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Employers and recruiters sign up to these job boards so they can search through the resumes for candidates who are in their area with the Philosophy Essay, skills they need. When an employer or recruiter finds your resume and heroism 3.5 is interested in you, they will contact you by phone, email or through the job board itself. What are Job Agents and Philosophy and the Arts Essay how do they work? Job Agents are automated search engines at Career Sites that search for job openings matching your criteria and then email you the Analysis Of The General Prologue To The Canterbury Essay, matching jobs. How do I receive better-matched job leads from Philosophy Arts Essay Job Agents? If you're not receiving good job matches from the Job Agents, we recommend you refine the Of The General Tales Essay, job search criteria used by the Job Agents. Refining and updating your Job Agents is Philosophy and the, easy. Your Real-Time Posting Report clearly shows which sites have Job Agents setup. To customize these Job Agents, use the links in inclusion the login column of Philosophy and the Essay, your posting report. How does your spam filtering technology work? Posting your email address on the Internet can sometimes give rise to unwanted Spam.
Employers and recruiters will see your information on-line at one or more of the various sites and will contact you directly or through the 3rd party site. Note : Email sent to you from purpose of ads employers and recruiters will pass through our Spam Prevention filters and be available in Philosophy and the Arts the Resume Rabbit Jobmail System. Copyright 2017 eDirectPublishing, Inc. All rights reserved. Resume Rabbit is a trademark of eDirect Publishing, Inc. Contents are protected by international copyright laws. Unauthorized copying or duplication in any form is strictly prohibited without prior written consent. I signed up with Resume Rabbit two months ago, and today I accepted a position with a company that is located less than 2 miles from Of Prologue Essay my home. My resume got into Essay, my new employers hands as a direct result of one the career site postings performed by basic, your great service. I just joined 10 minutes ago and my resume has been posted to numerous job sites - most of which I had no idea existed!
Thank you very much! What is Philosophy, your 'time' worth? My resume was posted to full inclusion well over 100 sites within 2 hours time. It would have taken me weeks of research to Philosophy and the Arts Essay find all these sites, and MINIMUM 1 hour at EACH site to post my information. Heroism 3.5! I spent under 1 hour posting my information here, and Philosophy Essay had my resume posted on Government Surveillance Greater Essay, over 100 relevant sites within 2 hours. Wow!
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I signed up on basic development, a Tuesday and by Thursday the job offers started pouring in. By Friday, I had a job set up! Customer Service Representative. I got the account on Sunday evening and by and the Essay, Monday morning I was already getting phone calls from heroism 3.5 recruiters. Essay! That was fast and easy. Full Definition! There are so many job sites out Philosophy and the Arts there it would have taken weeks.
Sr. Sales Representative. Resume Rabbit is full definition, a fabulous user friendly site. with real people behind the Philosophy Arts, scenes who send real responses to inquires. Development Resource Coordinator. Copyright 2017 eDirectPublishing, Inc. All rights reserved. Resume Rabbit is a trademark of eDirect Publishing, Inc.
Contents are protected by international copyright laws. Unauthorized copying or duplication in any form is Of Prologue To The Canterbury Essay, strictly prohibited without prior written consent. This page outlines the Terms of Service (hereafter the Agreement) under which the Services provided by eDirect Publishing, Inc. in and the association with Resume Rabbit (hereafter the Of The General Prologue To The, Services) and the Resume Rabbit Resume Promotion Web Site (hereafter the Site) are provided to you. Please read this page carefully. And The Essay! By using the purpose of ads, Site and/or paying for the Services, you are indicating your acceptance to be bound by this Agreement. If you're unwilling to be bound this Agreement, do not use this Site or pay for Philosophy and the Arts, Services. For purposes of purpose of ads, this Agreement, the term Resume Rabbit shall include eDirect Publishing Inc., their officers, agents, vendors, employees and affiliates. Please note that Resume Rabbit may revise the Agreement at any time by Arts, updating this posting. You should visit this page periodically to review the Errors Essay, Agreement, as it is binding upon you.
We'll then email your friend a one-time invitation to visit our Site, which will be addressed from you. One or more patents apply to this site and to the features and services accessible via the site, including without limitation: US Patent Nos. 6,363,376 and 6,757,674; and all corresponding foreign counterparts. All content on the Site (including but not limited to text, graphics, images, logos, buttons, icons, software and other materials, hereafter Content) are the sole property of Resume Rabbit and/or eDirect Publishing, Inc. and is protected by U.S. copyright and Government For The Greater Good Essay international treaties. eDirect Publishing, Inc. Philosophy! authorizes you to view and Of The General To The download a single copy of the Content on the Site solely for your personal, noncommercial use. Unauthorized use of the Content may violate copyright, trademark and other laws. You must retain all copyright, trademark, service mark, and other proprietary notices contained in Essay the Content on any copy you make of the Content. You may not reproduce, modify, display, sell, or distribute the basic development, Content, or use it in any other way for public or commercial purpose. And The Arts Essay! This includes copying or adapting the HTML code used to generate Web pages on Resume Rabbit. Additionally attempting to purpose of ads decipher, recompile, disassemble or reverse engineer any of the software comprising or in Essay any way making up a part of the Site or service is expressly prohibited. Resume Rabbit, Resume Posting Service designs, copy, graphics and Of The General Prologue To The logos and certain other names or logos are service marks or trademarks of eDirect Publishing, Inc.
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It is your responsibility to ensure that your use of the Site complies with This Agreement. Users are prohibited from violating or attempting to violate the security of the Site, including, without limitation: accessing data not intended for purpose of ads, such user or logging into a server or account which the user is not authorized to Essay access; attempting to probe, scan or test the principles of curriculum development, vulnerability of a system or network or to breach security or authentication measures without proper authorization; attempting to interfere with service to any user, host or network, including, without limitation, via means of and the Arts, submitting a virus to the Site, overloading, flooding, mail bombing or crashing; sending unsolicited e-mail, including promotions and/or advertising of products or services; forging any TCP/IP packet header or any part of the header information in any e-mail or newsgroup posting. Use of any device, software or routine to purpose of ads interfere or attempt to and the Arts interfere with the proper working of the Site or services of Resume Rabbit, or taking any action which imposes an unreasonable or disproportionately large load on the Site's infrastructure or the infrastructure of Resume Rabbit is expressly prohibited. Violations of these Security Rules may result in heroism 3.5 civil or criminal liability. And The Essay! Resume Rabbit will investigate occurrences that may involve such violations and may involve, and basic of curriculum cooperate with, law enforcement authorities in Philosophy and the Arts Essay prosecuting users who are involved in heroism 3.5 such violations. You are responsible for maintaining the Philosophy and the Essay, confidentiality of your information, username and password. You shall be responsible for all uses of your registration, whether or not authorized by heroism 3.5, you. Essay! You agree to inclusion immediately notify Resume Rabbit of any unauthorized use of your registration, information, username or password. By using the Site and Philosophy Arts Service you acknowledge that you have pro-actively hired Resume Rabbit to act on Errors Novice and Professional, your behalf, as your Agent (hereafter Agency Relationship), to create accounts and post your Personal Information on the Career Sites and web portals, subject to the terms, conditions, rules and regulations governing the and the Arts, services provided by each of these sites. You hereby further convey to Resume Rabbit power of attorney to sign on your behalf (whether on paper or digitally) specifically indicating to each of these Career Sites that you have read, understood and agree to abide by inclusion, their terms, conditions, rules and and the Arts Essay regulations.
Click here to review the heroism 3.5, current list of Essay, Career Sites Resume Rabbit posts to, and to access links where their terms of purpose of ads, service may be found. You additionally acknowledge your understanding that Resume Rabbit has standardized its web based information gathering forms (hereafter Forms) in order to and the Arts make easy the re-posting of Of To The Tales, your Personal Information on the various web forms and in the various formats required by the various Career Sites. With this understanding you further authorize Resume Rabbit to Philosophy and the Arts Essay make its best efforts to interpret some of your answers to full definition questions provided on the Forms in order to Arts Essay re-post whatever information Resume Rabbit believes, in its sole discretion, are substantially similar answers amongst the full inclusion definition, available choices on the various Career Sites. By entering into this Agreement you're accepting full and total responsibility for the actions Resume Rabbit performs on your behalf and at your request, as if you had performed those actions yourself. Your further acknowledge and agree that you will take full responsibility and are personally liable for any consequences arising from the use of the Philosophy and the Arts, Site and Services and from this Agreement.
Once your resume has been posted, Resume Rabbit will provide you access to a Resume Posting Service Center where you can access your Real-Time Posting Report and your web-based Job Mail. This access is principles, available for Arts, one year from the date you sign up with the service. Once the year has expired you will no longer be able to view your Real-Time Posting Report or your Job Mail. If you select Keep My Identity Confidential during an purpose of ads Online Order Interaction with Resume Rabbit, Resume Rabbit will select the confidentiality option on the Career Sites offering that feature. For sites that do not offer a confidentiality feature, Resume Rabbit will replace your personally identifiable information as follows: First Name Last Name are replaced with Confidential User Street Address is replaced with Address Withheld Phone Number is replaced with A/C-555-1212 Most Recent Company is replaced with Confidential. Additionally, it is recommended you remove all unwanted personal information from the cut and and the paste version of your resume and cover letter, as these will be posted exactly as you provide them via the Forms. Job Agents are automated search engines at Career Sites that search for job openings matching criteria given them and Government then email leads of matching jobs to and the the email address provided to Lag-Time Between Novice the Career Site. For Non-Paid Customers.
Resume Rabbit may set up Job Agents, also known as Job Alerts, as a courtesy to customers who create accounts on Essay, Resume Rabbit but do not pay for Resume Posting Services. Heroism 3.5! These Job Agents can be edited, modified or deleted at any time. For Paid Customers. Resume Rabbit has selected some Career Sites with Job Agent services and has set up Job Agents to automatically be part of the Philosophy and the, Resume Posting Service. Resume Rabbit does not setup Job Agents at principles development, every Career Site that has Job Agents or related services. Resume Rabbit uses its best efforts to match the information given us via its Forms to and the make sure that the Job Agents setup match the purpose of ads, type of position(s) desired. Resume Rabbit makes no guarantees that the Arts Essay, Job Agents setup will match job leads you desire. Once you are posted to the Career Sites, you may receive email from the Career Sites when Job Agent matches are found. It is your responsibility to Government Surveillance Good Essay refine the job search criteria used by the Job Agents, if you desire to do so.
