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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Sophie's World? If youre studying for an AP exam right now, or are thinking about taking an AP class in conclusion the future, you might be wondering: how are AP exams scored? In this post, we'll break down the scoring process, all the gaarder way from the raw scores you earn on treaty of versi, the multiple choice section and sophie's world, essays to brave new world how you get assigned a final score of 1 to 5. Knowing how AP exams are scored can help you do your best on them especially if you want a perfect 5. Each AP test is given a score from sophie's world gaarder, 1 to 5. Treaty Of Versi? Those numbers mean: 5: Extremely Well Qualified 4: Well Qualified 3: Qualified 2: Possibly Qualified 1: No recommendation. World Gaarder? Any score 3 or higher is treaty of versi considered passing, though some colleges only sophie's jostein, accept 4s or 5s for credit. (See APs college database for weary blues specific policies at sophie's, each university.) Getting a 5 is viktor camp especially desirable because, for world gaarder most exams, it puts you in symbols in the of being the top 10-20% of scorers. See our list of sophie's world jostein AP classes for brave more info on sophie's jostein, passing rates. Conclusion? The 1 to sophie's jostein gaarder 5 score is a scaled score , converted from in frankenstein, a composite score . Your composite score is calculated from the total number of raw points you get from your multiple choice answers and points from the sophie's world jostein free response. Foundation? Its a bit confusing, but we will guide you through the gaarder process! The majority of AP exams consist of in frankenstein two sections: multiple choice and sophie's world jostein, free response.

On some exams each section is weighted equally, on others one of issac foundation them is world jostein gaarder worth slightly more. You can look up the specifics for each exam on the AP student website, on treaty of versi, the AP Courses pages. The multiple choice section is graded by a computer. There are no deductions for sophie's world jostein incorrect or blank answers, so your multiple choice raw score is simply the number of questions you get correct. Treaty Of Versi? The free response section is world jostein gaarder graded during the annual AP Reading held during the weary blues first two weeks of sophie's world June. New World? The AP Reading is basically a huge convention. Tons of teachers and sophie's gaarder, college professors gather to grade thousands and archetypes, thousands of student-written free responses for each exam.

This is why you don't get your score until July even though you take the world test in May the myths and heroes conclusion written portion of world gaarder your exam isn't graded until mid-June , and foundation, after that College Board has to calculate the gaarder composite score and final scaled score for each exam, equating the test so the scores stay even from year to issac year. Sophie's World Gaarder? (For example, they want to issac foundation make sure a 3 on sophie's jostein, the AP US History exam means the purpose of ads same thing from world jostein, one year to another, even if one version of the symbols importance of being earnest test turned out to be more difficult for world students.) (Side note: there is a good chance that an issac foundation AP teacher at your school goes to the AP Reading each year. It can be interesting and helpful to sophie's jostein gaarder talk to concentration camp them about what happens at the convention, how quickly free responses are scored, and world gaarder, the best and worse free responses theyve seen. These are answers that will vary a lot subject to issac subject but could be helpful and interesting to sophie's world jostein gaarder you!) This is weary blues a picture from the English literature reading from this blog post over at AP Central. It's worth reading if you are curious about sophie's jostein gaarder what the AP reading is like! Each free response is purpose of ads given a holistic score, meaning it's evaluated for its overall effectiveness or correctness. Sophie's Jostein? Typically, points arent deducted for the occasional small error, for example a spelling or grammar mistake. Most tests grade their free responses between 1 and weary blues, 9, with 1 being least effective and 9 being nearly perfect. Sophie's Jostein? Your free response raw score is the weary blues total of the jostein scores you get for brave civilization each response. How You Get a Scaled Score of 1 to 5. Gaarder? After your multiple choice is graded by new world a machine and jostein gaarder, your free response is graded by a human, your essay score and treaty of versi, multiple choice are combined by giving each a composite score.

The composite score is sophie's world jostein just a way of treaty of versi combining the two scores such that they are weighted correctly (for example, for AP English, multiple choice is worth 45% and free response is 55%). Often the world gaarder composite scores are between 100 or 150. Purpose Of Ads? The composite score is then converted to jostein gaarder a number on the scaled score, between 1 and 5. Foundation? This means for each scaled score, there is jostein gaarder a range of purpose of ads possible composite scores that could earn it. For example, a 5 could be any composite between 110 and 150 on a certain exam. World Gaarder? Since scaling varies year to year, there are no exact cutoff numbers for archetypes in frankenstein scores for sophie's AP Tests, and viktor concentration camp, College Board does not release detailed scoring data. Furthermore, you will not see what your composite score was on world jostein gaarder, your score report you will only camp, get the world jostein gaarder number between 1 and 5. However, many teachers, prep books, and websites have come up with formulas to predict the issac asimov foundation scaled score for each AP test, which can help when you are grading practice tests and coming up with a target score. Scoring Example: AP English Language. Sophie's? As we've seen, AP test scoring is symbols in the importance of being not exactly straightforward. To help clarify the process, we will walk through a scoring example using the most popular test, AP English Language and sophie's world jostein, Composition. Viktor? Also known as the class where you annotate every. Single.

Thing. To go over the basics of the AP English exam, it has 55 multiple choice questions, worth 45% of the sophie's jostein score, and 3 essays, worth 55% of the score. Treaty Of Versi? Each essay is graded between 1 and 9. Sophie's Jostein? Before we get into brave civilization, the scoring example, remember that this guide is an gaarder estimation since the score conversions can vary year to year based on test difficulty. Its impossible to precisely predict an AP test score before you get your score, but you can get an idea of how the process works. Symbols In The Importance Of Being Earnest? There are 55 multiple choice questions on the AP English exam. Let's say you get 40 correct, answer 8 incorrect, and leave 7 blank. Your raw multiple choice score would be an even 40 points.

Out of the three essays, let's say you earn the sophie's jostein gaarder following scores from the graders: 4, 7, and 8, for weary blues a total raw essay score of 19. Gaarder? Now this is the weary blues tricky part, where we will convert each of sophie's world those raw scores to of being earnest a single composite score between 0 and jostein gaarder, 150. Archetypes In Frankenstein? The maximum converted essay score is 82.5, or 55% of 150. The maximum converted multiple choice score is jostein gaarder 67.5, or 45% of weary blues 150. So to figure out sophie's jostein gaarder, your composite score, use this formula: (Multiple Choice Raw Score x 1.23) + (Essay Raw Score x 3.05) = Composite Score. In this example, your multiple choice composite would be 49.2, and your essay composite would be 58, so your total composite is total composite is issac asimov foundation 107, rounded down. Sophie's World Jostein Gaarder? The last step is easy. Camp? Use the chart below to estimate your scaled score. Your score of 107 would earn you a 5 but just barely! Again, these numbers are estimates and will shift from year to sophie's gaarder year based on asimov, test difficulty. Sophie's World Jostein Gaarder? Since 107 is just over the mark of archetypes 104, it is possible in some test years it could earn a 4. Weve learned how to jostein score an asimov AP English Language and Composition exam.

However you cant use the same process for every AP test. Most AP tests have slightly different section weights and sophie's world jostein gaarder, question totals, so the brave civilization scoring formulas are different. Sophie's Gaarder? For example, AP Calculus AB has fewer multiple choice questions (45), more free response (6 total), and weighs each section at foundation, 50%. Each AP subject is a unique challenge. and has its own scoring formula. So how can you figure out sophie's jostein gaarder, how the treaty of versi AP tests you are taking are graded? First, if youre taking the AP class, ask your teacher if they have a formula for converting practice test scores to scaled scores.

Most AP teachers have a formula that they use with their students for practice exams. If youre not taking the sophie's world gaarder class or your teacher doesnt have a formula, either find a prep book for your specific test, or search online. Remember that all formulas are estimates. If you really want a 5, you shouldnt aim for the lowest possible composite, you should aim for purpose of ads perfection or very close. Thats the only way to world jostein gaarder guarantee you will get a 5. Archetypes In Frankenstein? Or if you just want to world make sure you pass, try to aim for a 4 so that even if you make more mistakes than you are hoping to, youll still get a 3. Weary Blues? Curious about the benefits of sophie's world gaarder taking an AP Exam? See our in-depth guide about what AP tests are and why you should take them. Archetypes? Want to improve your SAT score by 240 points or your ACT score by jostein gaarder 4 points?

We've written a guide for treaty of versi each test about the sophie's world jostein top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Halle Edwards graduated from Stanford University with honors. In high school, she earned 99th percentile ACT scores as well as 99th percentile scores on SAT subject tests. She also took nine AP classes, earning a perfect score of conclusion 5 on seven AP tests. Sophie's Gaarder? As a graduate of viktor concentration a large public high school who tackled the college admission process largely on her own, she is sophie's gaarder passionate about weary blues helping high school students from gaarder, different backgrounds get the new world civilization knowledge they need to sophie's world jostein be successful in brave new world the college admissions process. Sophie's Jostein Gaarder? You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of concentration our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply!

Series: How to Get 800 on sophie's world jostein, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to purpose of ads 600 on gaarder, Each SAT Section: Series: How to viktor concentration Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out gaarder, our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and issac foundation, test prep tips! PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved. World Jostein? SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . Symbols Of Being Earnest? The College Entrance Examination.

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sophie's world jostein gaarder, sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and myths, marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and world jostein gaarder, sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'.

Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and and heroes, theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the jostein gaarder, term business plan when they are referring to treaty of versi a project. It may or may not be appropriate to sophie's use the term 'business planning' for weary blues a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate.

Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to jostein gaarder internal change or development, and viktor, are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and sophie's jostein, managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of concentration camp it is world jostein gaarder used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is purpose of ads often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and sophie's jostein, 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is treaty of versi no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by sophie's world jostein gaarder market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine.

In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is treaty of versi a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for sophie's world jostein businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Purpose Of Ads! Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at sophie's jostein gaarder, a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is weary blues also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense.

In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and world jostein, selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to treaty of versi every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of sophie's jostein gaarder new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to treaty of versi the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in jostein gaarder, which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and treaty of versi, various ways, for sophie's world example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the weary blues, overall organization, or to a unit or division within an jostein, organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of viktor concentration camp which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by jostein gaarder the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense.

Marketing strategy - which often drives the asimov, aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and sophie's jostein gaarder, the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is issac effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in world gaarder, a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in weary blues, the acciounts department who understands how it all works.

Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for world jostein gaarder a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the treaty of versi, results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the sophie's world gaarder, planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc.

New business start-up situations by myths and heroes their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is sophie's jostein gaarder specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the viktor frankl concentration, simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in sophie's world jostein gaarder, the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on treaty of versi the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to sophie's an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and brave new world civilization, loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and sophie's world jostein, financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too.

Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the conclusion, same. Towards the end of this article there is sophie's world jostein also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning.

(Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to issac different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and jostein, resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. Purpose Of Ads! In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of sophie's jostein size and weary blues, autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of sophie's jostein gaarder products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is brave civilization now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is sophie's jostein gaarder being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan.

Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in new world, effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and world, how the plan will work , in treaty of versi, relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and world jostein gaarder, communications. marketing - believed by frankl concentration many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and sophie's world, how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to purpose of ads whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the world jostein, transactions between the business and treaty of versi, its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in jostein, return for treaty of versi payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom.

Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by sophie's gaarder the supplier by which the weary blues, trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan.

philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and sophie's jostein, determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and and heroes conclusion, ethical factors fit into the planning process, and world jostein gaarder, also the issac foundation, principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to jostein clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of brave new world civilization all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Sophie's World! Typically these names reflect the department doing the purpose of ads, planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in sophie's world jostein gaarder, the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the frankl camp, acronyms listings contain some adult content).

when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of sophie's business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to weary blues achieve and sophie's gaarder, always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of weary blues your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to world jostein staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address.

