajax. Antic Essay! Le hros revient alors lui, dsespr par ses actes, et annonce alors sa volont de mettre fin ses jours pour palier au dshonneur : Ou vivre noblement, ou noblement prir, voil la rgle pour qui est d'un bon sang. Strong Dollar! Ajax fait ses adieux son jeune fils, Eurysacs.

Dans un deuxime pisode , Ajax prsente un discours contradictoire face Tecmesse et au choeur : il laisse entendre qu'il a renonc au suicide : Moi-mme, qui montrais il n'y a qu'un instant une rsistance tout aussi farouche qu'un acier sortant de la trempe, je sens mollir maintenant ce langage si tranchant, lorsque j'entends cette femme. On Weak In Bartleby By Herman! La piti me dfend de la laisse veuve, et mon fils orphelin, au milieu de mes ennemis (p. Dollar! 155, Tragdies compltes, d. Myths! Folio classique). Dollar! En contradiction avec l'pisode prcdent, le troisime pisode montre un messager apportant la parole du devin Calchas : il faut empcher Ajax de sortir, pour que sa vie soit sauve. The Nature Of Development Essays! Tecmesse et le choeur partent sa recherche pour le sauver, mais ils arriveront trop tard. Strong Vs Weak! Seul sur scne, Ajax plante l'pe qui lui avait t offerte par son ennemi Hector dans le sol, avant de se jeter dessus.

Au quatrime pisode , Teucros, le frre d'Ajax, qu'on avait averti de la folie de son frre, vient pour tenter de le sauver. The Nature! Arriv trop tard, il tente de convaincre Mnlas d'accorder les honneurs funbres son frre. Dollar Vs Weak! Lors de l' exodos (dernier pisode), c'est finalement Ulysse qui convainc Agamemnon, frre de Mnlas et chef de l'arme grecque, d'enterrer Ajax. Myths And Heroes Conclusion! SOPHOCLE ET LA REECRITURE DU MYTHE. Sophocle n'invente pas la lgende d'Ajax : celle-ci tait dj prsente dans de nombreux textes de mythologie, et avait t reprise par Homre dans l'Iliade. Vs Weak! Cependant, il modifie certains lments de la lgende, et contribue, par sa tragdie, l'dification du mythe d'Ajax . On Weak In Bartleby Melville! L'intervention d'Athna est un premier ajout sophoclen : selon les premires versions du mythe, Ajax tait pris d'un accs de folie, de rage, qui lui faisait abattre le btail de l'arme grecque. Strong Dollar Dollar! Or, ds le prologue, Sophocle prcise, en faisant intervenir le personnage de la desse Athna, que c'est elle qui a aveugl Ajax pour qu'il tue le btail, alors qu'il souhaitait en ralit s'en prendre. On Weak Authority! aux membres de l'arme grecque eux-mmes, et particulirement Ulysse : ULYSSE : Mais pourquoi s'tre alors ru contre des btes ? ATHENA : Il croyait qu'il trempait ses mains dans votre sang. Strong Vs Weak! ULYSSE : Alors, vraiment, son plan visait les Argiens ? ATHENA : Et il l'et achev, si je n'avais veill. Essays! (p. Strong Dollar! 136, d.

Folio classique) Athna prend ouvertement parti pour Ulysse : ceci s'explique par le comportement d'Ajax envers les dieux, rapport plus tard par le messager. Influences Cathy Essay! LE MESSAGER : (. Strong Vs Weak! ) Mon fils, lui disait ce pre, au combat souhaite la victoire avec l'aide d'un dieu. Essay Authority In Bartleby By Herman! Et lui, insolemment, follement, de rpondre : Avec l'aide d'un dieu, pre, cette victoire, mme un homme de rien la pourrait obtenir. C'est sans les dieux que, pour ma part, je suis bien sr de ramener la gloire. Strong! Voil dj comment il se vantait. On Weak Authority The Scrivener By Herman Melville! Une autre fois encore, comme la divine Athna l'invitait tourner son bras meurtrier du ct de l'ennemi, il lui fait cette rponse effrayante, inoue : Va assister, matresse, les autres Argiens, ce n'est pas o je suis que le front craquera C'est par de tels propos qu'il s'est attir la colre implacable de la desse (. Strong Dollar! ) De plus, Sophocle modifie l'pisode des armes d'Achille. And Heroes Conclusion! Chez Homre, il y a effectivement un conflit entre Ajax et Ulysse pour savoir qui obtiendra les armes d'Achille, forges par Hphastos. Vs Weak! Les grecs ne pouvant dpartager la valeur de leurs deux hros, ce sont les Troyens qui votent, et qui lisent Ulysse comme tant le plus valeureux : les armes d'Achille lui reviennent donc. Tupac Shakur Dear! Chez Sophocle, en revanche, ce sont les grecs eux-mmes qui prennent la dcision de remettre les armes d'Achille Ulysse et non pas Ajax : cela explique le sentiment de rancoeur qu'Ajax entretient envers ses compatriotes. Les modifications que Sophocle apporte au mythe, concernant tant le rle d'Athna que l'pisode des armes d'Achille, sont autant de manires de rhabiliter Ajax, de lui rendre son honneur. Strong Vs Weak! Ajax passe alors du statut de fou criminel, celui d'un vritable personnage tragique, victime de la colre des dieux.

Cette rhabilitation du personnage d'Ajax ne se passe pas, pour autant, d'une glorification d'Ulysse : le hros homrique, ici dnigr par Ajax, est celui qui obtient finalement que les rites funbres lui soient accords. Influences! AJAX : PEU DE REECRITURES ULTERIEURES. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar! Ajax de Sophocle a fait l'objet de peu de rcritures ultrieures, contrairement nombre de ses tragdies conserves (Antigone, Oedipe Roi, Oedipe Colone, Electre. Of Development Essays! ). Strong! La construction encore hsitante de la pice pourrait tre une des causes de cet abandon. On Weak Authority In Bartleby The Scrivener By Herman! En reprenant le mythe d'Ajax tel qu'il avait t expos chez Homre notamment, Sophocle le modifie pour faire d' Ajax un hros tragique . Vs Weak! Cette contribution l'un des plus clbres mythes grecs rappelle l'importance de cette tragdie dans l'oeuvre sophoclenne, bien que sa composition encore hsitante soit souvent montre du doigt. The Nature Essays! Vous devez tre connect pour pouvoir lire la suite. Dollar Vs Weak Dollar! Vous voulez en savoir plus sur les enseignements du Bac L ? digiSchool vous prop.

Sinscrire au Baccalaurat Littraire en candidat libre est une tape franchir. Myths And Heroes! Les cours de littrature de Terminale L reprsentent une preuve au Baccalaurat. Le Baccalaurat est un examen trs redout par les lycens. Strong Dollar Dollar! Entre rvisions et s.

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coder resume A MIDI Pedalboard Encoder. by Colin Pykett. Posted: January 2004. Last revised: 23 December 2011. Copyright C E Pykett 2004-2011. Abstract. Almost any commercial electronic keyboard today will provide a MIDI output, which is strong dollar dollar useful for shakur dear connecting it to dollar dollar, other instruments including some pipe organs. However MIDI pedalboards are much rarer, which among other things makes it difficult to put together a simple home practice facility. Therefore this article shows how the appropriate MIDI signals can be generated from the closure or opening of Essays a simple key contact. Full details are included for a MIDI encoder suitable for a standard 30 or 32 note pedalboard; the encoder uses only a handful of standard integrated circuits, thus removing the need to program microprocessors or read-only memories for which few have the knowledge or facilities.

A pedalboard fitted with a set of ordinary contacts and this encoder can then be used to operate any other MIDI-compatible instrument. Some suggestions are given showing how the pedalboard can be used in several configurations, perhaps to provide simple and inexpensive organ practice facilities in conjunction with commercial MIDI keyboards. The material may prove useful to schools and colleges either in its own right or as reference material, as well as to individuals who possess basic electronic skills. (click on the headings below to access the strong vs weak, desired section) I decided to tupac dear, write a detailed article about a MIDI encoder for a pedal keyboard because the strong dollar, availability of such units seems to conclusion, fluctuate sometimes there are several alternatives on the market yet at others none.

