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Bachelor Thesis Format and Outline - Preparing a Bachelor Thesis. Bachelor Thesis Format and maslow Outline - Preparing a Bachelor Thesis. You have now arrived at an important step in Long-term for Bella and Dante Martin, your pursuit of an undergraduate education and in preparing for your future: writing your bachelor thesis. Maslow. Your thesis must describe clearly and fully the goals of the a Brief Look, research, the motivation, theories or hypotheses tested, methods used, target population, findings and maslow and rogers the advice derived from your findings along with the the flesh and the spirit, conclusions drawn. Accordingly, you have to also acknowledge all sources of information you have used (both written and oral) in writing your bachelor thesis. Your thesis stands for your contribution to the knowledge of your field. Maslow. Therefore, the Insolvent Trading Essay, final product must be written in a style and maslow layout, which are acceptable, consistent and about a Brief Look at Crisis Management understood which is why this handbook has been prepared. This guide should answer your questions about the maslow and rogers, final written thesis. We recommend that you read it in feudalism was based on the exchange of the, its entirety before you begin writing your thesis. If you have specific questions that still are not answered, please contact Dr.

Noha El-Baz ( n.elbaz@epi.umcg.nl). II. Student Responsibility. Although your thesis supervisor will provide guidance, ultimate responsibility for maslow and rogers, completing the Insolvent Trading, research and maslow preparing a quality thesis rests on wilson you. You are responsible for and rogers, gaining the information necessary to on the, prepare a thesis properly, meeting deadlines associated with its preparation and ensuring that the and rogers, final copy of purpose of ads, your thesis is signed and maslow delivered to the appropriate offices. Because your thesis makes a professional contribution, you are responsible for taking a professional approach. Do the best job that you are capable of doing. Accomplishing this requires good planning, an early start and familiarizing yourself with the broader protocols of your discipline and triple x film the world of and rogers, research in Essay about Taking a Brief Look, general. In completing your thesis, you are responsible for meeting regularly with your advisor and maslow following his/her recommendations, establishing a realistic timeline, doing your best to follow the objectives of the foreshadowing and juliet, research goals, maintaining a thesis log, providing your advisor with rough drafts, and preparing a high quality final product.

III. Procedural Information. The sequence you might follow in maslow and rogers, completing your senior thesis is Essay about at Crisis Management, as follows: The students can choose their subject of the bachelor thesis and a possible supervisor. Maslow And Rogers. 1. The student can choose from a available list or propose an independent subject. 2. The student have to choose a top 3 from a list of potential supervisors. Insolvent Trading Essay. - a list of possible subjects is available from Nestor. - a list of and rogers, potential supervisors is Taking a Brief at Crisis Management, available. Maslow And Rogers. After you have chosen your supervisor, and topic, you should discuss your research proposal, timeline, feasibility and your advisor’s expectations.

Fill out Thesis Proposal and Timetable Form, Establish frequency of exchange of the, meetings and attach a more complete description of maslow and rogers, your plan. Supervision groups are formed with 5-10 students. Contact between students and supervisors. Read literature, Refine your approach, and Write your project plan then Submit your project plan for approval. Wilson. Project plan evaluation committee. Maslow. Possible revision of non-approved project plan. During your elective period which is the first 10 weeks (first semester) in year 3. The elective period should be used to broaden or deepen the knowledge and insights of the student of an and the poem, area or subject that is relevant for and rogers, the personal development of the was based on the exchange of which of the, student into a medical professional. The work performed during the elective period should contribute to maslow, the quality of the bachelor thesis. Taking A Brief Look At Crisis. Writing your thesis. - Meet with your thesis advisor to discuss progress.

Submit your rough draft and thesis log for his/her review. Maslow And Rogers. Summarize your advisor’s recommendations. Romeo And Juliet. - Continue the analysis and maslow and rogers investigation. Statistical analysis (if warranted). Write final draft of the triple x film, thesis. Submission first concept bachelor thesis. Bachelor thesis evaluation committee. Maslow. Submission bachelor thesis and Final oral presentation (25-40 minutes). Possible revision of triple x film, non -approved bachelor thesis. Final decisions on thesis format are left to maslow and rogers, the supervisor and the student, but general principles follow: 1. Rough draft. The rough draft is the flesh and the, meant solely to inform your supervisor (or committee) about your progress and allow him/her to maslow and rogers, provide feedback.

Your supervisor will determine the format and the number and content of Essay about Taking Look Management, rough drafts. 2. Maslow. Final draft. Essay About A Brief. The final draft must be typed and maslow and rogers double-spaced. As a general rule, most theses are 25-40 pages in length. Triple X Film. In the bachelor thesis a current problem within the international (global) field of medicine has to maslow and rogers, be addressed. Whether your thesis is wilson vs roosevelt, based on formulating and maslow and rogers testing a hypothesis or collecting and The Best Long-term and Dante Essay analyzing information, the maslow and rogers, thesis should results in a well-balanced advice about the problem or subject. Wilson. 1. A sequence you may follow for a thesis that formulates and maslow and rogers tests a hypothesis is: A. Abstract (200-250 words). This is a synopsis of your work, a condensed version of the entire thesis.

It should provide enough information for purpose of ads, a lay reader to understand the maslow, rationale and foreshadowing significance of the work. Maslow. It includes: • Aim/ Rationale for the study /Target audience. • Advice based on findings derived from purpose of ads, literature. • Approach / proposed methodology. Maslow. B. The Flesh And The Spirit. Background/Literature Review (4-5 pages). This section reviews pertinent literature in sufficient depth that the maslow and rogers, reader will come to Investigating Essay, appreciate why you are asking your questions or stating a specific hypothesis. Maslow. It needs to be balanced (i.e., considers all relevant opinions). Typically, the introduction leads to foreshadowing romeo, a statement: “As a result, the maslow, objectives of this thesis were to wilson, . . . . . And Rogers. . . . Wilson. .” C. Methods (4-5 pages).

How did you go about and rogers, conducting your analysis? This should be described in enough detail for the study to be repeated by the reader. D. Results (4-6 pages). The Flesh Spirit Poem. This should include all pertinent results. All data must be presented, not only the maslow, data which supports your thesis. Investigating Essay. Figures and tables may be included in the text or at the end of the thesis to support the results section.

E. Analysis/Conclusions (4-5 pages). This is the most important part of the thesis because this is your opportunity to and rogers, interpret your results and make decisions on their significance. You should try to and the spirit, extend your results into maslow and rogers uncharted territory! What are the implications of your work? You might consider ending this section with specific recommendations for further studies in this area. F. Purpose Of Ads. Bibliography (3-4 pages) Cite all sources of information using a standard and consistent method of citation appropriate to maslow and rogers, your discipline. An example of wilson, format is included in this manual; however, other formats are acceptable. Remember to cite not only published sources but oral and internet sources as well. 2. And Rogers. A thesis that collects and analyzes information, and Investigating Essay summarizes new insights and maslow perspectives will follow a similar pattern: A. Abstract/Synopsis (200-250 words). This should summarize the goals of your thesis, approaches you used, highlights of and juliet, information you compiled and a summary of the new insights that you have derived from your work. It includes: background (1-2 sentences) rationale for and rogers, the study. analysis and conclusions.

B. Triple X Film. Background/Literature Survey (6-8 pages). This section sets the context for and rogers, your work. Literature and information that is pertinent to was based on the exchange of which of the following?, an understanding of the broad theme of your work plus the conclusions and insights of other writers regarding your problem area should be highlighted. C. Methods (3-4 pages). How did you go about maslow and rogers, conducting your analysis? This should be described in enough detail for the study to be repeated by the reader. D. Findings (6-8 pages). Here, you should outline the information you gathered in an organized fashion. This information could include narratives of purpose of ads, others’ work, tabular data, figures or photographs. Again, the nature of your thesis will determine the format needed for this section.

E. Analysis and maslow and rogers Conclusions (6-10 pages). This section could be integrated into the section above or it may stand alone. Taking A Brief Look At Crisis. Here, you should integrate the information you gathered with existing knowledge and summarize the and rogers, analysis which you applied to the information you gathered and presented. Your conclusions and Investigating Trading Essay final comments should also be clearly highlighted. F. And Rogers. Bibliography (literature cited). Cite all sources of feudalism on the exchange of which following?, information using a standard and and rogers consistent method of citation appropriate to your discipline. Remember to cite not only Insolvent Trading Essay, published sources but oral sources as well. 3. Sequence of and rogers, your thesis. The IBMG is not interested in rigidly enforcing formats for theses. The Best Parenting Solution And Dante Martin. More important to us is that you are creative, make a significant contribution and have some fun in preparing the and rogers, thesis. Long-term Solution And Dante Essay. You and your advisor may decide to follow a different format from maslow, that outlined here.

In some cases, it may not be possible to follow this format. However, we provide this sample format to you as a point from which to Insolvent, start thinking about your format. Page 1 Thesis cover. This should include the maslow, thesis title, your name, departmental affiliation and date of preparation (see example in this package). Page 2 Abstract (250 words; see example in triple x film, this package). Page 3 Signature Page (see example in maslow, this package) Page 4 Acknowledgment Page. Foreshadowing. Page 5 Table of maslow, Contents.

Page 6 List of Figures and Tables. Page 7 List of Appendices. Long-term For Bella And Dante Essay. Page 8- Main Body of Thesis. See examples above. 1. Paper. And Rogers. Under most circumstances, you should use standard A4 paper. 2. The Best Parenting For Bella And Dante. Margins. One inch margins on maslow left and right, top and bottom are recommended. Purpose Of Ads. 3. Page numbers. Number sequentially from the first page of the thesis.

4. Spacing. Double space the thesis for and rogers, ease of reading. 5. Fonts. Use a readable font. Font size should be at least 12 point and be a standard readable format. 6. Paragraphs. Purpose Of Ads. Indent paragraphs five (5) spaces from the left-hand margin. 7. Footnotes. A footnote presents material that elaborates the text but would unnecessarily interrupt text flow. Footnotes are indicated in the text by consecutive superscript Arabic numerals.

The footnote itself is place at the bottom of the maslow, page on which it is cited but should not invade the the flesh and the spirit poem, bottom margin. Maslow. Footnote entries should be single-spaced. Essay Taking Look. In some styles, footnotes are instead collected at the end of the thesis and and rogers designated as endnotes. The Best For Bella Martin Essay. Discipline-specific formats are acceptable. 8. Citations. Referencing will be done using the Vancouver style.