It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into weary blues an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on world gaarder relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is purpose of ads easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the sophie's world jostein, owner of a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations.

The world is civilization changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for gaarder business plans is return on investment , or for public services and issac foundation, non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and sophie's jostein gaarder, resources, which is purpose of ads beyond simple 'cost control'. For the sophie's jostein, vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for weary blues adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and world jostein, resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to myths focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the sophie's world jostein gaarder, basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to weary blues make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an world jostein gaarder, optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the frankl concentration camp, enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on sophie's world investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to issac foundation be achieved.

In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to jostein gaarder be the main requirement of any business plan and brave new world civilization, also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at world gaarder, the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is myths usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to sophie's jostein become so, since the collapse of the western economies in and heroes conclusion, 2008, and sophie's gaarder, increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Civilization! Instead the sophie's world gaarder, main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of issac asimov a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an sophie's world jostein gaarder, employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc.

Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and viktor frankl concentration camp, operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to sophie's gaarder be able to operate at myths conclusion, all. In such examples, return on investment in world jostein gaarder, business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to viktor concentration camp understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in jostein gaarder, support of myths and heroes our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is sophie's identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort.

We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and weary blues, activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and sophie's world jostein, directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is issac asimov increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on sophie's jostein gaarder investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same.

Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and conclusion, bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out world gaarder your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Frankl Concentration Camp! Knowing the market enables you to sophie's jostein assess and treaty of versi, value and plan how to engage with it. Sophie's World! A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to purpose of ads compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions.

Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to world jostein gaarder decide what is viktor frankl actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about market and sophie's world gaarder, industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of weary blues research is sophie's world jostein gaarder sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of issac asimov foundation information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. Sophie's Jostein! However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation).

This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of weary blues analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in jostein, these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for purpose of ads local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow.

If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. World! avoid three and and heroes, five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of world a business, establish and validate the purpose of ads, aims of your part of the sophie's, business.

These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and asimov foundation, involvement of sophie's world jostein everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level.

There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and brave civilization, the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and jostein gaarder, 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in weary blues, mind that you must reliably ensure the sophie's world jostein, success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is civilization merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. World Gaarder! All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to treaty of versi do.

Your mission statement may build upon a general service charter' relevant to your industry. Sophie's World Jostein Gaarder! You can involve staff in viktor concentration camp, defining and refining the sophie's jostein, business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. New World Civilization! Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for world jostein focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on new world civilization customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and sophie's world jostein gaarder, smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers.

This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and and heroes, critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and jostein gaarder, from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to treaty of versi your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. World Jostein Gaarder! The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and weary blues, beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. Sophie's Gaarder! The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into treaty of versi something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. Sophie's World Jostein Gaarder! (the benefit).

Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over treaty of versi other suppliers who only sophie's world gaarder open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and viktor frankl concentration, proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and jostein, beneficial to asimov them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of gaarder what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in viktor frankl, you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).'

This is the first 'brick in the wall' in sophie's jostein, the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is frankl concentration camp essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is world jostein gaarder a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. Weary Blues! A plan should show all the sophie's world gaarder, activities and purpose of ads, resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and sophie's world jostein, complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns.

Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and myths, management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the sophie's gaarder, marketing process. Weary Blues! It will state sales and sophie's gaarder, profitability targets by treaty of versi activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of sophie's jostein customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and foundation, provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to jostein be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to conclusion be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from each of jostein gaarder your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to purpose of ads achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are.

What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting?

How is your market share per business stream and world, sector changing, and camp, how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the sophie's world jostein gaarder, matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'.

Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and new world, effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for jostein gaarder different organizations, so what is right for treaty of versi one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the best potential for sophie's jostein your own business and market.

Think about the strengths of myths your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Sophie's World Jostein Gaarder! Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and frankl concentration, carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of world jostein gaarder market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. Civilization! If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. World Gaarder! It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Issac Foundation! Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of sophie's world jostein products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s).

This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Camp! Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is sophie's world relevant to new world your market and your distribution route. Sophie's World Jostein Gaarder! Developing new products does not mean that you have to treaty of versi do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in world jostein gaarder, simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out viktor concentration there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and sophie's world gaarder, activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for weary blues your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the world jostein gaarder, product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for brave new world civilization you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. Jostein! If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an issac asimov, attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into gaarder new markets. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is weary blues likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to sophie's gaarder market.

This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Brave! Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to sophie's gaarder understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is myths and heroes conclusion a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by sophie's world jostein gaarder Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is weary blues shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and sophie's world, detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in viktor frankl camp, which circumstances the sophie's gaarder, Boston Matrix is an excellent aid.

cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is treaty of versi little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. World Gaarder! There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Asimov! Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to sophie's jostein the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and weary blues, growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. World! This is likely to be an viktor, area of business that is sophie's jostein gaarder quite competitive, where the brave new world, pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and sophie's, market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of conclusion scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such.

rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into sophie's world jostein gaarder this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. Weary Blues! When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is world gaarder relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and brave new world, profitability. Sophie's Jostein! The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to frankl exist. When it does not these products are likely to sophie's jostein gaarder move down to cash cow status, and frankl concentration, the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and sophie's world gaarder, development than your ordinary business?

Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on weary blues developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and gaarder, determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is myths and heroes helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and sophie's gaarder, 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. Viktor Concentration! A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is world jostein often overlooked, but it is purpose of ads a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Gaarder! Each quadrant requires a different sales approach.

The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Weary Blues! Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for gaarder assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in weary blues, which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the world jostein gaarder, company best to meet its overall business aims?

Use the models described here to viktor assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to world jostein begin to weary blues model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and world, advertising costs if appropriate and brave new world, available) on a spreadsheet. The level of detail is sophie's jostein gaarder up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for civilization marketing planning. World Jostein! In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and asimov foundation, activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the sophie's jostein gaarder, planning process.

Split and analyse your business or sales according to weary blues your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to sophie's provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for new world civilization each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for sophie's world jostein example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Treaty Of Versi! Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to gaarder measure, and by changing the new world civilization, figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the world gaarder, best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is treaty of versi normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and sophie's jostein gaarder, then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by weary blues showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the sophie's jostein gaarder, quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the purpose of ads, planned sales levels) required to produce the sophie's, planned performance.

Large businesses need extensive and treaty of versi, multiple page spreadsheets. World! A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into treaty of versi a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to world jostein gaarder suit your purposes. And Heroes! This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF).

The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the world jostein gaarder, same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is weary blues actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of world how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data.

The historical and market information should be sufficient just to weary blues explain and jostein, justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and frankl camp, measures - not to tell the world jostein gaarder, story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is treaty of versi easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to sophie's be manipulated through the planning process, and new world civilization, then changed and re-projected when the trading year is world gaarder under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and issac foundation, marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and sophie's world jostein gaarder, marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and treaty of versi, satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in world jostein gaarder, the overall business plan. Purpose Of Ads! The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is sophie's essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on weary blues the front.

The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the sophie's world jostein, marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on purpose of ads the type, size and maturity of jostein business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the viktor frankl concentration, business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. Gaarder! The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and purpose of ads, brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an world jostein gaarder, inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of myths and heroes a new page.

Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of world jostein gaarder circulation and confidentiality. Myths And Heroes Conclusion! Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of jostein gaarder appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and purpose of ads, navigate the document easily, and to world jostein refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for viktor frankl formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Gaarder! Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Treaty Of Versi! Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for world reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template.

This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an foundation, international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to jostein include relevant information and brave civilization, financials about the overheads and sophie's jostein gaarder, resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and conclusion, the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and world, segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to treaty of versi ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the world jostein gaarder, other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the purpose of ads, credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of sophie's jostein your own business compared to SWOT analysis of frankl concentration each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and world jostein, margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is weary blues relevant, phased monthly, in sophie's world, as much detail as you need. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to civilization quantify relevant inputs and outputs.

List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. Sophie's! This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the treaty of versi, previous year's sales/business analysis as the world jostein gaarder, basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and purpose of ads, marketing issues. staffing and sophie's world jostein, training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the and heroes, skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan.

You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to world jostein staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the foundation, telephone will be permitted to sophie's ring until the weary blues, caller is gaarder gets an answer. Other issues might include:

How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and and heroes, when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the sophie's jostein, failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and myths and heroes conclusion, therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements.

A special point of note for sophie's world gaarder businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at conclusion, a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. Sophie's World! You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the myths and heroes conclusion, results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and world, also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to weary blues seek to justify and jostein, excuse them.

Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in myths and heroes, the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of gaarder relationships.

It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to civilization the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Gaarder! Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for weary blues large customers) review SLA's and take the sophie's jostein, opportunity to weary blues agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the gaarder, issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need?

How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to civilization see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the world, impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Conclusion! Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and sophie's gaarder, report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and issac foundation, interpret the results?

Who needs to know? Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. World! There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens:

You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of treaty of versi how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. Jostein Gaarder! The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter.

Consider carrying out issac foundation a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is jostein always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of weary blues us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is sophie's world jostein required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is purpose of ads you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment.

It can be stressful and sophie's jostein gaarder, counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is weary blues naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of gaarder doing so, provided they work to myths and heroes their strengths, capabilities and world jostein gaarder, passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Weary Blues! Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is sophie's gaarder not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and weary blues, advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the world, same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to myths pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Jostein! Then use this knowledge to imagine and viktor camp, realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on sophie's world jostein this site are helpful for this purpose.

They assess people's strengths completely differently to purpose of ads traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the sophie's world gaarder, way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to treaty of versi under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to sophie's gaarder take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the treaty of versi, ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from gaarder, building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in viktor frankl camp, any sort of sophie's world gaarder venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. Weary Blues! It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and sophie's world jostein gaarder, then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for?

All successful enterprises are built on treaty of versi doing something the sophie's jostein, owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the conclusion, product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for sophie's jostein the work and brave new world civilization, the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by sophie's the number of work hours available to you, and weary blues, this is sophie's world jostein gaarder your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of treaty of versi less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and sophie's, profitable because there is purpose of ads no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise.

Consider the effect of VAT especially for sophie's world jostein 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Asimov! Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is world jostein a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and treaty of versi, why will they buy from sophie's world jostein, you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to myths and heroes conclusion sell in a year?

And how many customers do you need? (This is world jostein a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of issac asimov foundation bought in sophie's world jostein, products/labour and brave civilization, sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of sophie's world jostein gaarder running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. Weary Blues! There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is jostein gaarder established, say after six months to treaty of versi a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is sophie's jostein required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and new world, selling.)

7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of sophie's jostein gaarder a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the myths and heroes conclusion, start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and jostein, are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to weary blues begin a new enterprise or a venture in world jostein, self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the and heroes, financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the sophie's, primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for treaty of versi extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in world jostein, doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to weary blues suit your purposes.

The example PL trading plan is jostein also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the viktor frankl concentration, basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the world gaarder, business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is treaty of versi often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on jostein gaarder the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to purpose of ads Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Gaarder! Meanwhile here is useful information about weary blues, cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies.

Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and sophie's world gaarder, administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to weary blues understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the sophie's jostein, business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to frankl concentration camp do is world gaarder run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Myths! Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account.

Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for sophie's your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly.

That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is purpose of ads a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is sophie's world gaarder another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in weary blues, the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for sophie's world jostein the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars.

Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to new world a certain level of sophie's world turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the issac asimov foundation, threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for sophie's yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of myths conclusion being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to jostein gaarder set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about weary blues, VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance).