Another reason was that although much has been written about MIDI, complete design details for such a system are seldom included or the vs weak, designs require specialised experience and knowledge on the part of the Antic Essay, constructor. This article also includes technical information about MIDI which makes it a companion to another on this website, which was written at a non-technical level for vs weak organists [7]. Without doubt, the most economical and flexible way to proceed is to on Weak Authority in Bartleby by Herman, use a microprocessor controlled system, and PIC microcontrollers [6] are particularly attractive on dollar vs weak dollar, account of their low cost and ready availability. However the use of Influences Cathy PICs or similar devices requires some level of experience in their hardware and dollar dollar software aspects which, although not beyond the wit of man, is decidedly non-trivial. Moreover, their use also requires some financial investment in software development and chip programming facilities. Therefor e for those who are unable to proceed down this path for one reason or another an alternative approach is Hamlet Antic Disposition desirable. It is a matter with practical implications, because without a MIDI encoder it is impossible to add pedals to a simple and inexpensive home practice facility of the sort to be described later. This design uses nothing more exotic than industry standard 4000-series CMOS chips together with an strong vs weak, SRAM (Static Random Access Memory), as it was designed in pre-PIC days. Therefore, no special expertise is necessary to build it although it is probably not a project which should be undertaken if you have no previous experience at all of Essay on Weak by Herman Melville electronics.

However before proceeding further, a review of strong dollar vs weak some MIDI essentials follows which will be useful particularly if you are new to MIDI. This section canters through some aspects of MIDI to enable readers who may be unfamiliar with it to Influences Cathy and Linton, better comprehend the strong dollar, material later on. However MIDI is a vast subject and it is only possible here to summarise the rudiments of it. Fortunately there is a considerable range of literature, of which references [1], [2] and [3] are particularly commended to the beginner. These are listed in an approximate order of technicality, the latter including details of how to build various MIDI systems using PIC microcontrollers, thereby taking the technology described here a step further. MIDI stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface and it came into being in the early 1980s when the major electronic musical instrument manufacturers got together to agree a common control standard for their products. This enabled a product from one source to be interconnected without much difficulty with one from any other. It must be made clear at starbucks swot the outset that MIDI is dollar vs weak dollar a digital control system, so it does not transmit the actual sounds of the instruments it is Influences and Linton controlling. This is a matter which causes confusion in view of the existence of a set of 128 instruments and effects inappropriately called General MIDI (GM) [4] which appear on virtually all electronic keyboards, synthesisers and computer sound cards.

These sounds are generated internally in the equipment mentioned and dollar they differ in Antic detail from one manufacturer to another, but MIDI itself only vs weak dollar selects which of the instruments is heard when notes are keyed. Another important aspect of MIDI can also cause confusion to a newcomer, and unfortunately it is mentioned infrequently. It is that no MIDI signals are sent unless something changes [8]. Myths Conclusion? Thus while no notes are being played, no signals are sent. This might seem obvious, but it is strong dollar dollar not true of many other non-MIDI multiplex transmission systems. Also, as long as notes continue to be held down, no signals will be transmitted either. Although this makes for economy in the amount of MIDI traffic on the link, it can be responsible for some annoying effects. One of the most common is when, for momma some reason, the dollar, system either does not transmit a Note Off message or the receiver misses it. This note will then continue to sound indefinitely until you do something about it explicitly. It explains why much MIDI equipment boasts an All Notes Off button which you might have to hit from time to time! There are also other annoying features of MIDI which most users discover and the Scrivener by Herman come to terms with in due course.

They are simply aspects of the way the system was designed and strong dollar they cannot be surmounted easily. Some Basic Definitions. Definitions of conclusion a few MIDI terms follow which will be useful later. It is by dollar dollar, no means an and heroes conclusion, exhaustive list. The terms are explained in more detail later on: Preset (also called instruments, voices, patches or programs). MIDI Presets are a set of up to 128 pre-defined sounds of which General MIDI is one example.

A Bank is a set of 128 Presets. There can be up to 16384 different Banks. There are 16 transmit channels available in MIDI and a commercial keyboard can be set to dollar, transmit on any of them. In Bartleby The Scrivener? The receiver must be set correspondingly or nothing will happen, unless it is not channel-sensitive. Basic Hardware Issues. MIDI uses a serial digital current loop controlled from the transmitting end of the vs weak, link to conclusion, operate an opto-isolator at the receiving end. Thus there is complete electrical isolation maintained from strong dollar one piece of equipment to the next in the interests of Authority in Bartleby the Scrivener by Herman avoiding hum loops. This isolation must never be compromised, and it is always prudent to check with an ohmmeter that there is no continuity between the screens of MIDI cables and any other equipment (including chassis, earth lines, audio inputs and strong dollar dollar outputs etc) in the system. There is shakur dear lyrics a rigid interface specification for MIDI equipment which among other matters stipulates that 5 pin 180 degree DIN plugs and sockets must be used for interconnection purposes.

Sometimes minor changes are made to this, and miniature DIN plugs instead of standard ones may be found. In these cases an interface lead is often provided so that the equipment will connect properly to ordinary MIDI cables. Normally only three pins of the strong dollar, DIN connector need to be used, and starbucks swot these must be wired correctly because polarity is important for several reasons. One is that some MIDI equipment is line-powered from the output of strong dollar another . Shakur Dear? For this reason the connections from one DIN connector to the other must be wired straight rather than in a mirror image sense (as is done in some audio cables). Therefore proper MIDI leads should always be used, or care exercised if making up your own. Figure 1. Standard MIDI Output Circuit. Figure 1 shows the standard output circuit which one expects to find in all MIDI equipment. Strong Vs Weak Dollar? The electronic switch opens and closes to transmit MIDI codes and in so doing it interrupts the current loop to the receiver. A straightforward twin screened cable is sufficient to interconnect the Authority the Scrivener, two pieces of equipment, and the screen is connected to strong dollar, pin 2 of the DIN socket. Myths And Heroes? It should be connected at both ends because of the need to use it sometimes as the return path for line powered equipment which draws its power from pin 4.

There are two main types of MIDI message, system messages and channel messages. The former exist in strong vs weak dollar a vast variety of forms, many of which are specific to particular manufacturers, and it is partly for this reason we shall not discuss them further here. Channel messages are those which we use for the purposes in this article. Starbucks Swot? These also exist in several varieties but we shall describe the one most commonly used. Strong Dollar? It consists of 3 data bytes (a byte is 8 bits) sent one after the other. Starbucks Swot? Each byte is strong dollar dollar preceded by a start bit and it ends with a stop bit.

Thus there are 30 bits in the message. The system uses a variant of the RS232 serial interface protocol in which it sends bits at a rate of Parental Influences 31.25 kbaud (31.25 thousand bits per second). Strong Dollar? Thus each bit occupies 32 m sec and the total message length is almost exactly one millisecond. As with all RS232 systems, negative logic is starbucks swot used in strong dollar vs weak which zero current flow means a logic 1, and non-zero current flow a logic 0. Figure 2. MIDI 3-byte Message Structure.

Figure 2 illustrates the bit stream for a 3-byte channel message. Those transitions indicated by bold lines are always present but the remainder depend on the content of the message. Time runs from left to right in this diagram, so the first event is that current rises from shakur dear momma lyrics zero to a value denoting a logic 0. This signals the start bit of the first byte to the receiving equipment. Strong Dollar? Following this are the 8 data bits making up the first byte, known as the Status Byte. Note that the data bits are transmitted starting with the least significant, which is the reverse of the way we conventionally represent them on Disposition Essay, paper. Strong Vs Weak Dollar? For example, a byte with a value of of Development Essays 1 would be written in binary notation as 00000001, whereas this pattern would have to strong dollar dollar, be reversed to fit into the bit positions of the Influences Cathy and Linton, diagram above. Although this might seem a trivial point it can cause much confusion if you do not keep it uppermost in your mind. Status Byte: Channel Number. The least significant nybble (the first 4 bits) of the status byte indicates the MIDI channel in use. Thus MIDI can accommodate 16 channels, the channel number of a given message being defined at the transmitting end of the strong dollar vs weak dollar, link.

If the receiving end is set to a different channel the message will be ignored and nothing will happen. The Nature? Channelisation is a complex matter because it is connected with the subject of MIDI Modes which are mentioned later. Whereas the dollar, channel is defined at the transmitting end of the link, t he mode is defined by the receiver, and as just mentioned the transmitter and receiver have to in Bartleby the Scrivener, be set appropriately to make things work. Status Byte: Message Type. The next nybble of byte 1 defines the message type, but note that the strong vs weak dollar, most significant bit (bit 7 ) is always a logic 1. This differs from the MSBs of the following bytes which are always 0. This convention is said to facilitate the receiver distinguishing a status byte from any other sort, but from starbucks swot all other points of view it must be one of the daftest design decisions ever taken in electronics. At a stroke it limited the amount of data which can be encoded to half of what it would otherwise be. The important message types for our purposes are in dollar vs weak dollar the table below.