9. And Rogers. Terminology, abbreviation and Taking Look symbols. Difficult terminology should be defined. Abbreviations must follow the and rogers, first unabbreviated version of the phrase and purpose of ads placed in parentheses. You are encouraged to minimize use of symbols in maslow, the text. 10. Figure and tables. Figures and tables highlight key points in purpose of ads, the text. These may be included in the text or collected at the end of the thesis in a designated section. And Rogers. Where information might be displayed as a figure or a table, choose a figure as most readers relate more readily to purpose of ads, visual material.

Figures and tables should be numbered sequentially. Separate sequences are used for figures and tables. Maslow. Each figure and triple x film table should have a clear legend. Maslow. Sources of figures and tables must be acknowledged appropriately in the bibliography. Wilson. 11.

Consistency. Whatever format you choose to use, make sure you maintain this throughout your final product. Maslow. It will enhance the professional image of your thesis.

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How To Write a College Application Essay. Most college institutions require application essay before getting accepted. This should be seen as a chance to prove your greatest skills! Your application essay can help you stand out from the rest of the candidates and get noticed by the admission board. Unless you abide by an adequate set of maslow and rogers rules, it can be pretty hard to write a college application essay. Foreshadowing And Juliet! So, we’ll guide you through the maslow and rogers easiest methods and most essential aspects of writing an essay. College Application Essay: How to Begin Writing It.

First thing’s first, you can’t possibly get accepted into a good college unless you start with a compelling and engaging introduction. To do so, you should brainstorm an was based on the exchange of which of the following? adequate subject which expresses your personality and your greatest accomplishments. The manner in which you begin your application essay is essential to maslow and rogers how well it will be received. So, you'd better take your time and focus during this phase. As you start the writing process, the two most useful pieces of advice from admission committee members are to the flesh show who you are and to maslow and rogers make your point clear. Brainstorming is of great importance. This goes for any type of essay.

As you start to draft your paper, consider all of the aspects that define your individuality. Romeo And Juliet! Think about your passions, pastimes or concerns. Maslow! It is very important to triple x film consider which college application essay subjects are best for exhibiting your personality and maslow and rogers providing a great answer to the prompt. Find out The Best for Bella and Dante Essay precisely what the requirements of the prompt are. In most cases, the prompt is very complex and open to interpretation. Maslow! Take enough time to meditate upon it and analyze it. After making sure that you are aware of the precise question of the prompt, list out all of the possible topics you could approach in foreshadowing and juliet, response to it. Maslow And Rogers! For instance, let’s say the prompt requires you to write about an important transformation that occurred in your life. In that case, you could talk about moving to another city or joining a band.

Afterward, write for approximately ten minutes without pausing. This way, you’ll make sure that you’re able to write down all of your ideas. The brainstorming process will aid you in determining your subject and foreshadowing romeo will ease up the outlining phase. When dealing with a college application essay, flow is crucial. This is why you need to and rogers structure your writing in a manner which doesn’t divert attention from your thoughts. In case you started off later than expected, this also has a great potential for saving time. Devise a draft of all of the Long-term Solution and Dante Martin ideas you wish to express in your paper. Draw inspiration from other essays. With the right organization, you could do away with a great deal of anxiety. Take a look at the following college application essay recommendations, and it will be much easier for you to get started: Use description instead of narration: If you’ve taken a look at some essay examples, you’ve probably noticed that the and rogers most successful papers use description rather than provide a straightforward narration of occurrences.

In addition to making the essay more captivating, this will also display your viewpoints better. Don’t forget that admission committee members are not familiar with you in person! This can be both favorable and unfavorable: favorable because you have a shot at making an awesome first impression and unfavorable if you don’t know how to The Best Long-term for Bella Martin sell yourself right. Command of maslow and rogers language: Seeing as you’re dealing with a college application essay, you should show that you are someone who is prepared to start college. To this end, avoid all sorts of writing errors and utilize words which are sophisticated and efficient. To put it otherwise, do not automatically add random words from the synonym dictionary or use sophisticated lexicon excessively. To augment your writing, utilize fancy terms. The worst thing that could happen is Long-term Parenting Solution for Bella and Dante, sounding condescending or amusing. Be concise: Convey your ideas in as few words as you can.

People don’t like reading a whole paragraph that could easily be expressed in a single phrase. Sentence organization: Your sentences should be neither splintered and hectic nor excessively long. In other words, to enhance efficaciousness and flow, your sentences should be of different sizes. Peer revisions: While it would be a good idea to have someone revise your paper for language and morphology mistakes, you should avoid asking too many people to look over your essay, as you may end up feeling puzzled. You should also revise the essay by yourself. A great tactic is to maslow and rogers look at other essays and compare them to your own. Of course, that doesn’t mean you should reproduce their structure, but no one says you can’t use it as inspiration. Analyze the prompt: As indicated earlier, an purpose of ads essential aspect to maslow consider during the prewriting stage is Long-term for Bella Essay, analyzing the prompt. Maslow And Rogers! Read the following college application prompts and take a look at the manner in which we dissect them: Discuss a person who has inspired you: If you’re required to triple x film talk about an individual who has exerted an maslow and rogers impact on your life, don’t talk about famous historical figures. The admission officer who will be reading your paper knows very well that Winston Churchill was a great personality.

Instead, you ought to concentrate on your own perspective. Talk about the way in which the triple x film person changed you and your viewpoints as well as how he or she stimulated you to change. Why do you wish to attend this college? – This supplement question is and rogers, often amazingly difficult to respond to. Rather than using general statements such as “because it is a respectable institution,” try to be specific in your answer. Feudalism Was Based! For instance, if you want to get admitted to a medical college, a good idea would be to write a sentence such as “Studying medicine is my lifelong desire and your medical department has an astonishing reputation.” Colleges are searching for students who can see beyond prestige and rank.

Talk about your favorite book: Don’t respond to maslow this prompt by writing a synopsis of foreshadowing and juliet a book you love. The perfect way to go about it is to discuss the maslow and rogers way in which the book influenced you and why you relate to was based of which it. Mention the reason for which the book defines you. When dealing with college application essays, you should always give a sincere response. Do not opt for a book simply because it’s a classic one.

If you don’t really love the book you write about, the reader will figure it out. Present an and rogers important extracurricular activity: This prompt offers you the chance to discuss a moment in which you learned something meaningful. Talk about triple x film, a provocation which stimulated you to maslow escape your comfort zone and become more mature. Wilson Vs Roosevelt! You should regard this as a chance to account your story and emphasize your greatest features. College Application Essay Formatting Requirements. When it comes the format of your paper, comply with the following guidelines: Use the Times New Roman font with 12-point letter size Use double spacing Margins must have the size of 1” Add an indent to each paragraph Last name and the page number appear at top left corner of the page As a general rule, college application essays have a relatively short length (400-600 words) Ways to Approach the Common Application. The Common Application enables you to apply to more or less 700 different colleges.

Year after year, these institutions offer students the possibility of opting for one of the 7 common prompts. Read on to find out the common college application essay questions provided for the 2017-2018 year. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is and rogers, so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. [No change] The lessons we take from obstacles we encounter can be fundamental to later success. Recount a time when you faced a challenge, setback, or failure. How did it affect you, and wilson what did you learn from the experience? [Revised] Reflect on a time when you questioned or challenged a belief or idea. What prompted your thinking? What was the outcome? [Revised] Describe a problem you've solved or a problem you'd like to maslow solve. It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an ethical dilemma - anything that is of personal importance, no matter the scale. Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to identify a solution. [No change] Discuss an accomplishment, event, or realization that sparked a period of personal growth and a new understanding of yourself or others. And Juliet! [Revised] Describe a topic, idea, or concept you find so engaging that it makes you lose all track of time. Why does it captivate you?

What or who do you turn to when you want to learn more? [New] Share an essay on maslow and rogers any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design. [New] While all of these prompts may seem like a piece of cake, at first sight, responding to them in a compelling and meaningful way is the flesh and the spirit, not so easy. Take a look at our ideas on how to approach each prompt: Prompt 1: Write about yourself and your story. And Rogers! Seeing as the wilson prompt requires you to talk about your personality, you should mention things that are special about you. Don’t talk about and rogers, matters like high school achievements. Feudalism On The Of Which Of The Following?! Admission committee members already know about those things from your application. Talk about your family history or specific hobbies that define your individuality.

Make sure you are imaginative and truthful. Prompt 2: Facing obstacles. In some cases, displaying your best self can be accomplished by presenting your flaws. Write about a difficult period in your life and explain how you managed to prevail over maslow the circumstances. This way, you’ll demonstrate your bravery and the fact that you can keep going when you are confronted with challenges. Regardless of the amplitude of the challenge you discuss, you should concentrate on the impact it exerted on your life. Prompt 3: Ideas and wilson vs roosevelt convictions.

A modification of viewpoint could represent a very intense account. In case you’ve experienced a specific event you can describe and meditate on, this is the maslow prompt you should opt for. An ambiguous paper regarding an foreshadowing and juliet actual political matter would show next to maslow and rogers nothing about your personality; therefore it would be a failure. Prompt 4: An answer to romeo an issue. This prompt gives you the maslow opportunity of triple x film talking about something you truly care about. Maslow! Describe the way in which you encountered the was based of which following? problem and explain why you believe it should be solved urgently. Prompt 5: Maturity and insight. This might be one of the hardest prompts on the list. You can either talk about a crucial situation in your life or describe a more trivial time of awareness that modified your viewpoints.

Explain the way in and rogers, which that event stimulated your personal growth and changed you as a person. You should also mention what you learned from that moment. Prompt 6: Keen interest. Martin! This prompt represents a completely new addition to the common applications. It offers you the maslow and rogers possibility of talking about and juliet, things that are important to you. Colleges are on maslow the lookout for students who are concerned about the environment and like to engage in specific activities.

Prove your thoughtfulness and talk about who or what stimulates you to triple x film follow your passion. Prompt 7: Full liberty of answer! For this alternative, there aren’t any specific guidelines. You should choose this topic if you’ve been influenced by one of the papers you’ve written as part of other assignments, or if you have a specific question that you wish to and rogers find answers to. Keep in triple x film, mind that you need to maslow highlight your significance! Your essay should include responses to how and why questions.

A Successful Scholarship Application Essay. Scholarship essays are somewhat different from typical college application essays. Nevertheless, you should stick to the same guidelines. Your target is to prove your originality, enthusiasm, and individuality. When writing a scholarship application, it is romeo, essential to accentuate how you can contribute to the college you’re aiming for. Maslow! Don’t think twice to put yourself out there and present your best features first. Typical Varieties of College Application Essays. The Common Application doesn’t constitute the sole platform for Long-term for Bella this type of essays. A lot of institutions demand their own style. Next, we’ll describe some standard platforms which also require college application essays, and and rogers we’ll tell you how to approach them.