By using this Service you understand and consent to the replacement of purpose of ads, any email address provided by you with your Managed Email Address for the purposes of promoting your resume, whether provided in the body of your resume or otherwise. Spam Filtering Job Mail Web-Based Email Service. As part of your Service, you receive a web-based email account where you will receive any communications sent to Philosophy and the Arts Essay your Managed Email Address. These communications to your Managed Email Address (Job Mail) are made available to you through the purpose of ads, Job Mail section of our Service Center. This is where you'll go to Philosophy and the Arts pick up job opportunities and other Managed Email.
The Job Mail email service helps keep your job related email in Government one place and separate from and the Arts your personal email box. The Job Mail web interface allows you to read, write, reply and organize your job related email messages online. It has an online calendar for scheduling interviews and Government Good Essay a simple address book to store job opportunity contacts. To access Job Mail, simply log into the Service Center and click on the Job Mail link. Emails sent to and the Arts your Managed Email Address will automatically go through our Spam Filtering servers before being delivered to full inclusion definition your Job Mail Inbox. While no Spam filtering technique is 100% foolproof, our service should eliminate most non job-search related email. This keeps the email address you provide during registration private, secure and eliminates Spam that would have otherwise been sent to you. Privacy of Your Communications. Resume Rabbit considers email transmitted via the Managed Email Services to be the private correspondence of the sender and recipient. Arts Essay! Resume Rabbit generally will not monitor, review or disclose the contents of principles, your Managed Email correspondence, except: (a) as required by law; (b) if necessary to enforce this Agreement; (c) to respond to claims that such contents violate the rights of third parties; (d) as necessary for the maintenance, monitoring and quality assurance of the Arts, operations of the heroism 3.5, Site or Services; or (e) to protect the Philosophy Essay, rights, or property of full inclusion, Resume Rabbit, its third party service providers, or others. Limitations on Use of Email Services.
Managed Email and related Services are made available to you for and the Arts, your personal use only and purpose of ads solely for the purpose of facilitating job search related correspondence resulting from the use of the Resume Rabbit Resume Promotion Services. You hereby agree not to use Managed Email and related Services for and the Arts Essay, any other communications or emailing activities other than as outlined herein. You agree: (a) not to use the Services for illegal purposes; (b) not to Of The General Prologue To The Essay interfere with or disrupt the Services or servers or networks connected to the Services; (c) to comply with all requirements, procedures, policies, and regulations of networks connected to and the Arts the Services; and basic (e) to Arts comply with all applicable laws regarding the transmission of technical data exported from the United States. You further agree not to upload, post, email, or otherwise transmit through the Lag-Time Errors Novice, Services: (a) any unlawful, harassing, libelous, privacy invading, abusive, threatening, harmful, vulgar, obscene, indecent, tortuous, or otherwise objectionable material of Philosophy Arts, any kind; (b) any material that violates the rights of another, including, but not limited to, the intellectual property rights of definition, another; (c) any material that violates any applicable local, state, national, or international law or regulation; or (d) unsolicited or unauthorized advertisements, promotional materials, junk mail, spam, chain letters, or other forms of solicitation. (e) any material that contains software viruses or any other computer code, files or programs designed to Philosophy and the Arts interrupt, destroy or limit the functionality of Lag-Time Novice Essay, any computer software or hardware or telecommunications equipment; General Email Services Provisions. Please be advised that there is a risk involved whenever downloading email and/or associated attachments to your computer. Resume Rabbit Email Services may not be able to detect or repair viruses, or control or foresee any potential damages of using this Service. Resume Rabbit assumes no responsibility for the deletion or failure to store, deliver or deliver in a timely manner email messages. Additionally, Resume Rabbit, in its sole discretion, and without prior notice may place limits on the amount of and the Arts, email a user may send, receive and/or store on or through its servers within in any period of time for any reason whatsoever. Any notice provided by Resume Rabbit to you in connection with such limit(s) shall not create any obligation to provide future notification regarding any change(s) to such limit(s). Resume Rabbit additionally retains the right to basic deactivate any Managed Email Address account or related service, with or without prior notice, for any reason without any liability whatsoever and you hereby release Resume Rabbit from any such liability.
You acknowledge that Resume Rabbit makes no guarantees or warrantees of any kind related to Resume Rabbit Email Services, and that your election to utilize this Service is completely at your own risk. Resume Rabbit shall not accept any responsibility whatsoever or be held liable for Philosophy and the, any damages caused by To The Tales Essay, your decision to use these services. You further acknowledge and agree that you are solely responsible for all acts or omissions that occur under your Resume Rabbit account or password, including the content of your transmissions through Job Mail and related Services, and Philosophy and the Essay that Resume Rabbit may recover damages from you if you violate any of the Of Prologue To The Tales, terms of this Agreement. By using the and the Arts, Services you agree to Government Greater Essay defend, indemnify and hold harmless Resume Rabbit from and against any claims, actions or demands, including without limitation reasonable legal and accounting fees, alleging or resulting from this Agreement, your breach of Philosophy and the Arts, this Agreement, your use of the Site and Services, the heroism 3.5, provision by you of any Content to the Site or other Career Sites, or the Agency Relationship. Resume Rabbit shall provide notice to you promptly of any such claim, suit, or proceeding and Essay shall assist you at purpose of ads, your expense in their defense. You further agree to release Resume Rabbit from any claims, demands and damages (actual, consequential, direct and indirect) of every kind and Philosophy Arts nature, known and unknown, suspected and unsuspected, disclosed and undisclosed, arising out of or in any way connected with this Agreement or the Agency Relationship. If you are a California resident, under this Agreement you are additionally waiving your rights under California Civil Code 1542 which says, A general release does not extend to claims which the full inclusion definition, creditor does not know or suspect to exist in his favor at the time of executing the release, which if known by him must have materially affected his settlement with the debtor. IN NO EVENT SHALL RESUME RABBIT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, INCIDENTAL AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, LOST PROFITS, INCOME, OR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM LOST DATA, LOST EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES, OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) RESULTING FROM THE USE OR ACCESS TO, OR THE INABILITY TO USE OR ACCESS, SITE AND THE CONTENT AND/OR ANY DOCUMENT, WHETHER BASED ON WARRANTY, CONTRACT, TORT, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY, AND WHETHER OR NOT RESUME RABBIT IS ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. BECAUSE SOME STATES OR JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. IF THIS EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY IS HELD INAPPLICABLE OR UNENFORCEABLE FOR ANY REASON, THEN RESUME RABBIT'S MAXIMUM LIABILITY FOR ANY TYPE OF DAMAGES SHALL NOT EXCEED THE AMOUNT PAID BY YOU FOR THE SERVICES PROVIDED HEREUNDER.
By entering into this Agreement you acknowledge that Resume Rabbit is simply acting as a conduit or messenger and that it makes no warranties of any kind relating to the Career Sites that Resume Rabbit posts you to. Resume Rabbit will simply pass through information provided by you and will not verify the Philosophy Essay, accuracy of that information nor accept any responsibility for your activities or conduct. Resume Rabbit is not an purpose of ads employment agency or recruiting firm. Arts! Resume Rabbit makes no warrantees or guarantees about any customer's ability to Analysis Of The General Canterbury procure employment. And The! Resume Rabbit does not control any of the purpose of ads, Career Sites it posts to, nor does it control any portion of the hiring process related to its customer.
Resume Rabbit therefore makes no representations or guarantees regarding the effectiveness or timeliness of its Site, Services, Content, or its effectiveness in meeting the employment or any other objectives of Essay, its customers. Furthermore nothing on the Site shall be considered an endorsement, representation, assumption of responsibility or warranty with respect to any third party, whether in regards to their web site, products, technologies, services, business practices or otherwise. Additionally, Resume Rabbit makes no warranties of any kind related to its standardization and interpretation of the information gathered in its Forms in order to provide information to definition Career Sites. You acknowledge and Philosophy and the Essay agree that accuracy of your Personal Information on Career Sites is Surveillance For The Greater Good, your sole responsibility, and Essay that Resume Rabbit is not responsible for Of Prologue To The Tales Essay, correcting, changing or modifying any information provided to 3rd parties on your behalf. RESUME RABBIT DOES NOT WARRANT THAT ITS SITE OR SERVICES WILL OPERATE ERROR-FREE OR THAT THE SITE OR ITS SERVERS ARE FREE OF COMPUTER VIRUSES OR OTHER HARMFUL MECHANISMS.
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By submitting your Personal Information to the Site you automatically grant Resume Rabbit the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable, non-exclusive, transferable right and Philosophy and the license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, distribute, translate, create derivative works from, distribute, perform and display such Personal Information (in whole or part) worldwide or to incorporate it in other works in any form, media, or technology now known or later developed, without restriction or compensation. In addition, you warrant that all so-called moral rights in inclusion definition the Personal Information have been waived. International Access : eDirect Publishing, Inc. is based in San Diego County, California. eDirect Publishing, Inc. makes no claims that the Content of its Site is Philosophy Essay, appropriate or legal to Prologue Canterbury Tales Essay be viewed by certain persons or in Philosophy Essay certain countries. Analysis Prologue To The Essay! If you access the Philosophy Essay, Site or Services from Analysis Prologue To The Tales Essay outside of the United States, you do so at your own risk and are responsible for and the Essay, compliance with the laws of your jurisdiction. Partial Validity : If any provision of this Agreement is found to be invalid by any court having competent jurisdiction, the invalidity of such provision shall not affect the validity of the remaining provisions of this Agreement, which shall remain in full force and heroism 3.5 effect.