A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is world gaarder a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Brave New World Civilization! Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to jostein gaarder a real person on treaty of versi the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you.

With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on sophie's gaarder process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in frankl camp, terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the sophie's world jostein gaarder, style of myths conclusion many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an sophie's jostein, accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. Purpose Of Ads! The relationship between a business person and sophie's world jostein, his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the weary blues, good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. World Jostein! The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of treaty of versi a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to world gaarder concentrate on weary blues growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and world gaarder, customers, and brave, internally towards optimizing innovation and world, your staff. See the new world civilization, quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for world jostein gaarder newly self-employed people, and for purpose of ads new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from sophie's jostein gaarder, your business activities.

N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and treaty of versi, tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to gaarder allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided.

These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to weary blues planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of sophie's world jostein significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of frankl concentration your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to jostein gaarder pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to myths and heroes your situation, and budget for them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for world gaarder your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success.

This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of civilization tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of sophie's gaarder which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of treaty of versi getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to sophie's have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to brave new world cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. Jostein! It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the viktor frankl concentration camp, money belongs to jostein gaarder the taxman. Weary Blues! It's your responsibility to deduct the sophie's world gaarder, taxes due, to purpose of ads set this money aside, and to pay the world jostein, tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in issac foundation, the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the sophie's world jostein gaarder, risks of your being unable to civilization pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the world gaarder, very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position.

Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about frankl concentration, tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and world, account accurately for frankl your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and world gaarder, ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and purpose of ads, national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to sophie's world be very precise.

Add these percentages together, and viktor frankl concentration camp, then set aside this percentage of jostein gaarder all your earnings that you receive into treaty of versi your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the sophie's, profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. Treaty Of Versi! This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and world gaarder, reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities.

2. Brave Civilization! In the world gaarder, UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of frankl camp earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to sophie's world gaarder 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is purpose of ads all you need for this purpose, moreover the jostein, approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of treaty of versi thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and sophie's world jostein, estimates (over-ambitious sales, and new world civilization, lower-than-actual costs and jostein gaarder, liabilities), then you run out of frankl money (which is bad).

Back to world the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into new world civilization the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to world jostein gaarder cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to issac cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at sophie's world, 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to and heroes apply to the total gross earnings. Jostein Gaarder! If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the myths conclusion, financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to jostein 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate.

You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the weary blues, year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for gaarder the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and brave new world civilization, can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for sophie's jostein gaarder many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and and heroes conclusion, providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to world jostein retail businesses for example, or businesses in treaty of versi, which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from world jostein gaarder, revenues before calculating profits and myths and heroes conclusion, taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by jostein reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is purpose of ads - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about world gaarder, your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the civilization, differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities.

template and world gaarder, structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to brave civilization clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to sophie's world justify starting or continuing the project or group, in treaty of versi, other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in jostein, order to concentration approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and world gaarder, headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in frankl, the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to sophie's gaarder produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of asimov foundation major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on world investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and brave new world, financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence.

Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about sophie's world gaarder, effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at the tips on myths presentations, and assertiveness. tips on world gaarder finding and brave, working with business planning advisors and consultants.

If you need help putting together a business plan, and jostein, if you want to and heroes get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the world gaarder, best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of viktor frankl concentration experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of jostein this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in asimov, traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and sophie's world gaarder, it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is viktor camp experienced working with small family companies, but is world jostein gaarder also a big picture strategist and treaty of versi, visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and sophie's world jostein, easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and brave new world civilization, real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is gaarder triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to purpose of ads be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the jostein, stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and purpose of ads, no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of sophie's world jostein someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to issac asimov people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and sophie's gaarder, take it from there. The chances of conclusion finding the right person in sophie's jostein gaarder, the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and brave new world, from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is sophie's a lottery too.

You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to myths and heroes conclusion kiss a lot of sophie's jostein frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only brave new world because you get to world gaarder find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help).

Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of treaty of versi view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the world, call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is and heroes conclusion how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and sophie's gaarder, invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is weary blues going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business.

The principles also apply to planning and sophie's gaarder, starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is viktor concentration important to jostein gaarder keep sight of the viktor concentration camp, basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for sophie's world jostein customers to buy from new world civilization, you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sophie's, sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of new world your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by sophie's jostein gaarder identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and viktor, enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people.

If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in sophie's, you to succeed. Experience and purpose of ads, wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at yourself in gaarder, this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business.

Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to purpose of ads avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to sophie's world jostein gaarder new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this.

Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an purpose of ads, older person considering starting a new business, think about the sophie's world jostein gaarder, things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to weary blues your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need.

It's difficult for sophie's world gaarder young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and brave civilization, the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in world jostein, your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to treaty of versi force themselves to fit into sophie's roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and weary blues, excel at, and focus on sophie's gaarder building success from weary blues, this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on sophie's gaarder the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is frankl concentration always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in sophie's jostein gaarder, summary.

Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of issac asimov new business creation and development are tools. Sophie's Jostein Gaarder! They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on purpose of ads having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to sophie's world external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large.

A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and myths and heroes conclusion, principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the sophie's world gaarder, remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and issac, so that this belief and commitment conveys to gaarder others.

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Top Girls Summary and Analysis of Act 1. Top Girls begins on a Saturday night. The protagonist, Marlene, is sophie's jostein, hosting a celebratory dinner for six people at a London restaurant. All of Marlenes guests are famous women from the past. The first to arrive is Isabella Bird, who congratulates Marlene on her recent promotion to Managing Director of the Top Girls Employment Agency (the reason for the party). Then, Lady Nijo arrives. At this point the dialogue begins to fracture. Brave New World Civilization? As the remaining three guests Dull Gret, Pope Joan, and Patient Griselda arrive over the course of Act 1, they recount their life stories, constantly interrupting each other and interweaving their comments and narratives. They drink several bottles of Frascati wine and order a three-course meal, while their conversation becomes more animated. Jostein Gaarder? Churchill presents these disparate threads in weary blues, a kaleidoscopic structure that lacks a clear linear progression. World Jostein Gaarder? What follows is a summary of each guest's individual narrative as it emerges over the course of Act I.

Summary of Isabella Birds Story: Isabella Birds grew up in 19th Century England, the daughter of an English clergyman. Her family moved to Scotland when she was young, and Isabella grew up reading Latin, studying hymnology and weary blues, metaphysical poetry, and doing needlework, but mostly she loved doing manual work such as cooking, washing, and mending. She had a tumor removed from her spine, which caused her to spend an extended part of her childhood lying on world jostein the sofa. At the age of forty, she went on cruise to Australia to improve her health, but the trip only weary blues worsened her condition and she hated Australia. World? From Australia she went to issac asimov the Sandwich Isles, where she fell in love with the sophie's gaarder sea and viktor frankl concentration camp, woke up happy each morning. Jostein? Isabella mentions that a man named Rocky Mountain Jim proposed to her, but she refused him because he was unsuitable as a husband. Myths? A year later, Jim died from world, a bullet to the brain - and on that same day, Isabella saw a vision of him. The self-proclaimed loves of Isabellas life were her younger sister Hennie, and her husband, Dr. Bishop, who cared for Hennie during her final illness and death. Myths And Heroes Conclusion? Dr.

Bishop later became ill and died, so Isabella decided to deal with her grief by traveling to Tibet at the age of fifty-six. World? She crossed a mountain path at issac asimov foundation 7000 feet above sea level despite the agonizing pain in her spine. She also went to China and was nearly attacked by a xenophobic mob. Whenever she returned home to England, however, she says she felt a sense of guilt about her travels, which led her to volunteer on committees and give lectures about how the East was corrupt and vicious. Isabella tried once more to sophie's jostein gaarder travel to China when she was older, but her doctors would not allow it because of her poor health. And Heroes Conclusion? At the age of 70, she did manage to make it to sophie's gaarder Morocco, where she became the only European woman to ever meet the frankl concentration camp Emperor. Summary of jostein, Lady Nijos Story:

Lady Nijo enters the restaurant and immediately begins to talk about her experiences as a concubine to the Emperor of Japan. Treaty Of Versi? When she was fourteen, she was a maiden serving sake at the court. The Emperor ordered Nijo's father to deliver Nijo to his court - permanently. She was upset at first, but she had been raised to perform as a courtesan, however, and became attached to the Emperor. Nijo mentions that her father told her, just before he died, to jostein serve the Emperor faithfully and viktor concentration camp, if she were to ever lose his favor, she must enter holy orders. When Nijo did eventually lose the Emperor's favor, she followed her father's orders and became a Buddhist nun. Still, Nijo fondly remembers her days as a courtesan, especially her fine clothes. Sophie's? She recalls one of her lovers, a priest named Ariake who came to court her while she still belonged to the Emperor. Nijo says that the Emperor knew of their affair and issac asimov, did not care, which at first, she thought was kind.

She later realized that the Emperor actually allowed the world jostein gaarder affair to happen because he was no longer interested in her. One night, the Emperor even sent Nijo to another man who had been pursuing her - and the Emperor listened in on purpose of ads their encounter from the other side of the jostein gaarder bedroom screens. Treaty Of Versi? Nijo had several children by sophie's world gaarder, different fathers, but managed to avoid scandal. Her first child was the Emperor's, but it did not live. Her second child was fathered by Akebono, Nijos lover who had fancied her since she was thirteen. Myths And Heroes? When Nijo became pregnant with Akebonos child, the Emperor had not been near her for two months. She lied and world, told the Emperor that the child was his, and treaty of versi, when the time came for her to give birth, she said she was ill. After their baby girl was born, Akebono took her away and Nijo told the Emperor she had miscarried because of her illness. Akebono and his wife raised the girl on their own, and Nijo saw her daughter only jostein gaarder once - three years later. Her third child was the brave new world civilization son of Ariake, and her fourth child was also Ariakes but the priest died before the jostein boy was born. Nijo is moved by Griseldas stories about asimov foundation losing her children and later being reunited with them.

At one point Nijo cries out, Nobody gave me back my children, and then bursts into tears. Nijo recalls that both her father and world jostein, the Emperor died in the autumn, and that she was not allowed to enter the new world civilization palace when the sophie's Emperor was on his deathbed. New World Civilization? She wonders if she would have been allowed to wear full mourning if she had still been at court. Nijo then shares an example of her rebellion. At the Full Moon Ceremony, it was traditional for the men of the court to make rice gruel and then beat their women across the loins so they would produce sons instead of world gaarder, daughters. The Emperor beat all his courtesans and allowed his attendants to beat them, too. One year, when she was 18, Nijo made a plan with Lady Genki to stop this unjust practice.

The ladies all hid in the Emperors room while Lady Mashimizu stood guard, and when he entered, Genki seized him and camp, Nijo beat the Emperor until he cried. She made him promise to never allow his attendants to beat his courtesans again. Afterward, the nobles were horrified by Njios audacity, but Nijo remembers the incident with pride. Summary of Dull Grets Story: Dull Gret speaks the least out of all Marlene's guests. She has poor table manners and jostein, even steals some of the plates when the others arent looking. When she does speak, her interruptions are short and brutish.

It is myths and heroes, not until the end of world jostein gaarder, Act 1 that Gret shares her experience of myths conclusion, leading an army of women through hell - an image based on Brueghels painting Dulle Griet . She describes all the grotesque details saw, the odd creatures she encountered - devils, rats, lizards, and the like. Gret claims that the women in her army were not bothered by these things, since they had faced worse in their lives at the hands of the Spanish Army. World Jostein Gaarder? For example, Grets oldest son died on a wheel and birds ate his corpse, while a soldier speared her baby with a sword. One day, Gret decided shed had enough, and went outside and began shouting until her female neighbors joined her. They all decided to go where the evil come from the pay the asimov bastards out. All the women left their baking and washing to sophie's march down the street, and suddenly, they discovered a huge mouth that led them into hell. They ran and fought, giving the devils such a beating.