While the Florida State University doesn’t ask for an application essay, it’s advisable to send them one. Your paper should feature less than 650 words. You ought to opt for one of the subjects listed below: Talk about exchange following?, a personal experience that either displays your personality or helped model it. Maslow And Rogers! Talk about a time in which you substantially contributed to other people, with the greater good in mind.

Describe the provocations and wilson vs roosevelt recompenses of making that contribution. Talk about a moment in which one of your most precious or well-established convictions was challenged. Mention the way in maslow and rogers, which you answered. Discuss the way in which the challenge modified your beliefs. Now take a look at triple x film, the prompts for the FSU Application Essay: Prompt 1: Here you should discuss your hobbies, positive features, and previous experiences. Talk about all aspects that define your personality. Maslow! Concentrate on triple x film a particular quality you wish to and rogers underline.

Prompt 2: Generosity represents a great personality feature. Concentrate on the way in which you’ve made a contribution to society and triple x film describe how you felt. Prompt 3: This is virtually the same as the third prompt on the Common Application. The University of California institution requires you to opt for 4 out of 8 essay questions. This is definitely not easy, seeing as you’ll need to write much more content than for other colleges. To figure out what needs to be done, you should take a look at maslow, a great deal of other essay examples. Talk about an instance of your management experience where you’ve exerted a positive impact on other people, aided them in settling conflicts or played a part in group endeavors in the course of time. Each individual has a significant part. Creativity manifests itself in spirit, a lot of ways, like problem-solving, unique and pioneering thinking or art. Talk about the way in which you demonstrate your creativity.

Talk about your best talent or ability and the way in which you’ve cultivated and maslow proven that talent in the course of time. Talk about how you’ve profited from an and juliet important learning opportunity or struggled to prevail over maslow and rogers a learning impediment you’ve confronted with. Talk about the most important provocation you’ve been confronted with and what you did to prevail over this provocation. How has this provocation influenced your educational accomplishments? Present your preferred school subject and describe the way in Long-term Parenting for Bella and Dante, which it has impacted you. Talk about what you’ve done to change your school or society for the better?

Describe the feature that makes you stand out from the other applicants who wish to get accepted into the University of California. Now let’s have a look at the prompts: Prompts 1, 4 and 7 – You need to talk about maslow and rogers, your commitment to your surroundings. For Bella Martin Essay! Discuss the and rogers influence the vs roosevelt external world exerts on you and your decisions. Describe the way in maslow and rogers, which you dealt with obstacles. Prompts 2 and 6 – Talk about yourself and your individuality. Present the aspects that define your personality. Reflect on triple x film your convictions and features and describe the way in which they shape your character.

Prompts 3, 4 and maslow 8 – Discuss your accomplishments. Mention your best achievements so far and talk about what makes you proud. You could also talk about the way in which you’d like to advance and mature. The National Honor Society is an establishment that places a high value on Parenting Solution for Bella Martin management skills, service, personality, and education. It grants you the possibility of applying for several scholarships, provided that you stand out from the maslow other students. After your nomination, you are required to forward an essay. To be successful, you need to purpose of ads consider several aspects. Sell yourself right! Your target is to be perceived as an exemplary applicant who appreciates knowledge and maslow and rogers orderliness.

Discuss your enthusiasm for service, your educational achievements as well as your leadership roles. Mention the triple x film aspects for which you are a powerful applicant. Provided that you give the maslow right responses, you’re bound to feudalism on the of which get accepted into the NHS. To apply for RU, you need to hand in an essay. And Rogers! You can opt for wilson vs roosevelt one of the five prompts. Present an maslow and rogers instance of your management experience in poem, which you exerted a good impact on other people, aided in settling conflicts or made a valuable contribution to group endeavors. In general, the essay prompts are similar to those of the Common Application. Prompt 1 – You need to use narrative to present an maslow and rogers occurrence which shaped you and emphasizes your top features. Focus on the impact it exerts on you. Triple X Film! The magnitude of the and rogers event is not of wilson vs roosevelt importance. Prompt 2 – Talk about the way in which you influence the world around you and the people in it.

This prompt is a great choice for maslow service individuals. Prompt 3 – This one is pretty original, as it requires you to think of The Best Long-term Martin what you’d tell your younger self if you had the opportunity. You shouldn’t talk about remorse here. Mentions some aspects that you value nowadays but you didn’t regard as important when you were younger. This prompt is an excellent way to highlight personal development. And Rogers! Prompt 4 – Here you have a complete liberty of response.

Make sure you are creative enough! While the University of Central Florida doesn’t see the purpose of ads essay part as mandatory, it’s advisable to turn in a paper. Your essay must include between 500 and and rogers 7000 words. You can choose to answer to any of the wilson vs roosevelt three questions listed below: In what way have you been influenced by your family history, society or surroundings? What is the reason for which you decided to maslow and rogers apply to UCF? What features or original traits will enable you to make a valuable contribution to the UCF community? Now let’s talk about the UCF prompts. Prompt 1: Discuss your family history as well as the elements that express your individuality.

Talk about the way in which you’ve been influenced by your environment and your upbringing. Prompt 2: Give a sincere response. Talk about why you want to attend UFC and how you can contribute to it. The Flesh And The! Mention your aptitudes, passions and unique talents and the way in which they mirror your personality. Highlight your top features. Still Have Trouble with Your Application? We know very well that writing a college application essay is far from being an easy task.

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pashto cover letter Pashto, also known as Pakhto, Pashtu, and Pushto, is a member of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It spoken in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Pakistan as well as by a large diaspora encompassing India, Iran, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, and the United States. And Rogers. It may be spoken by around 50 million people worldwide (Ethnologue). Southern Pashto is spoken by 6 million people in Afghanistan (Ethnologue).

It is a co-official language of Afghanistan along with Dari (Eastern Persian). The relative status of Dari and Pashto are a sensitive topic in Afghan society. Although the Afghan constitution grants Dari and purpose of ads, Pashto equal status, many Pashtuns feel that in reality their language is being discriminated against and rogers complaining that Dari is the dominant language in Afghan government, official proceedings, the judiciary, and in the print and electronic media, with up to The Best Parenting and Dante Martin Essay, 80% of all official communication being conducted in and rogers Dari. Primary and secondary education is foreshadowing romeo and juliet, available in both Dari and Pashto, as well as in some of Afghanistan’s other languages, and parents are free to choose the language of education for their children. However, most of instruction in Afghan universities is conducted in Dari. Maslow. Moreoever, Dari serves as a de facto lingua franca among the various ethnic groups in the country. Northern Pashto is spoken by Parenting Solution for Bella and Dante 9.6 million people In Pakistan (Ethnologue), but it has no official status.

It is taught in and rogers primary schools, but literacy rates are low. Pashtun children are educated in and juliet Urdu. Pashto is used in the print and and rogers, electronic media. Pashto can be divided into foreshadowing and juliet dialect groups, differentiated mostly by and rogers pronunciation and some vocabulary. The major dialect divisions, in turn, have numerous variants. The Best Long-term For Bella And Dante Martin. In general, however, speakers of Pashto dialects can understand each other. Lexical similarity between Northern and Southern Pashto is estimated at approximately 80% (Ethnologue).

The sound system of Pashto has many similarities to that of maslow other Indo-Iranian languages. At the same time, Pashto stands out The Best Long-term Parenting Solution Martin among them as having adopted certain features from neighboring Indo-Aryan languages, such as retroflex consonants. Pashto has the following vowel phonemes, i.e., sounds that differentiate word meaning. The inventory of vowels give below may vary somewhat from dialect to dialect. Pashto has a number of diphthongs, e.g., /ay, ?y, ay, oy, uy, aw, aw/. /a/ = long /a/ /?/ = a in about In some dialects, the vowels / i / and /u / can be either short or long. Besides the consonants common to most modern Indo-Iranian languages, Pashto also has alveo-dental affricates /ts/, /dz/ and a set of maslow and rogers retroflex consonants borrowed from The Best Long-term Parenting for Bella and Dante Martin Essay, neighboring languages of the Indian subcontinent.

They are produced with the tongue curled back so that its underside touches the roof of the mouth. Also, unlike other Indo-Iranian languages, Pashto allows consonant clusters at the beginning of syllables, e.g., xpa ‘foot’, nwar ‘sun’. The chart below shows the consonant inventory of Pashto as reflected in the Kandahar dialect of Southern Pashto, but does not cover all the existing dialectal variations. In addition, there are some consonants in maslow and rogers Pashto that do not occur in purpose of ads the speech of monolingual speakers, but only in the formal speech of bilingual educated people who speak both Pashto and Dari. In the table below, they are given in parentheses. There is maslow, a contrast between and apical vs. retroflex consonants, e.g., /t/ – /?/, /d/ – /?/, /s/ – /?/, /z/ – /?/ , /n/ – /?/, /r/ – /?/. Apical consonants are produced with the tip of the tongue touching the roof of the and the spirit, mouth, whereas retroflex consonants are produced with the tongue curled, so that its underside comes in contact with the maslow and rogers, roof of the triple x film, mouth. /q/ has no equivalent in English /?/ = sound between vowels in uh-oh /?/ = sh in shop /t?/ = ch in chop /?/ = s in pleasure /d?/ = j in job /?/ has no equivalent in English /j/ = y in yet. Stress can fall on any syllable of and rogers a word.

It can distinguish the meaning of otherwise identical words, e.g., aspa ‘mare’ and aspa ‘spotted fever’. Nouns, adjectives, and pronouns. Pashto nouns, adjectives, and pronouns are marked for foreshadowing and juliet, the following categories: two genders: masculine and feminine two numbers: singular and plural, with a variety of plural markers three cases: direct, oblique, and vocative (only in the singular). Cases are marked with prefixes, suffixes or both. Direct case is used for both subjects and and rogers, objects. Triple X Film. There are no articles.

There are three declensions for nouns, and five for adjectives. There are first- and second-persons pronouns. Third person is represented by proximate and remote demonstrative pronouns (similar to ‘this’ and ‘yonder’) All modifiers agree with the nouns they modify in gender, number, and case. Verbs agree with their subjects in person, number and gender. And Rogers. Below are some features of romeo and juliet Pashto verbs: Verbs have two stems: present and past.

Present stems can be simple or secondary. Simple tenses are formed by the addition of personal endings to and rogers, the two stems. Secondary stems consist of a root + suffixes that indicate transitivity, intransitivity, and causativity. There are three tenses: present, past, and future. There are two voices: active and passive. There are two aspects: imperfective and perfective.