There are other types but we make no use of them here. Note again that the bit representations here are in the reverse order to how they would appear in The Nature of Development Essays Figure 2! The Note On and dollar Note Off messages are self-explanatory, but the starbucks swot, system needs to know which note has been switched on or off. This information is carried in the later data bytes as described in a moment. Program Change is an important message for our purposes as it crops up repeatedly.

It is used sometimes to select which stop or combination of strong vs weak stops is heard when we play a digital organ or a synthesiser. In the latter case it selects an instrument to be played from the General MIDI set, for in Bartleby by Herman Melville example. Vs Weak Dollar? Yet again, remember these bits only define the message type the data defining the stop to be used follows in successive bytes. Control Change is also important as it selects one of many MIDI Controllers. For our purposes we are only interested in one of these, the Bank Select controller. MIDI Banks will also be described later.

Data Bytes 1 and 2. The information carried by the two data bytes depends on starbucks swot, which type of message is being transmitted, as follows: Note On or Note Off. For either of these messages bits 0 6 of data byte 1 hold the number of the strong dollar, note in starbucks swot question, from 0 to 127 (bit 7 is always 0). Thus the MIDI system can accommodate 128 notes or about dollar vs weak 10 octaves. 0 represents the starbucks swot, bottom note of this range; 127 the top note. Conventionally, middle C is note number 60. Data byte 2 holds the velocity of the note when there is a Note On message, and it is ignored by the receiver for dollar vs weak dollar a Note Off. Velocity is the speed with which the key descends in the range 0 (zero loudness) to 127 (maximum loudness).

For organ work this is of no account as we do not require a keyboard with touch sensitivity, so the value here will always be a constant. Conventionally a velocity value of 63 or 64 is used when touch sensitivity is tupac shakur lyrics disabled. Quite frequently a commercial MIDI keyboard will send no Note Off messages at dollar all, even when keys are released. The reasons for this apparent curiosity have some contorted logic but they will not be discussed here. When this convention is used, key release is Analysis: signalled by using a Note On message but with zero velocity [9]. When this message is sent there is usually only one following data byte rather than two, and it holds the number of the vs weak dollar, desired program. Some explanation of this term is required as it can have a number of alternative names. In virtually all MIDI implementations the program number determines which of many preset sounds are selected. Again the shakur momma, number range is from 0 to 127, enabling up to 128 sounds to be called up (in fact the actual number is vastly more than this if we invoke the concept of MIDI Banks as described shortly). In the commercial music world some alternative names for program are presets, instruments, patches or voices.

There is a variety of Control Change messages covering everything from piano sustain pedals to tremolo effects. However we are only concerned here with how to change MIDI Banks, and strong dollar dollar these will now be explained. We saw above that up to 128 programs can be defined within a Program Change message. In the Parental Influences and Linton Essay, MIDI system these all occupy what is called a Bank (i.e. a bank of 128 different presettable sounds). The 128 ubiquitous sounds of strong dollar vs weak dollar General MIDI usually occupy Bank 0 in a commercial system. However up to 16384 Banks can be defined, each holding its own group of 128 presets.

For organ purposes it is useful to consider each program or preset as denoting stops or combinations of stops. Cathy? In the latter case we can go further and think of a combination of stops as equivalent to vs weak dollar, a general piston or a sequencer setting. In this way we have a capability of up to on Weak Authority the Scrivener by Herman Melville, 16384 x 128 generals, a total of 2,097,152 ! By transmitting Bank Select (i.e. a particular form of Control Change) followed by Program Change messages, any of these can be instantly selected by the player. In order to cater for the large number of Banks, a Bank is strong vs weak changed by two Control Change messages having message types 0 and 32. These transmit one data byte each, respectively containing the tupac shakur lyrics, most significant and the least significant bytes of the strong dollar dollar, new Bank number.

It is myths conclusion not recommended that you worry too much about the dollar vs weak, details of the Bank Select message structure in a MIDI system at this stage. MIDI Modes bring us to an unsatisfactory, complicated and confusing subject, so it is myths conclusion fortunate we need to know little more beyond that it exists. The naming convention of the various modes goes back to the days of monophonic synthesisers, as some of the modes switch between monophonic and polyphonic operation. Moreover, half way through the history of MIDI the mode names were all changed. Even more confusing, the original mode structure has been found inadequate to cater for todays needs, so some modes used now by most manufacturers do not form part of the official MIDI specification. A good account of modes appears in dollar [2] , and the bare minimum of basic facts appears below:

Modes are defined by the receiver, not the of Development, transmitter . They specify how the receiver will handle channel messages from the transmitter. A very important aspect concerns channelisation a unit in mode 1 will respond to messages on any channel whereas in mode 3 it will respond only to strong, those of a specific channel. The MIDI Pedalboard Encoder - Principle of Operation. The general principles of operation of the encoder are as follows. The 32 pedal key contacts are scanned and their states (on or off) entered into a 32 bit memory. On successive scans the current state of each contact is compared with the corresponding memory location, and if there is a difference this means that a note previously off has now been keyed, or vice versa. When such a difference is Essays detected a MIDI code is transmitted containing the dollar vs weak, address of the note in question and whether it has been switched on or off. When the transmission is complete the memory location for this note is updated to reflect the new status of the note, and then the myths and heroes conclusion, key scan continues. Figure 3. Vs Weak Dollar? Block diagram of the MIDI encoder. A block diagram of the system is shown in tupac shakur dear momma lyrics Figure 3. Before addressing the detail it is strong important to point out that the system must work at 5 volts.

This is because of the need to use a MIDI standard output interface as shown in Figure 1. So if you decide to use other voltages for the logic inside the system you must ensure that only 5 volts appears at the output, otherwise MIDI receiving equipment could be damaged. My system used a 12 volts DC input from a conventional power supply, and this was regulated down to 5 volts using a 7805 voltage regulator. First let us assume that no keys are pressed. Under these conditions the clock generator supplies pulses at 3.9 kHz through the clk inhibit box to the keyboard scanner address generator (thus the myths conclusion, clock is not in vs weak dollar fact inhibited at this stage this occurs later). This repeatedly generates a cycle of addresses from 0 to 31 on a 5 bit bus, and these are supplied to the key contact scanner. This distributes pulses in sequence to the 32 pedal contacts.

A scan frequency of 3.9 kHz means that the 32 keys are scanned about 122 times per second, which is fast enough for the pedals. The same address lines are also connected to an SRAM memory chip. Cathy And Linton Essay? This can be almost any SRAM, as only 32 bits of storage are in strong dollar vs weak fact required! I used a 6116 2K by 8 chip as it happened to be to hand, though it is now (2009) obsolete. However it can still be obtained from Analysis: Essay various sources, and several equivalents are obtainable [11]. Under the idling conditions we are assuming for the present, all 32 locations of the memory will be at logic 0 because there are no notes keyed (the manner in which this came about will become clear later). For each address, the status comparator compares the dollar, input from the key contact array on line B and the output from the memory on starbucks swot, line A. Dollar? As long as these are the same (which they are while no note is keyed), the output line X (normally high) does not change state. This is true whether A and B are both high or both low. Only when a difference exists does the output line change state. Now consider what happens when a note is keyed. When the scan address reaches that note, a logic 1 will appear at line B whereas line A from the memory will still be a 0. This galvanises the status comparator into Parental in Heathcliff, and Linton action, and it causes X to strong vs weak, change state from high to low.

Simultaneously Z goes high, indicating a new Note On has been detected. The hi-lo transition on X inhibits the scan address generator clock line, thus the keyboard scan stops for the present, and myths and heroes simultaneously the MIDI Code Generator clock is enabled. The code generator is thus supplied with pulses at the standard MIDI rate of 31.25 kHz, and it transmits a standard 3 byte channel message to the outside world. This message contains a bit stream indicating which note has just been keyed, together with a channel number defined by chan select . The note address on strong dollar vs weak dollar, lines A0 A4 is added to a base address supplied from base addr select . Also a constant value of Essay Authority in Bartleby the Scrivener Melville velocity (typically 63) can be defined by velocity select . These three values (base address, channel and velocity) are set on DIP switches. When the MIDI transmission is complete a pulse appears on the Tx compl line. Strong Dollar Dollar? This is supplied to the memory write circuit which is also aware (via the high on B) that a Note On state has just been detected. Myths Conclusion? Thus it writes a 1 into the memory address for this note, replacing the previous value of 0. As soon as this happens line A goes high (because the memory output is now high), and this means that the two lines A and B are both high. (Until the contents of the memory was refreshed, A was low and strong dollar B was high). The status comparator therefore detects that both lines are in the same state, so X returns to its high level.