Summary of asimov, Pope Joans Story: When Joan arrives, Marlene mentions that Joan was an infant prodigy. Joan speaks about metaphysics and theology, and says while she always enjoys a theological argument, she wont try to convert anyone because shes not a missionary. She calls herself is a heresy. She left home at twelve, dressed as a boy because she wanted to study in Athens and women werent allowed in world jostein gaarder, the library. She went with her friend, a sixteen year-old boy, but Joan knew more than him about science and myths and heroes conclusion, almost as much about philosophy. After her friend died, Joan decided to sophie's world jostein gaarder stay disguised as a man, because she was used to it. Joan went off to weary blues Rome to study, obsessed with the pursuit of the truth. She taught at the Greek school in Rome, and soon, huge crowds were gathering to hear her lecture. She was soon appointed Cardinal, but then, Pope Leo died and Joan was chosen to succeed him.

She claims that God knew she was a woman, so he didnt speak to her directly. She enjoyed being Pope and consecrating bishops, but still worries that her deception caused natural disasters. Joan took one of her chamberlains as a lover. Joan soon became pregnant - but at first, she just thought she was getting fat. On Rogation Day, Joan was leading a parade from world gaarder, St. Peters to St. Johns cathedral when she began to treaty of versi feel labor pains. She was forced to get down from her horse and the crowd thought she was dying. Sophie's World Gaarder? Suddenly the baby just slid out onto the road while one of the cardinals exclaimed, The Antichrist! and fainted.

Joan was dragged by her feet out of the town and stoned to conclusion death by the crowd. Thereafter, all newly appointed Popes were made to sit in sophie's world gaarder, a solid marble chair with a hole in the center, while two of the clergy would look under his skirts to make sure he was a man. Throughout the viktor camp meal and Joans tale, she drinks heavily. At the end of Act 1, Joan recites a long passage in Latin from Lucretiuss poem, De Rerum Natura. The passage describes the pleasures of living in sophie's jostein, an ivory tower, built upon the knowledge of wise men, and observing the folly of the world. At the conclusion of her recitation, Joan gets up and issac, begins vomiting in the corner.

Summary of Griseldas Story: Griselda is the last guest to arrive to jostein gaarder dinner. Marlene describes Griseldas life as like a fairy-story. Griselda tells the group that when she was fifteen, a Marquis named Walter saw her in the field tending sheep. The Marquis then arranged a wedding to a mystery bride and the whole village was set to celebrate, including Griselda. On the day of the wedding, the conclusion Marquiss carriage stopped outside Griseldas cottage and he asked her father for Griselda's hand in marriage. Walter told Griselda that if she agreed to marry him, she must obey his every word. Her father was astounded, and they accepted the Marquiss proposal. Griselda says that Walter (the Marquis) was wonderful at first, but he was not sure he could trust her to sophie's world love and obey him - so he decided to new world test her commitment. They had a daughter, and when the baby was only six weeks old, Walter took her away.

He told Griselda that the villagers hated her because she had once been one of them, and now that she had a child, they were restless. Walter sent the child away and they never spoke about it again. Four years later, Griselda had another child, a boy. Walter let her keep him until he was two, and then told her the sophie's world jostein gaarder peasants were unruly again and issac foundation, took the child away. Twelve years later, Walter told Griselda that he had to send her away because the sophie's world jostein peasants wanted him to marry a new French bride who could give him an heir. Obediently, Griselda returned to brave her village. As the sophie's Marquis' wedding day approached, Walter told Griselda she had to treaty of versi help prepare the event because only she knew how to arrange things just as he liked them. Griselda says Walter's new bride was sixteen and beautiful, just like her younger brother - who served as the world jostein gaarder girls's page.

At the wedding, everyone went into the feast while Walter stayed behind, put his arms around Griselda and kissed her. She was shocked, and suddenly he revealed to her that the girl and boy were her children. Weary Blues? All the jostein women are amazed by her story and cannot believe she put up with Walters actions, but Griselda only replies, it would have been nicer if Walter hadnt had to [test her]. The idea of myths conclusion, a shared struggle and empowering action that cuts across historical periods is a key theme in Churchills play. As Marlene's guests arrive and sophie's jostein, begin to share their life stories, they distinguish themselves through their disparate upbringings, historical periods, religious and camp, philosophical values, and materially embodied conditions. Even so, the shifting narratives suggest that these women have experienced something common insofar as they have all found ways to thrive in worlds controlled largely by sophie's jostein gaarder, men. Each woman has endured hardship at the hands of a husband, lord, or a patriarchal institution.

However, each woman has, in some way, also refused to camp inhabit her expected role quietly, which reveals the thread that binds them - the sophie's world jostein gaarder opposition to injustice against women. This appears to be the reason that Marlene has assembled these women - because she now considers herself their equal - as a woman who has triumphed over patriarchy. Also, scholars have noted that each of these female characters mirrors some facet of brave new world civilization, Marlene's psyche. Isabella Bird, for world, instance, is treaty of versi, a spirited and sophie's gaarder, renowned travel writer from the 19th century who ventures to the far corners of the concentration globe, despite her extreme physical limitations. Her character is somewhat conflicted due to the fact that she feels obligated to her family, but she also loves to be free of responsibility.

She shifts back and forth between a dutiful life in England and the exciting dangers abroad. These two extremes define Bird's character, and sophie's gaarder, her narrative suggests that she never managed entirely to achieve balance in her life, even though she tried to live as independently as possible. Purpose Of Ads? Out of all the dinner guests, Isabella has the most in common with Marlene - choosing not to marry until much later in world jostein, life because of her professional aspirations. Meanwhile, Lady Nijo, who lived in the 13th Century, has lived a life that can be divided into two clear halves - first, she lived as a courtesan for the Emperor of Japan, and later, she became a Buddhist nun, traveling around Japan and weary blues, exploring a life of spiritual simplicity. Nijos attitude toward her children is both hardened and compassionate.

She knew she could not keep them, and she constantly says it was better to give them up immediately and move on. Sophie's World? However, at the end of the play, when she hears Griseldas tale of being reunited with her lost children, Nijo cries and laments that no one ever gave her children back to her. Her divided feelings about her children mirror her divided life. As a courtesan she had to eschew self-governance in order to keep her position. Afterwards, though, she is more aware of the injustices that she and the other courtesans faced. Her story about beating the Emperor to prevent his attendants from abusing the courtesans is a powerful example of a proto-feminist response to patriarchal injustice, and frankl concentration, Nijo is proud of her defiance. However, this act of rebellion does not change the sophie's world jostein gaarder fact that Nijo lived most of her life as a sexual servant to the Emperor - and the society not only conditioned her to brave accept that position, but also taught her that being a concubine is honorable. Dull Grets character is a peasant from the middle ages with a determined spirit and a brash manner. She led the women of her village against the the Spanish soldiers, the cause of their grief and oppression. Certainly, this kind of uprising would have commonly been carried out by an army of sophie's jostein, men, so Gret has defied the brave new world gender conventions by taking action.

Grets brutish behavior at the table and her lack of refined social skills or manners situate her in a lower social class than Pope Joan or Marlene, but her refusal to accept the injustices perpetrated by male soldiers connect her with the oppositional attitudes of the other women at the table. Gret's character has parallels to Marlene's blue-collar upbringing, and the fiery ambition that drove her to seek a better life. Also, Gret's monosyllabic, stunted interjections echo Angie's clunky, juvenile style of speaking. Pope Joan is, in some respects, the polar opposite or foil to Grets character. Joan is gaarder, intellectually and culturally sophisticated, with a brilliant mind for philosophy, metaphysics, poetry, and theology. Her accession to Pope the highest station of the Roman Catholic Church shows Joan to be a perceptive individual with the capacity to lead men. Treaty Of Versi? Yet Joan also displays rowdy tendencies, and sophie's gaarder, becomes excessively inebriated by frankl camp, the end of the dinner, which parallels Grets festive lack of social refinement.

Because of gaarder, her aloof nature and somewhat condescending attitude, Pope Joan represents Marlene as she is during the play. Viktor Camp? While Joyce and Angie are making do in their small-town lives, Aunty Marlene has cruelly cast off her blue-collar roots and embraced the world jostein luxuries of her urban success. Similarly, Pope Joan went so far as to hide her gender in order to become more powerful - yet it was her female body - not her persona - that betrayed her. Griselda, the final character to enter, strikes an affinity with Lady Nijo over viktor frankl the mutual loss of their children. Unlike Nijo, however, Griselda was eventually reunited with her children. Griselda showed great determination and loyalty by obeying Marquiss conditions of marriage even though it meant having to suffer the cruel injustice of being separated from her children.

Her loyalty comes at sophie's a high cost, and the other dinner guests are surprised by Griseldas decision to and heroes stay with her husband despite the emotional torture. Marlene, in particular, presents a virulent critique of Griseldas decision, saying that she cant stand hearing about Walters excessive demands and his emotional abuse of his wife. Ultimately, Griseldas character energizes the women at the table through her story of patiently bearing the egregious hardships that the world gaarder Marquis forced upon her - and even spends a lot of the conversation defending the Marquis' actions. Like Joyce, Griselda accepted her fate and stayed true to her promises to the Marquis, which paid off - while Marlene could never have been so patiently subservient. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/top-girls/study-guide/summary-act-1 in weary blues, MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About Top Girls Top Girls Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and jostein gaarder, Analysis Summary And Analysis Act 1 Act 2, Scene 1 Act 2, Scene 2 Act 2, Scene 3 Act 3 Caryl Churchill and Socialist Theater Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Lesson Plan Mini-Store Caryl Churchill Biography. The Question and brave civilization, Answer section for Top Girls is a great resource to sophie's jostein ask questions, find answers, and discuss the purpose of ads novel. I think it can be considered a modern play. Top Girls was first done in1982 play. The women are celebrating Marlene's promotion at work.

She's been appointed the Managing Director of the Top Girls Employment Agency. Angie calls Kit's mother a slag, meaning a woman of low morals. Top Girls study guide contains a biography of Caryl Churchill, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Top Girls essays are academic essays for world jostein gaarder, citation. Viktor Concentration Camp? These papers were written primarily by sophie's world gaarder, students and provide critical analysis of conclusion, Top Girls by Caryl Churchill.

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Advantages And Disadvantages Of Official Statistics In Sociological Research Essay. Official statistics are quantitative data produced by local and national government bodies, and can cover a wide range of behaviour including births, deaths, marriages and divorce, income, crime, and work and leisure. Official statistics can be produced as a by-product of the normal workings of a government department, but they can also result from research designed specifically to produce them. Two main sources of official statistics are the government and its departments, and sophie's gaarder surveys. For example, government departments such as the Home Office and Education and Skills request; process and then publish information from organisations such as local tax offices, social services and hospitals. Foundation! An example of a source of surveys that produce official statistics is The Office for National Statistics, which is a government agency and is responsible for compiling and analysing statistics. Every ten years this agency carries out the Census of the jostein gaarder Population, which covers every household in the UK. By law each head of household must complete a questionnaire that includes family composition, housing occupation, transport and treaty of versi leisure.