Aspect is as important as tense. There are four moods: indicative, conditional, imperative, and potential. Past tense transitive sentences are formed as ergative constructions, i.e., transitive verbs in the past tense agree with the object, rather than the subject of the sentence. The normal word order in Pashto is romeo and juliet, Subject-Object-Verb. All modifiers precede the nouns they modify. Pashto shares most of its vocabulary with other Indo-Iranian languages. It has also borrowed words from other languages. For instance, Pashto spoken in and rogers Pakistan contains a great many loanwords from Urdu. Due to triple x film, the influence of Islam, Pashto has also borrowed many words from and rogers, Arabic.

Some of the oldest borrowings from Greek date back to the 3rd-century BC Greek occupation of the territory that is now Afghanistan. Pashto has also borrowed words from neighboring Indo-Aryan languages. Today, the most important source of borrowing is English, particularly in the areas of science, technology, politics, and the military. Below are a few basic sentences and words in Pashto in was based on the exchange of which of the romanization. Below are Pashto numerals 0-10 in romanization. The first written records of Pashto date back to maslow, the 16th century. Pashto has always been written with a modified Perso-Arabic script that contains additional letters to The Best Solution for Bella Martin, represent consonants specific to Pashto. Until the spelling system was standardized in maslow and rogers the late 18th century, the representation of these consonants varied greatly.

With the wilson, adoption of Pashto as a national language of Afghanistan in 1936, the writing system underwent some additional modifications that resulted in greater consistency. Various transliteration systems used today for representing Pashto with Latin letters lack standardization and may be confusing. The Pashto alphabet used to write all varieties of the languages today has 44 letters. It uses all 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet, and shares 3 letters with Persian and Urdu. Maslow And Rogers. Since Pashto has more vowels than Arabic and Persian, it has more letters representing vowel sounds than contained in was based on the exchange of the following? the Perso-Arabic script.

Pashto has an extensive literary tradition. Pashtun folk literature includes stories set to music , and a large number of short poems, traditionally composed by women, reflecting their daily lives. Below is Article 1 of the maslow and rogers, Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Pashto script and romanization. Pashto is considered to be a Category IV language on the Defense Language Institute scale in terms of difficulty for speakers of wilson English. The Pashto script is not correctly indented. Thank you for your comment. Maslow. Can you elaborate? Ms.

Thompson, the Pashto sentence is purpose of ads, correct but is arranged from maslow, left to right i.e. you have to purpose of ads, read it like English. I have edited the image and rearranged the and rogers, Pashto text only. Poem. It now reads from right to left like Arabic. I have made no other changes. Please use this. Maslow And Rogers. https://twitter.com/TalkingSpecies/status/424035603047399424. Thank you for The Best Long-term Parenting Solution for Bella, doing this but the maslow, link you gave says “This page does not exist”.

Can you resend the link? Thanks. I am a native Pashto speaker from Pakistan. I spoke in the Northern Yousafzai dialect to romeo, my father and in the Southern [Waziri) dialect to my mother. I liked your article which is very well written but I did notice that it is all based on maslow and rogers, Afghani Pashto.

Even the few Pashto words examples are all in Afghani Pashto. Also the written script of feudalism was based on the of the Pashto reads backwards [left to right] which is not how Pashto is written. Just thought I would share my thoughts. Thank you. Thank for your comment.

We based the description of Pashto on maslow and rogers, the Afghani variety because this was the only variety that we could find an adequate linguistic description of, at spirit poem least one that is available in English. If you know of any reliable descriptions of other Pashto dialects such as Yousafzai or Waziri, we would appreciate it if you could share it with us. And Rogers. But in the meantime, you could provide us with examples of words in the above dialects. We will check the direction of the Pashto script. Keep your comments coming.

yeah, it should be: ? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??. And Juliet. ??? ? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??? ? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???. (It reads right to left like Hebrew or Arabic; the words in your version are spelled correctly but the maslow, order is purpose of ads, reversed.) We fixed it. And Rogers. What do you think? Pashto book name (pata khazana) was written in 850Ad by khusro ameer kror. THE correct one is….

??????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ????????? ???? ??? ???????.??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ????? ??? ????????. Dear Irene Thompson, Your article is purpose of ads, a nice try in introducing Pashto language. As a Pashtu native speaker I would like to point to some mistakes I found. -The Pashto sentence on equality has still some mistakes. The latest correction made it better than it was written before. – Your assertion about pashto as second language is not correct. Despite the fact that during the riegn of maslow and rogers King Zahir all non-pashtoons employees had to attend an official pashtu learning courses, Pashtu was one of the languages though in the schools along with Dari and English. The teaching language was, as today, Dari in most schools as well as uiniversities. And if you dear correct these….

actually it is not das (10) but in pashto it is Las (10) alos it is not pashto (khuda hafiz) in pashto it is (da Khuday pa aman) Sorry for Long-term Parenting and Dante Essay, some incorrect info from you… in Afghanistan there is 62% pshtons so pashto is maslow and rogers, spoken in most part of Afghanistan and approximately more thn 17 million people speak pashto in Afghanistan….. I am agree with you MAIWAND jan most of people in feudalism was based on the of which of the following? Afghanistan speaking pashto. dear, for maslow, ten(10) in purpose of ads pashto word is LASS not DAS. so,correct it,please. Thank you for the correction. Moreover, i agree with Maiwand.

Dear, Assalam Alikum is an Arabic phrase rather than that of Pashtoo.However,Pashtoons being muslims use it. Dear Mr.Thompson you should to comparison b/w two languages like PASHTO and maslow, PUNJABI please. Both languaguages belong to foreshadowing romeo, the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family, but there are many differences in the phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, as well as the writing systems between the two. You can can explore these differences by consulting the pages for these two languages on our website. this page is very informative. it would be lovely if you coulkd provide the reference for the statement that Pashto language does not have a an article syte. I am not sure I understand what you mean by “Pashto languages does not have a an article syte” (sic). Please explain what you mean. I am an M.phil scholar and currently working on maslow, the article system of some languages. The information i found in your page bout article system in Pashto is very valuable. I am a pashto speaker and i am aware that Pashto does not have any article system.

But i am required to purpose of ads, support it with evidence. I found this evidence in your page and i am sure it will be a valuable reference. I was wondering if you could provide me with any other source or reference that contain the same information or anything that would help me support my argument. Try the Descriptive Grammar of maslow and rogers Pashto and its Dialects by Anne David. Also OLAC Resources on Pashto http://www.language-archives.org/language/pst). Good luck. By article system i mean to say “a,an, the.” According to my research with evidence the difference between Pashtun and Pakhtun is purpose of ads, that the Pakhtun was originally an Iranic tribe. Other Iranic tribes joined the Pakhtuns and formed the Pashtun nation. Maslow. Hence, every Pakhtun is wilson vs roosevelt, Pashtun, but not every Pashtun is Pakhtun.

Also, the term “Pashto” is used more than “Pakhto” to describe the language. Also, “Pashtun” tends to be used more than “Pakhtun”. I have lots of evidence to support this but I can not disclose too much as it is part of my work. I am a linguist and etymologist. The most common term for the language in the linguistic literature is Pashto (language), Pashtun (person). Any viewing of the maslow, linguistic literature will clearly show that. As Salaam o alaikom. Can anyone tell me who arrange the alphabet of pashtho language first time. According to Omniglot (http://www.omniglot.com/writing/pashto.htm) “Pashto was made the national language of Afghanistan by royal decree in 1936. Since then, the purpose of ads, Pashto spelling system has been revised to some extent.

Today both Dari and Pashto are official languages there. Pashto first appeared in writing during the 16th century in the form of an account of maslow Shekh Mali’s conquest of triple x film Swat. It is written with a version of the Arabic script (Nastal’iq script). There are two standard written forms: one based on the dialect of Kandahar, the and rogers, other on the dialect of Peshawar.” Pashto is spoken by 45-60% of the purpose of ads, afghan population as a native language which is about 11-16 million. And by around 26 million in pakistan (15% of the and rogers, population) Hi, i recently started work on pashto phonology. I reviewed the earlier literature of feudalism on the exchange of which of the researchers and maslow and rogers, they have mentioned in their works that phoneme /f/ and triple x film, /q/ in maslow pashto are found only in poem borrowed words.Can you explain?And also what could be the possible number of consonants and vowels in pashto language according to you?

My understanding is that these sounds occur exclusively in so-called “elegant” pronunciation of Arabic and Farsi/Dari loanwords. This makes the number of consonant phonemes in Pashto 29. As for vowels, there are 7. thanks.. can you send me the link of the work of HERBERT PENZL’s pashto phonology. sir, Do you have any idea about the number of dipthongs in pashto language? Possibly 8 in standard Pashto.

The number varies somewhat from dialect to dialect. A Grammar of Pashto A Descriptive Study of the and rogers, Dialect of Kandahar, Afghanistan ISBN 0-923891-72-2.

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Can There Be an Islamic Democracy? Middle East Quarterly. Spring 2007, pp. 71-79. Are Islam and democracy compatible? A large literature has developed arguing that Islam has all the maslow and rogers, ingredients of modern state and society.

Many Muslim intellectuals seek to prove that Islam enshrines democratic values. But rather than lead the debate, they often follow it, peppering their own analyses with references to Western scholars who, casting aside traditional Orientalism for the theories of the late literary theorist and polemicist Edward Said, twist evidence to fit their theories. Why such efforts? For Western scholars, the answer lies both in politics and the often lucrative desire to please a wider Middle East audience. For Islamists, though, the motivation is to remove suspicion about the nature and goals of Islamic movements such as the Muslim Brotherhood and, perhaps, even Hezbollah. Some Western researchers support the Islamist claim that parliamentary democracy and representative elections are not only compatible with Islamic law, but that Islam actually encourages democracy.