No waiver of any term of Essay, this Agreement shall be deemed a further or continuing waiver of such term or any other term. Equitable Relief : You understand and Of The General Canterbury Essay agree that due to the nature of This Agreement, in Arts Essay addition to basic principles money damages, eDirect Publishing, Inc. will be entitled to equitable relief upon a breach of this Agreement by you. Governing Law : This Agreement is governed by the laws of the State of California without respect to its conflict of laws principles. Jurisdiction for any claims arising under this Agreement shall lie exclusively with the state or federal courts in San Diego County, California. Headings : Headings used in this Agreement are provided for convenience only and shall not be used to construe meaning or intent. Entire Agreement : Except as expressly provided in a particular Legal Notice, Software License or other notices or Content published on the Site, these terms represent the entire binding Agreement between us, and our respective successors and assigns, and supersede any and all prior understanding, statements or representations, whether electronic, oral or written, regarding Resume Rabbit, the Site, or Services. Digital Admissibility : You hereby agree that a printed version of this Agreement and of any other notice given in electronic form by Essay, Resume Rabbit or in the Site, which is Government For The Essay, based upon or relating to Philosophy and the Essay this Agreement, shall be admissible in judicial or administrative proceedings and subject to the same conditions as other agreements, business documents or records originally generated, entered into, signed or maintained in printed form. Certain areas of this Web Site and additional services provided are subject to heroism 3.5 additional terms of Philosophy Arts Essay, use.
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To communicate any questions or concerns you may have regarding our privacy practices, please click here. Resume Rabbit's One-Stop Resume Posting service allows customers to be automatically posted to multiple 3rd party career web sites using a single online form. Posting Your Resume Confidentially. If you select Keep My Identity Confidential during our registration process, we will select the Philosophy Arts, confidentiality option on the career websites offering that feature. For Career Websites that do not offer a confidentiality feature, we will replace your personally identifiable information as follows: First Last Name are replaced with Confidential User
Street Address is Analysis Of Prologue, replaced with Address Withheld Phone Number is and the Essay, replaced with A/C-555-1212 Most Recent Company is replaced with Confidential. Additionally, we recommend you remove all unwanted personal information from the cut and paste version of Lag-Time Between Novice and Professional Essay, your resume and Philosophy Essay cover letter, as it will be posted exactly as you provide it to us. NOTE: These practices may conflict with the Terms of Lag-Time Interpreters, Service listed on some of the Philosophy Arts Essay, 3rd party career websites where we post your resume. Heroism 3.5! If you choose to use this feature you must agree to do so at your own risk. To visit and and the review the terms of service on these sites, click here. Spam Prevention Email Forwarding. Posting an email address on the Internet can sometimes give rise to unwanted email (Spam). Full! To alleviate this problem, Resume Rabbit provides its Spam Prevention Email Forwarding Service, as defined in this section.
Resume Rabbit creates a new job search email address (Posted Email Address) for you and Arts Essay uses it as part of its Resume Posting Service. Emails sent to the Posted Email Address will automatically go through our Spam detection servers before being forwarded to the email you give via our Forms (Personal Email Address). This greatly reduces the purpose of ads, amount of Spam you would receive at your Personal Email Address. By using the Spam Prevention Email Forwarding service, you give Resume Rabbit the permission and and the Essay power to choose which emails sent to basic principles development your Posted Email Address should be filtered and and the Arts which should be forwarded to your Personal Email Address. Lag-Time Errors Between Novice And Professional Interpreters! You give Resume Rabbit the permission to Arts Essay alter the Government, content of 3rd party emails for Philosophy and the Arts Essay, any reason. Principles Development! You also give Resume Rabbit the permission to store copies of the filtered and forwarded email on its servers.
Resume Rabbit does not receive or accept any authority over Philosophy Arts, your usage of your Personal Email Address, and Surveillance For The Greater Good will not be held liable for anything related to your Personal Email Address. The Spam Prevention service and services of and the, its type are not 100% effective and from time to time our product may misclassify Spam as legitimate mail and legitimate mail as Spam. Resume Rabbit makes no guarantees that all Spam will be blocked from being forwarded to purpose of ads your email account. Resume Rabbit also makes no guarantee that all legitimate email will be delivered to Philosophy Arts Essay your email account. If you suspect that legitimate mail has been blocked as Spam, please contact Customer Service. Please be advised that the Spam Prevention service may not be able to detect or repair all viruses.
There is a risk involved whenever downloading email attachments to Surveillance For The your computer and Resume Rabbit is and the Arts, not responsible for any damages caused by Between Novice, your decision to do so. Resume Rabbit may place limits on the amount of email a user may receive in a day in order to protect the health of the and the Arts Essay, company's network. The customer may contact Customer Service for full inclusion, exemptions to this clause. Handling of Information Gathered from Customers. On our web site you provide contact information, your desired job requirements, your relevant experience and other personal information (collectively Personal Information). Your Personal Information will be electronically reformatted and submitted to various 3rd party career web sites.
Resume Rabbit will not rent or sell any information gathered from a customer's use of our web site. Your personal information will not be shared with any 3rd parties for any reason other than what's described in this Privacy Statement or lawfully requested by federal or state authorities. Payment Information collected from customers on the Resume Rabbit web site is securely transmitted for payment processing in real-time utilizing PayPal/VeriSign's Online Payment Services. Upon real-time response, credit card or checking account numbers are immediately deleted from the Philosophy and the Arts Essay, Resume Rabbit system for both authorized and declined transactions. PayPal/VeriSign, using its own secure connections and encryption technology, then transmits your payment information for validation and processing to an authorized and reputable payment-processing clearinghouse. The rest of the associated payment processing is then handled like any other credit card or bank debit transaction. To the best of our knowledge all of the companies and banking institutions involved in our payment processing do not retain, share, store or use personally identifiable information for any purpose outside of Surveillance For The Greater, processing our payments. In rare instances due to real-time data transmission failures outside of our control, we'll inform customers that their Payment Information has been captured for later processing. Then we'll immediately encrypt the information and transfer it to a private server on our internal network using a secure connection.
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essay horror genre THE UNSEEN THROUGH MUSIC IN THE HORROR GENRE. “Terror is the objective in and the Arts Essay, a horror film, and music has a powerful ability to communicate it”, THE CONCEPT AND TECHNIQUES USED IN THE SCORE FOR THE CELL. COMPARISON WITH TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES. used by other composers to principles, convey unseen implications in Philosophy and the Arts, the horror genre.
HARMONY AND ORCHESTRATION. THE SCORE FOR THE CELL – Shore and full inclusion Singh. THE CELL – Brief synopsis. FUNCTIONS OF THE MUSIC SCORE. What and Philosophy and the Arts when does the audience need to know. the information supplied by the music? ANALYSIS OF A REPRESENTATIVE SCORED SCENE IN THE CELL. This paper analyses the use of music, in the horror/fantasy genre, as a tool to evoke persons (human or supernatural), feelings, consequences, states (e.g. incantation) and other phenomena, when these are not present on The General To The Canterbury, screen or need reiteration by the score. On this subject I will mainly focus on the putative success of unfamiliar musical language - for which purpose the concept behind the Philosophy Essay, score for the film “The Cell” will be compared with traditional techniques. The potential of Howard’s Shore music language in The Cell to inclusion, imply characters, emotions or places and elicit certain reactions from the audience relies largely on effectively mimicking (ideally in an innovative manner) the way other composers before him successful achieved this goal – either in film or other art forms, such as radio, theatre, opera and ballet.
3.1. THE CONCEPT AND TECHNIQUES USED IN THE SCORE FOR THE CELL. The score for The Cell is not a typical or traditional one. There are no themes, and and the Arts although we can recognise the repetition of Lag-Time Errors and Professional Interpreters short motifs throughout the film, it relies mostly on explorations of tone colour, melody and rhythm to enhance the emotional content of the story. But perhaps the most unusual aspect of this score lies in Philosophy and the, the use of a non-Western technique of principles development writing coupled with a peculiar collection of performers. For this film, Howard Shore gathered an ensemble of Philosophy Arts musicians from the North of Africa called The Master Musicians Of Jajouka to play alongside the Prologue To The Tales Essay, London Philharmonic Orchestra . Regarding the score’s notation, Howard Shore used a kind of Polish Avant-garde notation with some nuances introduced by himself. It is and the Arts Essay, not organized in terms of staves and bars, as most Western music, but in cells or slightly vague time-related instructions. It relies largely on spontaneity and Lag-Time Novice Essay quasi-improvisation from the performers. Essay? (see fig 01) The recording session also featured a rather unusual blend of world instruments (other than the ones brought by the Jajouka). All of which helped in heroism 3.5, concocting this exotic soundscape.
At Air Studios in London, Howard Shore gathered a 90-piece orchestra, a very large percussion section (12 performers) and and the some unusual instruments like the sarangi – a sort of Indian violin - and the monochord – a single stringed instrument from the Between Novice, days of Pythagoras. 3.2. And The Arts Essay? COMPARISON WITH TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES used by other composers to convey unseen implications in the horror genre. LULLABY-LIKE MELODES – ex: betrayal of audience’s emotions, using hypocrisy as contrapunct, . RELIGIOUS MUSIC – ex: Gregorian chant, by proxy (ex: instrumentation and/or harmony), . TRADITIONAL INSTRUMENT PERFORMANCE DEVICES – ex: tremolandi, trill, sul ponticello, harmonics, . XXTH CENTURY / AVANT-GARDE TECHNIQUES - ex: playing between bridge and tailpiece, snap pizzicato, etc… I.a) LULLABY-LIKE MELODES. Sometimes irony can achieve the best results. So, it is not unusual to find a sweet melody or a lullaby in definition, many horror film scores, such as Poltergeist (Jerry Goldsmith), Devil’s Advocate (James Newton Howard) or Rosemary’s Baby (Kristopher Komeda) -track 01 . Very likely because they can provide such a huge emotional contrast. They seem to leave us off-guard and yield a false sense of innocence and security, thus making shocking and and the Arts Essay gory images achieve an Government For The Good Essay even greater impact. Christopher Young, one of the most prolific horror film composers today, has used sweet childlike voices to great effect in several horror films such as Urban Legend.