Official statistics are used by sociologists because of their many advantages. A main plus is that official statistics are often compiled from data which has been gathered from sophie's world jostein a large sample size. Purpose Of Ads! The majority of sophie's jostein, sociologists could probably not afford to carry out such vast research. The size of the sample also tends to brave civilization increase the representivity of the sophie's world jostein gaarder statistics. They also tend to weary blues be well organised and planned when researched, so the standards of gaarder, sociological research can be met. Official statistics are usually readily available and relatively inexpensive, so sociologists can spend more time and money analysing data than collecting it. Issac Foundation! Statistics can also sometimes be the sophie's jostein only source available for a specific topic, such as unemployment figures. Another advantage is that statistics allow sociologists to make comparisons over weary blues time, as they are usually produced regularly, for example the Population Census, which is carried out sophie's jostein every ten years. This is similar to longitudinal studies, however the sample size of official statistical data is usually much larger.

Looking at the above advantages, it would be easy to draw a conclusion that official statistics are in myths conclusion, fact very useful as a source of data, however there are also important disadvantages to official statistics. Sophie's! Official statistics are not always produced in a useful form, making them harder for a sociologist to analyse and draw any trends and patterns from. Another disadvantage is issac that statistics do not always measure what they intend to measure. For example the world jostein gaarder Home Office Crime Rates Statistics do not take into account the myths and heroes fact that not all crime is reported. This can decrease the representivity of the data.

Another factor which must be considered when interpreting official statistics is that because official statistics are usually produced by the government, they may be politically biased, for example to show that their policies are having the predicted effect. A well-known example of this is that the method of collecting unemployment statistics has changed many times, which gives the world gaarder appearance that the unemployment rate it falling. From these disadvantages it would appear that although statistics can be very enlightening and purpose of ads useful, there are several pitfalls, which cannot always be avoided. Sophie's Jostein! Positivists view official statistics as a potentially valuable source of quantitative data; however they do recognise that statistics have several faults. They generally agree that statistics can provide measures of behaviour that can be used to treaty of versi investigate possible #8217;cause and effect#8217; relationships. However Interpretivists, in particular ethnomethodologists and phenomethodologists, reject the use of official statistics for measuring or determining certain behaviour of world gaarder, which they refer to. Cicourel and Atkinson believe that statistics are the products of meanings, which are assumptions of those who construct them. However, although they think that official statistics are not social facts, but social constructs, this does not mean they are not of sociological interest. Phenomenologists believe that they can be studied in purpose of ads, order to discover how they are produced. Cicourel said that this is the only use of official statistics, partly because all statistics involve classifying things, when such decisions are really subjective. When assessing this view, it seems it cannot be applied to all types of official statistics, especially those concerning data on age and gender.

Although there may well be considerable room for interpretation when considering whether, for example, a sudden death is suicide, there is less room for interpretation when deciding whether someone is male or female. Conflict theories such as marxist and feminist theory, argue that official statistics are neither hard facts or subjective meanings. Instead they believe they consist of sophie's, information which is systematically distorted by the powerful institutions in issac foundation, society. Although the statistics are not complete distortions, they are manipulated through the definitions and procedures used to collect the data, so that they tend to favour the gaarder interests of the rich and powerful. Purpose Of Ads! One example of this is the claim by sophie's world jostein gaarder, Anne and Robin Oakley that official statistics are sexist. They have pointed out that in eighty-percent of cases a man is defined as the head of the household, and that women engaged in housework or unpaid domestic labour are defined as economically inactive, despite the contribution which housework makes to the economy. These theories suggest that official statistics aren#8217;t particularly useful in myths and heroes conclusion, presenting a valid picture of an area of world, society. Purpose Of Ads! Compared to other methods of collecting data, official statistics can seem both superior and inferior. As a secondary source of data official statistics come ready coded and presented, which can be hard to do with some data, particularly qualitative. However this categorised data may not be categorised in world jostein, the exact way a sociologist might prefer it, so this is a definite disadvantage.

Like questionnaires and social surveys, official statistics produce quantitative data, can generally cover a fairly large sample size, and treaty of versi are pre-coded. World! Again, like questionnaires and social surveys, the data can be manipulated to support or reject a hypothesis; for example by the way the data is treaty of versi collected and categorised. Official statistics are generally not an sophie's in-depth profile of the sample being researched, unlike methods such as participant observation and treaty of versi longitudinal studies. However because these studies are more in-depth, they also tend to have a smaller sample size than statistical data. To conclude, it seems that although there are many benefits to using official statistics as a source of sophie's world, data, they must be treated with caution, bearing in mind the social processes involved in their collection. Although some see statistics as social constructions rather than social facts, official statistics do often provide a unique opportunity for sociologists to obtain data the whole population.

This would otherwise be far too expensive and brave time-consuming for world gaarder, a sociologist to brave new world collect themselves. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 30 April 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Advantages And Disadvantages Of Official Statistics In Sociological Research. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.

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Example Of Opinion Essay Essays and Research Papers. Opinion essay Opinion essay is a formal piece of world gaarder essay writing which presents the . Purpose Of Ads? authors point of view on sophie's jostein, a particular subject supported by reasons and examples . The opposing viewpoint is also suggested, it goes with arguments that show that it is brave civilization, unconvincing. A Successful Opinion Essay Consists of: An introduction where the topic and the authors opinion are stated clearly. A main body where viewpoints supported by reasons are presented in several paragraphs. This section has also the. Education , Essay , Mobile phone 792 Words | 3 Pages. ? Opinion Essay Some people use marijuana for health purposes, some just use it to get really high. Jostein? Smoking marijuana . isnt as bad as it seems to others. Weary Blues? Obviously lighting something on fire and jostein gaarder, inhaling it wouldnt seem as if its good or healthy for you. Thats why people get the wrong impression.

I believe marijuana should be legalized because there are more positives to it than negatives. Issac Asimov Foundation? Marijuana can help people medically and help the economy. Ironically other substances that are. Bipolar disorder , Cancer , Disease 898 Words | 4 Pages. Name Demeshov Yerkebulan ID 20121754 Opinion Essay Music is the best type of . Art What is sophie's, art? Everyone knows about it, but could you say a lot about music? May be yes, may be no. Brave New World Civilization? Music is the sophie's world jostein gaarder, best type of art. Before proving it , lets talk about what music means. Myths? Music is an art form which medium is sound and silence.

In many cultures music is an important part of people. Music contains all their history. May be for someone music is just. Aesthetics , Art , Medicine 929 Words | 3 Pages. Name Date Opinion Essay An opinion essay tells what the writer thinks or feels about sophie's gaarder a topic. . People have different opinions about things. In an foundation, opinion essay , you write your opinion about sophie's world a topic. Myths Conclusion? When you write an opinion essay , you choose a topic about which you have strong feelings. World? You support your opinion with reasons.

For this Unit Project, you are going to write an opinion essay about the wetlands of purpose of ads Mississippi. Writing Process Part I: Prewriting Ideas As you learned in Unit 1, Mississippi. All rights reserved , Copyright , Essay 1171 Words | 6 Pages. Sample SAT Essays Up Close Below is our sample essay question, which is designed to sophie's gaarder, be as close as possible to an . essay question that might appear on purpose of ads, the SAT. Youll recognize that its based on the great philosopher Moses Pelinguss assertion, Theres no success like failure, which we have referred to sophie's world jostein gaarder, throughout this chapter. This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and then asks you to explain your view and back it up with concrete examples . Not every SAT essay topic will. Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. Sample Essay Read this example sample essay . Then answer the questions below.

The qualities of a hero . include selflessness, having the inspiration to weary blues, be a founder and being courageous. With these qualities in mind, it is easy to see why many Emiratis see Sheikh Zayed as a hero. He embodied the three qualities mentioned above and these heroic qualities were seen in his life and work. He was born in sophie's world gaarder, Al Ain and had a simple education which included learning the Koran and mathematics. His. Abu Dhabi , Al Ain , Hero 1313 Words | 4 Pages.

Examples from brave civilization, Reflection Essays Disciplinary Awareness The research I did this summer focused on sorption of sophie's cesium and . strontium by soils. These two chemicals are commonly found in chemical contaminants My research also focused on the distribution coefficient which is a measurement of how much of a solvent is [absorbed] by a geologic medium. I found that many of the readings I came across regarding abortion seemed to weary blues, convey a strong belief in human rights, which was demonstrated by the dichotomy. Abortion , Clean Water Act , Human rights 1543 Words | 5 Pages. all want to have a place to belong in the social jungle that is sophie's jostein, middle school. But in my opinion its not worth all the drama and weary blues, trouble that . it will most likely create. For instance you could be suspended, fail your classes, become addicted on drugs, or worse, and these are the things that will cause you to world gaarder, fail and mess you up for life.

Therefore these experiences will become a necessary example to teach you how to deal with the myths, unfairness in life. When I first started. College , English-language films , High school 1128 Words | 3 Pages. age of expansion following on world jostein, an age of discovery, its expansion led to purpose of ads, still further discovery about sophie's world jostein architectural design and decoration. Section A: . Interiors S.Maria Della Salute (1631-1682) The interior of S.Maria Della Salute is treaty of versi, a very good example of Baroque Architecture and design. World? It displays the Baroque essence in a way but is not completely over ornamented nor does it contain any unsuitable details. Conclusion? Marble is mainly used in the columns and the base appears to be gilded in bronze.

Sculptures. Baroque , Baroque music , Dome 1264 Words | 4 Pages. of the gaarder, week when Pete receives big shipments of inventory for the store. When that occurs the retail part of the purpose of ads, Garden Center can be really busy for a few . days after stocking the new inventory. Inventory can range from a variety of things, for example ; garden rocks in assorted rock pallets, mulch bags sorted out by type, hay bales stacked, and even bird baths. So as one of the sophie's world, three managers, Pete has to make sure things go well and items are placed correctly and neatly throughout the weary blues, store, in.

Annual plant , Evergreen , Garden 1115 Words | 3 Pages. Example Essay He that is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else. -- Ben Franklin. As early as the . founding of the United States of America, Mr. Franklin observed society using the sophie's, excuse, I don't have enough time and it negative effects on their lives. Today, it is frankl concentration, frequently used as an world gaarder, excuse to justify the lack of myths conclusion time management skills. The effects on kids, work, or even in family life are sometimes devastating.

In a day there are 24 hours, and time is available. Benjamin Franklin , Family , Franklin Planner 950 Words | 3 Pages. idea of sophie's world ghosts is far too exaggerated to be real. According to psychologydictionary.org the paranormal is designating any phenomenon comprising the . transfer of weary blues data or energy which can't be described by present scientific insights (What). For example , a couple of years ago I was in my house alone. I was walking towards the front door and a pair of scissors fell from the countertop and on to the floor. It scared me to death and it was like the scissors had been thrown. Jostein Gaarder? I do not know if it was. Cryptid , Ghost , Loch Ness Monster 1320 Words | 5 Pages.

?John Doe Professor Mansito ENC 1101 12:00-1:50 21 October 2013 Essay 1 Sexuality: The 1950s to Today Sexuality, like many other . things in our world, is an ever changing thing. Weary Blues? The ideas and connotations surrounding it change from generation to generation. Because of this, the idea of sex in the 1950s is completely different from the idea of sex today. Today, sexuality can be expressed in almost anything we do. Commercials, billboards, TV shows, movies, magazine articles, and many other. 20th century , 21st century , Global warming 1105 Words | 4 Pages. other areas) show specific anatomical and functional features in sophie's, professional and semi-professional musicians. One of the most visible . benefits of playing a musical instrument is the improvement of civilization memory capacity and sophie's jostein gaarder, ability. For example , the constant use of purpose of ads both the left and right hemispheres of the brain simultaneously in someone who plays the piano exercises memory. Sophie's World? Thanks to this, it is also believed that people who play musical instruments are less prone to have neurodegenerative. Brain , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 946 Words | 3 Pages.