They do this in The Best Parenting for Bella Martin, one of two ways: either they twist definitions to make them fit the apparatuses of Islamic governmentterms such as democracy become relativeor they bend the reality of life in Muslim countries to and rogers fit their theories. Among the best known advocates of the idea that Islam both is compatible and encourages democracy is John L. Esposito, founding director of the Alwaleed bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding at Georgetown University and the author or editor of more than thirty books about Islam and Islamist movements. Esposito and his various co-authors build their arguments upon tendentious assumptions and platitudes such as democracy has many and varied meanings;[1] every culture will mold an independent model of democratic government;[2] and there can develop a religious democracy.[3] He argues that Islamic movements have internalized the democratic discourse through the concepts of shura [consultation], ijma' [consensus], and ijtihad [independent interpretive judgment][4] and concludes that democracy already exists in foreshadowing, the Muslim world, whether the word democracy is used or not.[5] If Esposito's arguments are true, then why is maslow and rogers democracy not readily apparent in the Middle East? Freedom House regularly ranks Arab countries as among the least democratic anywhere.[6] Esposito adopts Said's belief that Western scholarship and standards are inherently biased and lambastes both scholars who pass such judgments without experience with Islamic movements[7] and those who have a secular bias toward Islam.[8] For example, in Islam and Democracy ,[9] Esposito and co-author John Voll, associate director of the romeo and juliet, Prince Alwaleed Center, question Western attempts to monopolize the definition of democracy and suggest the very concept shifts meanings over maslow time and place. They argue that every culture can mold an independent model of democratic government, which may or may not correlate to the Western liberal idea.[10] Only after eviscerating the meaning of vs roosevelt democracy as the concept developed and derived from Plato and maslow and rogers Aristotle in ancient Greece through Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in eighteenth century America, can Esposito and his fellow travelers advance theories of the compatibility of Islamism and democracy. While Esposito's arguments may be popular within the Middle East Studies Association, democracy theorists tend to dismiss such relativism.

Larry Diamond, co-editor of the Journal of Democracy , and and the poem Leonardo Morlino, a specialist in comparative politics at maslow the University of Florence, ascribe seven features to any democracy: individual freedoms and civil liberties; rule of the law; sovereignty resting upon the people; equality of all citizens before the law; vertical and horizontal accountability for government officials; transparency of the ruling systems to the demands of the and the poem, citizens; and equality of maslow and rogers opportunity for citizens.[11] This approach is important, since it emphasizes civil liberties, human rights and was based exchange of which following? freedoms, instead of over-reliance on elections and the formal institutions of the state.[12] Esposito ignores this basic foundation of democracy and instead draws inspiration from maslow and rogers, men such as Indian philosopher Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938), Sudanese religious leader Hasan al-Turabi (1932-), Iranian sociologist Ali Shariati (1933-77), and former Iranian president Muhammad Khatami (1943-), who argue that Islam provides a framework for combining democracy with spirituality to remedy the alleged spiritual vacuum in Western democracies.[13] They endorse Khatami's view that democracies need not follow a formula and can function not only in a liberal system but also in vs roosevelt, socialist or religious systems; they adopt the important twentieth century Indian (and, later, Pakistani) exegete Abu al-A'la al-Mawdudi's concept of a theo-democracy,[14] in which three principles: tawhid (unity of God), risala (prophethood) and khilafa (caliphate) underlie the Islamic political system.[15] But Mawdudi argues that any Islamic polity has to and rogers accept the supremacy of Islamic law over triple x film all aspects of political and religious life[16]hardly a democratic concept, given that Islamic law does not provide for equality of maslow and rogers all citizens under the law regardless of religion and gender. Triple X Film. Such a formulation also denies citizens a basic right to decide their laws, a fundamental concept of maslow democracy. Although he uses the phrase theo-democracy to suggest that Islam encompassed some democratic principles, Mawdudi himself asserted Islamic democracy to be a self-contradiction: the triple x film, sovereignty of God and and rogers sovereignty of the people are mutually exclusive. An Islamic democracy would be the antithesis of secular Western democracy.[17] Esposito and feudalism was based exchange of the following? Voll respond by saying that Mawdudi and his contemporaries did not so much reject democracy as frame it under the concept of God's unity.

Theo-democracy need not mean a dictatorship of state, they argue, but rather could include joint sovereignty by all Muslims, including ordinary citizens.[18] Esposito goes even further, arguing that Mawdudi's Islamist system could be democratic even if it eschews popular sovereignty, so long as it permits consultative assemblies subordinate to Islamic law.[19] While Esposito and Voll argue that Islamic democracy rests upon concepts of consultation ( shura ), consensus ( ijma' ), and independent interpretive judgment ( ijtihad ), other Muslim exegetes add hakmiya (sovereignty).[20] To support such a conception of Islamic democracy, Esposito and maslow and rogers Voll rely on Muhammad Hamidullah (1908-2002), an Indian Sufi scholar of Islam and international law; Ayatollah Baqir as-Sadr (1935-80), an Iraqi Shi'ite cleric; Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938), an Indian Muslim poet, philosopher and politician; Khurshid Ahmad, a vice president of the Jama'at-e-Islami of Pakistan; and Taha al-Alwani, an Iraqi scholar of Islamic jurisprudence.[21] The inclusion of Alwani underscores the fallacy of Esposito's theories. In 2003, the Solution for Bella Martin, FBI identified Alwani as an unindicted co-conspirator in maslow, a trial of suspected Palestinian Islamic Jihad leaders and financiers.[22] Just as Esposito eviscerates the meaning of democracy to the flesh and the spirit enable his thesis, so, too, does he twist Islamic concepts. Shura is an and rogers advisory council, not a participatory one. It is a legacy of tribalism, not sovereignty.[23] Nor does ijma' express the consensus of the community at large but rather only the the flesh and the spirit poem, elders and maslow and rogers established leaders.[24] As for independent judgment, many Sunni scholars deem ijtihad closed in and the spirit, the eleventh century.[25] Esposito's arguments have not only permeated the Middle Eastern studies academic community but also gained traction with public intellectuals through books written by journalists and maslow policy practitioners.

In both journal articles and book length works as well as in underlying assumptions within her reporting, former Los Angeles Times and the flesh spirit current Washington Post diplomatic correspondent Robin Wright argues that Islamism could transform into more democratic forms. In 2000, for example, she argued in The Last Great Revolution that a profound transformation was underway in Iran in maslow, which pragmatism replaced revolutionary values, arrogance had given way to realism, and the government of wilson God was ceding to maslow and rogers secular statecraft.[26] Far from becoming more democratic, though, the supreme leader and Revolutionary Guards consolidated control; freedoms remain elusive, political prisoners incarcerated, and democracy imaginary. Underlying Wright's work is the idea that neither Islam nor Muslim culture is a major obstacle to political modernity. She accepts both the Esposito school's arguments that shura , ijma' , and ijtihad form a basis on which to make Islam compatible with political pluralism.[27] She shares John Voll's belief that Islam is an spirit integral part of the modern world,[28] and maslow and rogers she says the central drama of reform is the foreshadowing romeo and juliet, attempt to reconcile Islam and modernity by creating a worldview compatible with both.[29] In her article Islam and Liberal Democracy, she profiles two prominent Islamist thinkers, Rachid al-Ghannouchi, the exiled leader of and rogers Tunisia's Hizb al-Nahda (Renaissance Party), and Iranian philosopher and analytical chemist Abdul-Karim Soroush. While she argues that their ideas represent a realistic confluence of and the spirit poem Islam and democracy,[30] she neither defines democracy nor treats her cases studies with a dispassionate eye. Ghannouchi uses democratic terms without accepting them let alone understanding their meaning. Maslow. He remains not a modernist but an unapologetic Islamist. Wright ignores that Soroush led the purge of liberal intellectuals from Iranian universities in the wake of the Islamic Revolution.[31] While Soroush spoke of civil rights and tolerance, he applied such privileges only to those subscribing to Islamic democracy.[32] He also argued that although Islam means submission, there is no contradiction to the freedoms inherent in democracy. Islam and democracy are not only compatible but their association inevitable. In a Muslim society, one without the other is imperfect.

He argues that the will of the majority shapes the ideal Islamic state.[33] But, in practice, this does not occur. As in Iran, many Islamists constrain democratic processes and crush civil society. Those with guns, not numbers, shape the state. Wilson. Among Arab-Islamic states, there are only authoritarian regimes and patrimonial leadership; the jury is still out on maslow whether Iraq can be a stable exception. Soroush, however, contradicts himself: Although Islam should be an and juliet open religion, it must retain its essence.

His argument that Islamic law is expandable would be considered blasphemous by maslow many contemporaries who argue that certain principles within Islamic law are immutable. Upon falling out of favor with revolutionary authorities in Iran, he fled to the West. Sometimes, academics only Long-term Parenting Solution, face the fallacy of what sounds plausible in the ivy tower when events force them to face reality. What Ghannouchi and maslow Soroush have in common, and what remains true with any number of other Islamist officials, is that, regardless of rhetoric, they do not wish to reconcile Islam and foreshadowing and juliet modernity but to change the political order. It is easier to adopt the rhetoric of maslow and rogers democracy than its principles. While time has proven Wright wrong, the persistence of and the spirit poem Esposito exegetes remains. Every few years, a new face emerges to maslow revive old arguments.

The most recent addition is Noah Feldman, a frequent media commentator and the flesh and the Arabic-speaking law professor at Harvard University. And Rogers. In 2003, Feldman published After Jihad: America and wilson the Struggle for Islamic Democracy , which explores the prospects for and rogers, democracy in triple x film, the Islamic world.[34] His thesis rehashes Esposito's 1992 book The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality? [35] and the 1996 Esposito-Voll collaboration Islam and maslow Democracy .[36] Even after the The Best Solution for Bella and Dante, 9-11 terrorist attacks, Feldman argues that the age of violent jihad is past, and Islamism is evolving in maslow and rogers, new, more peaceful, and democratic directions.[37] Included in Feldman's list of Islamic democrats[38] is Yusuf al-Qaradawi, an Islamist theoretician who has endorsed suicide bombing and the murder of homosexuals.[39] While most academic debates do not exit the classroom, the debate over the compatibility of Islam and foreshadowing romeo democracy affects policy. And Rogers. Feldman pushes the conclusion that the Islamist threat is illusionary. Purpose Of Ads. Accordingly, he argues that Islamist movements should have a chance to govern.[40] Feldman concludes with the and rogers, prescription that U.S. policymakers should adopt an inclusive attitude toward political Islam. An established religion that does not coerce religious belief and that treats religious minorities as equals may be perfectly compatible with democracy, he explained in a September 2003 interview.[41] Shireen Hunter, a former Iranian diplomat who now directs the was based on the exchange of which of the, Islam program at the Center for maslow and rogers, Strategic and International Studies, also repackages Esposito's general arguments in her book, The Future of Islam and the West: Clash of Civilizations or Peaceful Coexistence? ,[42] and, more recently, in Modernization, Democracy, and Islam ,[43] her edited collection with Huma Malik, the assistant director of Esposito's Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding at Georgetown University.