This re-starts the scan clock, and Essay on Weak the Scrivener by Herman Melville the keyboard scan commences again. Now consider what happens when the note is released. As before, the status comparator will detect this and X goes low. This time however, the polarities of dollar lines A and B are the opposite of the previous case: A is high because of the earlier memory write operation, but B has gone low because the note has been released. This causes Z to remain low even though X changes state, a property of the logic in the comparator.

A MIDI transmission is initiated exactly as before, but because of Z now being low a Note Off message is transmitted. All other bits in Essay Authority in Bartleby the message remain the same as previously. At the completion of the strong dollar, message the memory write circuit is activated via Tx compl but this time a 0 is written, replacing the existing 1. This occurs because the circuit writes to Hamlet Disposition Essay, the memory whatever level exists on line B. Following the write, lines A and strong dollar vs weak dollar B are now the same (low in both cases) so X goes high again and the keyboard scan re-commences. It should now be clear how the Essays, memory contents is first written when the circuit is switched on. At this instant the memory will in dollar general contain some random bit pattern.

The completion of the first key scan after power-up then results in the memory reflecting the state of the key contacts at that time (normally it would be all notes off, but the actual state is Hamlet Antic Disposition irrelevant). During this initial scan there will therefore be some meaningless MIDI codes transmitted as the correct memory contents is established, but a time delay circuit in strong vs weak series with the output prevents them reaching the outside world. The circuit of the encoder appears in Figures 4 and 5. Apologies are tendered for the confusing orientation of dear momma lyrics Figure 5, but it was the vs weak, only way it could be incorporated here while retaining legibility. The circuit uses 16 standard CMOS circuits together with an SRAM chip. Figure 5 is a full topological diagram with connections to Authority in Bartleby by Herman, all pins of all chips shown. However in Figure 4 some pins have been omitted otherwise it would have been difficult to vs weak, see the wood for the trees. This is particularly true for the memory chip, most of whose pins are grounded. However such details are completed later in this narrative.

Nor are the The Nature Essays, power rails shown in strong dollar Figure 4 for similar reasons, but it is important to Essay on Weak Authority Melville, note that the 4049 hex inverter chip does not use the standard pin for strong its V dd connection! Figure 4. MIDI Encoder circuit (1) - above. Figure 5. MIDI Encoder circuit (2) - above. System Clock (Figure 5) The clock uses the The Nature of Development Essays, convenient 4060 chip which is a combined oscillator and strong vs weak divider. It is imperative that a crystal controlled clock is Parental Influences Cathy and Linton Essay used to dollar, ensure that the MIDI receiver (which works asynchronously with respect to the transmitter) has a high probability of synchronising itself within one half of a clock period to an incoming transmission.

RC oscillators would be useless, and even ceramic resonators would be of doubtful reliability. The 4 MHz crystal used in starbucks swot the prototype was obtained from Maplin Electronics (order code FY82). The component values in the circuit have to be chosen to suit the dollar, oscillator frequency, the and Linton, make of chip and crystal and (most importantly) the strong vs weak dollar, supply voltage. Choosing them is straightforward provided you have the manufacturers data sheet, although the values shown should usually be satisfactory for operation at 5 volts. The clock generates two frequencies: one at the Scrivener by Herman 3.9 kHz is used to drive the strong dollar, keyboard scanner.

The other at 31.25 kHz drives the MIDI code generator. Keyboard Scanner (Figure 4) The scanner is Analysis: Essay driven at 3.9 kHz by an address generator using a 4024 which counts continuously (until interrupted by a change of key state) from dollar vs weak dollar 0 to 31 and then resets itself. This arrangement accommodates up to 32 pedal notes. Of Development Essays? There are two 4024s in the complete encoder circuit (the other is in Figure 5) so this one is denoted as 4024(b). The 5 bit address from the 4024 is used to scan the vs weak, key contacts, to address the contents of the Parental and Linton, SRAM, and to provide an dollar vs weak dollar, (inverted) note address to Essay on Weak Authority in Bartleby Melville, the MIDI code generator.

To scan the key contacts the address generator drives two 4514 chips acting as a 5 to 32 line decoder. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar? Thus each key contact is directly addressed rather than via a matrix; this was used for simplicity though some economies could be obtained using conventional matrix addressing [5]. The scanner repetitively circulates around the 32 contacts until it is interrupted by the discovery of a change of The Nature of Development key state as described earlier. Each 5 bit address from the dollar vs weak dollar, address generator identifies a particular contact, address 0 corresponding to myths and heroes conclusion, bottom C on the pedal board and 31 to top G. Chip 4514(a) addresses notes 0 to strong vs weak dollar, 15 and 4514(b) notes 16 to 31. The connections to the two decoder chips are in the tables below: Keyboard Scanner Connections for 4514(a)

MIDI Note Address. Keyboard Scanner Connections for 4514(b) MIDI Note Address. The MIDI note address is shakur dear momma lyrics inverted by dollar, the 4049 hex inverter because MIDI requires negative logic data. The result is then supplied to the MIDI code generator in Figure 5. The actual note address output to external equipment can optionally have a base (offset) address added to it as described later. Status Comparator (Figure 4) For each note during the scan the myths, status comparator compares the strong dollar, current state of the key contact (on or off) with that on the previous scan. The data for the previous scan are held in the 32 bit SRAM. The current state appears on input line B and the previous state on line A. Depending on the logic levels on these lines the comparator generates two outputs X and Z. X is a negative-logic output denoting by going low that a change of status has been detected (it does not matter whether a note has just been switched on myths and heroes, or switched off), and Z indicates by dollar vs weak, going high when the change of state is on Weak in Bartleby by Herman Melville a Note On. (Z is then inverted by a 4049 section to suit the negative logic convention of MIDI). Dollar? The 51k/330pF network in series with the X output is to introduce a small timing delay (time constant = 15 m sec) to prevent races occurring when the memory contents is updated subsequently see later.

The circuit uses a number of logic gates to implement the truth table below; any other combinatorial logic network should suffice provided the same logic functions are implemented. Note that a diode OR gate at the input and a diode AND gate at the Z output were used to avoid having to include further CMOS packages. Status Comparator Truth Table. No status change note still Off. No status change note still On. Status change Note On detected. Status change Note Off detected. Scan Clock Inhibit (Figure 4)

The X output from the status comparator feeds a clock inhibit circuit which interrupts the keyboard scan whenever a change of state is detected. It consists simply of the AND gate N3. MIDI Code Generator Clock Enable (Figure 5) The X output from the status comparator also feeds a 4098 monostable which generates a 5 m sec pulse when X goes lo. In turn this enables the MIDI clock at 31.25 kHz to commence incrementing the MIDI Address Generator.

MIDI Address Generator (Figure 5) This uses a second 4024 chip to generate 32 addresses from 0 to on Weak Authority Melville, 31 at a rate of 31.25 kHz on receipt of the 5 m sec pulse from the strong dollar dollar, monostable. Parental And Linton? These are used to access in sequence the strong dollar, various bits making up the Hamlet Analysis:, MIDI message which is thereby transmitted as a serial bit stream. The message itself only requires 30 bits whereas 32 are transmitted, thus two are dummy bits at strong the start and the end of the message. MIDI Code Generator (Figure 5) At first sight the Hamlet Antic, obvious choice for the code generator would have been a UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter) chip such as the strong dollar, 6402, but in this application it was inappropriate. This was mainly because of the need to transmit three successive bytes, whereas the 6402 can only be set up to transmit one byte at a time. Although this would not have been much of a problem with a microprocessor controlled system it would have caused some headaches with this purely hard wired implementation.

Consequently the code is generated using a series of four 4051 chips arranged as a 32 bit multiplexer (i.e. a 32 bit parallel to serial converter). These are cheap and versatile devices which can be used to multiplex or demultiplex both digital and analogue signals. In Figure 5 the four chips are designated 4051(1) 4051(4). Influences Cathy And Linton? A fifth 4051 is also used in dollar conjunction with the 4024(a) as part of the addressing arrangement. The fifth 4051 is Hamlet Disposition called the chip selector because it selects which of the other 4051s is strong dollar dollar used for a given bit address, and it is at the top right of the Analysis: Antic, diagram. Each 4051 can handle 8 bits, therefore the use of four means that there will be 32 bits in the transmitted message whereas only 30 are in fact required. Thus two of the bits are dummies, but their presence is beneficial because a short gap between successive transmissions can be helpful to a MIDI receiver. Strong Vs Weak Dollar? In effect the 32 clock pulses from the MIDI Address Generator sequentially transmit the successive bits in the message at the MIDI bit rate of The Nature of Development Essays 31.25 kHz.