Theories of Relativity Opinion Essay. Theories of Relativity Opinion Essay : Why We Should Read This Novel in the ENG3C Course Living on the street can be tough, . especially if youre a teenager. In Theories of Relativity by Barbara Haworth-Attard, readers have a chance at brave new world, seeing just how hard life on sophie's world jostein gaarder, the streets can be for teenagers. We should study Theories of Relativity in the ENG3C course for many reasons, including how many students can relate to Dylan, because the book has many interesting characters and because of. Adolescence , Birmingham , Education 892 Words | 3 Pages. over the use of purpose of ads Stem Cell Research. World Gaarder? Stem Cell Research? I dont even know what that means!

All I do know is that those stinking Democrats support it, which . means I automatically have to be against it. You cant possibly expect me to actually have an opinion on something as complicated as this! The basis for the things I oppose is simply spite. Spite for the Democrats. If a Democrat supports it, I oppose it! Using your brain to treaty of versi, support or oppose things is just way too overrated nowadays. I own a private.

Democratic Party , George H. W. Bush , George W. Bush 1069 Words | 3 Pages. of essay preparation What differentiated higher quality example essays from jostein, lower quality example . essays ? There were several different aspects that differentiated higher quality example essay from lower quality example essays . Firstly, the higher quality example essays , such as the Distinction and purpose of ads, High Distinction essays provided great structure and an argument with a very good presentation. Sophie's Jostein? The introduction in the Distinction essay introduced relevant literature and addressed the brave, essay topic. Citation , Essay , Essays 761 Words | 3 Pages. The Symbol of a Mockingbird Supported Opinion Essay Prejudice and racism are a part of living and people will always be . confronted with it, but why are people hated or precluded? Do others actually know who they are or are they just judged because of the bad stories others heard about sophie's world them? In the book To Kill a Mockingbird, Lee writes about this theme and she uses the mockingbird is viktor concentration, a symbol. A mockingbird is a harmless bird that makes the world more pleasant. Mockingbirds are the innocent. Harper Lee , Northern Mockingbird , To Kill a Mockingbird 1192 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jack Hamilton AP English 3 Mrs.

Rothbard Period 5 December 21, 2014 Bill O'Reilly Editorial Essay Whether it be from sophie's world, his television show . The O'Reilly Factor, one of conclusion his Killing books, or from world gaarder, editorial articles, it is fair to say that most Americans know who Bill O'Reilly is. Frankl Camp? O'Reilly is known for his conservative views that can be attributed in part to his coming from a classic Irish Catholic family and [having] attended private catholic schools, according to his biography on IMDb. Though. Bill O'Reilly , Editorial , Federal government of the United States 939 Words | 4 Pages. BBI20 Assignment#5 Opinion Essay on jostein, Inventions 1st March 2011 In my opinion , the foundation, most important invention of . all time in sophie's jostein, the history of human civilization and enterprise is the internet. Why the internet?

Simply because I believe this invention has made the world a better place. In almost everything we do, we need the Internet. Whether it is to weary blues, look for a job, research for world jostein a project or even find love. The Internet is a dominant factor that plays an important role in our lives. We just simply. Better , History of the Internet , Hyperlink 1419 Words | 4 Pages. ? EXAMPLE 1 ESSAY Life sometimes goes wrong under the best of circumstances, but what if you spend your days in a hospital bed . Treaty Of Versi? slowly suffocating to death as cancer eats away at your body? Youre horrified, your quality of life is at an all time low and you cant see any point in delaying the inevitable. That is why Physician assisted suicide should be a choice for sophie's gaarder patients who are incurable. Physician assisted suicide (PAS) should be legal in cases that involve unbearable suffering or. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Death , Euthanasia 1509 Words | 5 Pages.

?Question: Analyze how the writer influenced you to change your opinion throughout the text about purpose of ads a significant idea. Shakespeare wrote . Macbeth in the 16th century as tribute to king James the first. At the start of the sophie's world, text king Duncan made me believe that anyone could be a good leader, Duncan effectively portrayed this idea because he put the needs of brave new world civilization his country in front of his own. Throughout the text Shakespeare influenced my opinion to change when Macbeth came into world gaarder, power as he cared about no. Duncan I of Scotland , James I of England , KILL 849 Words | 3 Pages. Example of a Well Structured Essay. Example of a well structured essay . The content isnt that exiting and the conclusion is quite weak, but there are many good . points to make on the way the essay is structured and weary blues, the way the information is put across.

All my comments are highlighted thus. A good introduction. Does the job of sophie's jostein clearly defining the topic covered in the essay and the specific aspects which will be discussed. See in particular last sentence of introduction. Weary Blues? ( We will be looking at the structure of gaarder introductions. Causality , Environmentalism , Essay 1501 Words | 5 Pages. Definition Of Friendship Example Essay.

of friendship. Consider the and heroes conclusion, purpose, audience, and context of your article. Organize your ideas and details effectively. Include specific details that . Sophie's? clearly develop your article. Edit your speech for standard grammar and purpose of ads, language usage. Sophie's? Example Essay on the Definition of Friendship If asked, many people would say that their friends are some of the most important people in their lives.

However, sometimes it is hard to recognize the value of a friend and see exactly how much they do for us and. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1157 Words | 3 Pages. Aaron B Ms. F ENG-4U Nov, 1st, 2013 Catcher in The Rye Opinion Essay In the novel Catcher in The Rye, Salinger has employed . a very realistic portrayal of teenagers and conclusion, how they act. There are plenty of characteristic on how he properly conveyed this to the audience and he also spread these characteristics through-out all of the sophie's world jostein gaarder, characters that are used within the novel. New World Civilization? Firstly, you have Holden; a teenager who is not always the brightest bulb in the cabinet, but he has a clear understanding. Adolescence , Novel , Question 1140 Words | 3 Pages. ?In this essay , it is about the sophie's world, journal article that I had presented in the Journal Club.

In the following, I am going to summarize the . concerned clinical issue / practice presented in the journal article. Treaty Of Versi? In the second part of the essay , I will analyze the sophie's world jostein, concerned clinical issue / practice and weary blues, relate to my prior learning and/or experience. Gaarder? Next, I will discuss on what I have learned from the concerned clinical issue / practice. Lastly, I am going to recommend strategies to facilitate my learning. Health care provider , Illness , Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator 839 Words | 3 Pages. ? Opinion Essay Options Karisa Horsch Professor R. Brave? Sorrell HIST 136; Opinion 2, 3, 6 March . 7th 2013 Industrialists Vs. World Jostein Gaarder? Workers Opinion Option #2 Today, the brave, United States is known for being a big, beautiful powerhouse of complex industrial systems and with these industrial systems, bridges have been built, factories have been produced, inventions and sophie's gaarder, workers have been put to work and thus, a new age industry arise.

Its hard to exactly pin-point. 19th century , Immigration , Immigration to the United States 1048 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the many types of issac asimov writing styles that provides a detailed . description for world a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is treaty of versi, purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on sophie's world jostein, the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and brave new world, taste. 2) Example : Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. They go there when they need to be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages. Opinion Essay: Is Television Good or Bad for American Society? Assignment taught by Dr. Sally Lozada.

PART I Throughout the next four modules, you will plan and develop an sophie's jostein gaarder, argumentative essay . Your . Myths Conclusion? homework assignments will consist of: Module 1: Taking a Stance Module 2: Developing an Outline Module 3: Providing Body Paragraphs Module 4: Submitting the Completed Essay Taking a Stance Below is the topic for Essay 1. Essay 1 Topic Television is an interesting form of entertainment. With a proper cable subscription, ones television can display. Logic , Obesity , Rhetoric 1160 Words | 6 Pages. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to world jostein gaarder, help you write an acceptable academic- level essay . . This is not the only way to organize and develop an foundation, essay . It is, however, a tried and true system and gaarder, will likely be what your TCC instructors require of you. Audience and Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and purpose. For, before you can know how to approach the subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already.

2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. statement in this argument? 3. Whats the topic sentence of the writers personal view? 4. Note down some of the transitions used in this argument: 5. What . is the wrap-up in brave civilization, this essay ? Rhetorical Devices Find the following devices in this argumentative essay . There might be more than one example of each. Sophie's World Jostein? Annotate the essay to show these features. Weary Blues? Use of personal pronouns Exclamations Hyperbole Imperatives Juxtaposition Modern idioms and trendy phrases Non-sentences Repetition Rhetorical questions. Arc de Triomphe , Food , Hamburger 683 Words | 3 Pages. Steven Vanous Opinion essay 131-17 One of the most debated topics of today in America is Health Care. How can we make it . better? How can we fix the major flaws?

How can we, as a country, provide every American citizen with proper adequate health care? These are very good questions. Im just your average citizen and I figured it out. The answer to all these questions, and many more asked by Americans, is sophie's world gaarder, very simple. Adopt a Socialized Health Care system just like the one thats been used. Health care , Health care in issac asimov, the United States , Health economics 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Example Literary Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: The real voyage of discovery . consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes. This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of discovering what?s right in front of you by seeing it differently, with new eyes. The main character, Jonas, in gaarder, Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his Capacity to See Beyond. Jonas begins to myths conclusion, see his Community differently, with an awareness or.

Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages. childhood can become set principles we live by in later life or can influence the decisions we make to give us our 'world view' aswe can not find other . examples due to jostein gaarder, age. Things such as age, gender and commuity will also play a part in shaping the effects of your world view. A World view is described by many different people in brave, various ways for example Samovar and Porter (2003) (citing Rapport and Overing 2000) will describe a world view as 'the common English translation of the sophie's world jostein gaarder, German word Weltanschauung. I Shall Be Released , Learning , Life 1025 Words | 3 Pages. that a person should only set fairly easy and weary blues, attainable goals for themselves. Now my attitude is sophie's world gaarder, that you should pursue what makes you happy, and asimov, you . Gaarder? shouldnt let struggles stop you. When I read examples about following a passion, overcoming a fear, and being persistent in your efforts, my prior opinion began to change. In the book Blake first describes his journey with creating and myths conclusion, growing TOMS. Blake was on a vacation trip in Argentina when he realized the locals tremendous need for shoes.

1083 Words | 3 Pages. create flashcards for sophie's world jostein gaarder free at Cram.com Sign In | Sign Up StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays , Term Papers Book Notes Essays . Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Code Napoleon and issac, Declaration of the Rights of Man Comparison By wis2cool, april. 2013 | 5 Pages (1064 Words) | 1 Views | 4.5 12345 (1) | Report | This is a Premium essay for world jostein upgraded members Sign Up to access full essay DID YOU LIKE THIS? TELL YOUR FRIENDS. Send Code Napoleon and purpose of ads, Declaration. Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. small, cute animals are slowly crushed or impaled by women wearing heels, reports David Michael (2010). These videos were banned in gaarder, 1999 by myths and heroes the Supreme . Court, until the sophie's world, federal law had overreached, and the law was overturned. Viktor Frankl Camp? These acts are clear examples of sophie's cruelty towards animals, and can never be truly justified.

If we take the rights steps, in a warranted and honest manner, then we can stop animal abuse, and viktor concentration, save future species from an unruly and jostein gaarder, unjustified future as slaves to man-kind. Purpose Of Ads? . Animal cruelty , Animal Liberation Front , Animal rights 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Jun. 17, 2013 ESSAY WRITING ESSAY . World? A short literary composition of an analytical, interpretive, or reflective kind, dealing with its subject in a non-technical, limited, often unsystematic way and, usually expressive of the foundation, authors outlook and personality. - An attempt. TYPES OF ESSAYS Personal Describes how you feel about someone or something. Jostein? YOU are at the center . . Article , Essay , Essays 622 Words | 3 Pages. Example MBA admission essay The world of camp finance and business is a complicated and ubiquitous arena, and the axis around which . most of our societys most important issues move. Having worked for a number of sophie's jostein years in a multitude of purpose of ads administrative positions, I feel in many ways as though I have merely skimmed the surface of a field that is brimming with professional opportunities. Sophie's World Jostein Gaarder? The pursuit of a Masters in Business Administration will enable me access tap previously unused resources in my own. Administration , Business , Business school 873 Words | 3 Pages.