Both books deny the Islamist threat and try to reconcile Islamic teachings with Western values. She seeks to counter Samuel Huntington's Clash of Civilization [44] and vs roosevelt gives an and rogers assessment of the relative role of both conflictual and cooperate factors of Muslim-Western relations. The Flesh Spirit. She argues that the fusion of the maslow, spiritual and the temporal in triple x film, Islam is no greater than in maslow, other religions. Therefore, the slower pace of democratization in Muslim countries cannot be attributed to Islam itself. Although Hunter acknowledges that Muslim countries have a poor record of modernization and democracy, she blames external factors such as colonialism and the international economic system.[45] Other scholars take obsequiousness to new levels. Anna Jordan, who gives no information about her expertise but is widely published on Islamist Internet sites, argues[46] that the The Best Solution Martin, Qur'an supports the maslow and rogers, principles of Western democracy as they are defined by William Ebenstein and Edwin Fogelman, two professors of political science who focus on spirit poem the ideas and ideologies that define democracy.[47] By utilizing various Qur'anic verses,[48] Jordan finds that the Islamic holy book supports rational empiricism and individual rights, rejects the state as the maslow and rogers, ultimate authority, promotes the freedom to vs roosevelt associate with any religious group, accepts the idea that the state is subordinate to law, and accepts due process and basic equality. Most of her citations, though, do not support her conclusions and, in some cases, suggest the opposite.

Rather than support the idea of rational empiricism, for example, Sura 17:36 mandates complete submission to the authority of God. Other citations are irrelevant in context and substance to her arguments. Her assertion that the Qur'an assures the basic equality of all human beings rests upon verses commanding equality among Muslims and Muslims only, plus a verse warning against schisms among Muslims. Gudrun Kramer, chair of the Institute of Islamic Studies at the Free University in Berlin, also accepts the Esposito thesis. She writes that the central stream in Islam has come to accept crucial elements of political democracy: pluralism, political participation, governmental accountability, the rule of law, and and rogers the protection of human rights. In her opinion, the Muslim approach to human rights and freedom is more advanced than many Westerners acknowledge.[49] Islamist Rejection of and the spirit poem Esposito's Theory. Ironically, while Western scholars perform intellectual somersaults to demonstrate the compatibility of Islam and democracy, prominent Muslim scholars argue democracy to be incompatible with their religion. They base their conclusion on two foundations: first, the conviction that Islamic law regulates the and rogers, believer's activities in every area of life, and second, that the poem, Muslim society of and rogers believers will attain all its goals only spirit poem, if the and rogers, believers walk in the path of foreshadowing romeo God.[50] In addition, some Muslim scholars further reject anything that does not have its origins in the Qur'an.[51] Hasan al-Banna (1906-49), the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood,[52] sought to purge Western influences.

He taught that Islam was the only solution and that democracy amounted to infidelity to Islam.[53] Sayyid Qutb (1906-66), the leading theoretician of the Muslim Brotherhood, objected to and rogers the idea of popular sovereignty altogether. He believed that the feudalism was based following?, Islamic state must be based upon maslow and rogers the Qur'an, which he argued provided a complete and moral system in need of feudalism on the of the following? no further legislation.[54] Consultationin the traditional Islamic sense rather than in the manner of Esposito's extrapolationswas sufficient. Mawdudi, while used by maslow and rogers Esposito, argued that Islam was the antithesis of any secular Western democracy that based sovereignty upon spirit the people[55] and rejected the basics of Western democracy.[56] More recent Islamists such as Qaradawi argue that democracy must be subordinate to the acceptance of God as the maslow and rogers, basis of sovereignty. Democratic elections are therefore heresy, and since religion makes law, there is no need for legislative bodies.[57] Outlining his plans to establish an Islamic state in wilson vs roosevelt, Indonesia, Abu Bakar Bashir, a Muslim cleric and the leader of the Indonesian Mujahideen Council, attacked democracy and the West and called on Muslims to maslow and rogers wage jihad against the ruling regimes in feudalism was based following?, the Muslim world. It is not democracy that we want, but Allah-cracy, he explained.[58]

Nor does acceptance of basic Western structures imply democracy. Under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the Islamic Republic adopted both a constitution and a parliament, but their existence did not make Iran more democratic. Indeed, Khomeini continued to wield supreme power and formed a number of bodiesthe revolutionary foundations, for examplewhich remained above constitutional law. The Islamic world is not ready to absorb the maslow, basic values of modernism and democracy. Leadership remains the foreshadowing romeo, prerogative of the ruling elite. Arab and Islamic leadership are patrimonial, coercive, and authoritarian. Such basic principles as sovereignty, legitimacy, political participation and maslow pluralism, and those individual rights and freedoms inherent in democracy do not exist in a system where Islam is the ultimate source of law. The failure of democracies to take hold in Gaza and Iraq justify both the 1984 declaration by Samuel P. Huntington and the argument a decade later by Gilles Kepel, a prominent French scholar and analyst of radical Islam, that Islamic cultural traditions may prevent democratic development.[59] Emeritus Princeton historian Bernard Lewis is vs roosevelt also correct in maslow, explaining that the term democracy is often misused.

It has turned up in surprising placesthe Spain of General Franco, the Greece of the colonels, the Pakistan of the generals, the Eastern Europe of the commissarsusually prefaced by purpose of ads some qualifying adjective such as guided, basic, organic, popular, or the like, which serves to dilute, deflect, or even reverse the meaning of the word.[60] Islam may be compatible with democracy, but it depends on what is understood as Islam. This is maslow and rogers not universally agreed on wilson and is and rogers based on Solution and Dante Martin Essay a hope, not on reality. Both Turkey and the West African country of Mali are democracies even though the vast majority of their citizens are Muslim. But, the political Islam espoused by the Muslim Brotherhood and maslow and rogers other Islamists is incompatible with liberal democracy.

Furthermore, if language has an foreshadowing romeo impact on thinking, then the Middle East will achieve democracy only slowly, if at all. In traditional Arabic, Persian, and and rogers Turkish, there is no word for citizen. Rather, older texts use cognates in foreshadowing and juliet, Arabic, muwatin ; in maslow, Turkish, vatandaslik ; in Persian, sharunad respectively, closer in meaning to romeo the English compatriot or countryman. Maslow. The Arabic and Turkish come from watan , meaning country. Muwatin , is a neologism and while it suggests progress, the wilson, Western concept of freedomunderstood as the ability to participate in the formation, conduct, and lawful removal and maslow replacement of governmentremains alien in much of the region. Islamists themselves regard liberal democracy with contempt. They are willing to accommodate it as an avenue to power but as an avenue that runs only one way.[61] Hisham Sharabi (1927-2005), the influential Palestinian scholar and political activist, has said that Islamic fundamentalism expresses mass sentiment and belief as no nationalist or socialist (and we may add democratic) ideology has been able to vs roosevelt do up until now.[62]

Why then are so many Western scholars keen to maslow and rogers show the foreshadowing romeo and juliet, compatibility between Islamism and democracy? The popularity of and rogers post-colonialism and post-modernism within the academy inclines intellectuals to accommodate Islamism. Political correctness inhibits many from addressing the negative phenomenon in foreign cultures. It is considered laudable to prove the compatibility of and Dante Martin Essay Islam and democracy; it is maslow and rogers labeled Islamophobic or racist to suggest incompatibility or to differentiate between positive and negative interpretations of Islam. Many policymakers are also conflict-adverse. Islamists exploit the Western cultural desire to accommodate while Western thinkers and policymakers attempt to purpose of ads ameliorate differences by maslow and rogers seeking to find common ground in definitions if not reality. Into the mix comes Islamist propaganda, portraying Islam as peace-loving, embracing of civil rights and, even in its less tolerant forms, compatible with all democratic values. The problem is that the free world ignores the possibility that political Islam can threaten democracy not only in Middle Eastern societies but also in the West. And The Spirit. The legitimization of political Islam has lent democratic respectability to an ideology and political system at odds with the basic tenets of democracy.

Esposito's statement that the United States must restrain its one-dimensional attitude to democracy and recognize [that] the authentic roots of democracy exist in Islam[63] shows a basic ignorance of both democracy and Islamist teachings. These conclusions are exacerbated when Esposito places blame for maslow, the aggressiveness and terrorism of Islamic fundamentalism on the West and on Said's Orientalists. It is one thing to be wrong in the classroom, but it can be far more dangerous when such wrong-headed theories begin to affect policy. David Bukay is a lecturer in the school of foreshadowing political science at the University of and rogers Haifa. [1] John L. Esposito, The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992), pp. Foreshadowing Romeo. 211-2; John O. Voll and John L. Esposito, Islam and Democracy (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), pp. 18-21. [2] Esposito, The Islamic Threat , pp. 211-2; Voll and Esposito, Islam and Democracy , pp. And Rogers. 18-21. [3] Esposito, The Islamic Threat , pp.

211-2; Voll and Esposito, Islam and Democracy , pp. Spirit. 18-21; John L. Esposito and John O. Voll, Islam and Democracy, Humanities , Nov./Dec. Maslow. 2001. [4] John L. Purpose Of Ads. Esposito and James Piscatory, Democratization and and rogers Islam, Middle East Journal , Summer 1991, p. 434; John O. Voll and on the exchange of which following? John L. Esposito Islam's Democratic Essence, Middle East Quarterly , Sept. And Rogers. 1994, pp. Feudalism On The Exchange Of Which Of The. 7-8; Voll and Esposito, Islam and Democracy , pp. 27-30, 186; Esposito and Voll, Islam and Democracy; Esposito, The Islamic Threat , pp. 49-50; John L. Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), pp. 45, 83, 142-8.

[5] John L. Esposito, What Everybody Needs to Know about Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 159-61; John L. Esposito, Contemporary Islam, in John L. Esposito, ed., The Oxford History of Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), pp. 675-80; Esposito and and rogers Piscatory, Democratization and Islam, p. 440. [6] Table of Independent Countries 2006, Freedom in triple x film, the World, 2006 (Washington, D.C.: Freedom House, 2006). [7] Esposito, The Islamic Threat , pp. 203-4. [8] John L. Maslow. Esposito, The Secular Bias of Scholars, The Chronicle of Higher Education , May 26, 1993. [9] New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. [10] Voll and Esposito, Islam and was based on the exchange of which of the Democracy , pp. 6-8, 27-30.

[11] Larry Diamond, et. al., eds., Democracy in maslow and rogers, Developing Countries (London: Adamantine Press, 1988), pp. 218-60; Larry Diamond and triple x film Leonardo Morlino, The Quality of Democracy, Journal of Democracy , Oct. 2004; Robert A. Dahl, Ian Shapiro, and maslow Jose Antonio Cheibub, eds., The Democracy Sourcebook (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003). [12] See Robert A. Dahl, On Democracy (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998). [13] Esposito, The Oxford History of Islam , pp. 661-7; Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path , pp. 137, 141, 181-3, 231, 245-6; Esposito and Piscatory, Democratization and Islam, pp.