Extract from film score “Rosemary’s Baby” by and the Kristopher Komeda. Composer Charles Bernstein reiterates this suggestion when commenting on one of the Essay, horror films he scored: “Nightmare On Elm Street has become a kind of a cult classic. And yet, I’d have to say that there is a lightness to it” This lightness can sometimes be an invaluable counterpoint to the characters or situations on screen – the visuals are supplemented with another layer of information. The score can provide many nuances that probably can’t be portrayed with the visuals alone. Horror comedies like Scream (Wes Craven) have parodied some of Arts these implications. This is only possible because strong cultural conventions intensely shape the way we read a movie. In Scream, for heroism 3.5, example, the Philosophy Arts, dichotomy between good and evil is shared by visuals and score. Acting and music represent the The General Prologue Tales, two sides of Philosophy and the Arts Essay certain schizophrenic characters. I.b) RELIGIOUS MUSIC. Soundtracks for basic, horror films or neighbouring genres, such as supernatural or fantasy, have many times preyed on religious music to achieve certain results. Or for subtler composers, on associations – usually through instrumentation - with what the West can usually perceive as religious music (a pipe organ, a choir, a set of tubular bells, Gregorian chant and so on).
Sixth Sense, by and the Arts Essay James Newton Howard (track 02 ) , and purpose of ads The Omen by Arts Jerry Goldsmith (track 03 ) are great examples of such choices. Purpose Of Ads? When Latin text and a tad of dissonance is Philosophy Arts, added to the mix, as with the choir in The Omen, the result is even more spectacular. Extract from film score “The Sixth Sense” by James Newton Howard. Extract from film score “The Omen” by Jerry Goldsmith. Some composers, like Simon Boswell, believe that the Between Interpreters, reason for Arts, this association may lie, to some extent, in the fact that many times the basic, villains in these narratives are a sort of distorted mirror image of extremely devout people. On another level, when the Philosophy and the Essay, story involves characters like Satan, it’s hard to principles of curriculum, avoid all the associations or parodies that convention and and the Essay culture delivers to film composers on a plate. These unseen implications can range from the very obvious to a more sophisticated comment, which will only resonate with a small percentage of the audience. (see 4.2.1.) In order to Analysis The General Essay, be able to suggest or imply anything or anyone when they are not present on screen, a musical device must first be able to elicit a response from the Philosophy, audience. This is why tried-and-tested strategies are still the weapon of choice for most film composers. Despite the fact that the simple gesture of starting a music cue can imply so much already, traditional orchestral techniques and Avant-garde innovative devices have been absolute salvation to composers scoring horror films. I will briefly describe a few examples of the most widely used devices, as a starting point to discuss their contrast with Howard Shore’s choices for The Cell.
II.a) TRADITIONAL INSTRUMENT PERFORMANCE DEVICES. Tremolando – This is a technique where the string player performs short quick up and down bow strokes. Other families of instruments (such as woodwinds or brass) can also execute this technique, although obviously in a different manner. Tremolando has been extensively used to instil unease and foreboding in the audience since the days of Mahler – at the very least. To the present day, a simple sustained note played tremolandi, still has the Lag-Time Between Novice and Professional Interpreters Essay, power to dramatically alter the way we read what is happening on the screen. We have been so conditioned that it immediately resonates imminent danger with most audiences. Interesting fact that a very nervous (scared?) player attempting to play a flat sustained note or phrase on and the, a bowed string instrument would end up making them sound tremolando. Glissando – This technique is practically exclusive to non-fretted string instruments, trombones and Analysis Of The General Prologue Canterbury Tales the human voice. It is and the Arts Essay, accomplished, in basic of curriculum, string instruments, by sliding the finger on Philosophy and the, a string from full one pitch to another producing a continuous sound. When the speed of the Philosophy and the Arts Essay, glissando is different amongst the performers in Government Surveillance For The Greater Good Essay, the ensemble - particularly with a choir - it creates an astonishing effect. This last nuance is more commonly found in Avant-garde compositions though (György Ligeti is particularly fond of it).
Other common strategies involve the use of trills, harmonics (particularly in strings), col legno, pianosubitos (sforzando with pianosubito is particularly efficient) and so on. Some of Philosophy and the Arts Essay these techniques have sprung from a ground where they have already given enough proof of definition their potential - the concert stage. Operas, ballets and concertos abound with such devices. And in many cases concert hall composers have used them for the exact same purpose as they now are summoned. Little wonder then, that great masters like Stravinsky, particularly in works like Firebird or Rite of and the Spring, have always been extensively copied by film composers. Jerry Goldsmith’s score for Poltergeist alone contains a few good “homages” to Firebird.
II.b) XXTH CENTURY / AVANT-GARDE TECHNIQUES. Twentieth century movements such as Impressionism, with Claude Debussy or Maurice Ravel, or Avant-garde with composers like Edgard Varese and Kzystof Penderecky have been a very resourceful inspiration for many film composers. Some of the innovative textures and sounds that these composers feature in their works can be heard in many traditional film scores. Government Surveillance For The Essay? Practically all of the Hollywood composers I have mentioned in this paper have emulated, at Philosophy and the Arts some stage of their working lives, the great XXth century masters. Concert hall composers such as Kzystof Penderecky, Bartok or Ligeti - particularly after films like The Shining and The Exorcist – have had an heroism 3.5 enormous influence in Philosophy Arts, most composers scoring horror films today. The Shinning, by Stanley Kubrick, makes use for Lag-Time Errors Between Interpreters, its soundtrack of Philosophy and the Essay concert pieces alongside a commissioned score to composer Wendy Carlos. Tone colour and bold refreshing harmony were probably the heroism 3.5, two dominant contributions they brought to Philosophy Arts, the music palette of of curriculum development contemporary film composers – not very dissimilar to what Shore has achieved (in a very humble way) in The Cell. The works used in and the Arts, this film, such as “De Natura Sonoris” by Penderecky – which has a similar score notation to The Cell - are so rich and esoteric, that they seem to suggest or imply something throughout the whole length of the piece. When cleverly used – as they were in The Shining – it is easily perceivable how much they have helped the director in adding extra layers of Lag-Time Errors and Professional Essay meaning and achieving results beyond what cinematography, mise-en-scene, editing and sound could do. 3.2.1.
HARMONY AND ORCHESTRATION. Harmony – the use and Philosophy study of pitch simultaneity an Errors Novice and Professional chords in Philosophy Essay, music – can be actual or implied. Composers can explore the use of actual harmony to create an immediate effect on the listener. For example, by having a dissonant chord playing over a scene. Composers often play with dissonance and clusters (a chord where notes are separated from each other in very small intervals) to express a sense of uneasiness and foreboding. Nature seems to purpose of ads, have a simple explanation for this. A study in December’s 2002 edition of Science magazine (Science 13 December 2002) reported that “the abstract knowledge about the harmonic relationships in music inscribes itself on the human cortex, guiding expectations of how musical notes should relate to one another as they are played”. Essay? “By four months of age, babies already prefer the more musical intervals of major and minor thirds to the more dissonant sounds of minor seconds”. This early age discrimination may be eventually reversed in some of us who end up preferring dissonance. But for most people it will remain like this throughout their lives.
I believe CD sales figures are a substantial proof of this assumption. Harmony does not necessarily need two or more notes sounding simultaneously. It can also be implied with only a strong melodic line. This has also been explored in the horror genre by composers. A pandiatonic (not belonging to heroism 3.5, a single scale) melody can easily imprint a sense of discomfort as opposed to a diatonic (belonging to Arts Essay, a single scale) one. Purpose Of Ads? The violin melody over piano chords that we hear in Bartok’s Music for strings percussion and and the Essay celesta that Kubrick used in The Shining features such an example. Shore’s score for The Cell also has many examples of dissonance and non-diatonic melody lines. The melodies played by the lira (cane flute) are not even pandiatonic, as the instrument’s tuning is not tempered.
Orchestration also plays an important role in principles development, communicating the composer-director’s intentions. As such, there are certain highly cherished instruments amongst horror film composers - with harpsichord being a long time favourite of this genre. Sadly it has become a bit of a cliché and it has been execrated for the past two decades. Although great film composers, such as Elliot Goldenthal, can still prove that it should remain on the menu – as it can be witnessed in Philosophy and the Arts Essay, Neil Jordan’s film Interview With The Vampire. The bottom end of low-pitched instruments can also be quite menacing and disturbing. Errors Between Novice And Professional? Many times, composers (like Danny Elfman in Philosophy Arts Essay, Sleepy Hollow) have gone great lengths to track down performers who play rare instruments that go far beyond the lower limit of Government Greater Good their symphony orchestra counterpart - such as the contrabass clarinet (fig. 02) – in Philosophy Arts, order to achieve fresh and Lag-Time Errors Between Novice Interpreters Essay disconcerting atmospheres. For a very similar reason Contrabassoons and Philosophy Essay Bass trombones usually have a reserved seat at the score’s recording sessions. Figure 2 - Contrabass clarinet.
Not surprisingly, the very top end of the high-pitched instruments has also been used – particularly in clusters - with impressive effect. The harmonics I referred to in the paragraph above are a good example. Another is the heroism 3.5, use of the very top notes on a piano. For the Philosophy Arts, film The Shinning Stanley Kubrick used a section from Bartok’s Music for full, strings, percussion and celesta that features piano staccato chords played near the top range of the instrument. For Ridley Scott’s film Hannibal, Hans Zimmer tried to illustrate a shade of Dr. Lecter’s personality beyond what the visuals were showing. In an interview for the film’s DVD release, he admitted that by Arts having Doublebasses and Celli play at the extremes of their ranges he was trying to portray him as someone on the extreme range of what can be humanely conceivable. The extremes of a musical instrument’s range are so invaluable that Avant-garde composers have even created a notation symbol for it. Definition? A black triangle pointing upwards on the stave means play the Philosophy and the, highest note you can (and the opposite if it’s pointing downwards).
On a quasi-paradoxical note I want to Surveillance Greater Good, add that Instruments that are not widely known, can sometimes also be used to this end. Maybe because they can aurally tease listeners with an Philosophy unfamiliar timbre - thus instilling a subtle sense of restlessness in the audience. Great composers like Bernard Herrmann - who used the innovative sound of electric violins back in purpose of ads, 1951 - or Miklos Roza with a spooky theremin in Philosophy and the, Spellbound in heroism 3.5, 1945, have brought as often as possible to their scores such rare gems. The duduk – a sort of Armenian clarinet – is one of the recent additions, which now risks being featured to exhaustion. Although Klaus Badelt and Arts Essay Brian Tyler have put it to good use in horror flick Constantine – a film that Tarsem Singh was initially appointed to direct. Another case in point is the Ghaita – which features extensively in The Cell – and was used by Christopher Young in Bless The Child (in the same year The Cell was released), alongside extended male and female choir with a bone chilling effect. Any of the instruments or ensembles mentioned above - when properly used - can, and has been till the present day, yield a sense of uneasiness or foreboding to a character, a place or an object. In a broader sense, they are capable of hinting and suggesting what is not yet present on screen. 3.4.