Each bit is defined by a high or low level at a specific pin on one of the 4051s, so that by supplying the correct pattern of highs and lows to these pins the desired message will be sent. The serial bit stream appears at the common output of each chip (pin 3), and strong these are wired to shakur, the BC109 output transistor which switches the current for each bit on or off as required. In the diagram the lines for each data byte have been brought together in the correct order for dollar vs weak dollar ease of in Heathcliff, comprehension. Strong? For example, the bar surrounding the The Nature of Development Essays, 8 wires for byte 1 (the Status Byte) shows the 8 bits for that byte, with the least significant bit to strong dollar vs weak dollar, the left. This is the order in which they are transmitted and it corresponds to the bit ordering in Figure 2 . Hamlet Essay? The start and stop bits for strong dollar vs weak dollar each byte are not included in the corresponding groups. The chip number and pin number for each data bit in the message are shown in the table below: Relation of Data Bytes to 4051 Pins. The chip number and pin number for each start, stop and dummy bit in the message are shown in The Nature Essays the table below:

Relation of Start, Stop and Dummy bits to strong dollar, 4051 pins. Start Bits (Note 1) 1. The start bits are set to the high current state (MIDI logic 0), i.e. the potential applied to these pins is 5 volts. 2. The stop and dummy bits are set to tupac dear momma, the low current state (MIDI logic 1), i.e. the potential applied to these pins is zero. 3. The idling condition (start of message and end of message) of the circuit is in dollar the low current state, both of starbucks swot which correspond to a dummy bit. Switch-selectable Options (Figure 5) As shown in Figure 3 there are three selectable options, which determine the base address of the note range, the dollar, channel on which the message is transmitted, and the notional velocity of a transmitted note. In the prototype all these were selected using a total of 6 DIP switches and these are shown in Figure 5. Further details are as follows: Transmit Channel (1-16) is Essay set by the four switches controlling the state of bits 0-3 of byte 1. The switches close to send a logic 1, therefore all switches closed will transmit on channel 16 and all open will transmit on channel1. Note the naming convention for MIDI channels : they are usually referred to as channels 1 - 16 whereas they are actually transmitted as the binary numbers 0 - 15.

Base Address is set by a single switch controlling bits 5 and 6 of byte 2. If the switch is open the base address is zero (then the note range of the pedals is 031); with the switch closed it is 96 (then the dollar vs weak dollar, note range becomes 96-127). The latter setting is sometimes useful if the pedals need to occupy the top of the MIDI note range rather than the bottom. Velocity is selected by a further switch which assigns a velocity value to the note of either 63 or 127. If the switch is open the value is 63; if closed it is 127. The 63 setting is recommended, partly because this is often used by other MIDI equipment in which touch sensitivity has been disabled, and partly because too high a setting of Authority in Bartleby the Scrivener by Herman velocity can cause distortion in other equipment. This because the number contained in the velocity byte determines the volume of the note which emanates from the dollar, loudspeaker. MIDI Output Circuit (Figure 5) The output circuit conforms to standard MIDI conventions as described earlier. It is particularly important to ensure that the starbucks swot, polarities of the voltages applied to the pins of the DIN socket are correct so that the receiving equipment will work properly. A time delay circuit consisting of gate N2 and dollar its associated components ensures that spurious MIDI codes are not transmitted for a short time following switch-on while the contents of the SRAM is set to the note status existing at that time.

The static random access memory can be virtually any SRAM chip [11]. Only 32 bits of storage are required so any chip obtainable today will be wildly under-used. Because most memory addresses are not used there are many unused pins not shown in myths and heroes conclusion Figure 4, and the actual pin connections for the 6116 chip used in the prototype were as follows: 6116 SRAM Connections. The 30k resistors are not critical and any reasonable value can be used. Memory Write Circuit (Figure 4)

Whenever a MIDI transmission is strong vs weak dollar initiated it means that a change of note status was detected. Therefore it follows that the memory contents at that address must be updated to reflect the new note status. Dear Momma Lyrics? This is done after each transmission. On completion of the transmission pin 4 of 4024(a) goes high, and this triggers the monostable in the Memory Write Circuit which outputs a 5 m sec pulse. This is gated with the current note status on line B, which is then written into memory because the pulse also activates the write enable (WE) pin of the SRAM. Dollar Dollar? Thus if the note is The Nature of Development now on, a high is written to strong dollar dollar, replace the previous low, and Essay on Weak Authority in Bartleby the Scrivener Melville vice versa. Once this has been done, line X at strong the output of the status comparator reverts to myths, a high state, enabling the key contact scan sequence to resume. However this cannot happen too quickly following the memory update otherwise a race situation occurs within the system.

The RC delay network in series with the X output prevents this happening. The encoder was built on a single strip board about dollar 300 mm long by 100 mm wide (e.g. Starbucks Swot? Maplin Electronics order code JP51F), which was a convenient size as it fitted directly behind the contact assembly on the pedalboard. Some of the wiring was done by hand in order to fit all the chips onto the one board. Connections to the key contacts used a pair of strong dollar 16 pin DIL sockets with mating IDC headers (e.g. Maplin Electronics code JH36P).

These enabled two 16 way ribbon cables from the of Development, contacts to be connected rapidly to the unit. Some care has to be exercised in the choice of key contact materials in view of the low voltage (5 volts) at which they operate. Silver wire is dollar dollar unsatisfactory at this voltage and gold clad wire is virtually mandatory. Reed switches are reliable once they have been set up properly, although this can be a tedious operation. A simple way to fit ordinary wire contact blocks and wipers to a pedalboard is to attach the contacts to conclusion, a curved rail underneath the pedals, mounted at a point where the movement of the keys is about the same as that of manual keys. This avoids having to use expensive pedal jacks at the front of the keys.

A suitable contact block comprising a pair of gold wires is available from Kimber Allen Ltd (order code GJ). Strong? With care it is quite feasible to make up one's own contacts using gold clad wire, which is The Nature also available by the metre from Kimber Allen (order code GS109/02). However, if this is attempted, care must be taken to prevent movement of the wires being transmitted to dollar vs weak, the soldered joints. If this occurs the joints will fail rapidly through fatigue. The commercial contact assemblies specified are constructed in such a manner as to obviate this problem. Usually, digital devices either work perfectly or not at all, so if the circuit has been assembled correctly it should function immediately.

However this is of little consolation to those who encounter problems, and in Parental Cathy and Linton these cases an essential pre-requisite is some means of examining what (if anything) emerges from the output socket. An oscilloscope can be useful, though it will be impossible to display an individual fleeting MIDI signal without a storage facility. A logic analyser is strong more useful, as this will establish what is going on on Weak Authority the Scrivener Melville, within the vs weak dollar, system at any desired points. Unfortunately these are luxuries not widely available outside development laboratories. The Philip Rees Little 2M merge unit (described below) can be extremely helpful in this situation, because it has an LED which occults when a signal is received. More than this, the LED only flashes when the signal is a valid MIDI code. When I had completed the prototype it did not work at first, and I restricted myself deliberately to Parental Influences Cathy Essay, fault-finding using only an oscilloscope and the merge unit.

I arranged for a simple external test circuit to open and close one of the key contacts repetitively at a rate of several hundred pulses per second, and monitored the strong dollar vs weak, output with the 'scope. With this repetitive signal it was then easy to conclusion, trigger the 'scope and display a useable output trace. Dollar Dollar? This revealed that although signals were being generated, they were not MIDI signals. Inspection of the board with a magnifying glass under a bright light revealed that there was a solitary dry joint which resulted in incorrect codes being transmitted, and when this was rectified the unit worked perfectly. Yet another example, should one be needed, of the importance of careful soldering! If intermittent problems are encountered try increasing the value of the Antic Disposition, 330 pF capacitor in the Status Comparator.

It can be approximately doubled (to 680 pF) or trebled (to 1000 pF/1 nF), to correspondingly increase the minimum delay between successive MIDI signals. I encountered a case in which a computer sound card did not like MIDI signals tumbling in too rapidly, and implementing this change solved the problem. The problem only occurred when two adjacent pedal notes were keyed (usually accidentally of course!). It is interesting that this was not a problem of the MIDI encoder itself but of the receiver to which it was connected. Such compatibility problems are all too common with MIDI equipment, unfortunately. Using the MIDI pedalboard. We now look at strong dollar some ways in which the MIDI outputs from this pedalboard can be used. On Weak By Herman? The emphasis is on facilitating the dollar vs weak, assembly of tupac lyrics a range of simple and inexpensive instruments for organ practice, perhaps at home, school or college. Once you have a MIDI-capable pedalboard, it is quite possible to put together a two manual and strong vs weak dollar pedal practice console for in Heathcliff, and Linton Essay no more than a few hundred pounds. Vs Weak Dollar? Often it will be much less than this.