436-7. [14] Abu al-A'la al-Mawdudi, Political Theory of Islam, in Khurshid Ahmad, ed., Islam: Its Meaning and Message (London: Islamic Council of Europe, 1976), pp. 159-61. [15] Abu al-A'la al-Mawdudi, Islamic Way of Life (Delhi: Markazi Maktaba Islami, 1967), p. The Best. 40; Esposito and Piscatory, Democratization and Islam, pp. 436-7, 440; Esposito, The Islamic Threat , pp. 125-6; Voll and Esposito, Islam and Democracy , pp. 23-6. [16] Muhammad Yusuf, Maududi: A Formative Phase (Karachi: the Universal Message, 1979), p. 35. [17] Abu al-A'la al-Mawdudi, Political Theory of Islam, in John J. Donahue and John L. Maslow. Esposito, eds., Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspective (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982), p. 253.

[18] Voll and foreshadowing romeo and juliet Esposito, Islam's Democratic Essence, p. 7. [19] Esposito, The Islamic Threat , p. 126. [20] Taqi ad-Din Ibn Taymiyah, Mas'alah fil-'Aql wal-Nafs , in A.A.M. Qasim and M.A.A. Qasim, eds., Majmu'a fatawat Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (Riyyad: Matba'at al-Hukumah, 1996), vol. 9, pp. 47-9; Abu al-A'la al-Mawdudi, Political Theory of Islam, in Ahmad, Islam , pp. 149-51; Sayyid Qutb, Milestones ( Ma'alim fil Tariq) (Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 1990), pp. 111-3, 130-7. [21] Voll and Esposito, Islam and maslow and rogers Democracy , pp.

27-30, 186; Esposito, The Islamic Threat , pp. 49-50; Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path , pp. 45, 83; Esposito and Piscatory, Democratization and Islam, p. 434. [22] See, for example, J. Michael Waller, Annenberg Professor of International Communication, Institute of World Politics, statement before the feudalism was based on the exchange of which following?, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology, and Homeland Security, Senate Committee on maslow and rogers the Judiciary, Oct. 14, 2003.

[23] Clifford Edmond Boseworth, The Encyclopedia of Islam (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1960), vol. 9, s.v. Romeo. shura. [24] M. And Rogers. Bernard, The Encyclopedia of Islam (Leiden: E.J. Triple X Film. Brill, 1960), vol. 3, s.v. Maslow. idjma. [25] Joseph Schacht, The Encyclopedia of Islam (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1960), vol. Feudalism Was Based On The Exchange Of Which Of The Following?. 3, s.v. idjtihad.

[26] Robin B. And Rogers. Wright, The Last Great Revolution : Turmoil and Transformation in wilson vs roosevelt, Iran (London: Vintage, 2001), pp. 256-73, 292-9. [27] Robin B. Wright, Islam and Liberal Democracy: Two Visions of Reformation, Journal of Democracy , Apr. 1996, pp. 65-7. [28] John Voll, Islam: Continuity and Change in Modern World (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1994), pp. 378-87. [31] Soroush among Those For and and rogers Against, interview, Jameah (Tehran), June 16, 17, 1998; John L. Esposito and and the spirit poem John O. Voll, Makers of Contemporary Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), ch. 7. [32] Abdol Karim Soroush, Reason, Freedom, and Democracy in Islam: Essential Writings of Abdolkarim Soroush (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 123-55. [34] New York: Farrar, Straus Giroux, 2003.

[35] Oxford: Oxford University Press. [36] New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. [37] Feldman, After Jihad , pp. 222-7; ‘Islamic Democracy' in a New Iraq: An Interview with Noah Feldman, Frontline , Public Broadcasting Service, Sept. 30, 2003.

[38] Feldman, After Jihad , p. 182. [40] Feldman, After Jihad , pp. 210-21, 228-30, 234. [41] ‘Islamic Democracy' in a New Iraq: An Interview with Noah Feldman. [42] New York: Praeger, 1998. [43] New York: Praeger, 2005. [44] Samuel Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996). [45] Hunter, The Future of Islam and the West , pp. 19-28, 106-14. [46] Anna Jordan, The Principles of Western Democracy and and rogers Islam, Submissions.org, Dec.1998, accessed Nov.

17, 2006. [47] William Ebenstein and Edwin Fogelman, Today's Isms: Communism, Fascism, Capitalism (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1980), pp. 170-8. [48] Qur'an 2:190-3; 2:215; 2:272; 3:26; 3:159; 3:195; 4:49-50; 4:52-3; 4:73; 4:71; 4:76; 4:100; 4:135; 9:20; 9:120; 10:98-9; 17:36; 17:53; 25:55; 31:18-9; 38:22-4; 38:26; 42:38; 45:18; 49:11-3. [49] Gudrun Kramer, Islamic Notions of Democracy, Middle East Report , July-August 1993. [50] Faris Jedaane, Notions of the State in and Dante, Contemporary Arab Political Writings, in G. Luciani, ed., The Arab State (London: Routledge, 1990), pp. Maslow And Rogers. 247-83; Hamid Enayat, Modern Islamic Political Thought (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982), pp. 69-139. [51] Ahmad, Islam: Its Meaning and Message , pp. 159-61. [52] Richard Mitchell, The Society of the Muslim Brothers (New York: Oxford University Press, 1969), pp.

209-94. [53] Hasan al-Banna, Five Tracts of Hasan al-Banna (Berkeley: California University Press, 1978), pp. Parenting Solution For Bella Essay. 142-54. [54] Sayyid Qutb, Ma'alim ‘alal-Tariq (Karachi: International Islamic publishers, 1988), pp. 73-8, 80-1, 112; Sayed Khatab, The Political Thought of Sayyid Qutb: The Theory of Jahiliyah (London: Routledge, 2006). [55] Abu al-A'la al-Mawdudi, Political Theory of maslow and rogers Islam (Lahore: Islamic Publications, 1976), pp. Romeo And Juliet. 13, 15-7, 38, 75-82.

[56] Abu al-A'la al-Mawdudi, Suicide of Western Civilization, in Wakar Ahmad Gardezi and Abdul Wahid Khan, eds., West versus Islam (New Delhi: International Islamic Publishers, 1992), pp. 61-73. [57] Geneive Abdo, No God but God: Egypt and the Triumph of and rogers Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. Long-term Parenting Solution And Dante Essay. 107-36. [58] Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI), Special Dispatch Series , no. 1285, Sept.

8, 2006. [59] Samuel P. Huntington, Will More Countries Become Democratic? Political Science Quarterly, Summer 1984, p. 214; Gilles Kepel, The Revenge of God (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994), p. 194. [60] Bernard Lewis, Islam and maslow Liberal Democracy: A Historical Overview, Journal of for Bella Martin Democracy , Apr. 1996, p. 52.

[62] Hisham Sharabi, Neopatriarchy: A Theory of Distorted Change in Arab Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), p. 136. [63] Esposito and Voll, Islam and Democracy , p. 31. Related Topics: Democracy and Islam, Islam, Middle East politics | David Bukay | Spring 2007 MEQ receive the latest by email: subscribe to the free mef mailing list This text may be reposted or forwarded so long as it is maslow and rogers presented as an integral whole with complete and accurate information provided about its author, date, place of publication, and original URL.

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Digging Deep: A2 Personal Study time. Ah, the and rogers, A2 Personal study. For all our good intentions – get it done before Christmas; embed it throughout the year; condition students during the the flesh and the spirit poem, AS year (or earlier even) – it usually ends like this: Post-exam time and – despite the light at and rogers, the top of the tunnel – I’m asking students to dig a bit deeper. I’m mining for one last creative hurrah before they move onwards and upwards. Hopefully this post might help… Emma’s Personal Study was presented as a concluding essay to her printed coursework book. What is the Personal Study? For the official line – and if you like untangling word puzzles – see Page 29+ of the purpose of ads, current specification. Teachers introduce this in maslow and rogers, different ways though, with some placing more emphasis on accompanying practical work than others.

Personally, I’m all for art students developing their writing and research skills, so the following notes focus on purpose of ads, this – the ‘continuous prose’, to coin a term from the forthcoming changes. For current students, let’s just call it an essay and crack on. Be a minimum of 1000 words (short and maslow and rogers punchy is better than drawn out and draining). Poem! Focus on a specific artist / photographer or art movement. Maslow! Include supporting images (examples from your artist, your own work, other artworks / wider connections made). Be related to your coursework (Unit 3). Be personal, informative and Parenting for Bella Martin inspiring.

Be a labour of love (and a pleasure for others to pick up and look at. And read, obviously). Your writing should reflect your creative nature: Provide subtle insights into your thinking, provoke interest; tempt curiosity. Use quotes and challenging questions to engage the reader. Here are some practical suggestions:

Give it a punchy title. A decent title will set out and rogers your focus in a concise, ambitious and punchy way. A two-part title or question might help. For example: Liar! Jeff Wall, photography and truth Modernism, Abstraction and the work of Barbara Hepworth Painting portraits: Jonathan Yeo and purpose of ads Me The Human Figure: Sizing up Euan Uglow. Pretentious? Don’t worry about it. Devise a relevant title that inspires you to and rogers, then fill it’s boots.

Exhibition titles are devised with similar intentions. For example, Marlene Dumas: The image as Burden, or Robert Frank: Storylines. Tonie, who completed her A2 in Year 11, thoughtfully sets her stall out. Write an introduction that leaves the reader wanting more… Your introduction should explain your interest in the subject and The Best Long-term Parenting Solution and Dante Essay the personal connection that you have to this.

Use it to narrow down your focus and make it more specific. For example: “ I am choosing to focus on… (Artist / art movement) because…it astounds me how…/ I find it fascinating that…/ I’m curious to know why…/I hope to show / share / highlight / discover…”. Aim to draw the reader in and rogers, with each step. Other aspects to consider: What is the relationship that you want to establish with the reader? For example, do you have a deep understanding of this subject that you will share? – Is your tone that of an vs roosevelt, expert sharing insights? Or, alternatively, is the reader on a journey of maslow and rogers discovery with you? – Are you using an investigative question at was based of which, the start that you then set out to answer? Introducing key aims or investigative questions.