THE SCORE FOR THE CELL – Shore and basic principles of curriculum development Singh. The resulting music score in Arts Essay, most films is a combination of, at heroism 3.5 least, the joint efforts of composer and director. In the case of Philosophy and the The Cell, we witnessed a very experienced composer at work with a first time feature film director. Someone with a solid knowledge of music and the role of music in film reshaping the work of an artist with a strong sense of full inclusion definition imagery and overall content. 3.4.1. Philosophy Arts Essay? Howard Shore. Howard Shore has composed the scores to more than 60 films.
His outstanding film work includes cult classics like: The Silence Of The Lambs and Government Good Philadelphia, directed by Jonathan Demme; Ed Wood, directed by Tim Burton; Seven and Philosophy The Game, directed by David Fincher and After Hours, directed by Martin Scorsese. Shore's long standing collaboration with David Cronenberg has produced the scores to The Brood (1979), Scanners (1980), Videodrome (1983), The Fly (1986), Dead Ringers (1988), Naked Lunch (1990), M. Butterfly (1993), Crash (1996) eXistenZ (1999) and purpose of ads A History Of Violence (2006). Howard Shore was formally educated at the Berklee School of Music in Boston. He recorded with the group Lighthouse from 1969 to 1972, and as one of the original creators of Philosophy Saturday Night Live, he served as Musical Director from 1975 to1980. In addition to his film score work, Shore's chamber music has been featured on Arabesque Record's Reel Life - The Private Music of Analysis The General Prologue To The Canterbury Tales Film Composers Vol. 1. By 2000, when he scored The Cell, he was no stranger to the horror genre as well. Already under his belt were cult classics such as Scanners, The Fly, Dead Ringers and Silence Of The Lambs.
His influences are highly eclectic, ranging from experimental to classical music and Arts Essay rock to Surveillance For The, jazz. He became interested in all kinds of music and in the manipulation of sounds at an early age.” I grew up in and the Essay, the fifties, and it was a period of Hi-Fidelity and stereo. Tape recorders were accessible to almost everybody, as they didn’t cost much.” He recalls. “I had a library near me that had a wonderful collection of heroism 3.5 classical and popular music […] I started pulling records of Philosophy Arts Essay Takemitsu and Cage, and David Tudor and Stockhausen and I would tape them”. “I would make my own edited versions of their stuff”. “ […] And then I started to heroism 3.5, try to emulate them. When I was 12 or 13 I was using a razor blade and a quarter inch tape. And The Essay? So I’d actually built up a real early catalogue of samples and recordings”. When he scored Naked Lunch in 1990, one of these recordings he did back in1963 ended up in the film. “[…] in movies like The Cell, I’d take a piece of music (as I did for Naked Lunch) and full inclusion it’s basically an electronic technique – I’d overdub something else onto it”.
Howard Shore’s previous scores have always dwelled around familiar language. No doubt we have heard him take very interesting choices, in and the Essay, such scores as Seven or Crash – with its six electric guitars – but, safe for Naked Lunch, it hasn’t strayed too much from classical grounds. Naked Lunch and, to some extent, his early age experimentation with dubbing seem to have prepared Shore to tackle The Cell in such a creative way. The decision to inclusion, use Jazz on Philosophy and the Arts Essay, Naked Lunch seems to have been a conscious one by Lag-Time Errors Between and Professional Shore and David Cronenberg. “In this score we decided to use Jazz because it just seemed part of the book. It was part of Burrough’s world, and Essay part of the 1950’s world of To The Tales Essay Bebop” Howard Shore recalls. “So I was looping the Arts Essay, [Charlie] Parker tracks, and writing against Lag-Time Essay them, […] and then I remembered a recording that Ornette [Coleman] did in the early 1970s with the Master musicians of Arts Essay Jajouka in the mountains outside of Tangiers, […] I played it for Errors Interpreters, Cronenberg and he thought that was the Interzone national anthem!” 3.4.2. Tarsem Singh. The much younger director of The Cell, is a graduate from the Art Centre College of Design in Pasadena, Los Angeles. Without much experience in features – this was his first – Tarsem had nonetheless already an impressive credits list as director. He is renowned for his excellent work is Music videos, such as REM’s Loosing My Religion, and award winning TV commercials like Nike’s Good vs Evil.
He has directed an impressive stream of Philosophy and the TV commercials for top companies such as Levi’s, Pepsi, all major car manufacturers, all major mobile phone providers, and so on. (clip on CD) Nike commercial directed by Tarsem Singh. Figure 3 - Still from The Cell. It is likely that the way music serves and basic interacts with the visuals in The Cell was shaped by Tarsem’s extensive background directing TV commercials. As we can see from this Nike advert his productions are very stylish, loaded with bold imagery, strong colours and a tad of Arts histrionics. We can also foretell that he has a good pulse for music as a complement to the visuals. Child psychotherapist Catharine Deane, played by Jennifer Lopez, is part of inclusion a revolutionary new treatment which allows her mind to literally enter the mind of her patients. Her experience in this method takes an unexpected turn when FBI agent Peter Novak (Vince Vaughn) comes to ask for Philosophy and the Arts, a desperate favour.
The FBI has tracked down and captured a notorious serial killer, Carl Stargher (Vincent D’Onofrio), whose modus operandi involves abducting women and then keeping them in a tank he built in a remote location for about 40 hours until they slowly drown. Unfortunately, the killer has fallen into an irreversible coma, which means he cannot confess where he has taken his latest victim who is still alive. Catherine Deane must race against time exploring the twisted mind of the killer to get the Between Essay, information she needs. But Stargher's damaged personality poses dangers that threaten to Philosophy Arts, overwhelm her. 4.1.1. Artistic Influences. As expected from a director accustomed to definition, convey a message in a short span of time – a TV commercial - his style for The Cell is highly visual.
Very strong and stylised imagery, quite often based on the works of other 20th century artists. For example, the Essay, scene in which a horse is split into sections seems to have been inspired by the works of British artist Damien Hirst. An artist for whom Death is heroism 3.5, a central theme in his creations, and is best known for his Natural History series, in which dead animals (such as a shark, a sheep or a cow) are preserved, sometimes cut-up, in and the Arts, formaldehyde. The film includes scenes inspired on the work of other late 20th century artists, such as Odd Nerdrum. In particular, the scene where Vince Vaughn starts his maiden voyage into purpose of ads, the subcounscious of the Philosophy and the Essay, serial killer shows a strong influence by basic principles Nerdrum's painting Dawn. Figure 4 -Odd Nerdrum's Dawn The Cell reveals an influence from the work of other filmmakers as well - like the Brothers Quay, who have given us fantastic films such as Street Of Crocodiles and also directed music videos. I believe we can also see some aesthetic similarities in between Kubrick’s The Shining and what Tarsem created for The Cell. Particularly the strong colours and the nature of the graphic image, the impressive landscapes, the tempo oif the Philosophy Essay, visuals and the presence of emptiness on screen.
Tarsem Singh included a nod towards a cult classic animation with vague similarities to The Cell’s story. The animated sequence that Catherine watches on television, near the Greater Good, beginning of the film, is from La Planete Sauvage - a French animated feature from 1973 chiefly noted for its surreal imagery, which tells the story of humans enslaved as pets by giant blue-skinned aliens. 4.2. FUNCTIONS OF THE MUSIC SCORE. 4.2.1.
What and when does the audience need to know the Essay, information supplied by the music? The director and the composer need to be extremely careful when deciding the amount of information that the music score will feed to inclusion, the audience. As they both know the outcome of the film and Philosophy have seen it many times, they can easily lose the fine balance necessary to make the plot interesting, (by hinting or suggesting something but never giving away what you should only find out later). Suggesting what is not present on screen has traditionally been linked with certain musical devices. One of them, probably the Good Essay, oldest one, is the Leitmotif. Arts Essay? History has it that it was Richard Wagner who brought it to daylight in heroism 3.5, his operas.
Although Carl Maria Von Weber was probably the first composer to Philosophy Essay, make extensive use of leitmotifs, back in principles of curriculum development, early 1800s. It consists of a recurring musical theme – which can be a melody, a harmonic progression or a rhythm – associated with someone, an object, an idea or a place. If this motif is played enough times, the audience may respond to it being played - in a sort of Pavlovian reflex - even when its counterpart is Philosophy and the Arts Essay, not on development, screen. We can easily deduct then that Leitmotifs are composer’s best friends when it comes to suggesting what we can not see. The Cell’s score contains a few musical motifs that serve as aural guideposts throughout the Philosophy and the Arts Essay, film but nothing so precise. Composers can hint at a certain psychological trait of a character with a musical reference that presumably will have a strong emotional baggage for most people. A music box lullaby (assuming it is not playing over the image of a baby), for example, will lead audiences in search of a meaning – most probably an immature adult (as Gabriel Yared did in The Talented Mr Ripley for Matt Damon’s character) In a more sophisticated way some directors like Scorcese in Raging Bull or Kubrick in 2001 have implied connotations far beyond the action on the screen with pieces of Government Surveillance For The Greater Good Essay music they chose to underscore certain sequences – respectively Mascagni’s Cavaleria Rusticanna and and the Arts Strauss’s Also Spracht Zaratrustra.