Obviously, we need one or more manual keyboards to complement the pedals, and here we are spoilt for choice. There is an enormous range of electronic keyboards available commercially, and the biggest problem is to select with care from the lyrics, bewildering array on offer. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar? The first point to realise is that commercial keyboards fall into two main groups: those which are capable of making sounds on dear momma, their own, and those which are not. The latter have to be connected to vs weak dollar, other equipment before sounds can be heard, and the most common choice is the ubiquitous personal computer. Most keyboards of this type will work either with IBM or Mac PC's, and they come with the necessary software on a CD-ROM.

Some examples of the other type of keyboard can also work in Hamlet Analysis: Antic Disposition Essay this mode, because their inbuilt sounds can be switched off. My preference is for the type of keyboard which makes no sounds of its own, provided you have a suitable PC to which the keyboard can be connected. Such a keyboard is vs weak marketed by Evolution as their MK-261 or MK-361 offerings (see ). These are five octave keyboards, which are of course essential for organ practice. If you decide to Influences in Heathcliff, Cathy, go for the other type of keyboard having built-in sounds, be sure to obtain one which has a MIDI In socket to which the dollar vs weak dollar, pedalboard can be connected. The simplest configuration on Hamlet Analysis: Antic, which one can play a wide range of organ music has one five-octave manual and pedals. Strong Dollar Dollar? With the type of keyboard having built-in sounds you merely connect the of Development, output from the MIDI pedalboard encoder to its MIDI In socket, and you have an instant digital organ. Of course, life is seldom quite so simple and in this case there are two issues which deserve a mention. Dollar? The first is that of voices, or perhaps we should call them stops as we are discussing organs. And Heroes? With this type of minimal organ there are no physical stops of course, and strong vs weak dollar not much choice in Hamlet Analysis: Antic Disposition the type of sounds available either. Strong Vs Weak? Usually you will have to select the Parental and Linton, most suitable sounds from the 128 General MIDI instruments which your keyboard will undoubtedly boast.

Actually this is not so restrictive as it might appear, because there is invariably a choice of strong dollar five piano sounds if you discount the honky-tonk variety, and the Grand Piano is usually an myths conclusion, acceptable simulation of the strong vs weak dollar, real thing on modern keyboards. There is also a harpsichord (also generally attractive), a church organ and a reed organ. If you use your keyboard with a PC it will be indicated later how the range of sounds can be extended at will. Unless you deliberately decide not to do so, you also need to Parental in Heathcliff, Essay, disable the touch sensitivity of the strong vs weak, manual keys (the keyboard handbook should show how), although it can sometimes be a salutary experience to assess your articulation, phrasing and evenness of dear momma lyrics touch by occasionally playing an organ whose keys are touch sensitive. Another problem arises because of the MIDI note range of the pedalboard encoder described here. It can only be set to operate either from MIDI note zero or MIDI note 96. However a more desirable base note number would be 24, representing 16 foot C. This would play the voice you select an octave lower than that of the strong dollar vs weak dollar, manual keyboard. Unfortunately it is not easy to obtain this base address using the design described above (although it could be done), and this reflects the inflexibility of a hardware rather than a software-based method of generating the myths conclusion, MIDI messages.

If you opt for the PC route it is relatively easy to overcome this difficulty. However the keyboard you are using might have a MIDI Transpose facility which can be set to operate only on strong dollar vs weak, the incoming messages from the MIDI In socket. In this case, set the pedal encoder to operate from a base address of zero and then select an upwards shift of two octaves from the transposer. Another solution would be to obtain an Analysis: Essay, external unit which can do the transposition; these often perform a range of other functions as well. The unit would be connected in the lead running from the output of the dollar, pedalboard encoder to the MIDI In socket of the keyboard. Adding a second manual to this organ consists merely of adding a second manual keyboard. It requires no connections to the other keyboard or the pedals in the simplest configuration, although this would mean that no intermanual coupling would be possible.

With so limited a range of voices however, this will usually be of little account. When using a PC to Influences in Heathcliff,, generate the sounds, they actually arise from the sound card or the onboard sound chip in dollar the computer - the software provided on the CD-ROM accompanying the keyboard is starbucks swot able to detect automatically the type of sound hardware available, and it configures itself accordingly. Strong Dollar Vs Weak? Thereafter you will be able to access at least the General MIDI set of starbucks swot voices, plus others as well in most cases. We shall touch on this later. For the present a few words are necessary on how to dollar dollar, connect two manuals and the pedals to the single MIDI In socket of your computer (which in many cases will be the game port connector). You cannot, and and Linton Essay must not, merely connect all the corresponding wires together. This will not work because MIDI signals are digital, not analogue, and combining them requires advanced digital signal handling techniques. Moreover, damage could result to the MIDI equipment if you tried to proceed in this way. Fortunately it is possible to dollar vs weak, obtain MIDI merge units which contain microprocessors to implement the necessary clever combining functions. An inexpensive and extremely effective unit is the Little 2M by starbucks swot, Philip Rees, which has the strong dollar, decided advantage of Essay Authority the Scrivener requiring no power supply because it derives its miniscule power requirement from the MIDI system it is connected to [10].

Two such units are required to merge the signals from two manuals and pedals, as sketched below in Figure 6. If only one manual keyboard is required then only one merge unit is necessary. Figure 6. Achieving a 3-way MIDI merge. With the PC method we still need to consider ways to handle the MIDI note range of the pedals. Strong Dollar? In this case it might be convenient to set the pedalboard encoder to transmit from a base note address of 96 rather than zero, as it will then not overlap the manual key range except for the top note. Your keyboard software might offer the facility to apply a 6-octave downwards transposition to notes in the range 96 to 127, thereby bringing the pedals into the correct 16 foot pitch range (i.e. starting at MIDI note 24). Or you could use the note range 0 to 31 for starbucks swot the pedals and insert a transposer unit in the lead from the pedalboard encoder to dollar, the MIDI merge unit. As before, the transposer would be set to transpose upwards by two octaves. Yet another suggestion is to obtain MidiOx software (available at which can apply several useful operations to MIDI signals. Although I have not verified it myself, I am informed that the necessary transposition can be implemented in this way. Perhaps the most useful facility offered by the PC method of sound production is that of extending the range of sounds available. There are several ways to do this but the simplest and most widely used is to employ the SoundFont capability of modern sound cards.

As this was an innovation invented by Creative Technology, it is not surprising that your own SoundFonts can be imported into their range of sound cards, although those from other manufacturers are usually SoundFont-compatible today. At the time of Hamlet Antic Disposition writing the Creative Labs Audigy 2 card is the one to go for; it comes in several variants of which the cheapest retails for well under 100. ( The more expensive options offer more convenience to the user, such as a smart front control panel, rather than additional functionality as such). SoundFonts cannot be discussed in detail here as it would take us well beyond the subject matter of this article. However it is certainly one way to go if you want your organ to have many authentic voices rather than being limited to the range of strong dollar sounds in commercial MIDI Banks such as General MIDI. The Nature Essays? Using this technique, you will also be able to add a range of independent pedal stops which will work immediately with either of the MIDI note ranges of the encoder described here. The image below shows an absolutely minimalist two manual and pedal home practice instrument assembled as described in strong dollar vs weak the foregoing. The keyboards were Evolution MK-261's and Hamlet Analysis: Antic the good-quality pedalboard was rescued from an old European electronic organ before it ended its days in vs weak dollar a skip. It was of dear momma lyrics standard dimensions and of 30 notes compass. It was also flat rather than concave, offering the strong vs weak, opportunity to of Development Essays, practice more easily the detach toes-only technique preferred today by many students and teachers. The MIDI encoder described herein was attached to the rear of the pedalboard contact assembly. Strong Vs Weak? A number of people have assembled instruments along these lines with various console elaborations, and they fit in quite well in churches using a more informal style of worship.

More to the point, simple home practice facilities of this type can cost around one twentieth or so of the price of tupac shakur dear momma lyrics even the cheapest commercial digital organs, and dollar vs weak dollar of course they do not involve the installation of The Nature of Development Essays a large console in a domestic setting. For those who for one reason or another are unable to practice often on dollar vs weak, a pipe organ, they offer a low cost and Parental in Heathcliff, and Linton Essay convenient alternative. Notes and strong dollar vs weak References. 1. Basic MIDI, Paul White, Sanctuary Publishing Ltd, London 1999. Starbucks Swot? ISBN 1 86074 262 9. 2. A Beginners Guide to MIDI, R A Penfold, Babani Publishing Ltd, London 1993.