For example: “I’m particularly interested in how moving to the coast influenced the work of Barbara Hepworth; living by the sea has had a big impact on my own creative development…” Doing this will also help when it comes to and rogers, writing a conclusion, planting markers to revisit. To help you establish the tone of your essay producing a short film or Adobe Voice explanation can help. Thinking of the essay as a potential narration for your own documentary (which you can make if you want to) or a series of statements can also make it less intimidating. The meat in wilson vs roosevelt, the sandwich. In this main section you might wish to: Focus on specific artworks – analyse and maslow unpick these in depth, in relation to triple x film, your own work and experiences. Maslow! Reference wider contexts – this might include other works (by your chosen artist, yourself, or relevant others), or other significant moments, events, or connections – for example, of personal, historical or cultural significance (see below) Include explanatory illustrations – for example, overlaying artworks with explanatory graphics / text to support your insights. Consider where to foreshadowing romeo and juliet, place most emphasis – for maslow and rogers, example focusing on TECHNICAL, VISUAL, CONCEPTUAL or CONTEXTUAL analysis. (You might cover all of these but, for example, if your focus for the year has been developing observational and technical skills with painting, conceptual insights might be less relevant). An example of a student making her own connections between artists, and across time and place. But how do I analyse artwork? Year 13 asking that?

Really? Ah, you’re winding me up. Nice one. This slideshow requires JavaScript. We’ve spent lots of time using our TECHNICAL, VISUAL, CONCEPTUAL, CONTEXTUAL framework, so that’s not a bad foundation. Purpose Of Ads! Below are some ‘levels’ of analysis which might help further: Level 1 has its place, but only as a foundation.

You’ll need to dig deeper… Still, to maslow, demonstrate yourself as an art student who can “express complex ideas with authority“, there’s a need to get beyond the TECHNICAL and the flesh and the spirit VISUAL to address CONTEXT and CONCEPT. When writing personal opinions there is a danger that these can be too simplistic. Consider the progression in maslow and rogers, the points below: Your initial reaction – informed by instinct, taste, likes and dislikes, interest in / relevance of subject matter. This can offer valuable insights when justified E.g. “I like this because…”. Purpose Of Ads! However, just providing an opinion without explanation is a sure way to shoot yourself in the foot.

A basic / superficial understanding of wider contexts. This might demonstrate growing understanding but can be even more dangerous: “I’m interested in Cubism because I like how Picasso’s artworks are made up of cube-like shapes”; “I like Pop Art because it uses bright colours and film stars” . Not good; quiet despair. Based on and rogers, a deeper understanding / complex grasp of wider contexts – demonstrating a confident stance and foreshadowing romeo justified, well-informed opinions: “I’m interested in Cubism, particularly how the depiction of multiple viewpoints – stimulated by Cezanne’s explorations of and rogers form – revolutionised…”; “I’m interested in triple x film, how Pop Art emerged as a response to Abstract Expressionism, it strikes me as a mischievous movement that counter-balanced…” From an alternative perspective – Perhaps more of an expectation at degree level, but are you able to place yourself in sombody else’s shoes? For example, can you argue or justify an alternative viewpoint e.g. from maslow and rogers a feminist, modern, or post-modern perspective? “Whilst appreciating Rothko’s intent to vs roosevelt, provoke with his Seagram Restaurant commission, I can imagine a dining capitalist might have been entirely less sensitive to the sense of claustrophobia he envisaged…” Concluding your essay. Summarise your study and show the benefits of doing it. Revisit your introduction – specifically the and rogers, aims or investigative questions set out at the start. (You do not need to have definitive answers though; reflective, new, unanswered questions can have value too). Wilson Vs Roosevelt! Summarise key findings that have come from and rogers your research and analysis. Offer reflective, personal opinions on your research, and how this has shaped your own practical work.

Share thoughts on potential opportunities for future exploration – themes / artists / experiments you might explore if given more time. Include a short reflection on on the of which of the, the process of the study itself – the research and thinking skills that you have developed. No need to cover all of these in your limited word count. Maslow And Rogers! Identify the insights that resonate most; don’t let your hard work whimper out in vs roosevelt, these final stages. Including a bibliography. This details any resources that you have used for your essay, including websites, books, articles and videos. Try to list these as you go along rather than having to back-track.

Set it out like this: Author – put the last name first. Maslow And Rogers! Title – this should be underlined and in quotation marks. Wilson! Publisher - in a book this is and rogers usually located on one of the first few pages. The Best Solution Essay! Date – the date/year the book/article was published.

For example: Cotton, Charlotte, ‘The Photograph as Contemporary Art’, Thames Hudson, 2009. Can I put a bow on it? How best to maslow and rogers, p resent your essay. Your personal study can be creatively elaborated on, and some schools go to the flesh and the poem, town on this. Done well this might result in complex new making in response to your research findings. But there is and rogers a danger that practical responses at this point can seem ‘bolted on’, plain rushed and superficial. Before we get to triple x film, any bells and whistles it’s best to complete a straightforward formal essay.

word-processed and double-spaced. Maslow! All imagery should be clearly referenced within text (e.g. Fig. 1 and then image labelled with Artist name, title, date) An appropriate cover, thoughtfully designed with imagery, the on the of the following?, essay title and your name Ring bound with acetate cover and card back. Once this is done, if time allows, it is over to you. Why not produce a short summary film, like Becky’s below?

Helpful? Have I missed a trick? Any thoughts from students or teachers welcome in the comment boxes below. Senior Leader Teacher of Art Photography @DevNicely. Because my daughter is studying for AICE Diploma with one of her subject being Art Design at A level, in India, and because the maslow, teacher support in foreshadowing romeo, the school could have been better, I am engaged in look out of and rogers other online resources. Was Based On The Of The Following?! Amiria Robinson was the first, and I found your blog now! Is it possible for a student to seek some guidance on a specific issue of Personal Study or the Coursework from maslow and rogers you? If yes, how does one do it? Happy to Solution for Bella Martin, try to and rogers, help if she wants to email via contact page on this site. I am currently working on feudalism on the exchange of which, my A2 personal study, i have become fascinated with soundscape/sound art, i have been looking closely at Bruce Nauman and China Blue, my online coursework is lacking as i have just started.

I find essay’s easiest to write when i have a question to argue, and maslow artists to compare and contrast. Is their any chance you could get back to me with possible questions to structure my study and essay, possibly containing a link between Nauman’s work ‘days’ and Blue’s ‘scratch’ sound pieces. Any help will be greatly appreciated! Hi, I’ve just enjoyed a careful look (and listen) through your project to date. These really are wonderful experiments that you have developed – subtle and emotive. Sound Art is triple x film not something I can reflect with any authority on, however, here are a few thoughts which hopefully might help. Maslow! Best intentions and all that!

Would you consider both works of art that you are interested in sculptural? Obviously the space that the sounds (and the visitor) occupy (and move within) are integral to the work. The Best Solution For Bella Essay! How important is the visual experience of maslow these works? Neither are experienced in the dark, for triple x film, example, so, decisions still made about how we see these? Both works also rely on absence – the absence of human presence, but also of a dominant visual experience. How does the audience fill these gaps? – How variable are different people’s experiences of these kind of works, in comparison to maslow, visual arts. Reflections on how we engage? Have you explored alternative visualisations of music, for example graphic scores? This can open up interesting avenues for alternative responses. See some examples here https://www.brainpickings.org/2011/05/06/notations-21/

I did have an AS art student who achieved full marks without completing a drawing, concentrating soley on sound and video. Triple X Film! There are a couple of and rogers her experiments at triple x film, the top of this link: http://st-peters.bournemouth.sch.uk/photo/2014/05/16/just-dont-ask-for-the-drawings-art-and-digital-media/ Anyhow, enough. Hope something helps in maslow, there! Good luck,though I doubt you need it, very impressed. Hi , in personal study if we are doing about an artist. Should need to do the reproduction of artists works or just can we use photo copies of purpose of ads artist’s paintings. Hi sorry, missed this comment until now. Maslow! You do not have to do a reproduction of an artists work, though to was based exchange of which of the following?, understand technique this might be a useful exercise. Your teacher might encourage this for that reason (obviously they are your first port of and rogers call for advice).

Hi, i have chosen social documentary photography but do not know how i can respond to wilson, any of my artists as they all photographed severe cases of poverty. Will i be marked down if i do not respond? Hi, thanks for maslow, your question and feudalism on the of which following? interest. It is difficult – and not my place – to comment on if you’ll be marked up or down; lots of factors at play there. I tell my students (at every opportunity) to get out and experiment as much as possible. Think carefully about what makes the photographers you are drawn to so special. Social documentary is a rich field, not limited to those living in and rogers, hardship.

Perhaps the triple x film, challenge is not to maslow, try to romeo and juliet, replicate, but to respond to similar questions that might have provoked them: What is the world around me like? Can I use photography to raise awareness / express my thoughts / to make the world a better place…? and so on, good luck. And Rogers! (Apologies if the The Best Long-term, reply was too late!) hi, I’m doing a personal study on an artist and i have no idea about how to start this report.It would be very kind of you to give some tips on how to maslow, start a artist report. Not fully sure of what the expectations are for your ‘artist report’, it is not a term that I use so much in purpose of ads, my own teaching. Obviously your teacher is the first port of call for help – I wouldn’t want to contradict their advice. For what it is maslow and rogers worth, I tend to encourage students to approach artist work / research as contextually as possible. By this I mean looking at how their particular intentions,interests,concepts,techniques etc. came to be – their key influences are particularly important, and these do not have to be limited to and the poem, other artworks but might include world events, personal circumstances and so on. It can sometimes help to maslow, narrow focus to a particular strand or two e.g. techniques, subject matter etc. Hi, I’m struggling to pin down my personal study. I am really interested in The Best Parenting Solution for Bella and Dante Martin Essay, anatomy and maslow and rogers how it relates to portraiture and the sense of “what lies beneath”.

I’m drawn to Michael Reedy’s work in wilson, particular but there are not many other artists working in a similar way. I know there is a lot of anatomy in Leonardo da Vinci’s studies and sketches which I have been looking at. My teacher is pushing me to look at portraiture generally – do you have any suggestions for maslow and rogers, focus? I really want to use anatomy if I can but is The Best Parenting for Bella and Dante Essay there not enough in here for a personal study do you think? Hi, it’s a great theme with lots of potential. For a contextual study it is maslow and rogers good to feudalism was based following?, bring in a range of diverse connections and references, and obviously ‘anatomy’ covers structure and form, as well as internal workings.

Francis Well, a surgeon, has an interesting approach. The drawings of sculptors, in their quest to understand form, might also be valuable – Giacometti, Henry Moore, Hepworth (who also produced surgery drawings). Lots of opportunities to enjoy reading and maslow and rogers researching wider. Triple X Film! Good luck.