The story of full definition Mascagni’s opera, for example, mirrors that of our protagonist, Jake La Motta, being steeped in passion, betrayal and retribution. And Strauss’s symphonic poem (inspired by Nietzsche’s book with the same name) about the Philosophy Arts, fictitious travels and pedagogy of prophet Zarathustra (or Zoroaster) adds a complementary layer of meaning to the sequence with one of the most famous cuts in the history of film. The use of pre-recorded music tracks – particularly when they are well known to the public – can be quite controversial as well. This is another aspect of the power music has to convey emotions beyond the story it is playing against. In the purpose of ads, film Chocolat (2000), composer Rachel Portman rebelled against the director Lasse Hallstrom’s decision to use a piece from French composer Eric Satie. Philosophy And The Essay? She argued that that piece had such a strong emotional baggage that it would lead some audiences away from the film’s emotional pulse. Full Inclusion Definition? It would get too distracting and not beneficial to and the Essay, the enjoyment of the film. 4.3. AUDIENCE EXPECTATIONS. Charles Bernstein, when talking about his work on inclusion, Nightmare On Elm Street, described how he sometimes had to Philosophy Essay, lead the audience into thinking they were watching a dream or make them think they were watching reality. For him, the key decision is taken during the spotting session.
He says: “If you bring the music at the beginning of a scene, you are letting the audience know that there is Government Surveillance Good Essay, something about that scene that is different from the one that preceded it”. He goes on Philosophy and the Arts, to suggest that if you hold off and wait for another moment further on, you’ll have greater control over their emotional response. The boundary between dream and reality is a fine line in only two scenes in Government Surveillance Greater Good Essay, The Cell. And The Arts Essay? In these instances we are not immediately aware that we are watching a dream sequence. Errors And Professional? Howard Shore has nevertheless scored them throughout.
So our epiphany comes from obvious visual cues (in the first scene) or from a line of dialogue (when the procedure goes wrong) and not from the Philosophy Arts Essay, score. On the other journeys into the mind, the visuals leave absolutely no doubt that the reality frontier has been crossed, so there is no need for the music to reiterate this. 4.4. EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE. Several researchers have proposed models specific to the perception and cognition of music within the cinematic context. Based upon subject responses, the researchers Marshall and Cohen (1988) determined that music directly effects subject ratings on the: potency (strong-weak) and activity (active-passive) dimensions. While the evaluative dimension (good-bad) relies mostly on the degree of correspondence between the audio and the visual components on all three dimensions. These researchers also acknowledge the important role played by temporal characteristics of the sound and image, stating that:” the assignment of accent to Analysis To The Essay, events will affect retention , processing and interpretation ” 4.5.
THEORETICAL EVIDENCE. There are basically two models related to the role and function of film music. According to Philosophy and the Arts, Gorbman (1987), who wrote one of the models, music provides referential and narrative cues. It provides rhythmical and formal continuity, and aids in the construction of formal and narrative unity. Nicholas Cook (1998), who wrote the Surveillance For The Greater Good, other, explains that: “words and pictures deal primarily with the specific, with the objective. Philosophy? While music deals primarily with responses – that is, with values, emotions and attitudes […] the connotative qualities of the music complement the Errors Between Interpreters, denotative qualities of the words and the pictures”. In other words it is Philosophy Essay, these associated qualities that come in so handy when the unseen needs to be conveyed. According to Roy Prendergast, one of the most effective ways in which a musical score can augment the narrative is to express the unspoken thoughts and unseen implications that underlie the drama.
Music can convey character. So, rather than just associating a character with a particular musical theme, a composer may choose to define a character by sound – musical or non-musical. And the most consistently used technique to communicate musically through association is undoubtedly the inclusion definition, leitmotif . Richard Wagner once said:” Music speaks out the very thing which word speech in itself can not speak out… that which, looked at from the standpoint of our human intellect, is the unspeakable ” Music can also convey messages about where in Philosophy, the frame the Analysis Prologue Canterbury Tales Essay, audience should focus attention. A research by M. Boltz in 2001 has shown that music that is assigned a “negative” or ”positive” connotation “significantly biased viewer’s interpretation and subsequent remembering of a film in a mood-congruent fashion. Particularly when music with an assigned connotation was combined with an and the Essay ambiguous scene, memory of objects in the visual scene is purpose of ads, influenced significantly by the music”. In addition to mood-congruent relations between audio and visual components, salient moments in the music draw attention to concurrent prominent events in the visual image. This has been rather well explored by Philosophy and the composers, and inclusion definition has its maximum expression in a technique traditionally known as Mickeymousing and the now unfashionable Stings or Stingers . The same C. Gorbman (1987) mentioned above also believes that “within a cinematic context, the presence of Essay film music serves to lower the audience’s threshold of belief”. Full Inclusion Definition? The fact that nondiegetic music is and the, heard in places where we wouldn’t expect diegetic music, allows the audience to more readily become lost in the drama. 4.6.
ANALYSIS OF A REPRESENTATIVE SCORED SCENE IN THE CELL. For practical reasons, I have divided the scenes from The Cell into two categories: Conventional drama and Journeys into the mind. Conventional drama involves scenes that take place in of curriculum, the real world. Sequences such as the one when Barry comes in Philosophy and the Arts Essay, the control room to announce that the little boy’s parents have arrived – about 6 minutes and Lag-Time Between 20 seconds into the film. Here, a sombre musical gesture with a string section makes us aware that this is not good news. This sort of language is familiar territory to most audiences, as it simply mimics what dozens of composers have done before. Some of the score for the scenes in this category (particularly the fast paced ones) is reminiscent of the composer’s own work in Seven (1995) - A film that dealt with the story of Essay yet another serial killer- but noting worth mentioning in basic development, the context of this paper. Dark atmospheric orchestration and equal temperament are two characteristics that set this category apart from the and the, next. Journeys into the mind however allowed Shore a generous opportunity to venture into a more exotic territory. Full Inclusion Definition? Here we hear a clear departure from traditional scoring methods, exploring microtonality and Philosophy and the Arts Essay exotic instrumentation. The film opens with a shot of a desert landscape, which we will later learn belongs in Surveillance Greater Good Essay, a little boy’s dream.
The music that underscores this first hypnotic sequence has a distinctive ethnic flavour. Its general mood is calm and sweet as we hear a cane flute in the foreground. More instruments join in and the scene gathers momentum when we see a beautiful woman riding a horse. A certain chaotic sizzling seeps in Philosophy and the Essay, and menacing horns can be heard along side intense drumming. This sort of Surveillance Greater emotional turmoil is Philosophy Arts Essay, traditionally achieved in other films with fast figures – usually ostinatos (motif or phrase repeated continuously at the same pitch) – or fugue-like constructions (as can be heard in the extracts from film scores from “The Matrix” (fast) and Analysis Of The General Prologue To The Canterbury Tales Essay “Close Encounters” (slow).(tracks 4 and 5 on Philosophy, the CD) Extract from film score “The Omen” by Jerry Goldsmith. Extract from film score “Close Encounters Of The Third Kind” by John Williams.
These devices are a good illustration of For The what I referred to previously. And The Essay? They abound in classical music and are continually used in film scores. A good example can be found in purpose of ads, Bartok’s Concerto For Orchestra. (tracks 6) Extract from Bartok’s Concerto For Orchestra. The scene maintains momentum thanks to the fast phrasing of flute and ghaita above a layer of obsessive drumming. The line between reality and dream is Philosophy and the Essay, immediately crossed when we see the woman’s stallion become a cardboard cut-out of a stylised horse. Unfortunately this is accentuated by principles of curriculum a rather tacky sound effect. By this time a definite feel of Philosophy Arts Essay excitement has been brought to the sequence through the score.
If watched without sound, the stillness of the shots conveys a remarkable sense of tranquillity and calm. The deliberate choice of basic principles of curriculum this agitated piece of music, instantly and very likely subliminally, sparks a search for a meaning by most audiences. The unseen urgency imposed by the score sets up a weighty contrast with the tranquil visuals - In this film not everything is and the, what it appears to be. From a distance, she spots a little boy with a mirror (which she has given him to heroism 3.5, use as a signal, should he want to get in touch with her). Philosophy And The Arts? It seems that this link between the two characters has eased off the tension as the music quickly returns to the serenity of the flute heard previously. Such contrast between anxiety and tranquillity could have been attempted in another way, perhaps through the editing, but I doubt that it would have been as successful as this. Its daring use of ghaita, drums and basic principles of curriculum chaotic figures during emotionally intense scenes has been influential to other composers as well.
For example, Brian Tyler and Klaus Badelt used similar soundscapes in Philosophy Arts Essay, their score for principles of curriculum, the film Constantine. Although these days we must always consider that their choice might have been slightly hampered by the putative use of The Cell’s score in the temp. For as much as Howard Shore hates intellectualising about his scores, he has admitted in an interview for and the Essay, website Soundtrack.net that once a certain link has been pointed out to purpose of ads, him (as director David Cronenberg did during the recording sessions for his film Crash) the composer acknowledges that subconsciously he might have taken certain decisions for Philosophy and the Arts Essay, a reason. Full? Even when he refers to Philosophy and the Arts Essay, this as gut instin ct, decisions such as the basic principles development, one that led him to and the Essay, use the Jajouka ensemble for the dream sequences and a traditional orchestra in the reality scenes can only have been intentional. The amount of extra information that this choice brought to the film ended up being a big serendipitous bonus. Howard Shore has stated that for this score he wanted to write it in a way that Western instruments related to definition, each other in Philosophy Essay, the same way this happens in African, Indian or Chinese music. In his opinion this has brought to Surveillance For The Good, the sonic palette a sense of freedom above anything else. Figure 5 - Master Musicians of Arts Jajouka. To this end he managed to enlist the Master Musicians of Jajouka. The music and heroism 3.5 secrets of Jajouka have been passed down through generations from father to son, by some accounts, for Arts Essay, as long as 4000 years. Analysis Prologue To The Canterbury Tales? The musicians are taught from and the Arts Essay early childhood a complex music that is unique to Jajouka, until they finally become Malims or Masters.
They possess baraka, or the Analysis The General, blessing of Allah, which gives them the power to and the, heal, and the endurance required to Analysis The General Prologue To The Canterbury Tales Essay, play some of the most intense and complex music around. The music of Jajouka uses a number of traditional instruments, including the ghaita (the Arabic version of the oboe), the Philosophy Arts, lira (a bamboo flute), and heroism 3.5 the guimbri (a rudimentary three stringed lute), along with double-headed Moroccan drums. Figure 6 – Ghaita. Their music is composed of Philosophy Essay several fairly simple parts, which are then intricately woven together in a way foreign to most Western ears, so that the principles of curriculum, resolution of and the individual phrases and For The Greater Good sections can be difficult for Philosophy Arts, outsiders to discern. The music can be extended indefinitely, and many performances last for days at a time, with some musicians taking breaks and full others stepping in to take their place.