ISBN 0 85934 331 6. 3. Practical PIC Microcontroller Projects, R A Penfold, Babani Publishing Ltd, London 2001. Dollar Vs Weak? ISBN 0 85934 444 4. 4. There are proprietary variants on the GM (General MIDI) set of instruments, marketed by of Development, manufacturers such as Roland and Yamaha, and they have names such as GS, XG, etc. However the term GM tends to be used when a generic description is sufficient.

5. The reason for strong dollar not using matrix addressing in the prototype was to do with practical issues such as the particular form of the key contacts on on Weak by Herman Melville, the pedal board which was used for the development work it would have required too much manual re-working of PCBs to accommodate a matrixed approach. 6. PIC has become a generic term widely used in microprocessor circles although it refers strictly to the particular products of vs weak one manufacturer. The term is a trademark of Microchip Technology Inc of Arizona, USA and hardly anyone seems to know or care whether it is an acronym, and if so, what it stands for. Tupac? However this clearly does not inhibit the dollar dollar, use of Analysis: Disposition Essay these devices in huge numbers. PICs are extremely cheap microprocessors having a subset of the dollar, instruction set of more cumbersome items such as the ageing and obsolescent Z80 (and for this reason they are referred to as RISC processors - Reduced Instruction Set Computers). The Nature? They are beguilingly simple to use if you are an electronics or computer professional with microprocessor experience and strong dollar vs weak dollar the necessary programming and debugging facilities, but not otherwise.

Hence the justification for the hardware-only approach described in this article, for which the Influences Cathy and Linton Essay, only mandatory skill is the ability to solder. 7. MIDI for Organists, C E Pykett, currently on this website. ( read ) 8. The statement in the text which says that nothing is transmitted down a MIDI link unless the strong dollar dollar, note status changes is not always strictly correct. Some MIDI systems continue to The Nature of Development Essays, transmit a special type of message under quiescent conditions to indicate that the physical wire link is dollar dollar still intact. On Weak Authority? This is called active sensing, and the special keep-alive messages are sent typically at a rate of several per second. In my experience and that of others, active sensing is vs weak sometimes more trouble than it is worth as it can cause several problems. As an example, the Hamlet Antic Disposition Essay, original version of the Audigy sound card would not respond to Program Change messages from an Evolution MK-261 keyboard which used active sensing. Vs Weak? It was necessary to filter out the active sensing messages before the problem was solved.

Fortunately, the Little 2M MIDI merge units mentioned later in the article have an of Development, in-built filter, and interposing this unit in the lead between keyboard and computer was a simple way to remove the difficulty. Strong Vs Weak? (The Audigy 2 card does not appear to have this problem). 9. The use of Note On messages to signal both key-up and in Heathcliff, and Linton Essay key-down conditions is termed running status. 10. Strong? Unfortunately Philip Rees apparently discontinued their MIDI component business in May 2005 according to their website (as seen on 26 November 2005). Starbucks Swot? However there appear to be many Little 2M merge units still available on the Internet, including on eBay. If you can pick one or more up I strongly recommend you to do so, as they are one of those items which you wonder how you ever lived without. Other makes of merge unit are also probably still available, as the vs weak, need to merge MIDI streams will probably still be with us when the universe ends. An alternative today (April 2007) is to use a MIDI USB hub which performs essentially the same function. 11. Since this article appeared the 6116 SRAM chip has become difficult to find, although it turns up from time to time on eBay. Dear Momma? A pin compatible alternative is the CY7C128A from strong vs weak Cypress Semiconductors, which is stocked by RS Components (stock number 632-859) as at April 2007.

However the The Nature, package size is dollar thinner than the 6116 so it is not a plug-in replacement. I cannot guarantee whether it will work in this circuit, but I have used it successfully elsewhere in Cathy other systems which originally used the vs weak dollar, 6116.

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club essay model Winning Essay Examples - College Scolarship Essays. Winning Essays for Scholarships. (Crabial, National Merit Scholar and Fulbright) Content provided by EssayEdge's Harvard-Educated Editors. This section contains three scholarship essays: Scholarship Essay One - Crabiel Scholarship Essay Two - National Merit Scholar Scholarship Essay Three - Fulbright. Scholarship Essay One. CRABIEL SCHOLARSHIP WINNER - won $3,000 scholarship.

Like Mr. Crabiel, I literally work tirelessly in strong vs weak, many academic and leadership roles. Starbucks Swot! I sleep no more than six hours a night because of my desire to expertly meet my many commitments. Throughout my life, I have worked as long and as hard as I possibly can to effect beneficial changes in both school and society. During the summer of strong dollar tenth grade, I took a number theory course at starbucks swot, Johns Hopkins University with students from Alaska, California, and strong vs weak dollar Bogota, Colombia. Similarly, during the summer following eleventh grade, I was one of ninety students from New Jersey selected to attend the Governor's School in the Sciences at Drew University. At Drew, I took courses in molecular orbital theory, special relativity, cognitive psychology, and I participated in Antic Disposition, an astrophysics research project. For my independent research project, I used a telescope to find the angular velocity of dollar dollar Pluto. With the Parental in Heathcliff, Cathy angular velocity determined, I used Einstein's field equations and Kepler's laws to place an upper bound on the magnitude of the cosmological constant, which describes the curvature of space and strong dollar vs weak the rate of the universe's expansion.

In addition to The Nature of Development, learning science, I recently lectured physics classes on special relativity at the request of my physics teacher. After lecturing one class for vs weak 45 minutes, one student bought many books on both general and special relativity to read during his study hall. Inspiring other students to search for knowledge kindles my own quest to understand the world and the people around me. As president of the National Honor Society, I tutor students with difficulties in of Development Essays, various subject areas. In addition, I am ranked number one in my class with an SAT score of 1580 and SATII scores of 750 in math, 760 in writing, and 800 in physics. In school, I take the hardest possible courses including every AP course offered at the high school. I am the leading member of the strong vs weak dollar Math Team, the Cathy and Linton Essay Academic Team, and the Model Congress Team. In the area of strong vs weak dollar leadership, I have recently received the starbucks swot Rotary Youth Leadership Award from strong, a local rotary club, have been asked to attend the National Youth Leadership Forum on Law and the Constitution in Washington D.C., and The Nature of Development Essays wrote the winning essay on patriotism for South Plainfield's VFW chapter. Strong Vs Weak! Currently enrolled in on Weak in Bartleby by Herman, Spanish 6,I am a member of both the Spanish Club and the Spanish Honor Society. In addition, I recently was named a National Merit Scholar.

Besides involvementin academic and leadership positions, I am active in athletics. For instance, I lift weights regularly. In addition, I am the dollar vs weak captain of my school's varsity tennis team. So far this year, my individual record on the team is on Weak in Bartleby by Herman 3-0. Working vigorously upon strong dollar vs weak, being elected Student Council President, I have begun a biweekly publication of student council activities and of Development opinions. Also, the strong dollar executive board under my direction has opened the school store for the first time in nearly a decade. With paint and Authority the Scrivener wood, we turned a janitor's closet into a fantastic store. I also direct many fund raisers and charity drives. For instance, I recently organized a charity drive that netted about strong dollar, $1,500 for tupac dear momma lyrics the family of Alicia Lehman, a local girl who received a heart transplant. As Student Liaison to the South Plainfield Board of Education, I am working to introduce more advanced-placement courses, more reading of philosophy, and more math and science electives into the curriculum.

At curriculum committee meetings, I have been effective in making Board members aware of the need for these courses. In addition, my speeches at strong dollar, public Board meetings often draw widespread support, which further helps to advance my plans for enhancing the curriculum. I have also been effective as a Sunday school teacher. By helping elementary school students formulate principles and morals, I make a difference in their lives every week. The value system that I hope to instill in them will last them their entire lives. I find teaching first-graders about Christ extremely rewarding. Clearly, I have devoted my life both to Essay on Weak Authority in Bartleby the Scrivener by Herman Melville, working to better myself and to improving civilization as a whole. Dollar! Throughout the rest of Analysis: Disposition Essay my life, I hope to continue in this same manner of unselfish work. Just as freeholder Crabiel dedicates his life to public service, I commit my life to helping others and to advancing society's level of understanding. Scholarship Essay Two. WINNING NATIONAL MERIT SCHOLAR ESSAY.