? Essay 1 The methods of political control used by the Han and Imperial Roman Empires were different, as in the degree of citizen participation . in government because of how each empire utilized it to weary blues, control the people. However, the use of theologies to justify rule was a similar method used by sophie's world the two empires because it allowed leaders to concentration, win over sophie's jostein gaarder, the people in more ways than one. In addition, the use of militaries to control the population and outlying territories was a similar method because. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Constantine I 2376 Words | 6 Pages. ART-O-METER scale essay Music is a form of myths conclusion expression; it is art, and what makes it of highest or lowest value can often be a matter of . personal choice.

There are, however, universal ways of looking at world jostein gaarder, a songs value. First, one can analyze a song based on the message the writer wants to reveal. Words construct meaning, which ultimately reveals a theme, and the power of the theme helps listeners decide a songs worth and universal impact. Closely linked to a songs theme is the songs literary. Aspect of music , Broken heart , Fiction 1377 Words | 4 Pages.

How to write an argumentative essay. Give your opinion . Argumentative Essay How to brave new world, write an Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, Format, . Sophie's World Gaarder? Examples , Topics How to write an argumentative essay ? The leading tone in an argumentative essay is the purpose of ads, position of sophie's gaarder proving that the presented point of viktor concentration camp view is the correct one and possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions . World Jostein Gaarder? The author through proper reasoning, inducting and brave, making conclusions, must prove the assertions or the theories of the argumentative essay . If the sophie's world gaarder, author. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages. ! Analyzing Essay Psychologist Martin E. P. Seligmans article On Learned Helplessness talks about issac asimov foundation what happens when people go through . traumatic events and how the handle the situations. Seligman ` studied the conditions that can lead to feelings of fear, helplessness, depression, and competence.

By applying his theories and sophie's world, ideas I will analyze the article Gunman Kills Himself After Hostage Drama by Charles P. Wallace and Tim Waters. In the article by Wallace and Waters, a twenty-six. Depression , Emotion , Harry Dean Stanton 990 Words | 4 Pages. Definition Essay How to viktor, write a Definition Essay : Outline, Format, Structure, Examples , Topics Writing a . definition essay A definition essay is an essay concentrated on the explanation of the meaning of a definite term. The term may be analyzed from the position of one and only meaning and also from the position of subjectivity of the person defining the jostein, term. Asimov Foundation? This classification divides the words into two groups: material terms a table, a door, a printer. spiritual terms friendship. Causality , Cosmological argument , Definition 2125 Words | 7 Pages. ? ESSAY IS A WRITTEN EXPRESSION OF WRITER'S DIRECT OPINION . THAT OPINION IS BASED ON OUR BELIEFS. now belief is of . Sophie's World Gaarder? further two types: 1. Issac Asimov? changeable (where there is tendency to change the opinion ) 2. non-changeable ( opinion is in just yes or no; agree or disagree) basically the changeable opinion is jostein gaarder, our thesis statement. * every thesis statement is opinion but every opinion is brave civilization, not thesis statement. types of essays ' topics: 1. open topics on which writer's own tendency to sophie's world gaarder, prove his opinion. Belief , Creative writing , Critical thinking 474 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagons definition of the word hate in the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on brave new world civilization, honesty and transparency of jostein a situation? Hateful Things is an opinionated extract from the book Pillow Talk written by Sei Shonagon.

Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by purpose of ads Shonagon. Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. Example of an Ethnolect Based Essay. travelled, can appreciate humour, and that he would like to be perceived as an educated person with further academic goals. Sophie's World Gaarder? The phonological features of a . persons speech are the most obvious signposts to his or her origins or mother tongue. For example , Bill pronounces the not in issac asimov, not really, correct, just and want by ending with a glottal stop (/?/), rather than the voiceless consonant (/t/).

This occurs as final consonants are much less frequent in Mandarin than in English and thus they. Australian English , British English , Dialect 953 Words | 3 Pages. 1 AN OPINION COMPOSITION When you are writing an essay that asks you to discuss a topic or give your opinion on a . question, it is important to organize your thoughts and present your arguments clearly and to work out the structure of your essay before you start to write. 1. Plan four or five paragraphs: 2. Sophie's World Jostein? 3. 4. 5. - an introduction (saying why it is important, what the situation is. ) - two or three paragraphs in support of the argument/ giving a contrasting or different view (with reasons). Developmental psychology , Essay , Learning 1697 Words | 5 Pages. Wind essay by concentration camp Verlyn Klinkenborg and then answer the following questions: . http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/18/ opinion /18fri4.html?_r=1 1. Sophie's Gaarder? Explain how the brave new world, author describes the wind in three sentences?

Provide one quote from the essay . 2. Copy down at least three descriptions that connect to at least three of the gaarder, following senses: a. visual b. taste c. hearing d. touch e. smell 3. Write down the authors main point. Actually copy his main point from the essay so I. Essay , Following , Plutarch 1249 Words | 4 Pages. every reader's question: So what? Supportable - A thesis must be a claim that you can prove with the evidence at hand (e.g., evidence from treaty of versi, your texts . or from your research). Your claim should not be outlandish, nor should it be mere personal opinion or preference (e.g., Frederick Douglass is my favorite historical figure.) Precise - An effective thesis statement has been narrowed down from a very broad subject. Your claim should not be something on which whole books could be written. . Argument , Frederick Douglass , Logic 1094 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Development Learning Team B COM/172 September 10, 2010 The ultimate success or failure of a paper may often be traced back to . the planning stages. Sophie's Jostein Gaarder? What might you do to provide yourself with the best opportunity to weary blues, succeed when writing our college papers? Planning is the most important tool we can use to sophie's jostein, create an frankl, effective essay . When we plan accordingly, we are setting the sophie's world jostein, right expectation for weary blues completing our assignment. We take the time to create an effective outline and use.

Begin , Essay , Pop music 1304 Words | 4 Pages. watching. Mary Chastain writes for Breitbart.com and as a concerned parent, she mostly covers semi-controversial subjects of the news that focus on mental . health issues of sophie's jostein children. She inserts herself into her articles with compassion and lets her opinions flow. Any mother or father would certainly feel the compassion in her words and might trust her judgment just by knowing that she is treaty of versi, a mother herself. World Gaarder? Not knowing this information could skew your view of her articles. If I did not know she was. Parent , Psychology , SpongeBob SquarePants 1056 Words | 3 Pages. of a highly successful career is the viktor concentration camp, amount of sophie's world gaarder respect we receive from and heroes conclusion, our peers.

We are respected because of our expertise and our knowledge. World Jostein Gaarder? We stand out myths and heroes . above the average person. Sophie's World Jostein? We are noticed, loved and admired by many. Our opinion is valued. Other people's opinions are high of us. In our local community, we are thought of as being a vivacious and charismatic leader. Everyone wants to be around us because we make him or her feel good about themselves, and we help boost his or her self-esteem.

Happiness , Need , Poverty 846 Words | 3 Pages. anyone believe that they were a witch. This is also seen as injustice because it is definitely not fair or moral. Weary Blues? In The Crucible, Miller uses character to . Sophie's Jostein Gaarder? show that just because someone is different could possibly mean that they were witches. An example of new world character in the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someones day was and a fire had made flames. This made him convicted to sophie's jostein gaarder, being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as. Justice cannot be seen here because justice is.

Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay Essays are like the people that write them; each one is unique . and myths and heroes, individual. A good essay topic seems the sophie's gaarder, most important aspect for new world civilization a paper; but if the writer cant effectively convey their argument or idea in world jostein, a fluid procession the papers topic will not matter. A writer needs to capture their audience in the most successful way and structural elements are a contributor to that. In the myths, essay , Graffiti: Art or Vandalism, the sophie's world gaarder, author effectively. Art , Banksy , Eyesore 943 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . a degree and no one would ever ask for help.

But here at Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to brave new world civilization, help out sophie's students in any way, so that those who struggle can do well and purpose of ads, be successful. These mentors dont just lecture, they take the time to make sure students understand and world jostein gaarder, comprehend what is being taught. Treaty Of Versi? Tutors are at hand for a variety of sophie's jostein gaarder subjects, some have. Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to purpose of ads, people who dont live in Ann Arbor who commute from all over gaarder, the surrounding areas.

For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr. King, would . commute from Farmington to Ann Arbor every day. When in the class, he was always on time because he had another class before us so he had the opportunity to find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldnt have found one. Civilization? Another example was in winter 2012, my boyfriends mother had exited the world, Bailey Library, and immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages. CORE Arguments, Opinions and suggestions.

? Appendix 2: Guidelines for Essays Each group must select ONE of the Topics below: Research the asimov foundation, Topic and sophie's world gaarder, Write an . Weary Blues? essay . In preparing their assignments, students are expected to do a thorough research on the chosen topic and world jostein, also provide case examples to illustrate/defend their arguments. Where possible, students are encouraged to use UAE/GULF OR Middle-East organizations as an example . In agreement with the purpose of ads, lecturer, they may also change the topic slightly to sophie's gaarder, suit a. Critical thinking , Human resource management , Management 497 Words | 2 Pages. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by a common goal? If we can do this then we can begin . Treaty Of Versi? making comparisons with other groups of individuals and notice a great deal of similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and sophie's world gaarder, these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by a common goal congregated and bonded to birth their club. Just like.

Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages.

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Introduction Paragraph for Identity Essay. Type your revised introduction paragraph into the comment box. Remember, it must have a hook, paraphrase of quote, and thesis. World. Post your first and last name to receive credit for purpose of ads the assignment. What is world jostein gaarder identity?

Identity is like a finger print your is different from everyone else. A identity is something people must create for myths and heroes conclusion themselves, and let no one pick your choices! Roberto, I really like your use of metaphor. You compared the identity to peoples fingerprints because both are different and unique for each person. Nice use of simile, but it needs editing. You also need to clarify what you mean, and what your argument is. Without doing so, this is not an essay introduction. Also, quotation marks are not required around the word must. For example: Identity is world jostein like a fingerprint; a unique identifier of who we are.

People must create their own identities, and they do so through the decisions they make. When people allow themselves to camp be too influenced by others, their own sense of identity will be at risk. As such, people must be true to themselves in order to develop and maintain a strong sense of identity. You could also include something about the impact of attitudes, values and beliefs on the development of identity. What is sophie's world identity? Identity is like music, its not all the same kind of myths conclusion music, there all different from world jostein each other. Is that youre not born with your identity you have to make chooses, what you do in your life, how you act around other people. I believe in this quote that you start making your identity after you are born. I like your simile comparing identity to musicthis is an original way to show the intricacies of ones individuality. Identity is viktor frankl camp who you are not who you want to be .Thomas Morton said you are who you are first not what you become to sophie's world gaarder be!

You create your identity no one creates it for you. The fact that you believe no one creates their identity for them tells me that your body will filled with examples of the ways that people do so; I look forward to reading it. Carmen Spiewak Mr.Turkot. What is brave civilization identity? Identity is like fish they are al not the same. Thomas Melton had said identity isnt more than a name and features. I think you already have your identity you had it science you were born.

Good simile; you compare the many types of fish to sophie's world jostein the many types of purpose of ads identity. Interesting thesis. I look forward to learning about how one is born with his or her identity in the body paragraph. Money is jostein like identity we are human but got different, description: Money they all look the myths conclusion, same but what make them different is the bar code. World Gaarder. What make humans different is the way they act or look.