Howard Shore says that although their music can sound random and Arts disorganised to Western ears it is quite the contrary. It is very specific and incredibly detailed. As Robert Bresson cleverly put it once:” the eye solicited alone makes the ear impatient, the ear solicited alone makes the eye impatient. Purpose Of Ads? [You should] Use these impatiences”. Some directors and film editors know that by Philosophy and the subtracting (maybe by having music point in the a different direction) or merely hinting at certain bits of information relevant to heroism 3.5, the plot, they can engage the Philosophy and the Essay, audience in a much more powerful way than if everything is laid out plainly in full definition, front of them. We enjoy these impatiences. It is particularly in Philosophy, these instances that music – or sound – can be called upon to achieve something beyond mere storytelling. Author and composer Mark Russell (Cold Feet) on a BBC radio 2 interview (2002) talked about the Surveillance Greater Good, implications that Bernard Herrmann’s score for and the Arts Essay, Psycho brought to the story. Talking about the first twenty minutes of the film where we see Janet Leigh driving through the rain, he recalled what Bernard Herrmann said, “if you watch it with no music, she could just be driving to the supermarket. Purpose Of Ads? There is no reason to believe that there is Philosophy, anything going on”. This is a perfect example of purpose of ads a situation where music adds an entire different dimension to the picture.
It tells you what is Philosophy Arts Essay, going on Errors Between Novice, in her head, it tells you that she feels there is a sort of clock ticking away in a haze of Philosophy Arts guilt and obsession. In that same radio show, Hans Zimmer reiterates the importance of a composer when it comes to conjure notions and feelings not present (enough or at all) on the screen, when he said: “My real job is to do those bits in heroism 3.5, a movie they can’t tell with words or images”. This score caught Howard Shore between “eXistenZ”(1999), a film that shared a few similarities – particularly the fine blurry line between dream and reality – and “Lord of the Rings”(2001) – an epic where he reused most of the unusual instruments chosen for The Cell (like the and the Essay, monochord and the Ghaita). In this score there is also a thread in the composer’s history that takes us as far back as Naked Lunch. A film score where he also used improvised cells alongside written material. The originality of the material for this score can be questioned by some purists. Purpose Of Ads? Particularly as Howard Shore did not write the Jajouka musician’s performances and even the orchestra for good part of the score played notes randomly chosen by each performer (within a boundary established by Shore). Nevertheless I believe it is rather pointless questioning the composer’s merit. Philosophy And The Arts? A good percentage of avant-garde music is conceived and written exactly like this and no one doubts Penderecky or Ligeti’s astonishing talent. The soundtrack can supplement, enhance and expand upon the meaning of a film’s narrative.
The relationship between the auditory and Surveillance For The Essay visual components in cinema is Philosophy and the Essay, both active and dynamic, affording a multiplicity of multiple relations that can evolve, sometimes dramatically, as the narrative unfolds. The suggestion of the unseen can be used by the filmmaker and composer with two basic intentions: To lead the audiences into basic of curriculum development, a red herring or to make them aware of certain plot details, in order to better enjoy and understand the and the Arts, film. This role of implying the Errors and Professional Interpreters, unseen or reinforcing a situation hinted with the visuals, which is and the Essay, so often asked from music, is principles of curriculum development, possible mostly because of cultural conventions. Some researches have also demonstrated that we possess an innate tendency to have the way we perceive a film influenced by the simultaneous use of music. Filmmakers and composers are aware of a universe of musical gestures that can be incredibly helpful in providing the picture with a layer of extra meaning.
This layer can be: the Psychological make-up of a character, a special quality of an object, a memory of Arts someone who is absent, etc… Probably since the dawn of opera, and Analysis The General Prologue To The past a long journey through music in theatre plays, music as a background atmosphere for Philosophy and the Arts, poetry readings, in radio plays, and in visual media (film television, corporate videos and advertising) that audiences have been conditioned, in a Pavlovian manner, to purpose of ads, respond and feel in a certain way according to the music they hear while engaged with other visual or aural stimuli. Although the score for The Cell features a rather innovative approach and the use of Philosophy a music language unfamiliar to most audiences, I believe it succeeded when it came to establish a link with more familiar Western music language. Lag-Time Between And Professional Interpreters Essay? We are still emotionally influenced by Philosophy and the the sweetness of the melody played by the lira and become excited and basic principles restless by the intense turmoil of the Moroccan drums. The tone and texture provided by this score complemented the story in a very successful manner. I trust we can safely conclude that, when properly used, less-known or new forms / genres of music (i.e. foreign to Western ears) can also be incredibly effective in conveying hidden layers of meaning. Very likely because our brains establish a parallel with our well-known cultural references and to the familiar language a century of cinema has brought us. Obviously, none of this is flawless, and there is always the possibility that a cue will not achieve the desired result, or even throw some viewers in the opposite direction. But again, so can Cinematography, Editing, Sound and almost every other slice of Philosophy and the this holistic cake called film.
In a year that gave birth to some very inventive scores, such as “Requiem For A Dream” by Clint Mansell, “28 Days” by John Murphy and Tan Dun’s “Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon”, “The Cell” was undoubtedly a breath of Government Surveillance fresh air above its peers. In chronological order. Rosemary’s Baby, 1968, directed by Roman Polansky, Paramount Pictures. The Omen, 1976, directed by Richard Donner, 20th Century Fox. The Shining, 1980, directed by Stanley Kubrick, Warner Bros. Poltergeist, 1982, directed by Tobe Hooper. MGM. A Nightmare on Elm Street, 1984 directed by Wes Craven, The Elm street venture. The Fly, 1986, directed by Philosophy and the Essay David Cronenberg, 20th Century Fox. Naked Lunch, 1991, directed by heroism 3.5 David Cronenberg, Film Trustees Ltd. The Silence Of The Lambs, 1991, directed by Jonathan Demme, Orion Pictures Corp.
Interview With The Vampire, 1994, directed by Neil Jordan, Geffen pictures. Seven, 1995, directed by David Fincher, New Line Cinema. Scream, 1996 directed by Wes Craven, Dimension Films. Devil’s Advocate, 1997, directed by Taylor Hackford, Kopelson Entertainment. Urban Legend, 1998, directed by Jamie Blanks, Original Film. Sleepy Hollow, 1999, directed by Tim Burton, Paramount Pictures. The Cell, 2000, directed by Tarsem Singh, Avery Pix Co. Bless the Child, 2000, directed by Chuck Russell, Paramount Pictures. Constantine, 2005, directed by Francis Lawrence, Warner Bros. Nike TV commercial, directed by Tarsem Singh.
Adler, S. (1989) The Study of Orchestration , second edition, W.W. and Norton Company Inc. Boltz, M. And The Arts Essay? (2001), Musical soundtracks as a schematic influence on the cognitive processing of filmed events , Music Perception, 18(4), 427-454. Bordwell, D. and Thompson K. (2004), Film Art – an purpose of ads introduction , McGraw-Hill, 7th edition. Cook, N. (1998), Analysing musical multimedia , Oxford University Press, New York. Gorbman, C. (1987), Unheard melodies: Narrative film music , Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN. Kalinak, K. (1992), Settling the score: music and the classical Hollywood film , The University of Wisconsin Press. Karlin, F. Wright, R. (2002) On the track: a contemporary guide to film scoring , Routledge New York, 2nd edition, Koppl, R. (2000) Inside The Cell with composer Howard Shore and and the director Tarsem Singh , Soundtrack vol.
19/No75, Fall 2000 p.24. Marshall, S.K. and Government For The Good Cohen, A.J. (1988) Effects of Essay musical soundtracks on attitudes toward animated geometric figures , Music Perception, 6 (1), 95-112. Prendergast, R.M. Purpose Of Ads? (1992), Film music: a neglected art, W.W. Arts Essay? Norton and Co, New York. Science 13 December 2002 298: 2167-2170 [DOI: 10.1126/science.1076262. Thomas, T. (1991), Film score: the Analysis Of Tales, art craft of movies music , Riverwood press, Burbank,CA. Wagner R. (1964) Orchestra’s power of speech: analogy with gesture , Dutton, New York (Original work [The Artwork of the Future] published in1849) Shore, H. Interview with Howard Shore for website Soundtrack.net. Whitehall, A. The new Grove music dictionary online (ed. L. Macy) Grove’s dictionaries, New York. www.grovemusic.com.
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Nov 16, 2017 Philosophy and the Arts Essay,
Katherine Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory Essay. Katherine Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory fits best with my philosophy of nursing and my current work environment. As a hospice nurse comfort is the top priority. The goal of hospice care is to provide comfort and dignity at the end of life. The technical term for comfort for health care is the immediate state of being strengthened by having the needs for relief, ease, and Arts Essay, transcendence addressed in the four context of holistic human experience: physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural, and heroism 3.5, environment.
The change goal would be to implement Kolcaba’s taxonomic structure of comfort as a way for the hospice unit staff to measure comfort. Katherine Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory Kolcaba was born as Katherine Arnold on December 8th, in Cleveland, Ohio. She received her diploma in nursing from St. Luke’s Hospital School of Nursing in 1965. Arts Essay. She graduated from the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University in 1987. She graduated with a PhD in nursing and received a certificate of authority clinical nursing specialist in 1997. Lag-Time Between And Professional. She specialized in Gerontology, End of Life and Long Term Care Interventions, Comfort Studies, Instrument Development, Nursing Theory, and Nursing Research. She is currently and associate professor of nursing at the University of Akron College of Nursing.
She published Comfort Theory and Practice: a Vision for Holistic Health Care and Research (Nursing Theories, 2011). Description Comfort Theory is and the Essay a middle range theory for health practice, education, and research. Comfort is viewed as an Government Surveillance outcome of Arts Essay care that can promote or facilitate health-seeking behaviors. Increasing comfort can result in Lag-Time Errors and Professional Essay having negative tensions reduced and Essay, positive tensions engaged. Kolcaba (as cited in McEwin Wills, 2011) defined comfort within nursing practice as “the satisfaction of the basic human needs for Errors Between, relief, ease, or transcendence arising from health care situations that are stressful” (p.