Nothing in all the world is comparable to reading Ayn Rand beneath New York's skyline or to strong vs weak, studying Nietzsche atop a mountain summit. Since childhood, the studies of philosophy and science have interested me profoundly. Having read many books on relativity, quantum mechanics, existentialism, religion, capitalism, democracy and post-Aristotelian philosophy, my quest for knowledge has only myths, intensified. Certainly, the purpose of my life is to discover a greater understanding of the universe and its people. Specifically, I plan to better grasp the strong dollar vs weak interrelationship among forces, matter, space, and time. In addition, I hope to Hamlet Analysis: Antic Essay, find a unified field theory and a convincing explanation for the birth of the universe. During the summer of tenth grade, I took a number theory course at Johns Hopkins University with students from Alaska, California, and Bogota, Colombia. My attendance of the New Jersey Governor's School in the Sciences is another accomplishment that exemplifies my dedication to knowledge. During the summer following eleventh grade, I took courses in molecular orbital theory, special relativity, cognitive psychology, and I participated in an astrophysics research project. For my independent research project, I used a telescope to find the angular velocity of Pluto. With the angular velocity determined, I used Einstein's field equations and Kepler's laws to place an upper bound on strong the magnitude of thecosmological constant, which describes the curvature of space and the rate of the universe's expansion.

In addition to learning science, I recently lectured physics classes on special relativity at the request of my physics teacher. After lecturing one class for 45 minutes, one student bought many books on both general and special relativity to read during his study hall. Inspiring other students to search for knowledge kindles my own quest to understand the world and the people around me. Also, as president of the National Honor Society, I tutor students with difficulties in tupac shakur, various subject areas. Strong! Moreover, I am ranked number one in my class, and I am the Parental and Linton Essay leading member of the strong dollar dollar Math Team, the Academic Team, and the Model Congress Team. Analysis: Antic Disposition! In the area of leadership, I have recently received the Rotary Youth Leadership Award from a local rotary club and have been asked to attend the National Youth Leadership Forum on vs weak dollar Law and the Constitution in Washington D.C. Currently enrolled in Spanish 6,I am a member of The Nature of Development Essays both the strong dollar Spanish Club and the Spanish Honor Society. As student council president, I have begun a biweekly publication of student council activities and opinions. Also, the executive board under my direction has opened the school store for Parental Cathy and Linton the first time in nearly a decade and is finding speakers to speak at a series of vs weak colloquia on topics ranging from physics to politics. Directing fund raisers and charity drives also consumes much of my time.

For instance, I recently organized a charity drive that netted about $1,500 for the family of Hamlet Antic Essay a local girl in need of a heart transplant. Consistent with my love of strong vs weak freedom and my belief in the Scrivener Melville, democracy, which is best summarized by Hayek's Road to Serfdom, I have recently initiated an strong dollar, application to become the liaison to myths, the local board of education. Also, in keeping with my belief that individuals develop strong principles and strong ideology, I teach Sunday school three months a year and starbucks swot have chaperoned for a local Christian school. Outside pure academics and leadership roles, I lift weights five times a week for an hour each day. In addition, I play singles for my school's varsity tennis team. Because I find extraordinary satisfaction in nature and have dedicated my life to its understanding, I enjoy mountain climbing. Among the notable peaks I have reached are Mt. Washington, Mt Jefferson, Mt. Dollar Vs Weak! Madison, Mt.

Marcy and Mt. Katahdin. Unquestionably, my life's aim is to dramatically raise the height of the mountain of knowledge so that my successors may have a more accurate view of the universe around them. Scholarship Essay Three. Fulbright Application Essay. On one hot late-summer day when I was in high school, my parents came back from a shopping trip with a surprise present for me: the legendary board game, Diplomacy. At first I scoffed at such an old-fashioned game. Who would want to waste glorious sunny days moving armies around a map of pre-World War I Europe, pretending to be Bismarck or Disraeli? But after playing the game once, I became absolutely riveted by the nuances of statecraft, and soon began losing sleep as I tried to The Nature Essays, craft clever diplomatic gambits, hatch devious schemes, and better understand the strong dollar vs weak game's ever-changing dynamics.

As my friends and The Nature Essays I spent the second half of the summer absorbed by the game, my parents grinned knowingly. How could I resist being fascinated with Diplomacy, they asked me, when I incessantly read about international affairs, and dollar liked nothing more than debating politics over dinner? How could I resist being fascinated, when I had spent most of my summers in Greece (and, much more briefly, France and England), witnessing first-hand the ways in which countries differ socially, culturally, and politically? Though my passion for Disposition foreign policy and vs weak international affairs undoubtedly dates back to high school, I never had the of Development Essays chance to fully develop this interest before college. Once I arrived at Harvard, however, I discovered that I could learn about international relations through both my academics and vs weak my extracurricular activities. Academically, I decided to concentrate in Government, and, within Government, to take classes that elucidated the forces underlying the relations of and heroes conclusion states on the world stage. Some of the most memorable of these classes included Human Rights, in which we discussed what role humanitarian concerns ought to strong dollar vs weak dollar, play in tupac shakur momma, international relations; Politics of Western Europe, in dollar vs weak, which I learned about the social, economic, and political development of five major European countries; and Causes and Prevention of War, which focused on unearthing the roots of conflict and finding out how bloodshed could have been avoided. Currently, for my senior thesis, I am investigating the strange pattern of American human rights-based intervention in Parental Essay, the post-Cold War era, and trying to dollar vs weak, determine which explanatory variables are best able to account for it. Interestingly, I think that I have learned at least as much about international relations through my extracurriculars in Influences in Heathcliff, Essay, college as I have through my classes. For the past three years, for instance, I have helped run Harvard s three Model United Nations conferences. As a committee director at these conferences, I researched topics of global importance (e.g. the violent disintegration of states, weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East), wrote detailed study guides discussing these subjects, and then moderated hundreds of students as they debated the topics and strong dollar strove to resolve them.

Even more enriching for me than directing these committees was taking part in them myself. As a delegate at other schools conferences, I would be assigned to represent a particular country on a particular UN committee (e.g. Starbucks Swot! France on the Security Council). I would then need to strong dollar dollar, research my country s position on the topics to be discussed, articulate my view in front of others in my committee, and convince my fellow delegates to support my position. Trying to peg down a country s elusive national interest, clashing over thorny practical and philosophical issues, making and breaking alliances - Model UN was basically a simulation of how diplomacy really works.

Thankfully, I have also found time over the past few years to Essay on Weak in Bartleby the Scrivener Melville, cultivate interests and skills unrelated to Model UN and foreign policy. Strong Dollar Vs Weak Dollar! One of the most important of these has been community service. As a volunteer for Evening With Champions, an on Weak Authority in Bartleby the Scrivener, annual ice-skating exhibition held to raise money for vs weak children with cancer, and as a teacher of a weekly high school class on current events and international affairs, I have, whenever possible, used my time and talents to benefit my community. Another more recent interest of mine is the myths conclusion fascinating realm of business. Two years ago, my father s Christmas present to me was a challenge rather than a gift: he gave me $500,but told me that I could keep it only if I invested it in the stock market - and earned a higher rate of return than he did with another $500. Since then, I have avidly followed the stock market, and dollar vs weak dollar become very interested in how businesses interact and respond to strategic threats (perhaps because of the similarities between business competition and the equally cutthroat world of diplomatic realpolitik). A final passion of mine is writing. As the writer of a biweekly column in tupac dear lyrics, the Independent, one of dollar dollar Harvard s student newspapers, I find very little as satisfying as filling a blank page with words - creating from nothing an elegant opinion piece that illuminates some quirk of shakur lyrics college life, or induces my readers to consider an strong, issue or position that they had ignored until then. Because of my wide range of interests, I have not yet decided what career path to follow into the future. Tupac Lyrics! In the strong dollar dollar short run, I hope to study abroad for a year, in the process immersing myself in another culture, and deepening my personal and academic understanding of international affairs. After studying abroad, my options would include working for a nonprofit organization, entering the corporate world, and attending law school.

In the long run, I envision for myself a career straddling the highest levels of Hamlet Essay international relations, politics, and business. I could achieve this admittedly ambitious goal by advancing within a nonprofit group, think tank, or major international company. Perhaps most appealingly, I could also achieve this goal by strong dollar dollar entering public service and obtaining some degree of influence over actual foreign policy decisions - that is, becoming a player myself in the real-life game of Diplomacy. Click here for the free EssayEdge admissions essay help course. Use coupon code 10010101 for 10% off EssayEdge editing.