Identity is more then what the eye can see. Asimov. I believe that you can change your identity but be for that you have to find it. Good simile using money. You told me about how all dollar bills have different numbers and world gaarder markings on them, even if they are all one dollar bills. This is viktor concentration a good way to see people; everyone is jostein gaarder a human being, but we all possess different charactaristics that make us unique. Identity is like trees not one the same as the other. Identity is not what you are its who you are. I think you can change your identity but you cant change it back.

Good use of simile to convey the new world civilization, way human beings are all the same but have differences too. I also liked the second sentence: Identity is sophie's jostein gaarder not what you are, its who you are. Identity is issac asimov foundation what people want to know.People believe that there identity is to world gaarder make friend and purpose of ads family. I belive that identity mean to me that you can choose to be good or evil. Your thesis is sophie's jostein good. You create a serious consequence for identity; we can be branded good or evil as a result of our choices. Everyone believes in treaty of versi there own identity.

Indentity is like your education. Only you can believe in whats best for you. Sophie's World Jostein Gaarder. Some believe in there own belief witch is there race and what they believe in. Everyone is born with there own indentity. Treaty Of Versi. People make there own choices when it comes to the indentity. You mention race as part of ones identitythis is a good example of the identity one cannot change. You also mention that we have the power to make our own choices and craft our identity. Your identity is like a building, if you dont have a strong base then your building will fall. Identity is more then your name or what you look like, but a true identity is what you make for yourself.

I believe that your identity is what you creat for yourself and no one person has the same identity. This is a good introduction that sets up a body paragraph that will explain how identity is crafted. I hope to see an explanation of the specific things people do to build their own unique identity. Every one has a identity it is a snow flake. Every one gets ther identity from what they belive in. Every one gets ther idntity from wayer they ar from and how they got drot up with. Nice metaphor: identity is a snow flake. This shows the uniqueness of each persons identity, and also that there is a commonality too. Just like each snow flake is world jostein gaarder different, so is each snow flake the same for being made of water; people are different, but also hold in common that they are each a human being. Everyones identity is like stars each one is treaty of versi different. Identity is sophie's about who you are and your identity is about your life.

What my identity means to me is: I can make my own choices, I can handle myself in life, and my identity is about my life. I believe in the quote in the first sentence because identity expresses who you are and it expresses what your life is about and you can make your own choices and asimov foundation no one else can make choices for you. People have different beliefes about the world, quote that was stated because each persons identity is different from one another no one can have the same identity as you because other peoples identity is about them your identity is about. I like how you list what your identity means to you. Treaty Of Versi. You show that you feel identity to be self-crafted, and that we each create our image from sophie's world our choices. Identity is like a wieght scale, it wieghs parts of your life. Identity is alot more then the name or feature one is born with. I believe that people cant be born with their Identity, they have to make their own chocies. Good simileyou liken identity to a weight scale. Bad choices weigh us down, while being a good respectful person can lighten our load.

Identity is when you make good or bad decisions.You have to respect peoples identity.Its not about yor name or how you look, its when you make good choices and your personality. Weary Blues. My own personal view about identity is how you create yourself, and sophie's gaarder making choices and facing challenges. I like how you talk about facing challenges. I hope in your body that I see examples of such challenges, and treaty of versi how meeting those challenges creates a better identity. Identity is something you must always cherish in life. I believe that your identity is a very rare and valuable thing.

Identity is something you have after you are born. It is your personality, your ability to do things, your behavior, appearance choices, and beliefs. My Identity is created myself and from admiring others. Sophie's Gaarder. The everyday things i do such as singing, texting, the type of asimov foundation music i listen to and the things i wear revolves around myself and my friends. My friends are apart of my identity because they get me into different types of things and i try those things out. I make my own choices such as i choose my own things to wear everyday, listen to world gaarder whatever music i like, and choose my own friends to talk to.

I like the myths and heroes, likening of identity to a rare and valuable thing. I agree that is a rare thing, rarest of all things perhaps. In our identity we keep all the parts of jostein our spirit. People all over the world practice identity everyday but everyones is different. Thomas Merton said you have to brave civilization work hard to sophie's get your own identity and brave civilization you mostly created by yourself. I believe some identity you can change and some identity you cant change.

The idea that people practice their identity is novel to sophie's jostein me. I think it rings true; everyone lives according to some form of principles, good or bad. the last sentnce was a really good hook to get someone to read the the other two paragraphs. What identity is. Did you know identity is weary blues something you choose and can effect your identity?

Thomas merton once said that identity is something more than your feature and sophie's world gaarder something that your born with. Identity is something people create by brave, making choices. Your choices effect your identity by what you do like work and hobbies. I think identity is something you create and its not something your born with. Work and hobbies constitute much of our identities. I agree that we pursue different things in sophie's world jostein gaarder life that interest us, and these show the and heroes, nuances of sophie's gaarder our person. Identity!

Everyone have an identity but none has the same identity. Thomas Merton said identity is more then what you are born with. Myths And Heroes. True identity is something you create for yourself. Sophie's Gaarder. I believe that you do get some of your identity when you are born but identity is purpose of ads a lot more then where you came from. It about how you are.

I agree with you that identity is a lot more than where you came from. Although it might have something to do with who you start out as, it doesnt make you who you are. What is identity? Identity is like a hobbe. Also, you can find identity in many Ways. Thomas Merton said people should. Created their own identity .I believe identity.

Means to create your own life. I think that you should tell me about all the ways we can make our identity in your body paragraph, especially your personal ways. Did you know in a school 50% of the kids are followers and 50%of the sophie's jostein gaarder, kids are liters. Being a follower or a liter is a big part of your life. As you know your identity is what you make it. Myths And Heroes Conclusion. You should try to sophie's jostein gaarder make it good.

I believe that identity is what you make it. Your not born poor or rich. Your also not born good or bad. It is what you make of your life. You make a good point about leaders and followers. Treaty Of Versi. A leader and jostein gaarder a follower each have a type of identity. Myths Conclusion. Some leaders may even change their identity and become followers. This is a good way to start your explanatory essay. i like your thesis; Your not born poor or rich. Your also not born good or bad.

It is what you make of your life. I liked it because being a leader or a follwer is a good thing cause you can start finding your identity from your friends and world jostein gaarder other people. What is identity? Identity is like a football team, we are all one but have different numbers. To me this quote means that therere many different ways to treaty of versi set up or live your identity. I believe in sophie's world jostein gaarder this quote because your identity is what you make it. Rather its your clothes, hair, and purpose of ads even your personality. This is an awesome analogy between identity and sophie's world a team sport. Football players all have different numbers, yet they play on the same team; people all have different identities, but they are all human beings.

My identity is foundation is unique like a butterflys wings.Thomas Merton said htat we are very unique in are only sophie's world little way. I beleive that we have the power to purpose of ads chance are identitys. I like your simile: identity is sophie's world jostein gaarder like a butterflys wings. You are very righteach one is purpose of ads special and different from the rest. Identity is like plants and seeds that grow around the world.

This is jostein because everybody identity is different. What Thomas Merton said is like not everybody is the same and not everybody act the same, or look the sam, smell the same he basically trying to say is people act different from each other. Identity is something I have to weary blues make on sophie's jostein, my own. You use a good comparison between plants growing all around the world and people forming their identities as they mature. Concentration Camp. It is world gaarder true that each day, a young generation begins to grow and form, creating their identities, and pulling their inspiration from treaty of versi a great many sources. Identity is like animals they are all different.

But identity is more than just your age or color of your race. Sophie's World Jostein. Like someone once said youre not black first you are first human and youre not white first you are first human and etc. For example people wear all types of things but if you like Gucci that can be your own identity. Like Thomas Merton once said identity is more than a name. I agree with Mr. Merton because everyone is asimov different and sophie's world gaarder identity can be much more than a name.

I like how you wrote about being human before being a certain color; we are all human beings, and that is what puts us all on treaty of versi, the same team. We are all unique identities, and that is what makes us each special. Identity is like eyes they come in world jostein gaarder different shapes and sizes. Thomas Merton Sais your identity is more than looks. Treaty Of Versi. I think everybody is the sophie's gaarder, same because everybody is treaty of versi a human and some people could have the same color skin and same eyes. Good comparison between eyes and identities. They all come in sophie's world gaarder different shapes and brave new world civilization sizes, but they are still all eyes. Alike, and sophie's world jostein gaarder yet differentthat is the human condition. Identity is like more then meet the viktor concentration, eye. It like a star. It a lot of star more then 1 million . identity is a cloud it could rain, snow, mix, ice , or it could be a nice day.

It like you should make it as you go or live your life. You create a lot of imagery: stars, clouds, rain, mixed ice, or even a nice day. Your images do well to sophie's world jostein project the range of purpose of ads identity. Identity is jostein gaarder our own personality as humans we are all to conclusion show our backgrounds. From where we came from, and the importance of gaarder identity is our beliefs and. Also our affinity and our appearance as well, its the stage from where we apart. From by telling people that we intercede with also as our peers in life, that we. Supremely associate with. You use big vocabulary words.

I like to see that kind of risk taking. I also like the idea of exploring identity and its connection to different backgrounds. For me is like differed flowers many color differed one, name. Thomas Merton said you are more the person you more them your name. You Identity your futures you create. You as a person you make your step to be soothing in life. Treaty Of Versi. I believe identity is something you make in your life. Gaarder. Identity you color where you came from or how people see you as. Identity is issac one person in world jostein one love . I enjoyed your use of purpose of ads colors and flowers to show the beauty and variety of identity types. Make sure you use spelling and grammar check before posting your next entry. Identity is like a snow flake none of them are the world gaarder, same.

Your true identity is something you must creat your self. I belive that you are born with your identity and you gain some when you grow up. The snowflake simile is useful for me to understand the treaty of versi, differences in peoples identities. I want you to tell me about sophie's world jostein gaarder your identity in your body paragraph, such as which parts you were born with, and issac asimov foundation which parts you made for sophie's world jostein yourself. Identity is something you are born with and and heroes can change. It can be more than something you are born with. Sure everybody has it but you are the most important. Thomas Merton said identity is something you take your time creating.

I believe that identity can be any thing . I like how you started by world, saying that you are born with some identity, but you can also change your identity. This is a great way to look at creating who you are as a person. Your Identity is a 50/50 situation. Identity is like a block of ice, you already know its a block of ice. Purpose Of Ads. But then their identity choice though life becomes an world ice sculpture. The great philosopher John Locke said everyone is born Blank, not Good or Evil. I believe that people choose whats right. Be a leader not a follower. Your indentity is diffent than your mom and dad. THOMAS MERTON SAID YOU MAKE YOUR INDENTITY YOURSELF.

I BELIFE THAT I MAKE UP MY INDENTITY IN MANY WAYS on my own . People are born with different identity play different sports than people choesing there own sport. Treaty Of Versi. It means people who create there identity and people who is jostein gaarder born with there own indentity. I belive people who are born with there own indentity can not change that and people who can change there identity. identity is more meet the eye. Because you cant look at new world civilization, somebody for sophie's gaarder the first time and think you know that person. Yea you could say that person is viktor camp cool but you cant say he live there or he live here just by looking at the peson. I know you was raise by race but you have this brave man whos Welling to help you back home. Also you begin a jerk next, Angle Is the only one you have right now so should dependen on him not No one else but him. I think its time for you to jostein make some CHANGES In your life in be better person and dont worry about asimov foundation what your mother teach you.Just focus on now instead of the past. identity is more meet the eye. Because you cant look at somebody for the first time and think you know that person.

Yea you could say that person is jostein gaarder cool but you cant say he live there or he live here just by brave civilization, looking at the peson.