34). Purpose According to Kolcaba, (2010) “the overall purpose of Comfort Theory, was to highlight the importance of comforting patients in this high tech world. It is what they want and need from us. ” Origin. To describe the origin or development of Comfort Theory, Kolcaba conducted a concept analysis of Essay comfort that examined literature from heroism 3.5, several disciplines including nursing, medicine, psychology, psychiatry, ergonomics, and English. First, three types of comfort (relief, ease, transcendence) and four contexts of holistic human experience in differing aspects of therapeutic contexts were introduced. Philosophy And The Arts. A taxonomic structure was developed to guide for assessment, measurement, and evaluation of patient comfort (Nursing Theories, 2011). Heroism 3.5. Major concepts. Major concepts described in Philosophy Arts Essay the Theory of Comfort include comfort, comfort care, comfort measures, comfort needs, health-seeking behaviors, institutional integrity, and intervening variables (Kolcaba, 2010).
Propositions. Kolcaba (as cited in McEwin Wills, 2011) defines eight propositions that link the defined concepts: * Nurses and members of the health care team identify comfort needs of patients and family members * Nurses design and coordinate interventions to address comfort needs * Intervening variables are considered when designing interventions * When interventions are delivered in a caring manner and are effective, the outcome of enhanced comfort is attained * Patients, nurses and other health care team members agree on desirable and definition, realistic health-seeking behaviors * If enhanced comfort is Philosophy Arts Essay achieved, patients, family members and/or nurses are more likely to The General To The, engage in health-seeking behaviors; these further enhance comfort. * When patients and family members are given comfort care and Philosophy Arts Essay, engage in health-seeking behaviors, they are more satisfied with health care and have better health-related outcomes * When patients, families, and nurses are satisfied with health care in an institution, public acknowledgement about that institution’s contributions to health care will help the institution remain viable and heroism 3.5, flourish. Evidence-based practice or policy improvements may be guided by these propositions and the theoretical framework (P. 234). Population According to the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, (NHPCO, 2012) in 2011, an estimated 1. 65 million patients received services from hospice and an estimated 44.
6% of all deaths in the United States were patients under hospice care. In 2001, an estimated 36. 6% of cancer patients accessed three of more days of hospice care. The median length of service in 2011 was 19. 1 days. Philosophy. 56. 4% of basic of curriculum development hospice patients were female and 43.
6% were male. 83. And The Arts Essay. % of hospice patients were 65 years of age or older, and more than one-third of all hospice patients were 85 years of age or older. Full Inclusion. 82. 8% of hospice patients were white/Caucasian. Patients of Philosophy and the minority (non-Caucasian) race accounted for more than one fifth of hospice patients. Today cancer diagnoses account for less than half of all hospice admissions (37. 7%). Currently less than 25% of U. S. deaths are now caused by cancer, with the majority of death due to other terminal diseases. The top four non-cancer primary diagnoses for patients admitted to hospice in Analysis The General Prologue Canterbury Tales Essay 2011 were debility, dementia, heart disease, and lung disease (NHPCO, 2012).
Level of care There are four general levels of hospice care: routine home care, continuous home care, general inpatient care, and inpatient respite care. The facility where I currently work is a unit for Philosophy, general inpatient care. General inpatient care is full inclusion definition care received in and the Arts Essay an inpatient facility for pain control or acute or complex symptom management which cannot be managed in other settings. In 2011, 2. For The Greater Good Essay. 2% of hospice patients received general inpatient care. The percentage of hospice patients receiving care in and the Arts a hospice inpatient facility increased from 21. 9% in 2010 to Analysis Of The General Prologue, 26. 1% in 2011 (NHPCO, 2012). The main reason for a general inpatient admission is for comfort care that cannot be achieved at home or in another setting. Nursing Role My current role at the hospice unit is one of Essay a staff nurse. I work three, twelve hour shifts on the dayshift.
My responsibilities include the day to day care of the patients that I am assigned. I provide the patients with comfort care and of curriculum development, symptom management based on the physicians orders. I do have certain standing orders that can be put in Philosophy and the Arts place without making a call to the physician and using my nursing judgment alone. I report directly to the unit manager on my unit. Power I feel that I have informal power at my facility. Full. I have been there the Philosophy Arts Essay, longest of all the nurses, including the manager. I am the person that all the nurses turn to Government Essay, when there is a question regarding policy and procedure.
I am the person that others seek out for advice and Philosophy Essay, unfortunately the Lag-Time Errors and Professional, person that most nurses vent to. I am always willing to Philosophy Arts, pick up extra shifts without complaining. Surveillance Greater Good. I continually hear from the other nurses, “you never complain. ” I love what I do! I love providing comfort care for and the Arts, patients in need. Are there days when things get crazy?
Are there things I wish I could change? Absolutely, but complaining doesn’t change anything and I feel that being around someone that complains all the time bring others down as well. I always try to stay positive and heroism 3.5, encourage others. The management team comes to Philosophy and the Essay, me as well to ask me my opinion about certain changes. I feel that I could be a positive influence for change, but ultimately the decision would not be mine to heroism 3.5, make. Any decision has to go through my unit manager and Philosophy Essay, then up the chain of command to Analysis Tales Essay, the clinical director, and executive director.
Comfort Theory “Best Fit” for Hospice According to Kolcaba, (2010) health is considered to be optimal functioning, as defined by Essay, the patient, group, family, or community. There are several major assumptions in Comfort Theory. Human beings have holistic responses to complex stimuli. Comfort is a desirable holistic outcome that is germaine to the discipline of nursing, human beings strive to meet, or to have met, their basic comfort needs. It is an active endeavor. When comfort needs are met, patients are strengthened (Kolcaba, 2010). The mission statement of the company that I work for includes: * Recognize that individuals and families are the true expert in their own care; * Support each other so we can put our patients and families first; * Find creative solutions which add quality to life; * Strive for excellence beyond accepted standards, and; * Increase the community’s awareness of Analysis Of Canterbury Essay hospice as a part of the continuum of care. I feel that the mission of my company falls in line with the assumptions of Essay Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory.
The main goal of hospice care is full inclusion definition comfort care. Currently we assess pain using a number scale or a face/FLACC cale depending on if the patient is able to verbally respond. The majority of our patients are unable to communicate. Pain using a face or FLACC scale can vary from nurse to nurse. The FLACC scale measures pain using face, legs, activity, cry, and consolability.
Kolcaba’s taxonomic structure would be an excellent way to measure comfort on a hospice unit such as the one where I work. Development. Katherine Kolcaba developed an and the Essay interest in Lag-Time Novice Essay the concept of comfort during her practice as the head nurse of and the Essay a dementia care unit. Her understanding that comfort lead to optimal functioning of the dementia patients, was the beginnings of her comfort theory. Kolcaba realized the relationship between behaviors such as aggression, fighting with others, refusal to cooperate, or tearing up the environment and a patient’s comfort level.
Interventions to reduce these behaviors were called comfort measures (Kolcaba, 2003). Since that time, the theory has been utilized in the fields of hospice (Kolcaba, Dowd, Steiner, Mitzel, 2004; Vendlinski Kolcaba, 1997), orthopaedic care of adult patients (Panno, Kolcaba, Holder, 2000), pediatrics (Kolcaba DiMarco, 2005), and perianasthesia nursing (Kolcaba Wilson, 2002). Kolcaba (1994) stated, “the first dimension of the theory of comfort consists of inclusion three states of Essay comfort called relief, ease, and transcendence” (p. 1179). Lag-Time Interpreters Essay. Relief is having a specific comfort need meet. An example would be relief from pain. Ease is the state of Essay calm or comfort (Kolcaba, 1994). Individuals who feel ease are in a relaxed state.
Ease can add to an individual’s health seeking behavior. Transcendence is heroism 3.5 each individual’s ability to rise above one’s pain or trouble (Kolcaba Kolcaba, 1991). The second dimension of the theory consists of the Essay, contexts in which comfort occurs. This is a holistic concept. It can be examined in the physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural, and environmental perspectives. Physical comfort pertains to the body. Heroism 3.5. Musculoskeletal pain, urinary discomfort, gastrointestinal upset would fall into this category.
Psychospiritual comfort pertains to self-esteem, the meaning of one’s life, and Philosophy Arts Essay, one’s connection with a higher power. Sociocultural comfort pertains to Errors Between Essay, family, personal relationships, and one’s cultural background. Environmental comfort pertains to the external surrounding (Kolcaba, 1994). The theory consists of and the Essay three parts. Part one describes how comfort needs are assessed, appropriate nursing interventions are implemented, and the patient experiences increased comfort. The second part of the theory describes the inclusion, relationship between comfort and health seeking behaviors. Kolcaba reports that patients whose comfort needs are meet are better able to participate in positive behaviors, which promote health and well-being. The third part of the theory describes the and the, relationship between client’s health seeking behaviors and the integrity of the full inclusion, institution (Kolcaba, Tilton, Drouin, 2006). Outcome measures for institutions can be improved when staff utilizes comfort measures.
It is Philosophy desirable that nurses caring for Of The General To The Essay, hospice patients are skilled in the art of comfort. Providing physical comfort such as managing pain, positioning an individual with advanced musculoskeletal problems, keeping bowel patterns regular, assisting residents in Philosophy Arts Essay a toileting program to avoid incontinence, and protection fragile skin are skills used on a daily basis. Full. Nurses in hospice care must address psychospiritual concerns such as depression, the loss of physical functioning, as well as the loss of loved ones and friends. Most patients in and the Arts hospice care have been forced by illness and debility to give up their homes and independence. Sociocultural comfort is provided when nurses understand a person’s cultural background.
Encouraging family support and understanding a resident’s background and accomplishments assist nurses in developing interventions to support comfort. The environment also plays a part in an individual’s comfort and well-being in the long-term care environment. Providing a home-like, active, and joyful environment filled with children, animals, and treasured items from home are very important. Comfort theory has been utilized as a framework for hospice nursing (Vendlinski Kolcaba, 1997). University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 1 October 2016.
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